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'^^\ The Brethren ^r ^ * j 


^. January 1979 

/ -'- 

The Brethren Encyclopedia 

A joint project of five Brethren bodies: 

The Church of the Brethren, The Brethren Church, 

The National Fellowship of (Grace) Brethren Churches, 

The Dunkard Brethren, and The German Baptist Brethren. 

The encyclopedia will include: 

— A list of congregations and mission stations of all 
Brethren bodies 

— Statistical tables 

— Maps and charts 

— A chronology of Brethren-related events 

— An annotated bibliography 

— A statement and history of doctrine and faith 

— Other useful data of our general heritage 

— Plus much more; 6,000 items already scheduled! 

3 volumes, to be completed by 1983 

Donald F. Durnbaugh, Editor 

Brethren representatives on the Editorial Board: 

Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff, Rev. Brad Weidenhamer 

Cost: $150,000 

($50,000 already in the bank) 

The Brethren Church has a financial obligation 

(The 1978 General Conference approved a recommendation that 

the Brethren Church become a part of the publication 

of this Brethren Encyclopedia.) 

Send gifts to: 

The Brethren Encyclopedia, Inc. 
6611 Germantown Ave. 
Philadelphia, PA 19119 

The Brethren Evangelist 

y ^ The Breihren ^ • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 



"He giveth snow like wool" 
Psalm 147:16. As God covers 
the earth with snow, so His love 
covers His people. Read of 
God's unlimited love on page 

Vol. 101. No. 1 

January 1979 

4 The Brethren Evangelist: 

Beginning Its Second Century 

As the Brethren Evangelist begins its 101st year, a new feature 
is being introduced in the magazine. 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

5 The Signs of Our Times 

According to Smith Rose, to be prepared for the eighties we 
must see and understand the signs of our times. 

7 Four Priceless Gifts You Can Give Your Church 

Dr. Win Am asks us to consider what we can do for Christ 
and His church. 

10 New Call to Peacemaking: 

Statement of the Findings Committee 

A distillation of the resolutions and recommendations developed 
at the New Call to Peacemaking conference. 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

12 The Seminary and the Church 

Dr. Joseph Shultz considers the mutual benefits and respon- 
sibilities of the seminary /church relationship. 

14 Why I Am a Student at 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

Three seminary students tell how God led them to Ashland. 

16 Two New Classrooms Planned 

Because of the significant growth of the seminary, two new 
classrooms are needed. 


18 The Salt Shaker 

19 Update 

26 Books 

27 Finally, Brethren 

January 1979 

The Brethren Evangelist: 

Beginning Its Second Century 

As the Brethren Evangelist begins its lOlst year, a new 
feature is being introduced in the magazine. 

WITH this month's issue of the Brethren 
EvangeUst, the magazine enters its 
101st year. As the motto at the top of page 
3 states, the Brethren Evangelist is ''Be- 
ginning its second century of ministry to 
Christ and the Brethren Church." 

As the Brethren Evangelist begins its 
second century, we want to remind our- 
selves and you of the purpose of our 
denominational magazine. That purpose is 
stated in the editorial policy accepted by 
the Board of Trustees of the Brethren 
Publishing Company in September of 1978. 

The purpose of the Brethren Evangelist is 
to help our readers become effective disciples 
of Jesus Christ and responsible, active par- 
ticipants in the life, thought, and ministry 
of the Brethren Church. 

To fulfill this purpose, the magazine will: 
1) present a biblically-based content that 
motivates readers to make application to their 
daily lives; 2) give updated information on 
the ministries of the Brethren Church; and 
3) provide a forum for the interchange of 
varying viewpoints for the upbuilding of the 
church as a whole and of its members as 

In the year that is before us, we will 
attempt to carry out this policy to the best 
of our ability. 

As the Evangelist begins its 101st year, 
we are also beginning a new feature in the 
magazine. This new feature is a series of 
articles under the series title Prospectives 
for the Eighties. This series will continue 
throughout 1979. 

The idea for this series of articles came 
from the former Managing Editor of the 
Evangelist, Ronald W. Waters. The purpose 
of the series is to stimulate us to think 
about what faces us as Christians and as 
a Brethren Church in the decade ahead. 

What are the problems and possibilities 
before us in the 1980s? What changes do 
we need to make as individuals and as a 
church in order to serve Christ more 
effectively in the next ten years? 

Each month's Perspectives for the 
Eighties will be written by a different per- 
son in the Brethren Church. The first 
article in the series, which begins on the 
following page, was written by Rev. Smith 
Rose, Executive Secretary for the Brethren 

In order for this series of articles to be 
of greatest benefit, we encourage you to 
respond to them. If your thoughts are 
stimulated by one of these articles — if you 
have something to add or a different point 
of view to offer — we want to hear from 
you. Or if you have a suggestion for an 
area of church life that you think should 
be explored in one of the articles, we want 
you to tell us. 

If you simply want to comment on what 
someone else has written, then send us a 
letter to the editor. If, however, you wish 
to express your opinions more fully on a 
subject raised by one of the articles, the 
''As I See It" column provides a forum for 
the sharing of opinions. Of course, the 
editors of the Evangelist reserve the right 
to edit all contributions and to determine 
those which will be printed. 

According to the editorial policy of the 
Brethren Evangelist, in order to fulfill its 
purpose the magazine will "provide a forum 
for the interchange of varying viewpoints 
for the upbuilding of the church as a whole 
and of its members as individuals." It is 
our hope that Prospectives for the Eighties 
will stimulate an interchange of thinking 
which will indeed contribute to the upbuild- 
ing of the Brethren Church and its mem- 
bers in the 1980s. R.C.W. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

The Signs of Our Times 

According to Smith Rose, to be prepared for the eighties 
we must see and understand the signs of our times. 

WE ARE CALLED to live in cata- 
strophic but challenging times. The 
eighties will require of each of us a vital, 
personal faith. We might well ask ourselves, 
How prepared are we to meet the challenges 
before us? 

But you may say, **We don't even know 
what's ahead or what's expected of us. How 
can we be prepared?" 

Is there no way we can anticipate the 
future? Are there no signs of the times? 

In Jesus' day the Jewish leaders were 
asking for a special sign from heaven. Is 
our attitude similar? Jesus said to the Jew- 
ish leaders, ''O you hypocrites, you can dis- 
cern the face of the sky; but can you not 
discern the signs of the times?" (Matthew 
16:1-4). By observing the sky they could 
foretell the next day's weather, but they 
were unable to see the signs of their times. 
And yet, the Scriptures, the ministry of 
Jesus, and the events of their day were 
the only signs they were going to be given ; 
they were the only signs they needed. 

We have the same kinds of signs today. 
We will deserve a similar rebuke if we do 
not see these signs and seek to understand 
them. On the other hand, if we observe 
these signs, we will gain an understanding 
of our times and will be challenged to find 
ways to minister for Christ in the changing 
conditions we anticipate. 

The Scriptures alert us to some of the 
signs and trends that may be expected in 
any age. Paul's warning to Timothy 
(II Timothy 3:13) that evil men would be- 
come worse and worse still applies. We see 
this happening today. It is very evident in 
the political realm — in such things as 

Rev. Smith Rose is Executive Secretary for the 
Brethren Church. 

assassinations, invasions, and governmental 
overthrows, which are occurring with in- 
creasing frequency. The growing degen- 
eracy of man is statistically verified by the 
increased numbers of crimes, abortions, 
and cases of abuse of children and mates. 

In America, where we have been trained 
to support the idea of freedom to worship, 
we had not thought of that worship being 
to anyone but God. But instead it has been 
turned to the worship of almost everything 
but God! One of the most significant signs 
of our times is the amazing growth of false 
religions — the cults, Eastern religions, the 
"isms" (including atheism and demonism), 
astrology, witchcraft, etc. 

A tendency which seems to be common 
to all of us is that of putting unpleasant 
things out of our minds as quickly as pos- 
sible. This makes it impossible for us to 
properly evaluate or even recognize the 
signs we have and what they may mean. 
It is one of God's blessings to man that the 
human spirit is able to face all kinds of 
difficulties and quickly recover from them. 
This is certainly much more effective when 
it is based upon a complete trust in God. 
But on the other hand, there is the danger 
that unless something affects us personally, 
we will forget it too soon. Take the tragic 
mass suicide in Guyana, for example. When 
this article is read, that tragedy will be but 
a fading memory. Yet that episode had a 
multiple significance, if we are alert to 
grasp its lessons. 

We should have noted, for example, the 
depth of this group's commitment. It was 
a commitment to the death. Even though 
they were deceived, these people were 
seeking something to commit themselves 
to. How tragic that this commitment was 
to a man and not to God. 

(continued on next page) 

January 1979 

''The eighties will be a time when Satan accelerates his 
attacks upon the church and upon Christian people/' 

We should also have noted the need these 
people expressed to have someone con- 
cerned for them — someone to care for 
them. It mattered not that they were some- 
times misused and abused. Then there is the 
lesson here that these people not only died, 
they were lost eternally. This was the 
greatest price they paid. Yet think — they 
could have had commitment, love, concern, 
and salvation in the church. 


IS wrong in our wor 


In no area of our lives do we escape the 
awareness that much is terribly wrong in 
our world. We are constantly informed of 
the ills in our world by television and radio 
broadcasts, newspapers, magazines, bill- 
boards, and other means of mass commun- 
ication. We might say, "We don't know 
what's coming." But if we read the signs 
of our times, we can know! Let's look at 
some other signs. 

Economically the church can expect to 
get along on far less financal support in 
the years ahead. This will be due in part 
to the fact that congregations will be re- 
duced to those members for whom the 
church has first priority. Inflation will also 
be a factor. In fact, inflation has already 
begun to make this condition evident in 
many congregations. The church and its 
members will also be forced into a simpler 
lifestyle in order to conserve natural 
resources. This simpler lifestyle will be the 
result of personal conviction as well as 
general necessity. 

Politically, governments have never been 
more unstable. In the eighties increasing 
unrest will demand strong, dictatorial type 
governments, resulting in a loss of personal 
and religious freedom. 

Church influence will decrease in our 
nation as ''separation" movements erode 
and attack the church's privileges and tax 
exemptions. The very visibility of the evan- 
gelical church with the consequent influ- 
ence it now enjoys will but serve to accen- 
tuate more clearly its vulnerability to 
attacks from every quarter. 

Socially, the apathetic tolerance the 
church has received is changing to skepti- 
cism and growing opposition. The general 
moral heritage of America has all but 

leached out of public life. Every contradic- 
tory religious incident will be blown out of 
proportion and laid at the door of the 
church. The Guyana incident, for example, 
was the most reported newsstory of 1978. 
I hope it is obvious to each of us that 
some specific trends are developing for the 
eighties. Certainly we cannot predict the 
time, the exact form, the frequency, or the 
severity of the temptations and trials that 
will come to God's children in the next 
decade. But come they will, and at an accel- 
erating tempo. Satan's avowed purpose is to 
take over all the people in this world. People 
are his means of getting his aims accom- 
plished. He even tried to get Jesus to follow 
and to worship him. How then can any of us 
feel that he is not out to get us? 

We must be personally prepared 

With the evidence we have of Satan's 
desire to control and use us, we must be 
on our guard and be personally preparing 
for the continuing conflict. In John 17, 
Jesus speaks of His disciples as being '*in 
the world" but ''not of the world." He did 
not pray that His disciples be removed 
from the world, but that they be kept from 
evil. His petition would likewise apply to 
Christians today. It is imperative that we 
know what resources God has provided for 
us in our struggle with Satan and the world, 
and that we put these resources to use with 
the perception and wisdom He has given us. 

These are challenging times because they 
demand that we call upon resources greater 
than our own in order to help those around 
us. These are challenging times, also, when 
we remember that God has placed us here 
in order to fulfill His plans for our world. 
It is a difficult time, but it is also a well- 
known fact that people are most reachable 
and most capable of making life-changing 
decisions during a time of crisis. 

We can be most effective when we give 
careful consideration to the signs we see 
around us and when we interpret these 
signs in the light of God's Word. This 
creates within us a sense of calmness and 
an awareness of God's movement in even 
the minute affairs of daily life. This puts 

continued on page 9 

The Brethren Evangelist 






f i^<^ 

tjimiiiijiiinfliiiyiti ■ 

Tom e. 

an >^ive lour 



by Dr. Win Arn 

A GROWING number of people are 
finding their church to be a spiritual 
reservoir of renewal and strength, a refer- 
ence that gives their lives focus, balance, 
direction, and hope. They look to their 
church as a place that provides spiritual 
and moral training for their children, a 
caring group of Christian friends, corporate 
worship experience, plus an opportunity 
for meaningful service. 

It is also a widely held, and generally 
accurate, belief that practicing Christians 
are better able to cope with personal prob- 
lems of life through a strong faith, nur- 
tured through their church. Ask any in- 
volved and ''alive" Christian what his 
church means to him and he will easily 
recite the benefits of being an active mem- 
ber in his congregation. 

During his 1960 inaugural address, John 
Kennedy struck a responsive chord in the 
nation's conscience when he declared, '*Ask 
not what your country can do for you, but 
ask what you can do for your country." 
However, few Christians involved in their 
local church have seriously considered the 
religious paraphrase to that statement . . . 
''Ask not what your church can do for 
you, but ask what you can do for Christ 
and your church." Here are four important 
gifts you can give your church in apprecia- 

Dr. Win Arn is President of The Institute for 
American Church Growth. 

tion for what Christ and your church have 
given to you. 

1. Discover and use your Spiritual Gifts. 

The New Testament is clear in its teach- 
ing that "... each of us has been given 
his gift, his due portion of Christ's bounty 
. . . 'He gave gifts to men' ... to equip God's 
people for work in His service, to build up 
the Body of Christ" (Eph. 4:7-13, NEB). 
Paul also says, "I would not have you ig- 
norant of spiritual gifts" (I Cor. 12:1). 
And Peter reiterates that every Christian 
has received a gift (I Peter 4:10). To take 
seriously this biblical concept of each Chris- 
tian as a unique, contributing member of 
the Body of Christ (Rom. 12:5) could set 
in motion a "spiritual revolution" in your 
church that would bring an outpouring of 
God's blessing through new growth and 

As one who has served as a "midwife" 
in seeing scores of churches come alive in 
new growth and outreach, I know that 
when those in a congregation identify and 
apply their gifts, the whole body grows. 
But the opposite is also true, that a con- 
gregation which allows its members to be 
"unemployed" in using their gifts will 
decline and eventually perish. 

What is true of the congregation is also 
true of the individual. A person who has 
found and is using his unique gift is pro- 
ductive, fulfilled, and contributing to body 
growth and development. The individual 

(continued on next page) 

January 1979 


''It is of little value for a church to reach out to others 
if those who are won are not integrated into the 

not using his gift will be spiritually frus- 
trated and will seldom experience real per- 
sonal growth and development. 

As more and more individuals identify 
their gifts, have them confirmed by others 
in the congregation, and apply their unique- 
ness in service, the church is immeasurably 
enriched and strengthened. 

2. Influence your *'web'' of friends and 

Imagine your church being a large water 
tank, from the bottom of which a one-inch 
pipe is always flowing. People leave through 
this "pipe" in your church by death, by 
transferring out, and by reversion (falling 
away through indifference.) In some de- 
nominations the policy used to be to move 
ministers every year. Now the ministers 
stay . . . the people are moving! In the 
average American congregation 40% to 
60% of the members have changed resi- 
dence, and therefore churches, in the last 
3 years. To replace and add to our water 
tank we must have a 2-inch pipe flowing 
in the top. 

How do people come into a relationship 
with Christ and the church? 

I have asked that question to over 8,000 
people throughout America in the last 2 
years. The results have been strikingly 
consistent : 

4-6% of those surveyed indicated that 
they were 'Valk-ins." One Sunday 
they visited, stayed, and are now a 
part of that congregation. (Usually 
in their background there is some 
identification with the denomination 
of the church they walked into.) 
6-8% listed the ''minister" as the rea- 
son they are now in Christ and that 
2-4% listed the church program as the 
major factor . . . perhaps a young 
single group, a recreation program, 
or a special interest group. 
1-2% listed ''visitation." Someone 
:. called and because of that they are 
now part of that fellowship. 
3-6% indicated the Sunday school as 

the major reason. 
.0001% listed some evangelistic cru- 
sade or television program. 

70-90% listed the reason they came 
to Christ and their church as being 
friends or relatives. 

The fact is clear . . . church growth is 
related to present members influencing 
their friends and relatives. Since biblical 
days the church has grown most effectively 
through natural "webs" . . . people with 
some social or family ties to each other. 
Within this group of friends and relatives, 
a person's ability to influence is far greater 
than outside the "web." 

But why influence one's friends and 
relatives for Christ and the church? We 
do it in obedience to Christ's command to 
"go and make disciples," and because of a 
loving concern that those close to us know 
the joy and fullness of life in Christ and 
the Body. Influencing your friends and 
relatives for Christ is the second precious 
gift you can give your church. 

3. Keep your circle open. 

In every church — regardless of size — 
visitors and new members must be assim- 
ilated into the congregation if they are to 
become an active and contributing part of 
that congregation. This is most effectively 
done by incorporating them into a small 
group (a fellowship circle, task group, 
Bible study, etc.) where they are known 
personally, know others personally, and 
feel a sense of belonging. 

While most Christians would agree in 
theory to this principle, there is a marked 
tendency in practice for such groups to 
close themselves off to others, especially 
"newcomers." Churches may consider 
themselves to be quite friendly, but many 
times this friendliness is shown more to 
one another than to the "stranger." 

In my own experience, I vividly recall 
being an "X" in a congregation. An "X" is 
one who is a member of the church, but not 
integrated into any small group. I first 
tried one group and then another. While 
I was told I was welcome, I didn't feel that 
I "fit." In this particular congregation of 
people with Swedish backgrounds, the 
Johnsons, the Svensons, the Larsons, the 
Olsons, all seemed to fit; but the Schmidts, 
the DiGiulios, the Garcias, and the Arns 
were unable to "integrate." Following the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

worship service the Swedes hugged each 
other, greeted each other ... in Swedish 
. . . and went out to eat smorgasbord to- 
gether. But no one hugged me or spoke 
Swedish to me or invited me to the smor- 
gasbord. Soon, like any **X" in a congre- 
gation, I drifted out the back door. 

It is of httle value for a church to reach 
out to others if those who are won are not 
integrated into the congregation. Give a 
third priceless gift to your church by keep- 
ing your circles open and encouraging 
other circles to be open to these new 

4. Keep before you a vision of the 

In a survey of pastors the question was 
asked, ''What is your greatest desire for 
your church?" The answer that appeared 
more than any other was: *'For the lay 
people to have a vision for growth and to 
be involved in the process." 

Perhaps the greatest discouragement a 
pastor faces is a congregation without 
vision: self-centered, self-satisfied, self- 
occupied. In board and committee decision 
making, a church group has a natural ten- 
dency to take the ''safe way," which 
usually translates into little risk, little ven- 
ture, and little vision. 

Many congregations have inadvertently 

organized themselves on a "problem base." 
"Where will we find enough Sunday school 
teachers?" "How will we pay the bills?" 
"Can we keep the doors open another 
year?" The problems are endless, the solu- 
tions tedious, and the service often joyless. 

A far stronger and more effective base 
is to organize the church and its com- 
ponents around vision and possibilities. In 
the ministry area of every congregation 
there are numerous opportunities for effec- 
tive ministry. These opportunities can be 
seen and seized. One denomination encour- 
ages all of its churches to have a "needs 
committee" — a group of people actively 
looking for needs to be met in their com- 
munity, opportunities to be seized, and 
ministries to be extended. 

Seeing possibilities usually begins with 
one person, then spreads to others. Being 
that person in a congregation is the fourth 
priceless gift you can give your church. 

Jesus said, "I will build my church." Wc 
become builders with Him by giving our 
gifts. Not just our material gifts, for there 
are gifts more precious than these. We 
can give Christ and His church four price- 
less gifts by discovering and using our 
spiritual gifts, by influencing our web of 
friends and relatives for the church, by 
keeping our circles open, and by keeping 
before us the possibilities of our church. 


The Signs of our Times 

(continued from page 6) 

US in a position to witness out of our own 
experience of the love and trustworthiness 
of God. But for these things to come to 
pass and for God to be able to use us 
effectively, we must begin to live out more 
practically than ever before our own per- 
sonal life of faith. 

What is really involved is a complete 
commitment of ourselves to the life that 
God wants us to live each day. This means 
that our faith must be personal. One of 
the great weaknesses of the modern-day 
church is that our faith is institutionally 
oriented rather than personally oriented. 
We depend on the Sunday school and the 
church to teach us and our children, and 
we accept little responsibility ourselves. 
But institutional religion is not sufficient. 
Our faith must be personal. 

God wants to talk with you. He will not 
do it through dreams or visions, but 
through His Word. He can do this only as 
you make it possible by reading and study- 
ing the Bible regularly. God also wants you 

to talk with Him. You can do this through 
times of meditation and prayer. We need 
to realize that anything (literally anythmg) 
that concerns us concerns our Heavenly 
Father as well. God wants to use you and 
has prepared you by giving you gifts and 
talents for His service. Allow Him to gain 
glory through their use. As you use these 
gifts, you will find that the gifts of other 
Christians complement your own. 

The eighties will be a time when Satan ac- 
celerates his attacks upon the church and 
upon Christian people. Knowing this, we 
must choose whether or not we will prepare 
ourselves, under God's guidance, to fulfill 
all that He had in mind for us when He put 
us into the world at this time. 

We are the only ones who can set our 
priorities straight. We cannot depend on 
anyone else making our decision for us. God 
has given us the wisdom and intelligence 
to know what personal changes we need 
to make. Only by making these decisions 
can we see change and progress. To obey 
God and to serve Him during the eighties 
should be the solemn and complete commit- 
ment of each one of us. □ 

January 1979 


New Call to Peacemaking 
tatement of the Findings Committee 

Printed below is the first part of a Statement adopted by 
consensus at the New Call to Peacemaking conference held 
October 5-8, 1978, at Green Lake, Wisconsin. The Statement 
represents a distillation of the resolutions and recommendations 
developed by 27 small groups, each of which met four times 
during the conference. 

Rev. Doc Shank, Peace Coordinator of the Brethren Church, 
was invited to attend this historic peace conference. He says, 
"I accepted and am grateful for the opportunity to share in 
such an assembly." 

Rev. Shank submitted a copy of this Statement to the Brethren 
Evangelist for publication. The printing of this Statement does 
not mean that either the Peace Coordinator or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company endorses it in its entirety. It is our hope that 
it will be read carefully and with an open mind. Rev. Shank 
notes, "My correspondence indicates a growing concern on the 
part of Brethren on the issues herewith presented." 

Your responses to this "Peacemaking Statement" are welcome. 
You may direct them either to Rev. Shank or to the Brethren 

The remaining sections of the "Peacemaking Statement" will 
be printed in upcoming issues of the Brethren Evangelist. 


FOR nearly 300 years, our churches, 
Friends, Mennonites, Brethren, have 
worked together for peace. Though we 
differ in circumstances of historical and 
ethnic origin and have varied doctrinal 
emphases, we are united in our conviction 
that peace is the will of God. This shared 
conviction has led us to a principled resis- 
tance to military service and to those insti- 
tutions and influences which make for 
violence. The same conviction drives us 
continually to seek better ways of peace- 

In past periods of war and civil conflict 
our churches have drawn together, both 

emotionally and organizationally. We have 
created agencies such as the National Ser- 
vice Board for Religious Objectors (now 
National Interreligious Service Board for 
Conscientious Objectors) to aid young men 
and women caught in the conscription 
network. Our service agencies, American 
Friends Service Committee, Mennonite Cen- 
tral Committee, Brethren Service Commis- 
sion, have often shared resources to meet 
common problems. 

We are now confronted by a new era of 
danger, underscored by the increasing 
divergence of wealth and poverty and the 
threat of nuclear destruction. We have 
come to a fuller understanding that peace- 
making includes personal repentance and 
participation in God's shalom — salvation, 
wholeness, righteousness, and justice. Since 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'This conference has reaffirmed for us . . . our convic- 
tion that love is the Christian response to violence in 
the world/' 

1977 we have been cooperating in New Call 
to Peacemaking to try to do more ade- 
quately together what none of our churches 
can do alone. We have discovered a new 
sense of community and oneness as more 
than 1,500 of us have met in 26 regional 
meetings across the USA. This phase of 
our common activity has culminated in this 
Green Lake conference. We see this not as 
the end of our journey but as the beginning 
stage of a continuing pilgrimage. 

More than 300 of us have worked inten- 
sively here to determine what we **can 
affirm, proclaim, and do together." We have 
met repeatedly in 27 working groups and 
have experienced there unity, joy, and the 
excitement and frustration of new ideas. 
The presence of 22 fraternal delegates and 
observers has enriched our meeting as they 
have brought their testimonies and con- 
cerns to us. Major addresses by Dale 
Brown, Ron Sider, and Duncan Wood have 
challenged, enlightened, and enhanced our 
days together. 

As a Findings Committee we have been 
asked to seek those areas of greatest con- 
vergence. For this reason many excellent 
initiatives and statements by the small 
groups are not reflected in this statement. 


Strengthening the Local Base 

''Blessed are the peacemakers, for they 
shall be called the children of God" (Mat- 
thew 5:9). This teaching of Jesus still 
defines our task. Biblical imperatives and 
the Spirit's presence are still our guide in 
human relationships. This conference has 
reaffirmed for us, through worship, lec- 
tures, and discussion our conviction that 
love is the Christian response to violence 
in the world. Participation in and support 
of war totally contradict our understanding 
of the Gospel of Christ. 

We have rediscovered that this under- 
standing of peace must first of all be ex- 
pressed in our congregations and meetings. 
We need actions that are directed inward 

to enhance the integrity of the peace wit- 
ness and outward to enlarge the visibility 
of the peace witness. 

A. Peace Education 

We urge a comprehensive program of 
peace education in our congregations and 
meetings. This will require: 

1. A renewed openness to the Holy 

2. Instruction in biblical foundations 
for commitment to peace and 

3. A reaffirmation of our peacemaking 

4. New worship and study aids for 
all ages. 

5. A new emphasis on peace and 
justice concerns in denominational 

B. Proclamation of the Peace Witness 
We live in a nation which declares that 

"In God We Trust." We beheve this affir- 
mation is contradicted by all who claim 
Christian faith while supporting war- 
making. Believing that changed interna- 
tional relations will grow out of commun- 
ities of faith consisting of changed individ- 
uals, we urge: 

1. Local groups to engage in ecumen- 
ical and public dialogue on peace 
issues and to promote the peace 
witness among community and 
church groups through distribution 
of New Call to Peacemaking ma- 
terials, audiovisuals, mass media, 
and other methods of interaction 
and proclamation. 

2. All evangelism efforts should in- 
clude peacemaking as an integral 
component of the Gospel. 

C. Support Groups 

We urge the development of support 
groups within congregations and meetings 
for those individuals who are working at 
peace issues such as war tax resistance, 
simple lifestyles, and nonviolent action. 

D. Mediation Teams 

We recommend the development of 
mediation/reconciliation teams who can 
assist in conflict resolution in families, 
churches, the community and beyond. □ 

January 1979 


ashland theological seminary 
The Seminary and the Church 

Joseph Shultz considers the mutual benefits and responsi- 
bilities of the senninary/church relationship. 

THROUGHOUT history the only success- 
ful seminaries have been those related 
to a church — and the only successful 
churches have been those associated with 
a successful seminary. The relationship of 
a church and a center of training is a nat- 
ural one. Christianity is a religion with 
a written document containing not only 
doctrine but historical facts. Therefore, it 
requires a teaching/learning context for 
its members. 

The contemporary existential society 
ultimately results in cults which are 
suicidal. The tragedy in Guyana is an illus- 
tration of this. These people had a ''sincere 
faith," but one which was not grounded in 
historical, documented, objective faith. 
Genuine subjective faith must have a gen- 
uine object. The seminary's role is to teach 
this real, objective, historical faith — the 
Bible — to the leaders of the church. 

Ashland Theological Seminary has been 
successful over the years because of its 
relationship to the church. Particularly in 
recent years the seminary has developed 
successfully because the church and its 
members have shared in the responsibilities 
with their resources. These resources fit 
primarily into three categories: 

1) Students. This category is placed 
first because it is the most important and 
most needful. Local churches, pastors, 
teachers. Laymen's organizations, and 
homes are the ''grass roots" where qual- 
ified men and women are encouraged to 
consider the ministry. It is at the grass- 
roots level that young persons get an image 
of ministry — good or bad. It is also at the 
grass roots level that they must be chal- 

Dr. Joseph R. Shultz is Vice President of 
Ashland College for the Seminary. 

lenged to consider giving their lives to the 

2) Estate Plaiiiimg. Because of infla- 
tion in the value of farm lands, homes, 
stocks, etc., and because of the structure 
of federal and estate taxes, it is critical 
to the life of the church that its members 
make careful plans concerning their estates. 
Farms which were once purchased for 
$20,000 to $25,000 are now worth hundreds 
of thousands of dollars. Houses have also 
increased significantly in value. Inflation 
has caused a strain on incomes and cash 
flows. Therefore, gifts now and in the 
future will need to come through careful 
estate planning — life estates, trusts, and 

The seminary is thankful for the signifi- 
cant gifts through wills, annuities, and 
trusts that have endowed scholarships and 

Kenn Goss (above) is student association presi- 
dent at Ashland Theological Seminary. The 
seminary now has an enrollment of 272 full-time 
equivalent students. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

developed the campus. We hope to continue 
the whole program of estate planning and 
deferred giving. 

3) Annual Fair Share Giving. The tui- 
tion paid by any student in higher educa- 
tion covers only one-third of the actual 
costs of his education. All higher educa- 
tional institutions need the annual finan- 
cial support of constituencies like the 
church. The church has been very generous 
and faithful in making it possible for the 
seminary to have a balanced budget for the 
past number of years. The Fair Share Gift 
of $5 per member is essential to a balanced 
budget. Ashland Seminary is responsible 
for its own balanced budget. Because of 
the heavy indebtedness of the college, the 
seminary must be totally responsible for 
its financing. 

A $5 Fair Share is ''fair"! We believe 
this is a ''good bargain." Please continue 
your Fair Share Giving and check your 
church's budget concerning this year's gift. 
Thank you for your generosity and your 
continued support. Q 

Jim Ray (foreground) gave up a career in pro- 
fessional baseball to come to Ashland Theological 
Seminary and prepare for Christian service. 

Men and women of various ages and 
backgrounds are studying at the seminary. 
His family raised, Venus Arnold (far left) 
came to Ashland from a pastorate near 
Elkhart, Ind., to take theological training at 
the seminary. Daniel Dieudonne' (center) 
is from Haiti and is preparing for Christian 
service in his country. David Vandenburg 
(at right of photo) taught classics at Houghton 
College, Houghton, N.Y., before becoming 
a student at ATS. Mr. Vandenburg also 
serves as a student assistant in Greek. 

I, i 

li 'i 

The seminary student body includes 48 full- and 
part-time women students. Sue White (above), a 
member of the Park Street Brethren Church, will 
receive her master of divinity degree tliis year. She 
plans further training in preparation for a teacJiing 

January 1979 

Why I am a Student at 

Joe Kposowa 

MY name is Joe Konia Kposowa, aged 
twenty-five. I am originally from 
Sierra Leone, West Africa. 

Sierra Leone is a small country on the 
west coast of Africa with a population of 
three and one-half million people. The 
country has a democratic form of govern- 
ment with a president as head of state. 

When I was in Sierra Leone, I attended 
the United Brethren in Christ Mission 
School from the first to the twelfth grade. 
This school was located in my village, 
where my father served as a tribal or para- 
mount chief from 1942-1973, when he died 
at the age of 83. 

I came to the United States on July 14, 
1974. I attended Salem College in Salem, 
West Virginia, and graduated in the sum- 
mer of 1978 with a bachelor of arts degree 
in psychology, religion, and philosophy. 
From May to August 1978, I also served as 
an intern pastor at Iron Springs Brethren 
in Christ Church in Pennsylvania as a part 
of my degree requirement. 

It has always been my aim to help in the 
mission schools in my country, so I decided 
to come to Ashland Theological Seminary 
to earn a master of arts degree in religious 
studies. I am planning to return home after 
my seminary training and to work with 
the United Brethren Mission. 

I like Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Ashland Seminary is not only concerned 
with classroom education, but also with 
the spiritual well-being of the students. 
Even though there is no place like home, 
I have always felt at home since I came 
to the seminary. People have been so good 
to me. 

— Joe Kposowa 

DECEMBER 30, 1977, on a cold, stormy 
night, Pat and I took our eternal vows 
and were pronounced man and wife. The 
same night we left the western borders 
of North Dakota to seek out a place called 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Before this time Pat and I had been 
active in ministry — Pat had worked in a 
Teen Challenge center and I had been a 
youth pastor for two years in Michigan. 
Our lives came together in Minneapolis, 
Minn., where we were finishing our under- 
graduate study. 

Both of us felt a desire to attend sem- 
inary, so we decided that we would try to 
do it together. We found it difficult to find 
a school to meet both our needs. Hearing 
a good report of Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, we came to see for ourselves. We cer- 
tainly weren't disappointed. 

We found at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary a good, practical counseling program 
for Pat and an impressive biblical studies 
program for me. The spirit of love and 
friendliness with which we were greeted 
impressed us too. We felt this was the 
school for us. 

At times we have struggled because we 
are both working and carry a full load of 
classes. But we do enjoy being in school 
as a couple and are happy to be at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. We feel the Lord 
has guided us here. 

— Jim Sorum 

Pat and Jim Sorum 


The Brethren Evangelist 

hland Theological Seminary 

James Koontz 

MY first thoughts about entering the 
ministry began during my senior year 
in high school. But as time passed, I 
thought I could serve the Lord in other 
ways rather than as a minister. During the 
course of about six years this desire re- 
curred several times, but I continued to 
ignore it. Finally, during my senior year 
in college the desire returned with even 
greater intensity. I knew at that point I 
was going to enter the ministry, but was 
uncertain when and where. 

In that uncertainty, I accepted a teach- 
ing position in Waynesboro, Pa., and began 
searching for a seminary. Having been 
raised in the United Church of Christ, I 
considered entering one of their seminaries. 
As I was completing the application, I 
asked God if this was where He wanted 
me to go. If it wasn't, I wanted some indi- 
cation of that fact. He gave me that 
answer by having me stop filling out the 

During the spring of 1977 I joined the 
Wayne Heights Brethren Church. It was 
here that God really helped me grow 
spiritually. That summer I had the oppor- 
tunity to come to Ashland as a delegate 
to the General Conference. During that 
Conference I took a tour of the seminary. 
I was very much impressed with what I 
saw and heard. 

Last winter I received application forms 
from three different seminaries. After look- 
ing over the catalogues of these seminaries 
with much prayer, I felt led to fill out just 
two of the application forms. I didn't feel 
that I wanted to send in both applications 
at the same time. I decided that I would 
send in the applications one at a time until 
I got a yes, praying that if the response to 
the first were negative, I would receive it 
in time to send out the other. With com- 
plete confidence in God's help, I mailed in 
my application to Ashland. 

Soon after mailing my application, I re- 
ceived a letter from the superintendent of 
schools. This letter indicated that my teach- 
ing position was being eliminated due to 
lack of student enrollment. I felt God speak- 
ing to me and saying, *'Just trust Me." 
Shortly thereafter I received a letter of 
acceptance from Ashland. Now I am part 
of the student body here and am enjoying 
it very much. 

— James Koontz 

What's your choice? 

— To stay where you are now being successful? 
— To choose a career which has a potential for making 
you a success? 

The church needs you 
to tell the truth about Jesus. 

The choice is yours. Talk it over with your pastor, or contact: 

National Ministerial Recruitment Committee, c/o Charles Munson 

910 Center Street, Ashland, Ohio 44805 

presented as a public service 

January 1979 


ashland theological seminary 

Two New Classrooms Planned 


Fifteen Years of Growth 

Enrollment at Ashland Theological Seminary has 
increased from 22 full-time students in 1963 to 272 full-time 
equivalent students in 1978. Students from 130 colleges 
and universities and six foreign countries are attending 
Ashland. Students come to Ashland because: 

"^Ashland is biblically conservative 

^Ashland is evangelical in spirit 

^Ashland is accredited. 

Fifteen Years of Campus Development 

The seminary campus has grown from one old mansion 
to six beautifully landscaped acres from the Miller and 
Myers estates. The campus includes the main seminary 
building which houses the library, administrative offices, 
classrooms, and the Brethren Archives; Ronk Chapel; and 
apartment buildings for student housing. All of this was 
acquired and built without debt. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Fifteen Years of Graduates Around the World 

Pastors, professors, church leaders, and missionaries 
around the world are graduates of Ashland Theological 
Senninary. The ultinnate goal of it all is effective Christian 

Providing Hope for the Future 

Because of the significant growth of the senninary, the 
original three classroonns are totally insufficient for the 
expanded ministries of the schooL The proposed plan 
shows two additional classrooms. The Board approved this 
addition on a "cash basis" only. HELP! 


^ \o 


January 1979 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

r^'y ,-: 

^ • • . 

Use your imagination to enjoy a better life. 

The Gift of Imagination 

human race is governed by its imagina- 
tion." There is tremendous power in 
imagination. Most people who have enjoyed 
some measure of success in Hfe have a 
vibrant imagination. They beheve that 
''What the mind can conceive and believe, 
the mind can achieve." 

To achieve a goal the mind must first 
visualize that goal. A person must have a 
mental picture of his goal before he ener- 
getically pursues it. I happen to believe 
that one of the greatest gifts given to man 
is the gift of imagination. An imaginative 
person will go a long way in this world. 

In the older days the radio was the center 
of attraction. In the evening the family 
would sit around a radio and listen while 
the program stimulated the imagination. 
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was 
a master at using the radio. He stimulated 
the imagination of Americans with his radio 
"fireside chats." Television doesn't do as 
much for you. In fact, television tends to 
make the mind dull and stagnant. 

Do you recall how as a child you played 
for hours with one or two toys and a bushel 
of imagination? Children allow their imagi- 
nations to run riot, and it's good for them! 
But as we grow older most of us cease 
using our imaginations. Something terrible 
happens when this occurs. When hope dies 
nothing is left ! Imagination is the heartbeat 
of hope. 

The wonderful thing about imagination 
is that you aren't confined to any time zone. 
You can go into the past and walk the 
streets of old Philadelphia with Benjamin 
Franklin, or watch the battle of Waterloo 
with the Duke of Wellington. You can even 
zoom into the future, to the year 2000, and 

use gadgets reserved for Flash Gordon! 
No one can contain the imagination. 

But the imagination is not only for the 
world of fantasy. Children don't have a 
corner on it. Anyone can use his imagina- 
tion to become successful in life. Marcus 
Aurelius said, "A man's life is dyed by the 
color of his imagination." Albert Einstein 
declared, "Imagination is more important 
than knowledge." Charles Dickens always 
"saw his stories before he wrote them 
down." The artist Raphael said, "I simply 
dream dreams and see visions, and then I 
paint around those dreams and visions." 

Be careful that you don't try to make a 
carbon copy. Carbon copies always fail. I 
grew up in the James Dean era. Dean was 
a great actor who was killed in a traffic 

I had a friend who looked like James 
Dean. He was told this by several people 
until he proceeded to act like James Dean. 
He became a carbon copy of James Dean. 
He read everything he could about this 
actor, watched every movie he was in 
dozens of times, and studied his every 
move. No one had James Dean down better 
than this friend — his hair style, his stance, 
his looks, everything! 

My friend wanted to be an actor. He 
never made it. Today he's an orderly. He 
failed in his goal because he chose to be 
someone else and not himself. He allowed 
his imagination to completely obliterate His 
own personality. That always brings failure 
in obtaining a goal. 

God never made carbon copies. Look at 
the success of others. Use them as models 
if you wish, but be yourself. And strive to 
become better than the model. □ 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

By the time you read this report, 1978 
will be just a memory, leaving us with 
failures and victories. I wonder how God 
would evaluate our performance during 
the past year? Some of the things we 
thought were great successes he may 
consider to be futile efforts in egocentric 
satisfaction, and some of our least 
esteemed efforts he may consider great 

I do know that some of our churches 
will again show losses in attendance and 
some will show increases. This makes us 
wonder why some fail and others succeed, 
and it is here that we begin to determine 
our effectiveness in proclaiming the mes- 
sage of salvation through Jesus Christ. I 
will hasten to say that somewhere there 
may be a church with no opportunity for 
growth — somewhere where everyone in 
the church community is already a Chris- 
tian! The possibilities for growth obvi- 
ously do vary from community to com- 
munity, but this does not relieve us of the 
responsibility to harvest the area God has 
assigned to us. 

It seems to me that the basic formula 
for church growth is contained in two 
related statements, "I can," and "I will." 
I realize that these statements would be 
a good success formula in any aspect of 
life, but I would like to think particularly 
how they relate to the church. 

"I can" envisions the desired result and 
the possibility of reaching that goal. "I 
can" is accepting the promise of Jesus 
that He will go with us when we go into 
the harvest fields and that He will give us 
the necessary wisdom to effectively work 
for Him. "I can" is the knowledge that 
Jesus wants the lost saved, and the knowl- 
edge that He has chosen us to fulfill that 

"I will" is the motivating force that 
makes all our dreams reality. "I will" is 
the reason behind careful planning. "I 
will" drives us personally into the harvest 
field of the world with the good news of 
Jesus Christ. "I will" always finds a way 
to complete what "I can" has envisioned. 

(n Chronicles 7:14) 

Brethren attend 
discipleship consultation 

Ashland, Ohio — Thirteen Brethren were among 
180 people who attended an NAE sponsored 
"Consultation on Discipleship" November 27-28 at 
Chicago, Illinois. The program, planned by The 
Evangelical Home Mission Association, an affiliate 
of NAE, brought together top-notch speakers on 
the topic of discipleship. 

Dr. Robert Munger, a successful pastor now 
teaching at Fuller Theological Seminary, spoke 
on "Pastoral Leadership for Discipleship" and 
"Enabling and Equipping the Laity for Disciple- 
ship." Dr. Richard Halverson, long-term, nation- 
ally-known pastor of Fourth Presbyterian Church 
in Washington, D.C., presented two excellent 
lectures on "Modeling Discipleship — ^How the 
Pastor Prepares to Model Discipleship" and "Eval- 
uating Discipleship." 

"Moving a Congregation into Discipleship: The 
Holy Spirit, Motivation, and Goals in Discipleship" 
was the concern of Dr. Thomas McDill, Minne- 
apolis pastor and current president of the Evan- 
gelical Free Church. His presentation contained 
many practical ideas regarding the implementa- 
tion of discipleship in the local church. Others 
spoke on the biblical basis of discipleship and the 
definition of discipleship. All presentations were 
taped and are available through the NAE office 
in Wheaton, 111. 

Brethren attending the consultation were Brian 
Moore, Eugene Beekley, Ralph Gibson, Marlin 
McCann, Spencer Gentle, Jim Black, Jim Sluss, 
Steve Swihart, Woodrow Immel, Steve Cole, Larry 
and Candi Baker, and Arden Gilmer. Brethren 
churches could profit by providing finances for 
their pastors to attend similar types of "in service 
training" opportunities. 

— Arden E. Gilmer 

Hope seen for China Christians 

Richmond, Va. (EP News) — At least one China 
observer predicts that Communist China soon will 
recognize the presence of Christians in that 

Paul Kaufman, head of Asian Outreach, thinks 
that pressures from within and without will make 
it mandatory for mainland China officials to 
recognize that there are Christians within their 
borders. In some places in China, Christians meet 
openly, Kaufman says, and some who had been 
caught up in Communism are coming back to 

January 1979 



Receipt of a $20,000 bequest will enable the 
Sarasota Brethren Church to pay off the indebted- 
ness on its new sanctuary in 1979. 

Sarasota First Brethren receives 
$20,000 bequest 

Sarasota, Fla. — The Sarasota First Brethren 
Church has received a $20,000 bequest from the 
estate of Lewis and Mildred Wilson of Peru, Ind. 
The Wilsons faithfully attended the Sarasota 
church during the winter months. 

Upon the recommendation of the finance com- 
mittee, the official board of the Sarasota church 
designated that $10,000 of the bequest should go 
for general expenses, including the church van 
obligation, the radio ministry, and the General 
Conference "fair share" apportionment. 

The remaining $10,000 has been paid on the 
principle of the church's indebtedness. Because of 
this bequest and the faithful giving of the congre- 
gation, the Sarasota church will be able to pay 
off its remaining debt and burn its mortgage in 
this new year. 

Evangelical relief agencies 
form association 

Chicago, 111. (EP News) — Representatives of ten 
evangelical relief and development agencies have 
announced the formation of the Association of 
Evangelical Relief and Development Organiza- 
tions (AERDO). The organization brings together 
these agencies for the purpose of addressing 
common concerns and needs. 

Organizations involved in forming AERDO were 
World Relief of NAE, World Vision International, 
Compassion International, Compassion/Canada, 
Development Assistance Services, Food for the 

Plans continue for new church 
in Kansas City, Kans. 

steps continue to be taken toward the establish- 
ment of a Brethren church in Kansas City, Kans. 
Plans are to locate a church on a twenty acre 
tract of land west of Kansas City that has been 
used by the Midwest District as the site for its 
Camp Wyandotte. 

Last October the Midwest District Mission 
Board asked Arden E. Gilmer, national Director 
of Home Missions, to make a general survey of 
the area and report his findings to their 

Gilmer discovered that population growth in 
Kansas City is moving steadily toward the camp. 
In addition a proposed interstate beltway (1-485) 
around the greater Kansas City area will have a 
major cloverleaf within one and one-half miles 
of the camp, making the road past the camp an 
access road to the beltway. City planners antici- 
pate a population, industrial, and commercial 
acceleration in the area when the beltway is com- 
pleted, possibly by 1983. 

In response to these findings the Midwest Dis- 
trict Mission Board asked Gilmer to make a pre- 
sentation regarding the Kansas City possibilities 
in each of the Midwest churches. This was done 
from December 1-6, 1978. The district also voted 
to initiate a faith promise program for raising 
finances for the project and to enter into a dili- 
gent prayer effort for personnel. 

The immediate concern is to begin a Brethren 
witness in the area. A Brethren couple is being 
sought who win respond to this vision, locate in 
the house at the camp, secure employment, and 
begin visitation and Bible studies in the western 
part of Kansas City. The purpose of this approach 
is to bring together a core group of 20-30 people 
in anticipation of a full-time pastor coming to 
the area. A bi-vocational pastor motivated to start 
a Brethren church could respond to this 

The ministry will proceed under the supervision 
of Arden Gilmer and the Midwest District Mission 
Board in cooperation with the national Missionary 
Board. People interested in this opportunity should 
contact Arden E. Gilmer, 530 College Avenue, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 for specific details. 

Hungry, Food for the Hungry/Canada, Institute 
for International Development, Inc., MAP Inter- 
national, and World Concern. 

Arthur Beals of World Concern was chosen as 
AERDO's first president. 

The World Relief Board of the Brethren Church 
channels Brethren relief funds to needy areas 
through World Relief of NAE, one of the ten 
groups which formed AERDO. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


New Growth Partners call announced 

Ashland, Ohio — ^The new Growth Partners Club 
call is designated for the recently formed Brethren 
Church in Sarver, Pennsylvania. Funds from the 
response of club members will aid the new 
church in meeting the cost of land and construc- 
tion. The "call" will be open from January 1 
through June 30, 1979. 

The Sarver work began in February of 1976 
when evening Bible studies were started. Two 
transplanted Brethren families, the Chester 
McAfoose family of the Brush Valley, Pa., Breth- 
ren Church and the Kenneth Knabb family from 
the Pleasant View (Vandergrift, Pa.,) Brethren 
Church, formed the core group. Sunday school 
and worship services were begun in April of 1977 
in the basement of the Knabb home. 

The group is now averaging 24 in worship 
attendance, and Rev. Ed Wingard is serving as 
their by-vocational pastor. Three acres of land 
have been purchased and the congregation is 
investigating possibilities for constructing its first 

In order to meet the needs of new Brethren 
churches, the Growth Partners Club needs to grow 

Marijuana found nnore harmful 
than cigarettes or alcohol 

Oakland, Calif. (EP News) — Prolonged use of 
marijuana causes more physical harm than the 
use of cigarettes or alcohol. This is the conclu- 
sion of two researchers studying the effects of 

Marijuana can lead to emphysema and bron- 
chitis and cause damage to the brain, lungs, liver, 
reproductive system and chromosomes, according 
to Dr. David Harvey Powelson, a psychiatrist and 
former professor at the University of California 
at Berkeley, and Dr. Ethel Sassenrath of the 
University of California at Davis. 

Dr. Powelson, who has observed marijuana 
smoking students since 1964, noted that they grad- 
ually lost their ability to think. He found that in 
some cases students were not even able to under- 
stand simple proverbs like "Don't count your 
chickens before they are hatched." 

Another ill effect is that, unlike alcohol which 
is flushed out of the body in a day, THC, the drug 
in marijuana, is trapped in the body's system for 
four to six weeks. Dr. Powelson explained. Thus 
marijuana has an accumulating effect upon 
frequent pot-smokers. "So people who use mari- 
juana even socially are stoned all the time al- 
though they are not aware of it," said Dr. 

According to the psychiatrist, "Marijuana also 
ages you about twenty times as fast as alcohol." 

from its current 1,248 members to a membership 
of 2,000 by the end of 1979. Brethren joining this 
club participate in a group which has made sig- 
nificant contributions to starting new congrega- 
tions down through the years. New members who 
join now will be able to assist the Sarver Brethren 
Church in its growth and development. 

Information about obtaining club membership 
is available from the Missionary Board, 530 Col- 
lege Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

— Arden E. Gilmer 


__ day of 


' March 2, * 1979 

The Substance of Prayer 

A Bible-centered worship 

guide in booklet form 

provided by NAE at 

no charge for group 

participation in church 

and community services. 

Please send materials Booklets 

in quantity indicated: Posters 

D Booklet sample only 





BOX 28, WHEATON, IL 60187 


Cindy Hoimimel to Mark Dravenstott, November 
25, at Smithville, Ohio, Brethren Church; Rev. 
Donald Rinehart officiating. Members of Smith- 
ville Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Burlington: 7 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Loree: 6 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Corinth: 2 by baptism 

January 1979 



Warnings Issued on Guyana tragedy 

Evangelist Billy Graham has warned against 
identifying the Peoples Temple cult of Jim Jones 
with traditional, historic Christianity. 

In an Op Ed article in The New York Times, 
the famed preacher said of Jones, the Peoples 
Temple leader, "It is true that he came from a 
religious background but what he did and how he 
thought have no relationship to the views and 
teachings of any legitimate form of historic 

Mr. Graham asserted that in Jim Jones "we 
have witnessed a false messiah who used the 
cloak of religion to cover a confused mind filled 
with a mixture of pseudo-religion, political ambi- 
tion, sensual lust, financial dishonesty and, appar- 
ently, even murder. None of this has anything to 
do with true faith in God." 

Speaking on the same subject, a California 
Episcopal priest has cautioned that religious move- 
ments which overemphasize emotional experience 
could become dangerous like the Peoples Temple. 
Father Richard I. S. Parker of St. Cross Episcopal 
Church in Hermosa Beach, Calif., made his com- 
ments in an interview with Linda Emanuelson of 
the Daily Breeze newspaper. 

Father Parker said that Christianity is based on 
intellectual knowledge, faith, and emotionalism, 
and that when these elements become separated 
from one another, the religion "loses its sound- 
ness." He commented that charismatic leaders can 
lead people "down the primrose path to what 
happened in Guyana or they can lead people to 

William R. Bright, president of Campus Cru- 
sade for Christ, one of the nation's largest inter- 
denominational Christian organizations, is con- 
cerned about possible adverse side effects of the 
Guyana tragedy on legitimate Christian groups. 
He urged commentators and news media organ- 
izations to make every effort to avoid harming 
legitimate religious groups by mistake in the 
aftermath of the recent mass suicide in Guyana. 

Bright called the shocking deaths of more than 
900 members of the cult "a tragedy that has jolted 
and appalled the world, perhaps the Christian 
community most of all. 

"Unfortunately," he added, "there seems bound 
to be some spillover from that tragic event onto 
legitimate Christian organizations, but it is urgent 
that the news media do all in their power to avoid 
damaging valid ministries which have nothing of 
substance in common with the Jones group or 
cults in general. 

"Otherwise," he concluded, "fine reputations 
earned by years or decades of creditable Christian 
work can be unjustly shattered with as little as 
one thoughtless or inaccurate phrase." 

Dr. Bright urged that news analysts and others 
examining various ministries in the wake of the 

Guyana events look carefully at groups to see if 
they are characterized by "dedication to the deity 
and lordship of Jesus Christ, to the Bible as the 
revealed word of God, and to a spirit of Christian 

"Not all groups are what they seem to be," he 
added, "and it is proper that especially pastors and 
Christian laymen be interested in the doctrines 
and practices of organizations which represent 
themselves as coming in Christ's name. There 
could be no more striking example of this problem 
than the Peoples Temple situation. 

"If, however, God alone is honored as the object 
of worship, the Holy Scriptures are used as the 
guide to behaviour, and Christian love is prac- 
ticed as the basis of relationships," Dr. Bright 
said, "an organization can in no fair way be con- 
sidered a 'cult.' " 

Selected from Evangelical Press and Campus 
Crusade for Christ news releases. 

American arms buildup compared 
to Peoples Temple tragedy 

New York, N.Y. (EP News) — Two peace activists 
have compared the buildup of armaments by the 
United States to the activities of the Peoples 
Temple. The comparison was made at a disarm- 
ament convocation held at the Riverside Church 
December 4-5. 

Dr. William Sloane Coffin, Jr., pastor of the 
interdenominational Riverside Church, compared 
the Pentagon to Jim Jones and described its con- 
tingency planning for nuclear war and prepara- 
tions for civil defense as "the Kool-Aid drill with- 
out the cyanide." 

"Who should refuse to drink from the vats of 
the Pentagon," he asked, "if not those who feast 
on the Body and Blood of Christ." 

Dr. Richard Barnet, co-founder of the Institute 
for Policy Studies, asserted that the newest phase 
of the arms race is "involving us in a continuing 
drill for Dad (the name Jim Jones' followers used 
for Jones)." He charged that "like the people of 
Jonestown, we have lost control over our leaders." 

Reporting that weapons now in the development 
stage will contain far more warheads which can 
reach targets with far greater accuracy than pres- 
ent systems. Dr. Barnet expressed concern that a 
nuclear war is once again becoming all too think- 
able to military leaders. He added that there had 
been many narrow escapes in the last two 
decades: President Eisenhower threatened North 
Korea with atomic weapons; John Foster Dulles 
offered the French atomic aid in defense of Dien 
Bien Phu; the Cuban crisis nearly precipitated 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Dea+h Cults— How Can It Happen? 

This question is on the lips of people every- 
where, even on the lips of dedicated Christians. 
Why? How? 

My first reaction is to say, "Well, what can we 
expect of people who get a touch of 'Christianity' 
(or any other religion) but who don't give it all 
Christ asks?" When you become disillusioned 
with anything, you become depressed, and the 
answer — so it seems — is to quit. In this case, quit 
forever. The Peoples iChuroh (Temple) was neither 
for people nor was it a church. Temple, perhaps. 
There are temples to every god imaginable. 

Let us do some analysis: 

1) People all over the world are discouraged 
and disheartened. Every institution they have 
been taught to believe in has failed — politics, edu- 
cation, religion, etc. They want to "quit." But into 
what do they go when they quit? 

2) People don't hear from God. They want 
someone to tell them where God is and what He 
is saying. Any source will do. 

3) People want signs. Any sign will do. Mark 
it! Every "successful" religion has some outward 
sign that is attractive. Especially the "sign of 
success." Even many "successful" Christian evan- 
gelists get that way because they offer outward 
signs of success and preach a gospel of success, 
denouncing any other group that disagrees with 
them. Some people relish this. 

4) People want a leader. Any leader who has 
charisma, who can say, "Here I am, I am your 
leader (savior?), I will give you what you are 
looking for." (This is exactly what the antichrist 
will use to assume power!) Jesus said, "Many 
will come saying I am Christ (savior), deceiving 
all but the very elect." 

5) People want physical comfort. Anyone who 
can offer food, shelter, community, you name it, 
v/ill get a following. 

6) People want to "get away." Whether it is 
to a jungle in Guyana, a separatist movement in 
the midst of society, some sort of withdrawal will 
get a following and a good hearing. 

The problem is — all but Jesus Christ will end 
in some form of death. Social death; sacrifice of 
the personality; sacrifice of family, home, and 
loved ones. The sacrifice will lead to some form 
of death. The deaths in Guyana are merely more 
visible than others all around us. 

Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth, and the 
life." His offer is to get us into society, into per- 
sonal contentment and fulfillment, among our 

Rev. Clarence Stogsdill is pastor of the Tucson, 
Ariz., First Brethren Church. This article M'as 
orii^inally sent as a mailing to the members of his 
congregation. It is reprinted here by permission. 

by Clarence Stogsdill 

loved ones, friends, and even our enemies. But 
most of us don't have the faith for it. We would 
rather take the easy way out. Quit. Withdraw. It 
is a milder form of the same thing we saw happen 
in Guyana, but it is the same thing. Suicide. Social, 
personal, spiritual suicide. Paul said, "To be car- 
nally minded is death. To be spiritually minded is 
life." Get into it! Jesus offered it. Take it! The 
alternative is — death! 

Books for further reading 

Four Christian books now on the market glwe 
further insights into how people can get caught 
up in powerful religious movements like the 
Peoples Temple. Three of these deal with religious 
movements and cults in general, while the fourth 
deals specifically with the Peoples Temple. 

In The Youthnappers (Victor, 1977), author 
James Hefley gives several reasons why young 
people join religious movements. Family prob- 
lems, disenchantment with parental values, a de- 
humanizing educational system — these coupled 
with the deadness of the institutional church 
cause young people to look for someone who 
seems to care for them personally and for some- 
one to show them how to live. 

Kenneth Boa, author of Cults, World Religions, 
and You (Victor, 1977), says the bankruptcy of 
our materialistic values have promoted the up- 
surge in new religions. "Materialism and empty 
humanism do not satisfy . . . spiritual needs." 

"Spiritual naivete" is given as the chief single 
cause for the success of cults, according to Dave 
Breese, author of Know the Marks of Cults (Vic- 
tor, 1975). "Too many Christians are content with 
a superficial knowledge of the Word of God." 

In The Broken God (David C. Cook, 1979) 
Bonnie Thielmann tells about her experiences as 
a teenager with the Jones family. Thielmann is 
the only person to defect from the Peoples Temple 
and yet maintain a close relationship with the 
Jones family. 

According to Thielmann, one of her main pur- 
poses in writing this book is to help answer the 
questions of relatives and friends of Peoples 
Temple members asking "Why?" She believes that 
some of that answer is found in the failure of the 
Christian church to take action to try to right 
some of the wrongs of society. 

"Most of all," said Thielmann, "I want to prove 
that God can get through to anybody — even some- 
one like me who had been alienated from Him 
for so many years." 

The Broken Crod is full of anecdotes of the 
Jones family from both the Brazil and California 
years, illustrating the progression of Jones' beliefs 
and practices from brave to bizarre. 

January 1979 



IRS ruling on private schools challenged 

Washington, D.€. (NAE News) — A proposed IRS 
regulation that would remove the tax exemption 
of private schools (including Christian schools) 
not meeting an IRS-imposed racial quota system 
would have a chilling effect on all tax-exempt 
organizations, Robert P. Dugan told a public hear- 
ing on the measure, December 8th. 

Testifying in the nation's capital, Dugan, direc- 
tor of the National Association of Evangelical's 
Washington Office of Public Affairs, said that 
while NAE supports all proper efforts to elim- 
inate deliberate racial segregation in education, the 
new proposal threatens the existence of many 
private schools that are totally innocent of dis- 
criminatory activities or of violating public policy, 
public law, or the intent oi Congress. As such, 
Dugan said, the measure represents an abuse of 
power to the extent that it: 1) establishes man- 
datory affirmative action without statutory auth- 
ority or judicial sanction, 2) infringes First 
Amendment rights, due process, and equal pro- 
tection under the law, and 3) assumes schools 
are guilty until proven innocent. Dugan empha- 
sized that the IRS-proposed procedure for deter- 
mining possible cases of discrimination is without 
statutory authority. (According to the procedure, 
a reviewable school is one "formed or substan- 
tially expanded at or about the time of public 
school desegregation in the community served by 
the school, and having a student body whose per- 
centage of minority students is less than 20 per- 
cent of the percentage of the minority school age 
population in the community served by the 

"Consider," he said, "a private school with a 
publicly-announced non-discriminatory racial poli- 
cy, minorities attending the school, a black prin- 
cipal and minorities on the school board. Under 
the proposed procedure, that school could lose its 

tax-exemption for no reason at all except that an 
insufficient number of minority students chose 
to attend. 

"Beyond any shadow of a doubt," Dugan con- 
cluded, "such a situation would exceed any record- 
ed Congressional intent." Dugan urged that if 
persistent in his desire to enact such a proposal, 
the Commissioner should wait until Congress has 
opportunity to express its will in the matter. He 
noted that at least 70 members of the House and 
several senators had already written the Commis- 
sioner regarding the tax proposal. 

"We believe," Dugan said, "that such an issue 
belongs in the legislative arena." 

Herman E. Van Schuyver, director of the Na- 
tional Association of Christian Schools, also gave 
testimony during the public hearings on the pro- 
posed revenue procedure. In his testimony on 
December 6th, Van Schuyver placed the shoe of 
discrimination briefly on the IRS foot. 

Cautioning the IRS not to assume that segrega- 
tion exists on the basis of circumstantial evidence, 
Van Schuyver directed his attention to the make- 
up of the IRS panel (six white males, one white 

"If we were to decide to evaluate whether or 
not your panel is discriminating," he said, "cir- 
cumstantial evidence would have us believe that 
the panel is almost entirely composed of male 
chauvinist racists." 

Van Schuyver used the illustration to under- 
score his contention that many private schools are 
integrated even when they appear not to be. He 
warned that quick assumption of guilt by the IRS 
would force these same schools to expend time, 
energy and money in proving their innocence — a 
procedure contrary to the American credo of 
innocent until proven guilty. 

Help Wanted 

Couples desired as houseparents (couples 
with children accepted) for a home for 
troubled boys. 

No experience necessary as training and 
support staff are provided. 

For salary, fringe benefits, and job 
specifics, please call 219-956-3125. 

Christian Haven Homes, Rt. 1, Box 17, 
Wheatfield, Ind. 46392 

Outstanding high school students 
support religious & moral values 

Northbrook, 111. (EP News) — The nation's out- 
standing teenagers "are keen on religion and main- 
tain traditional moral values," according to re- 
sults of the Ninth National Opinion Survey of 
Who's Who Among American High School 

The survey showed that 92 percent of student 
leaders believe there is a personal God or "vital 
force" in the world, 90 percent said religion plays 
a significant role in their own moral standards 
and actions, 81 percent belong to an organized 
religion, and 62 percent attend services weekly. 

These findings were based on opinion question- 
naires returned by 21,500 of the students whose 
names appear in the 1978 edition of Who's Who. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Grefna defeats Derby 
in attendance contest 

Derby, Kans. — After a slow start, the Gretna 
Brethren Church (near Belief ontaine, Ohio) 
surged ahead to defeat the Derby, Kans., First 
Brethren Church in their attendance contest. 

The contest between the two churches began 
on September 3 and concluded on December 24. 
At the halfway point Gretna was behind by 39 
points. But an outstanding effort in the second 
half of the contest gave them an overwhelming 
victory of 556 points to 249 points for Derby. 
Points were based on percentage of increase in 
attendance over one year ago. 

Both churches made advances in Sunday school 
and worship attendances during the contest. 
Gretna had an increase of 17% in Sunday school 
attendance (from 69 a year ago to 83 this year) 
and a 14% increase in morning worship attend- 
ance (from 81 to 92). 

Derby had an increase of 6%) in Sunday school 
(from 81 to 86) and a 9% increase in morning 
worship attendance (from 104 to 113). 

This is the first attendance contest the Derby 
Brethren Church has lost during the ministry 
of its present pastor. Rev. George Solomon. But 
according to Rev. Solomon, there is no one he 
would rather get beaten by than his son, Rev. 
Leroy Solomon, who is pastor of the Gretna Breth- 
ren Church. Rev. George Solomon adds, "It was 
fun — and worth the effort if the church makes 
an advance for the work of the Lord!" 

Catholics most numerous 
in 96th Congress 

Wheaton, 111. (EP News) — The Ninety-Sixth 
Congress includes 128 members from the Roman 
Catholic Church, with 115 of these in the House 
of Representatives and 13 in the Senate. This 
makes the Roman Catholic Church the religious 
group with the highest representation in Congress. 

United Methodists are the next highest group, 
with 57 Representatives and 18 Senators. 

These are among the findings of Ohristianlty 
Today magazine in its latest religious census of 
Congress, published in its December 1 issue. 

Totals of other religious groups are as follows: 
Episcopal, 70; Presbyterian, 60; Baptist, 57; Jew- 
ish, 30; Lutheran, 19; United Church of Christ, 
16; Unitarian, 12; Mormon, 10; Disciples of Christ, 
6; Greek Orthodox, 5. Fifteen denominations were 
represented by fewer than five members in 
Congress, and 19 Congressmen listed themselves 
as Protestants without specifying a denomination. 

Catholics also lead the list of religious affilia- 
tions of governors with 12. Presbyterians with 
nine are second-highest, followed by Episcopalians 
with eight. 

In Memory 

Anna Brown, 79, December 11. Brethren Church 
membership at Nappanee and South Bend for 62 
years. Services by Larry R. Baker, pastor. 
Grace Smeltzer, 87, December 6. Member of the 
South Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Larry R. Baker, pastor. 

Wayne J. Crytzer, 41, November 27. Member and 
deacon of the Pleasant View Brethren Church, 
Vandergrift, Pa. Services by William D. Walk, 
pastor. Mr. Crytzer was also a member of the 
national Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 
Edith Marie Steele, 77, November 19. Member of 
the North Liberty, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Services by Philip Hershberger, pastor, and Rev. 
Stephen Cole. 

Harold Wing-er, 82, November 10. Member of the 
Smithville, Ohio, Brethren Church. Services by 
Larry L. Bolinger, pastor. 

Donald H. Riggle, Sr., 52, November 1. Member of 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church, Vandergrift, 
Pa. Services by William D. Walk, pastor. 

Irvin Klzer, 66, October 17. Member and deacon 
of the Burlington, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Services by Rev. Alvin Grumbling and Rev. G. 
Bright Hanna. 


. . . please let us know. 

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Brethren Publishing Company 

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Ashland, OH 44805 

January 1979 



Finding Tinne to be Quiet 

A Handful of Quietness by Harold Rogers (Word 
Books, 1977, 140 pp. $5.95 hardback). 

How can we find time for quietness and medita- 
tion in the overscheduled, hurried routine of our 
contemporary hves? 

A handful of quietness is only a little, but it 
can benefit our lives greatly. Turning silently in- 
ward can become a natural part of our daily ex- 
perience. It means living on two levels. The inner, 
hidden level prepares us for the outer life of 

Harold Rogers, who has written several books 
and over one hundred articles, has, in this book, 
interspersed personal experience with practical 
suggestions. His many Scripture quotations and 
references add biblical authority to his call for 
quietness. I also appreciated his quotations from 
outstanding Christian writers such as Paul 
Tournier, Thomas Kepler, Evelyn Underhill, 
Hannah Whitall Smith, and Thomas Merton. 

Where do we begin? Here. When do we start? 
Now. "A moment of quietness," says Rogers, "no 
matter how brief, can bring a new perspective 
that can be felt and that can serve as an influence 
throughout the hours ahead. Quietness, calmness, 
trust, and union with God are not only for the 
crisis situation but for any time, all the time, any- 
where, and for everyone." 

In my estimation this gentle book is one of the 
best of the recent devotional works. 

— Julie Flora 

Julie Flora is an Ashland > Ohio, homemaker and 
a frequent contributor to the Brethren Evangelist. 

Book of the Year 

A Severe Mercy by Sheldon Vanauken (Harper 
and Row) has been voted the religious "Book of 
the Year" by the 180 book reviewers, writers, and 
observers surveyed in the 20th annual poll taken 
by Eternity magazine. 

The book describes the author's courtship and 
marriage in the 1940s and the influence the late 
C. S. Lewis had in bring the Vanaukens to a per- 
sonal commitment to Jesus Christ. The wife's sub- 
sequent illness and death prompted Mr. Lewis to 
describe the experience as "a mercy, but a severe 

Books ranking from second to tenth place in 
the Eternity poll were Eerdmans' Handbook to the 
History of Christianity, edited by Tim Dewley; 

Finding Freedom 

The Law That Sets You Free by David H. Roper 
(Word Books, 1977, 123 pp., $3.95 paperback). 

Have you ever wished for a way to be free — 
free from worry, anxiety, trials, sorrows, and 
other daily frustrations? Have you ever been told 
to pray about your problems, and when you did 
you felt your prayer never reached beyond the 
ceiling? Have you ever wondered, "What did I 
ever do to deserve this?" Or "Why me. Lord?" 

If you answered "yes" to any of these ques- 
tions or even thought a slight maybe, then per- 
haps you'd enjoy a very helpful book. Try settling 
down in your favorite chair with your Bible and 
The Law That Sets You Free. 

This book, a verse by verse study of the Book 
of James, will encourage you to see yourself, 
your life, and your problems from God's perspec- 
tive. It will also help you understand how to 
respond to problems and even how to help others 
with similar problems. 

You will discover exactly what you, as one of 
God's children, ought to be! You will be encour- 
aged to try to live one day at a time and to become 
what Jesus would have you be. 

Everyone should read this book. Christians 
should use it in study groups in order to strength- 
en one another in the faith. If every Christian 
would start living today praising the Lord for 
difficulties and temptations, the world would be 
a changed place overnight! 

This book is a very helpful guide for every 
believer's life. 

— ^Joanne Brelsford 

Joanne Brelsford is an Ashland, Ohio, home- 
maker and an active worker in the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church. 

The Worldly Evangelicals by Richard Quebedeaux 
(Harper and Row) ; Fundamentalism by James 
Barr (Westminister); Essentials of Evangelical 
Theology by Donald Bloesch (Harper and Row); 
Paul: Apostle of the Heart Set Free by F. F. 
Bruce (Eerdmans) ; Christian Counter Culture by 
John R. W. Stott (InterVarsity Press); Christ and 
the Media by Malcolm Muggeridge (Eerdmans) ; 
Where Is God When It Hurts? by Philip Yancey 
(Zondervan) ; and New International Commen- 
tary: Revelation by Robert Mounce (Eerdmans). 
Eerdmans was considered "publisher of the 
year," with four books placing in the top ten. 

— EP News 


The Brethren Evangelist 

finally^ hrethren 

. . . some thoughts to take with you! 

Love Unlimited 

by Jane E. Hendricks 

The Lord God Almighty has an unlimited supply of 
love for each one of us. This love is total and complete 
and reserved especially for each person. It is every 
person's exclusive possession and belongs to no one else. 
We can live out our lives resting secure in His love, 
knowing that each in his own way is special to Him. God 
doesn't play favorites, but each one of us is His ''pet.'' 

We praise God for His unlimited love. In that love 
there is no room for jealousy. We need not be jealous 
of God's love for another child of God, for in His 
tremendous capacity to love we rest safely, knowing 
He never neglects us nor forgets us. He is always 
thinking of us and our needs. 

Just as God loves us, so should we strive to love 
others in our human relationships — husband and wife, 
parent and child, brother and sister, friend to friend. 
The love we have for another in whatever relationship 
flows from God, through us, to the other, leaving no 
room for jealousy. The love we receive from another 
flows also from God, and there still should be no room 
for jealousy. 

Praise God for His unlimited love available through 
us for His glory and honor. 

Miss Hendricks is a member of the 
Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren Church. 

January 1979 27 


it's not only our seminary, 
it's our only seminary! 

for training 

ministers, missionaries, Christian education 

directors, teachers, chaplains, pastoral 

counselors, church leaders, youth 

leadership . . . 

I o fc t 

100% enrollment increase in four years 

I mt m * 

Fair Share Giving/ 

Local Church Budgets 

$5.00 per member 

The seminary has a balanced budget with no 

debt. A "Fair Share" from each local 

church is necessary to continue a 

balanced budget. 

z s: a 


-i 3 a 

D- 3" rr 

^ ca a> 

3 CD 

T :x 

01 O rt- 

o- «— O 

a> •— '1 

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0) 1M> 



^f^ The Brethren "^ • j 


February 1979 

Communicating the Faith 


World Relief Report 


Licking - Ticking - Sticking 

I sit at my desk to write another World Relief report for Brethren 
readers. The temptation is to begin, "World Relief is at work again." But 
that's really not accurate. The truth is, World Relief effort never stopped. 

So, more accurately, I must say to you, ''World Relief continues work- 
ing!" or "World Relief is still at work!" because that's the way it is. 
(Sounds like Howard Cosell, doesn't it?) 

I'm writing this report in December — two weeks before Christmas. 
Following are snatches of the SITUATION REPORTS I receive regularly 
from the World Relief Commission. They inform us . . . and remind 
us again of where and how our World Relief money was helping to make 
a difference in crucial situations during the fall months in many parts of 
the world. 

Zaire — Cholera Epidemic: 

The presence of cholera in epidemic propor- 
tions was reported in June and July by Free 
Methodist and Conservative Baptist missionaries. 
In one case nearly a whole village was wiped 
out and in another over 30 cases were reported. 
WRC worked on details to supply cholera vac- 
cine, i.v. fluids, antibiotics, sulfa preparations, 
and Fanasil (a preventative medication) for 
immediate use and a stockpile against future 
emergency needs. TWA provided free air freight 
for the first shipment of 500 pounds of 50% 
dextrose. Another 1,000 pounds was sent later 
by ocean freight. WRC committed about $40,000 
to the joint operation with other agencies. 

Sudan — Famine: 

Early in 1978 a serious drought produced an 
acute famine. Starvation resulted. Then major 
rains during July created flooding, preventing 
transportation of emergency food into affected 
areas. WRC forwarded $26,000 through Sudan 
Interior Mission and Jungle Aviation and Radio 
Service for emergency food and transportation 
costs. Airplanes were used to transport much of 
the grain. 

West Bengal, India — Flood: 

'■ Incessant torrential rains hit Calcutta for four 
days in September. For three days most people 
were indoors and Calcutta was cut off from the 
rest of the country. Low-lying areas were sub- 
merged. Early estimates were that the deluge 

affected 14 to 15 million people in 12 districts of 
West Bengal. Several towns were under water 
several days. 

Jerry Ballard, executive director of WRC, was 
in Calcutta soon afterwards and designated 
$10,000 from an emergency fund for blankets, 
dhotis (men's clothing), and saris (women's 
clothing). Later $7,000 was dispatched for the 
purchase of 300,000 doses of cholera vaccine to 
avert an epidemic. And $3,000 was granted for 
feeding and clothing flood victims. Total assis- 
tance was $20,000, channeled through local 
evangelical relief organizations. 

Costa Rica — Nicaraguan Refugees: 
Honduras — Nicaraguan Refugees: 

Civil disturbances in Nicaragua caused thou- 
sands to leave their homes. Although WRC tried 
to enter, the borders were closed to outsiders. But 
refugees did flee to Costa Rica and Honduras — 
primarily Honduras. WRC responded with over 

Philippines — Typhoon: 

In October a typhoon hit the East Manila 
area, affecting about 2,000 families or about 
14,000 people. Upon confirmation of the intensity 
of the damage, an emergency grant of $5,000 was 
made for food, clothing, and medicine to be used 
in disaster relief. It was estimated that it might 
possibly be three months before the flood waters 
would recede enough to allow families to return 
to their homes. WRC's representative was there. 

About the Title 

Whereas it is announced (via a TV commercial), ''Timex watches take 
a licking and keep on ticking," we can proclaim just as widely, "When 
people take a licking, World Relief is sticking right with them to bring 
whatever aid it can." 

Phil Lersch, Chairman 
Brethren World Relief Board 

V ^ The Brethren 1 * A 


The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


The Lamb's Players use 
drama and pantomime to com- 
municate the Christian faith. 
Martha Deardurff tells more 
about this Christian performing 
arts company on pages 4 and 5. 

Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

Vol. 101, 

February 1979 

4 Theatre for the Lord 

Martha Deardurff is realizing the desires of her heart as she 
serves the Lord through Christian theatre. 

6 A Time to Share 

Senator Mark Hatfield calls on American Christians to face 
and respond to the ominous reality of world hunger. 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 
10 Problems and Possibilities 

Arden Gilmer looks at basic problems facing the Brethren 
Church and shares his vision for our denomination in the 

20 AC Campus Ministry: A Time of Reflection 

Fred Burkey evaluates the first semester's ministry and shares 
plans for the second semester and beyond. 

The Benevolent Board 

13 The Benevolent Board . . . 

Dedicated to Human Service 

A brief historical overview of the service given by the Benevo- 
lent Board of the Brethren Church. 

14 The Nursing Home Image 

Nursing homes have gotten a bad image. How good are ours? 
To answer this question, the remainder of this section looks at 
the retirement facilities of the Brethren Church. 

14 Brethren Care, Ashland, Ohio 

16 The Brethren's Home, Flora, Indiana 

18 Topsfield Terrace, 

Brethren Care of South Bend, Inc. 


19 The Salt Shaker 
22 Update 

27 Books 

February 1979 

for the Lord 

Lamb's Players Mime Troup. 

Martha Deardurff Is realizing the desires of her heart as she 
serves the Lord through Christian theatre. 

Delight thyself also in the Lord; and he shall 
give thee the desires of thine heart. Psalm 37:4 

BUT LORD, my ''desires" are dreams, 
fantasies. Impossible! 

These thoughts flooded my mind as I 
approached my last semester at Ashland 
College. I would have a B.S. in education; 
I could teach high school speech and Eng- 
lish. So what? I want to serve the Lord. 

Long before college, when I was only 
eight, I accepted Jesus as my Savior. I had 
met and read about missionaries around 
the world serving the Lord. One summer, 
at camp, I had even said, 'I'll go, Lord, 
wherever you want me." But now what? 

That last semester was getting too close. 
I wrote Intercristo, a Christian placement 
service, which responded with several job 
possibilities. Prompted by my high school 
and college theatre experience, I wrote to 
Lamb's Players, a Christian performing 
arts company listed by Intercristo. 

Lamb's Players, National City, Califor- 
nia! Me, an Ohio farmer's daughter, in 
California? Encouraging letters, phone 
calls, a zealous roommate, and wise advice 
from friends led to my selling my car, buy- 
ing a one-way ticket, and flying west 
September 1, 1978. 

A sleepy-eyed guy wearing the name 
tag "Martha Deardurff" met my 2 a.m. 
flight. Three suitcases and my sewing 
machine were loaded into a topless M.G., 
and we sped down Interstate 5. So this is 
California ? 

After getting settled with a Lamb's 
Players couple, I began attending the Sem- 
inar on the Performing Arts. This two 
weeks of intense study was intense: three 

hours of class each morning in either act- 
ing, mime, or dance; afternoon seminars 
on numerous theatre topics, followed by 
lectures and discussions. Several evenings 
we attended shows which we discussed the 
following morning before class. All these 
activities were aimed at developing a Chris- 
tian perspective of the arts. 

Meanwhile, two other interns — Cathy and 
Heidi — and I decided to find an apartment. 
After hours of searching, we found a two- 
bedroom apartment only nine blocks from 
the theatre — good walking distance since 

Martha Deardurff is 

the daughter of Mr. 

and Mrs. John 

Deardurff of 

Bellfontaine, Ohio, 

and a member of 

the Gretna Brethren 

Church. She served 

as a Brethren Youth 

Crusader for two 

years and as a 

counselor at Ohio 

Camp Bethany. While 

attending Ashland College, Martha participated in 

several plays as an actress and costumer. She was 

also a member of the Ashland College Choir. She 

received her bachelor of science in education 

degree from the college last May. 

Anyone interested in knowing more about 
Lamb's Players and Martha's ministry may write 
to her at Lamb's Players, 500 E. Plaza Blvd., Box 
26, National City, CA 92050. Her slide show is 
also available for interested groups. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Lamb's Players Street Theatre^ 

Lamb's Players is a Christian 

performing arts company that 

uses drama, pantomime, and 

dance to share the message 

of God's love in Jesus Christ, 

we had no car. What about furniture? 
Cathy's sister and brother-in-law were 
moving to Germany and needed a place to 
store their furniture for two years. So, with 
a few additions from other relatives and 
the Salvation Army store, the Lord sup- 
plied all our needs. 

After the seminar and a free weekend 
spent visiting the beach and resting, I, 
along with the ten other interns, began 
** orientation." This consisted of classes in 
evangelism, the history and purpose of 
Lamb's Players, and support raising. Pro- 
spective performers also prepared auditions. 
And each of us began working in our sup- 
port department. I was introduced to the 
costume department and shown where to 
find pins, fabric, old shoes, and a small 
beaded purse of wash money for my first 
responsibility — washing the shirts after the 
week's shows. 

During orientation I planned my flight 
home. "Lord, I have enough money for the 
airplane ticket but not for my share of the 
month's rent, $66." A few days later I 
found in my mailbox a check for $500 from 
a church I had never attended, the Notting- 
ham United Presbyterian Church. 'Thanks 
again, Lord." 

With orientation complete, I headed 
home for six weeks of support raising. 
Armed with a slide show, a public relations 
notebook, and numerous newsletters and 
support cards, I visited several churches 
presenting the Lamb's Players' story. 
Our story began in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 
1970, with the vision of teacher and former 
professional actor, Steve Terrell. Knowing 
that God had used drama and pantomine to 
speak through some of the Old Testament 

prophets, he, using the same methods, decided 
to share the message of God's love and forgive- 
ness found in Jesus Christ. In 1973, an 
original cast of seven moved to the warmer 
climate of Southern California, Since then, 
Lamb's Players has grown into an organization 
of over 50 full-time members, each working 
in his respective performance, office, and 
other support staff position. 

Lamb's Players brochure 

Lamb's Players' street theatre, panto- 
mime, and dance troupes travel the coun- 
try the year around presenting Christ's 
message at college and high school cam- 
puses, fairs, churches, public parks, mil- 
itary bases, and penal institutions. These 
troupes are backed by a support staff 
of artists, photographers, costume design- 
ers, construction personnel, administrative 
staff, and others, all working to carry out 
Christ's Great Commission. 

Each member is responsible for raising 
his own income by pledges, from interested 
friends, relatives and churches. So, for six 
weeks, I presented Lamb's Players to every- 
one I met, praying that God would supply 
the needed $450 per month. 

With half of this support raised, I re- 
turned to California on December 29, to 
begin two years with Lamb's Players. This 
year I will work in the costuming depart- 
ment and audition for parts in the Lamb's 
Players theatre. This 138 seat, theatre-in- 
the-round is another Lamb's Players min- 
istry drawing on the acting talent in the 
San Diego area to present family enter- 
tainment at a modest price. 

The Lord is granting to me the desires 
of my heart. Theatre for my Lord is the 
best of both worlds. □ 

February 1979 

Time to Share 

Senator Mark Hatfield calls on Annerican Christians to face 
and respond to the ominous reality of world hunger. 

pastor imprisoned by the Nazis during 
World War II. While in prison he experi- 
enced what he called his ''second conver- 
sion." Niemoller had so despised the 
atrocities of the Hitler regime that he came 
to hate the prison guard who brought him 
his food each day. 

Seeing the Nazi insignia on his uniform, 
all the indignation and outrage Niemoller 
felt toward that evil system was directed 
against that guard. 

Then one day Niemoller tells how he 
suddenly realized that Jesus Christ died 
on the cross for that guard; that Christ 
loved him that much. And in the same fash- 
ion, Niemoller was bound to love that 
guard, and love every man. The atonement 
of Christ took on a whole new meaning for 
the prisoner. Its implications were revolu- 

Photo by Clifford Bjorkland 
For many of the world's children, hunger is a 
daily reality. 


tionary, for every person was to be loved 
with the sacrificial love of Jesus Christ. 

One of the tragedies of the church today, 
which surely grieves the Holy Spirit, is the 
unbiblical separation we have made between 
verbal witnessing to the Good News of 
Christ and acting with His love to meet 
the needs of our fellow man. This is basic- 
ally the schism between those who stress 
evangelism as opposed to "social gospel." 

You do not find such a division in the 
Scriptures; you do not see such distinctions 
in the life of Christ. This is a false dichot- 
omy which we have created, and which we 
must allow God to destroy. 

When asked, 'Who is our neighbor," you 
will remember our Lord's response. He re- 
lated the story of the Good Samaritan. Our 
neighbor was not simply the person next 
door, or our circle of close friends. He was 
anyone downtrodden, distraught and vic- 
timized by the world's pain and inhumanity. 

Today, my brothers and sisters, we as 
Christians living in America must face one 
basic, startling reality about our world and 
its suffering. That is simply this: most 
of humanity is hungry. 

The most basic physical need of any of 
us is enough food to simply keep life going. 
Yet, that is a daily struggle for millions of 
people — people not only living in other na- 
tions, but also right here in America. Each 
day literally thousands of fellow human 
beings lose that struggle, and die of 

Today our world stands on the brink of 
famine. Yet, all the world knows that there 
are harvests of plenty in America. But 

Mark O. Hatfield is United States Senator from 

The Brethren Evangelist 

This article by Mark Hatfield 

reminds us that "My Brother's 

Keeper" is not just a 

Conference theme to be 

forgotten, but a continuing 

responsibility . 

^t The Brethren Church 

during the last seven years, we have not 
been as prudent as Joseph in the land of 
Egypt long ago. Rather, farmers were paid 
not to grow crops on as much as one- 
seventh of our cropland, and grain was 
left to rot in silos. 

We have made real attempts to increase 
the harvests of other countries. But the 
bodies to feed have expanded more rapidly 
than food. Further, other forces that seem 
beyond our mortal control make current 
prophecies about seven lean years ahead 
grimly believable. 

Let me be candid. There is no problem 
faced by this world more likely to breed 
instability and conflict, and increase the 
magnitude of mankind's suffering in the 
years directly ahead of us, than the short- 
age of food. 

Before World War II, most all countries 
of the world had all the grain they needed, 
and frequently some to spare. Only Western 
Europe was dependent upon buying grain 
from other nations. Today, much of the 
world needs grain, but only North America 
and Australia have substantial surpluses 
to export. 

The United States produces half of the 
world's corn and two-thirds of the world's 
soybeans. Out of 1.2 billion tons of grain 
produced by the world, 90 million tons are 
traded between countries, and the United 
States provides 70 million tons of that 

Yet, what is our situation? Two-thirds 
of the world's population fights for one- 
third of the world's total protein. 

The shortage of energy worsens the 
shortage of food. With the increasing mech- 
anization of farming, both here and abroad, 
it takes about 80 gallons of gas to raise an 
acre of corn. Far more is required to pro- 
duce fertilizer, which is essential to the 
hoped for ''Green Revolution." Thus, while 
Americans waited in line a few hours for 
gas for their cars, Indian farmers waited 
in line for five days for gas for their irri- 
gation pumps or other machines for grow- 
ing and harvesting their crops. 

More troubling is the report of some 
scientists who study the climate. They have 
ascertained that the world's temperature 
has dropped 2.7 degrees since 1945, and 
that this apparent cooling trend will cause 
desert areas to advance toward the equator, 
expanding the region of drought. 

We have already seen the effects of this 
in the Sahel region of Africa, where the 
Sahara Desert has expanded southward 30 
miles each year of the current drought. For 
the first time in memory, the Niger River 
can be crossed by foot. And at least 250,000 
people have died from starvation. Continu- 
ing changes in climate such as this would 
affect India, South Asia, China and Central 

Faced with this picture, our hearts as 
believers in Christ and instruments of His 
compassion must be pierced with the 
monopoly on the world's food and protein 
enjoyed by us as Americans. 

Each of us living in America consumes 
nearly a ton of cereal grains, the most basic 
food and form of protein, each year. But 
only about 150 pounds of this is consumed 
directly in the form of bread, pastry or 
breakfast cereals. The remaining 1,850 
pounds is consumed indirectly in the form 
of meats, and then milk and eggs. 

By contrast, an average person living in 
a poor country has only about 400 pounds 
of cereal grains to consume each year for 
his protein. This he must take directly in 
the form of grains, such as rice and wheat, 
for little or none can be spared for con- 
version into more costly and inefficient 
means of protein production such as meat. 

It takes about seven times as much grain 
to put protein on the table in the form of 
meat as it does to consume such cereal 
grains with an equivalent amount of pro- 
tein in direct forms. 

We can no longer suppose that our extra 
abundance can feed the hungry of the 
world. Rather, the world will be fed only 
by the sharing of resources which the rich 
of the world have assumed to be their un- 
questioned possession, and through the 

February 1979 

Photo by Clifford Bjorkland 

"There is no problem faced by this world more 
likely to breed instability and conflict, and increase 
the magnitude of mankind's suffering in the years 
directly ahead of us, than the shortage of food." 

changing of values and patterns of life 
which the affluent have barely even 

Famine cannot be averted by simply 
thinking we can increase the ''size of the 
pie" so those who have little may have a 
little more. What we are discovering is that 
the pie itself has limits. Most all arable land 
around the globe is in use. 

Increased protein production once hoped 
for from the sea has not materialized, and 
now most scientists fear the seas are being 
''over- fished," which would deplete this 
resource. The simple truth, then, is that the 
"pie" must be shared more equitably. 

Ghandi put it cogently and well: "The 
earth provides enough for everyman's need, 
but not for everyman's greed." 

Faced with these realities, and filled 
with the compassion of Christ, what is our 
response? Above all, we must allow our 
hearts to be made sensitive to the suffering 
of our fellowman. The facts and statistics 
must be translated into human realities 
which we can feel from deep within, and 
which quicken our conscience. 

We should allow ourselves to feel uncom- 
fortable about our wealth, our lifestyle, our 
diet and all our subtle worship of affluence. 

We must let God's Spirit move within 
us, even to convict us anew of sin, and to 
show us the ways of repentance and 

Most of all, let us cast aside all those 
rationalizations that would somehow pre- 
vent us from understanding and reaching 
out to those who suffer. 

There are some who say that perhaps all 
the worst about famine, disaster and war 
will indeed come true and that this only 
indicates and prepares us for the Second 
Coming of Christ. 

I do not want to get into a discussion 
about eschatology, and all the various doc- 
trines about the last days which have been 
such a source of division among us. But 
let us be agreed about one central biblical 
truth. We are never told to sit by and watch 
the world destroy itself in its inhumanity 
and sin, and console ourselves with the 
prediction that the end of all things must 
be just around the corner. 

To turn our back on the suffering of the 
world is to turn away from Christ himself. 
This is exactly what he has told us. 

Thomas Merton has written: "It is easy 
enough to tell the poor to accept their pov- 
erty as God's will when you yourself have 
warm clothes and plenty of food and medi- 
cal care and a roof over your head and no 
worry about the rent. But if you want them 
to believe you — try to share some of their 
poverty and see if you can accept it as 
God's will yourself!" 

The command and compassion of Christ 
compel us to respond to the physical and 
spiritual needs of a hungry world. 

What can we do? 

What concretely can we do? Let me 
offer some specific suggestions: 

— Every congregation could establish a 
specific budget amount directed to meeting 
the needs of starving people in some par- 
ticular point of the world. 

— Christians can be asked to give a 
specific tithe just for the purpose of re- 
lieving hunger; further, we should consider 
a graduated tithe, which increases in its 
percentage according to the amount of 
one's income. "From those to whom much 
has been given, much will be expected." 

— We should renew the Christian disci- 
pline of fasting as a means for teaching us 
how to identify with those who hunger, 
and to deepen our life of prayer for those 
who suffer. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

— We must all analyze, in prayer before 
God, our own habits of food consumption. 
Specifically, we can drastically alter our 
consumption of meat, and the money we 
save we can give to alleviate hunger. Some 
Christians may decide that part of their 
witness means being a vegetarian. Families 
can decide how to limit their consumption 
of beef, perhaps to only certain days, or 
as times of special celebration, or just on 
certain days of the week. 

— Thanksgiving can be a time when 
Christians throughout the land join to ex- 
press their thanksgiving for our plenty, 
not by a feast, but by a sacrificial outpour- 
ing and sharing of our plenty with the 
needy, just as the Pilgrims shared with the 

— As Christians, we can, by our word and 
our living example, call the nation to the 
task of sharing from its plenty with those 
who are in need. 

These are only suggestions. But the point 
is that Christ's love beckons us to far more 
than simply charitable giving. 

Our word to the nation 

Finally, what is our word to the nation? 
How can we aid in mobilizing our wealth 
and resources with urgency and compassion 
to avert the threat of famine, and give hope 
to mankind? 

First, we must turn back to our history, 
and realize that we have responded with a 
generous heart and sacrificial spirit in the 
past to meet the needs of a hungry and 
starving world. . . . All our (past) efforts 
to feed the starving, innocent millions of 
the world were motivated by a profound 
humanitarian and spiritually based commit- 
ment, which attempted to transcend po- 
litical and ideological barriers. 

When relief first was proposed for the 
starving millions occupied in Belgium, for 
instance, many objected; there was an eco- 
nomic blockade against the German occu- 
pied territories and other political and 
military factors of World War I. But 
President Hoover's view was simple, and 
should be our own today. He wrote: 

''Above all, I did not believe that stunted 
bodies and deformed minds in the next 
generation were the foundation upon which 
to rebuild civilization." 

We must examine candidly the way our 
nation is presently committed to the 
stewardship of its resources. This year* 
in our national budget, the Congress has 
been asked to approve the largest peace- 
time military budget in our history. Over 
90 billion dollars will be spent for weapons 

'. . . our hearts as believers in 
Christ and instruments of His conn- 
passion nnust be pierced with the 
monopoly on the world's food 
and protein enjoyed by us as 

of war and destruction, and for the support 
of our axmies, includnig over half a million 
men stationed permanently outside our 
bordsrs. This total of military expenditures 
amounts to 63 per cent of the funds 
Congress can actually control, and is being 
asked to spend this year. That is the money 
that comes from you and me, as citizens. 

By contrast, all the funds proposed in 
this year's budget for the purpose of pro- 
viding humanitarian and economic assis- 
tance to other nations, and to disadvan- 
taged people comes to $1.9 billion. Even 
much of this money, in my opinion, is 
utilized more to gain political influence than 
to relieve the suffering of people. But this 
should give us some idea of how we as a 
nation are exercising the stewardship of 
our resources. 

It comes down to this simple fact. For 
$1 that is spent in our nation's attempts to 
aUeviate suffering and enhance human life 
throughout the world, we spend $50 for the 
weapons and forces geared for the destruc- 
tion of life. 

Let us consider these facts for a moment 
in light of our own nation's security, and 
to the building of peace throughout the 
world. From where do the threats to peace 
come? What will be most likely to throw 
the world into turmoil and instability? It 
is the one central reality of world hunger. 
For us, stewardship means molding our 
own lives to the shape of the Man crucified. 
It means being conformed not to the world, 
but to Christ. Our action, individually and 
corporately, must be the witness and the 
light to our nation and the world. 

In the words of the Old Testament, we 
have set before us life and death. So let us 
choose life (Deuteronomy 30:19). D 

*The figures given are not for the current year. 
In the budget President Carter sent to Congress 
in January, he requested that $124.8 billion be 
approved for defense for 1980 — an increase of 
10% over the 1979 defense apportionment. 

For more thoughts on the subject of world 
hunger and world need, see pages 2 and 27. 

February 1979 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 




Arden Gilmer looks at basic problems facing the Brethren 
Church and shares his vision for our denomination in 
the eighties. 

ATTEMPTING to predict the future is 
a hazardous task. For example, in 1839 
the famous surgeon Alfred Velpeau wrote, 
"The abolishment of pain in surgery is a 
chimera. It is absurd to go on seeking it 
today." In 1902 Harper's Weekly com- 
mented, 'The actual building of roads de- 
voted to motor cars is not for the near 
future, in spite of many rumors to that 

Still we must address ourselves to the 
question, **What will become of the Breth- 
ren in the decade of the eighties?" 

As we move into the future, we can be 
confident that God's promises are trust- 
worthy and constant. They are eternal be- 
cause God's word will never pass away. 
God's promises provide a stable footing for 
our journey into the future. The variable 
is the degree of our faithfulness and obe- 
dience to the Lord's commands. Faithful- 
ness will provide a much brighter future 
than unfaithfulness. 

The trends of the past may also throw 
light on what to expect in the future. What 
are some of the trends? Between 1965 and 
1978 membership in the Brethren Church 
decreased 14%. If the decrease continues 
at the same rate, the entire Brethren 
Church will have a membership of 13,226 
in 1990. During the same period (from 1965 
to 1978) Sunday morning worship attend- 
ance decreased 20% and Sunday school 
attendance decreased 31%. If these trends 
continue, by 1990 the ''average" Brethren 

Rev. Arden Gilmer is Director of Home Mis- 
sions for the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church. In this position he works diligently over- 
seeing the planting of new Brethren churches and 
promoting church growth. 

church will have 110 members with an 
average morning worship attendance of 68 
and an average Sunday school attendance 
of 48. 

When writing about the future, my earn- 
est desire is to be positive and affirmative. 
But the above figures force me to a stark 
and bleak realism. I do not believe that God 
desires the demise of the Brethren Church, 
but the church will die if nothing is done. 

I believe that with some radical changes, 
the Brethren Church can begin to grow 
again. If we grow at a rate of 25% per 
decade (fair growth for a turn-around sit- 
uation) our membership in 1990 would be 
20,655! At this rate the "average" Brethren 
church in 1990 would have 172 members 
with 115 in worship and 93 in Sunday 

Problems we must attack 

I see several problems we must attack. 
One of these is a nearly complete loss of 
evangelistic fervor and zeal. I know there 
are exceptions to this, but they do not 
negate the truth of the generality. 

Despite all our talk about evangelism and 
the sinful condition of our world, very few 
Brethren are spending time taking the gos- 
pel to those who are sick and need a physi- 
cian. We have become dangerously ingrown. 
We are more concerned with nurture than 
with missions; with edification than with 
evangelism; with fellowship than with 
outreach ; with providing for ourselves than 
with ministering to the needs and hurts of 
our communities. Our actions indicate that 
we take the gospel for granted and that we 
really do not believe that people outside of 
Jesus Christ are lost and doomed to an 
eternal hell. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''Local churches spend more time deciding how to spend 
$100 than they do in asking and answering the ques- 
tion, 'What does God want us to do for Him in our 
community?' '' 

We must intentionally and deliberately 
change our perspective, vigorously share 
the gospel, and warmly welcome into our 
churches those who respond to the mar- 
velous grace of God. The problem here is 
not size, but growth. And growth is a mat- 
ter of faithfulness to God. 


r size a pro! 


But our size is also a problem. If all of 
our 120 congregations were located in one 
state, we would have a district big enough 
to do some very positive things. Under 
those conditions one camping program 
could serve all the churches with little more 
expense than it takes to provide a camping 
program for thirty churches. Mission funds 
would be available for planting new church- 

Perspectives? Prospectives? 

// you are an observant reader, you probably 
noticed that both words were used in the intro- 
duction to our new feature in last month's 
Evangelist. I would like to say this was intentional 
— but it wasnt! 

Which should it be? Actually, it takes both 
words to define the purpose of the series. 

''Perspective' speaks of looking into the distance 
or the future and of evaluating and giving pro- 
portional importance to the various parts. Putting 
the future into perspective. 

''Prospective," on the other hand, means looking 
to the future, to the hoped for or probable out- 
come, and to the chances for success. 

In this series, then, we are taking a view of the 
1980s, and we are trying to evaluate the various 
influences, trends, etc., that will affect the Brethren 
Church. We are trying to get perspectives on 
the eighties. 

At the same time, we are considering the 
Brethren Church's chances for success in the next 
ten years, its prospects. We are trying to evaluate 
our PROSPECTivES for the eighties. 

Obviously we cant use both words in our title. 
So we will call the series "Perspectives for the 
Eighties." But keep in mind that it takes both 
words to fully define what we are seeking to 
accomplish in this series of articles. R.C.W. 

es. The district could employ a full-time 
administrator who would see that district 
level tasks were done and done well. 

But geography hinders us. We are scat- 
tered all over the country. District level 
ministries are conducted by volunteers who 
often have district work as a low item on 
their list of priorities. So the excellence 
with which district functions are completed 
is often unsatisfactory. Some districts have 
talked of employing a full-time adminis- 
trator, but none of our districts are big 
enough to justify the large expenditure of 
funds needed for such a person. 

One solution to this would be to strength- 
en the essentials of denominational struc- 
ture and program. But though many desire 
the outreach and services of denominational 
ministries, it appears they would like to 
have them for free. As far as I know nearly 
every cooperating board of General Confer- 
ence is suffering from inadequate finances. 
Some local churches and individuals are 
complaining about receiving promotional 
materials from the cooperating boards. 
Should the present lack of support for 
denominational ministries be interpreted to 
mean that the Brethren want them to 
cease? All of them? Some of them? If 
some, which ones? 

A spiritual problem 

Maybe the root of the problem is not 
with denominational ministries. Perhaps 
the problem is a spiritual one — failure to 
trust the Lord enough to tithe. If all 
Brethren were tithers, neither the local 
church nor the denominational ministries 
would be hurting financially. Have we 
Brethren become so materialistic that we 
cannot manage our money well enough to 
tithe? Will Brethren in the eighties willing- 
ly simplify their lifestyle in order to provide 
the personnel and funds to do the primary 
work of the church? 

Another problem is the location of our 
churches. We are a predominantly rural 
church in an increasingly urban society. 
Only 22 (18%) of our congregations are 
located in population centers of 50,000 or 

February 1979 


''Our problems can be converted into stepping stones 
leading- into a new era of frnitfulness for the Lord/' 

more. And of these only six have an 
average worship attendance of 100 or more. 
The population flow is to the south and we 
are mainly northerners. To minister where 
the people are we must plant churches in 
southern urban and suburban areas. But 
the cost will be high. In the eighties we 
must diligently and deliberately work at 

Do we have the conviction and the will 
to pay the price to see new churches 
planted? Will Brethren people who move to 
a community that has no Brethren church 
deliberately trust God, start a Bible study 
in their home, and do what is needed to 
bring together a core group to plant a new 
church? Will a northern district mission 
board provide the funds to plant a church 
in a southern city? 

As you can tell, I really am thinking out 
loud. I want to stimulate your thinking, 
your praying, and your concern. 

It seems to me that we Brethren have a 
knack for majoring on minors. We have 
trouble grasping the essence of an issue. 
General Conference will spend years debat- 
ing a fairly minor point. Local churches 
spend more time deciding how to spend 
5100 than they do in asking and answering 
the question, ''What does God want us to 
do for Him in our community?" 

We need a sense of purpose 

Aren't these symptoms of an organiza- 
tion that has lost its sense of purpose, that 
has no vision, that has lost its will to ad- 
vance? Do we need to make some efforts 
to answer the questions, ''What is the rea- 
son for the existence of the Brethren 
Church? Are the reasons of a hundred 
years ago valid for today?" 

If we do not have a strong sense of pur- 
pose, we will continually find ourselves re- 
acting to what's happening around us 
rather than initiating action which boldly 
says, "We are the people of God, we are 
the church of the living Lord, there- 
fore. ..." Many of our local churches are 
just plodding along, doing the same old 
things, not really knowing why. For us to 
have impact on the eighties, we must know 
who we are, why we exist, and what we are 

to do. Then, of course, we must channel 
our energies into fulfilling our mission. 

I praise the Lord for the Brethren 
Church, and I long with tears to see the 
Brethren Church become a dynamic, con- 
secrated, and willing instrument used 
mightily of God to bring men and women 
into a saving relationship with Jesus Christ 
and into a positive relationship with a 
Brethren Church. 

A vision for +he elah+ies 

As we look to the eighties, I have many 
hopes and dreams for our church. I dream 
of local Brethren churches being power- 
houses for God. Effective evangelism be- 
gins and ends with the local church. I wish 
that each one of our local churches would 
pray, work, and witness as though the 
eternal welfare of every individual in their 
community depended upon them. 

I long for the day when a renewal will 
sweep through our church so that men and 
women will give themselves unreservedly 
to the Lord's service and every pastorate 
will be filled. I dream of the time when we 
will start twenty new churches every year 
instead of two. I dream of a growing num- 
ber of pastors who have a Holy Spirit gen- 
erated fire and vision to reach people for 
Jesus Christ, to plant churches, to lead 
churches, and to faithfully do those things 
which result in the lost being found, fed, 
and folded. 

I envision a hoard of Brethren lay people 
eagerly bearing positive witness for Christ 
and joyfully using their gifts in fulfilling 
the ministry of the risen Lord. I dream of 
Brethren joining hearts and minds to dis- 
cover possibilities and opportunities and to 
work together to accomplish them. 

I dream of the day when our wanderings 
will cease. I hope for a turn around begin- 
ning in 1979, with the eighties being a 
decade of growing momentum. The prob- 
lems have solutions. We can claim the vic- 
tory of our Lord. Our problems can be 
converted into stepping stones leading into 
a new era of fruitfulness for our Lord. We 
must not back or meander into our future 
— we must march into it! Will you 
enlist? D 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Benevolent Board 


9 » 

\'' ^:V^ 



Service is the rent we pay for our room on earth, and the mennbers 
of The Benevolent Board would like to be good tenants. 

Arficle I — Ncsme 

The name of this organization is: The Benevo- 
lent Board of The Brethren Church. 

Article II — Purpose 

The purpose of this organization is to minister 
to the needs of the elderly by identifying and 
giving priority to those programs and services 
which are better implemented through the church. 

been concerned with caring for the 
elderly. As early as 1892 there was a feel- 
ing that steps should be taken to meet 
their needs. Funds given by Lydia Fox and 
her brother, John Early, started an effort 
that has continued to this day. These early 
funds were invested, and by 1922 The 
Brethren's Home was constructed at Flora, 

At that time The Benevolent Board and 
The Brethren's Home were one and the 

In the 1960's new health care regulations 
and building code requirements caused The 
Benevolent Board to seriously study the 
advisability of continuing this ministry. A 
survey was made of health care and retire- 
ment facilities in the surrounding states. 
Not-for-profit homes were visited as well 
as proprietary homes. From this research 
it was determined that the church- 
sponsored homes were, for the same dollar, 
giving far more care and service to the eld- 
erly than the proprietary homes. Hence, 
the recommendation was made by the 
Board that The Brethren Church should be 
ministering to this area of special need. 

In 1966 plans were made to build a new 
facility at Flora, and a new 46-bed nursing 
home was opened on May 5, 1968. 

A need was felt for the development of 
retirement facilities in other areas. So in 
August 1970 Dorman Ronk, past president 
of The Benevolent Board, was hired as full- 
time Executive Secretary to continue the 
development of retirement facilities and to 
administer the work of The Benevolent 
Board. Also, at this time, The Brethren's 

Home and The Benevolent Board became 
separate entities. The Brethren's Home be- 
came a not-for-profit corporation in the 
State of Indiana and The Benevolent Board 
became a not-for-profit corporation with 
headquarters in Ashland, Ohio. 

The Articles of Incorporation for The 
Brethren's Home were drawn so that any 
member of The Benevolent Board was a 
member of The Brethren's Home Corpora- 
tion and so that the members of The Breth- 
ren's Home Corporation would elect the 
Board of Trustees. This same procedure 
has been followed in establishing Brethren 
Care, Inc., at Ashland, Ohio, and Brethren 
Care, Inc., at South Bend, Indiana. 

Through the efforts and leadership of 
Dorman Ronk as Executive Secretary, a 
100-bed nursing home known as Brethren 
Care, with seven connected apartments, has 
been constructed and occupied in Ashland, 
Ohio. Also through his efforts nine apart- 
ments were constructed on College Avenue 
in Ashland. These apartments are adjacent 
to the Park Street Brethren Church and are 
under the management of Brethren Care. 

Dorman was also instrumental in getting 
an 88-unit apartment building known as 
Martin House built in Ashland, Ohio. The 
Benevolent Board has no investment in this 
project other than Dorman's time, which 
was given from the planning and construc- 
tion stage through a successful start-up. 

Dorman also worked with and guided 
further expansion at Flora. At present. The 
Brethren's Home at Flora can accommodate 
86 nursing home residents and has 26 apart- 
ments available for retirement residents. 

As these projects were completed and 
the administrative management of each 
facility assumed responsibility for its 
operation, it became apparent to The Bene- 
volent Board that the financial resources 
of the board were not sufficient to retain 
a full-time Executive Secretary. It also 
became apparent that future expansion of 
present facilities would need to be accom- 
plished through the efforts of each home's 
administration and Board of Trustees. 
Therefore Dorman relinquished his respon- 
sibilities as Executive Secretary and has 
resumed his teaching career. D 

February 1979 


77?^ Nursing Home Image 

Nursing homes are among our most stigmatized and investigated 
institutions. Stories in the media tell tales of neglect and abuse, and 
the public shudders. 

A common reaction to the neglect of older people is, "There 
ought to be a law against that sort of treatment." 

Thinking people everywhere are demanding personal dignity and 
high standards of care for the older person. But can morality be leg- 
islated? Brethren people believe there is a better way. 

Are We 
Benevolent* People? 

To answer this question we must determine 
just what benevolence is. This quality that should 
characterize all of us means . . . 

Doing some kind and loving deed 
or giving a gift to one in need. 

How Qualified 
Are Our Present Facilities? 

In case you are unfamiliar with the ministries 
at our homes, look at Brethren Care, Ashland, 
Ohio; The Brethren's Home, Flora^ Indiana; and 
Brethren Care, South Bend, Indiana, as presented 
on this and the following pages. 




by Ida Lindower 

THIS RESIDENCE for our elderly citi- 
zens is well named, for Brethren do 
care for our mature people. This concern 
can be seen in the comfort and content- 
ment of many who work or live here. 

First, let's look at those who work here. 
A competent, understanding administration 
figures largely in the smooth operation; 
nurses, aides, kitchen staff, housekeepers, 
maintenance workers — all manifest a com- 
mendable esprit de corps, so essential to 
conducting such a residence successfully. 
Listen to some of their comments: 

Says Kris GentEe (L.P.N.) : '1 enjoy the 
work; and Brethren Care has treated me 
very well." 

(continued on next page) 

Mrs. Lindower is a retired Ashland College 
professor of English. She presently spends one 
day each week in volunteer work at Brethren Care. 

Mrs. Glenn with some of her beautiful hand- 
craft work which is on the wall of her room at 
Brethren Care. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The concern which Brethren people show for the elderly 
can be seen in the comfort and contentment of the many 
who live and work at Brethren Care in Ashland, 

Eileen Hahn (dietitian for 5 years, who 
plans and prepares delicious meals) : *1 
like my work here." 

Miriam Esbenshade (nurse's aide for 5 
years) : ''I've worked in other nursing and 
retirement homes, but this one is best. It 
is so clean and friendly." 

Jo Long, (another aide for 5 years) : "I 
love my work here. These people are so 

Many more comments might be listed, 
but let's look at some of the residents. 

Meet Mrs. Glenn, 95 years old and a de- 
lightfully pleasant, alert lady. She is a 
stimulating presence at the Wednesday 
evening Bible Class which she attends faith- 
fully, asking intelligent questions and con- 
tributing to discussion. She has done much 
lovely embroidery work, some of which 
adorns the walls up and down the halls as 
well as in her room. Asked how she likes 
living here, she replied, ''I wouldn't want 
to be anywhere else." 

Another resident, Mrs. Estella Budd, has 
lived at Brethren Care since 1973. This 
energetic person might be designated "the 
flower lady," for she has — by actual count 

Mrs. Estella Budd and some of her lovely plants. 
Mrs. Budd has lived at Brethren Care since 1973. 

at this time — nineteen African Violets in 
her room, besides other miscellaneous 
plants. She must exercise some magic over 
them, for they are magnificent. During 
growing season outside, she likes to water 
plants around the building. 

Estella, a youthful eighty-eight, is the 
soul of generosity, often having friends buy 
goodies for her — melons, apples, cakes, etc. 
— which she shares with those at her table. 
She has no children, but numerous nieces 
and nephews with whom she might live; 
however, she enjoys her independence. She 
too attends Bible study faithfully. 

L. U. Todd is one of our scholars in resi- 
dence. This 95-year-old for many years 
taught math — geometry, trig., and calculus 
— at Ashland High School. So much loved 
was he that former students and fellow 
teachers continue to visit with him. The 
writer of this little sketch owes him much 
for his influence on her children when they 
attended his classes. Asked how he is treat- 
ed at Brethren Care, he replied enthusias- 
tically, "They couldn't treat me better." 

To be sure many other fascinating per- 
sonalities might be listed here: Mildred 
McElroy, former librarian at the State 
House in Columbus as well as at Ohio 
Wesleyan University. Adelaide Scott, age 
91, who until 85 years old had her own 
advertising agency in Cleveland. Esther 
Gibson, high school English teacher for 
many years. Ruth Sheets, wife of a former 
Church of the Brethren minister and long- 
time foster mother to about 25 children. 
Gladys Redd, wife of a former United 
Brethren pastor. 

If space permitted, all 78-80 residents 
might be sketched. These are just a few, 
but their tranquil, fulfilled lives show forth 
the crowning brush strokes God makes on 
some of His masterpieces. 

Come in and visit. If you are supporting 
Brethren Care through your Benevolence 
offerings, you will be glad to see what your 
gifts are doing. If you are not presently 
supporting with your giving, you may want 
to become a part of it. n 

February 1979 





Flora, Indiana 

the oldest ministry to the aged and in- 
firm operating under the auspices of The 
Benevolent Board of The Brethren Church. 
The Brethren's Home opened its doors on 
May 29, 1923, and has been providing care 
to those in need of long-term health care 
ever since. 

Over its 55 years of existence, the Home 
has provided more than $400,000.00 in 
benevolent care to those who could not 
sustain themselves financially. This year 
alone, the Home has made available more 
than $30,000.00 in benevolent care by sup- 
porting those whose funds are exhausted 
or through subsidizing care to those under 
Title 19 of the Medicaid program. This gen- 
erous maintenance care depends on gifts 

from individuals, estates, gifts to the Home, 
and denominational offerings for its 

Just one example of the way we use the 
gifts and funds raised during the year is 
the new hydraulic lift for our van. In Aug- 
ust the Home sponsored a fish fry which 
was made possible through the untiring 
efforts of Stan Gentle (Assistant Adminis- 
trator), Stan's wife, Judi, and many vol- 
unteers and friends of the Home. Almost 
$1,000.00 was raised towards the purchase 
of the $1,300.00 lift. The remainder of the 
funds came through contributions from the 
Flora First Brethren Church Bible School, 
other Brethren churches, and individual 

Presently our needs include a gift for 

Gene Geaslen, Brethren's Home Administrator (left), and Stan Gentle, Assistant Administrator 
(right), demonstrate the hydraulic lift, which gives new life to the Home's van. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Stan Gentle (left), Gene Geaslen 

(2nd from left), and Jim 

Gerard (right) honor Mrs. Neva 

Handley as ''Volunteer of the 

Year" for District III in Indiana. 

Mrs. Handley contributed 150 

hours in volunteer service in 1978. 

our bus, a tilting fry pan for the kitchen, 
a new roof for the south wing of the health 
facility, two blow dryers, and a multi- 
purpose building where we can hold church 
services and other gatherings. 

Contributions of time are also needed in 
order to continue the individual care at the 
Home. Last year more than 3700 hours 
were given by some QQ volunteers, function- 
ing under the direction of Mary Blue, our 
Activities Director. These volunteers do all 
kinds of things from visiting with our bed- 
fast residents to helping with parties and 
activities for our active residents. If we 
had had to pay for those hours, it would 
have cost us from $10,000 to $14,000. Time 
is a money donation! 

We were fortunate to have one of our 
volunteers receive recognition as '* Volun- 
teer of the Year" for District III in Indiana. 
Mrs. Neva Handley contributed 150 hours 
in volunteer service in 1978 and was hon- 
ored along with seven other volunteers by 
TV celebrity Jim Gerard at a State Nursing 
Home Association dinner. 

The Brethren's Home provides basically 
two kinds of accommodations: 26 inde- 
pendent living apartments and an 86-bed 
intermediate care health facility. The 
Health Care unit is licensed by the State 
of Indiana and certified by Medicaid. We 
are also active in both the Indiana Health 
Care Association and the Indiana Associa- 
tion of the Homes for the Aging and Aged. 

The entire operation employs more than 
85 people and has a payroll in excess of 
$400,000.00 per year. Presently the facility 
has an approximate value of three million 

dollars. This has been made possible be- 
cause the Brethren have a burden and 
vision for caring for other people. 

Presently there are no immediate plans 
for expansion, although our needs would 
indicate that we should we considering 
facilities for a chapel and a multi-purpose 
building. Since such a building would not 
generate any income, capital monies will 
have to be saved or received as gifts before 
we can begin such a project. 

Right now our immediate goal is to main- 
tain a financially sound facility while pro- 
viding the best quality health care for a 
modest price. We need the Brethren to help 
us accomplish this goal by their continual 
support. Start by praying for us regularly, 
and then share of your time and money to 
assist us in continuing to provide benevo- 
lent care for those who gave ug life. 

We certainly want to thank the friends 
who faithfully support the ministry in 
Flora. This includes those who send birth- 
day cards and Christmas gifts to the 
residents, those who provide programs 
throughout the year, those who invest in 
notes and bonds, and those who give finan- 
cial gifts — either to the home directly or 
through the Benevolent Board. 

For further information on how you and 
your church might share in the work r.t 
Flora, or for information on independent 
living apartments or our long-term health 
care, please feel free to contact either Gene 
A. Geaslen, Administrator, or Stan E. 
Gentle, Assistant Administrator, at R.R. 2, 
Box 97, Flora, Indiana 46929 (phone 219- 
967-4571). n 

February 1979 



Brethren Care of South Bend. Inc. 

TOPSFIELD TERRACE will be owned by 
Brethren Care of South Bend, Inc., an 
ecumenical, not-for-profit corporation affili- 
ated with the Brethren Church under the 
administration of the National Benevolent 
Board of The Brethren Church. 

The facility will make it possible for 
retirees to remain in the community of their 
choosing — South Bend. The Terrace will 
offer a gracious and secure lifestyle to 
qualified persons over the age of 62 without 
regard to religious preference, race, or 
national origin. 

Construction has commenced, and in 
order that you may fully appreciate the 
excellent accommodations to be available at 
Topsfield Terrace, a model apartment has 
been constructed on the building site. The 
model is open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 
p.m., and on weekends from 1:00 to 5:00 

p.m. Terrace representatives will be avail- 
able to show you through and explain the 
program in detail. Feel free to visit any 
time, no appointment necessary. For infor- 
mation, contact: Topsfield Terrace, 17881 
Inwood Road, South Bend, Indiana 46614 
(phone: 219-291-8205). 

Although we should be benevolent the 
year round, in the month of February we 
have a special opportunity to express this 
virtue. There are numerous outlets for us, 
to be sure, but caring for our aging is fun- 
damental to Christian benevolence. Remem- 
ber what the poet Browning said: ''Grow 
old along with me! The best is yet to be, 
the last of life for which the first was 
made. . . ." If we would make such a state- 
ment a reality, we would insure the com- 
fort and well-being of numerous of God's 
noble men and women. □ 






The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

If the Brethren Church is to have a future, it 
must buck the trends of the past. 


HISTORIANS often say that the past 
can help us understand the future. 
Futurists emphatically agree. In fact, some 
have even suggested that the study of the 
future be called ''applied history." 

Futurists are not content to simply 
understand what happened in the past; 
they want to use that knowledge to im- 
prove the future. They would do so by 
applying two basic principles — the Principle 
of Continuity and the Principle of Analogy. 

According to the Principle of Continuity, 
the future will be a repeat of the past or 
something like it (give or take a few 

The Principle of Analogy is based on 
observation of sequential events. When the 
barometer falls, a storm follows. If the 
light changes to red, the traffic comes to 
a halt (or is supposed to). 

So far so good. Much of our everyday 
forecasting is routine. In fact, it's so rou- 
tine that we don't realize we are practicing 
what is called futuristics. 

One method we all use is Trend Extra- 
polation. For example, if the population of 
a city is increasing at the rate of two per- 
cent per year, we can predict what the city's 
population will be ten years from now. This 
is Trend Extrapolation and simple mathe- 
matics. Of course, there are risks involved. 
Some catastrophe (plague, earthquake) 
may occur, which would change the entire 
trend and ruin our prediction. But barring 
these unforeseen events, our Trend Extra- 
polation should follow the basic Principle 
of Continuity. If we take into consideration 
other things affecting the city's growth, 
then we have shifted to the Principle of 

Recently I applied these principles to 
Brethren statistics. From 1974 (memb3r- 

ship of 16,235) to 1977 (membership of 
15,344), we had an average drop of 256 
members per year in the Brethren Church. 
This trend has been continuous for as many 
years as I can remember. If this trend con- 
tinues, by the year 2000 the Brethren 
Church will have somewhere in the vicinity 
of 9,968 members — according to the Prin- 
ciple of Continuity. 

When I apply the Principle of Analogy, 
the outlook becomes worse. But I won't 
get into that because it sounds so pessimis- 
tic, and I'm not a pessimist. 

In addition to using Trend Extrapolation, 
futurists also explore the future by means 
of scenarios. So what is a scenario? 

According to futurists, a scenario is 
exactly what the Brethren Church needs 
in the face of present trends. A scenario 
begins when we start wondering, ''What 
would happen if such and such occurred?" 
For example, if it takes 17 people spending 
$3500 to bring about one conversion in the 
Brethren Church, what vv^ould happen if 
ten were able to do the job spending only 
$2500? It would be much more effective, 
wouldn't it? 

And if we've averaged 458 conversions 
per year the last few years, what would 
happen if we got more evangelistic and 
started averaging 500 or 600? It wouldn't 
take long for a scenario to change the 
trends of the church, would it? 

What it boils down to is the need for a 
continuous scenario in the Brethren Church. 
That is, Brethren people who've finally 
decided to buck the trend and do the job. 

What happens if we don't do it? That's 
easy to predict using a form of Trend 
Extrapolation. But you answer the ques- 
tion. I'm going out to begin a scenario, n 

February 1979 


Some of the 43 Brethren students who are attending Ashland College. 

AC Campus Ministry: 

A Time of Reflection 

by Fred Burkey 

SEMESTER BREAK . . . four weeks until 
the students return to campus ... a 
breather . . . thank goodness! Now for a 
time of reflection and evaluation of our 
first semester's ministry on the Ashland 
College campus. 

My initial reaction is a feeling of grat- 
itude. I am grateful to the many Brethren 
churches and individuals who care enough 
to support our evangelical witness on 
campus. Budgets are tight — every college 
department is facing a cut of one-third in 
controllable expenses. Our budget is no 
exception. Yet I am thankful that church 
contributions will make it possible for us 
to continue. 

I am thankful as well for the many ex- 
pressions of apprec'ation and support we 
have had for the semester's work. We have 
counseled many troubled people — students 
and others. We have seen people's lives 
changed in Bible studies, discussion groups, 
counseling sessions, and worship services. 

Dr. Frederick T. Burkey is Director of Religious 
Affairs and Campus Ministry for Ashland College. 

Our beginning has been modest. We have 
not jumped headlong into things, choosing 
instead to move slowly, identifying needs 
and priorities. 

We are grateful as well for the fine 
people we have to work with. Our new 
Office of Religious Affairs has been cor- 
dially received by faculty, staff, and ad- 
ministration. President Schultz has been 
wonderfully supportive of our program and 
has offered invaluable guidance. He has 
taken the time to discuss our ideas and 
concerns even when the pressures of his 
own job were almost overwhelming. He has 
given spiritual matters a clear priority in 
the life of Ashland College. Pray for him 

My assistants, Judy Gifford and Jim 
Miller, are doing a fine job. Both are dedi- 
cated Christians and both are working 
effectively among the students. This task 
would be impossible without them. Both 
are taking seminary courses (Jim is a full- 
time student), yet they give freely of their 
time in counseling, teaching, and doing the 
necessary office work. 

In addition, we have three adjunct staff 


The Brethren Evangelist 

members, Neil and Mary Sue Smith and 
Tom Hawks, who work with CoaUtion for 
Christian Outreach and Ashland College. 
The Coalition people serve as residence hall 
directors and work in the Office of the 
Dean of Students. We welcome their contri- 
bution to our objective. 

We are pleased as well with the role our 
forty-three Brethren students are playing 
on campus. They are active in nearly every 
facet of academic life and in most extra- 
curricular activities. In many cases, they 
form the core group around which pro- 
grams are built. Based on our first semes- 
ter experience, we estimate that there are 
about 150 Protestant Christian students 
who are actively involved in religious pro- 
grams. (There are many more Christian 
students, but most tend to be less active 
than this 150.) 

Much more could be said, but I want to 
share some of our plans for the second 
semester and beyond. 

First, Bible studies will be continued in 
every dormitory. The Sunday evening 
worship service (9:00-10:00 p.m.) will be 
continued, featuring a variety of competent 
speakers and lots of good music. Our 
counseling service will be expanded. 

Second, some new programs will be 
offered. At least five non-credit courses 
are being considered. These include: How 
to Be a People Helper (a peer counseling 
course), Evidence That Demands a Verdict 
(a study of the intellectual basis of the 
Christian faith). How to Give Away Your 
Faith, The Measure of a Man, and The 
Measure of a Woman. These will be taught 

by our staff at convenient times during the 

Other planned activities include a sub- 
stance-abuse seminar, a couple of concerts, 
and presentations by Acts II (our Christian 
drama group) and HISong. These will be 
scheduled to supplement the programs of 
campus Christian organizations. 

We are exploring the possibility of con- 
verting the basement of Memorial Chapel 
into a ''campus Christian center." The 
chapel is not being used regularly, but we 
hope to change that next academic year. 

We have several pressing needs which 
ought to be shared with the brotherhood. 
First, we need Brethren students ... at 
least thirty new ones next fall. 

Related to this is our second need: 
scholarship money. It now costs over 
$5,000,00 per year for a full-time student 
to attend Ashland College. If individuals, 
classes, groups, districts, or churches are 
interested in helping the Brethren students 
financially, I would be glad to meet and 
explore the matter with them. I think we 
should also consider helping more than just 
pre-seminary and seminary students. There 
are a lot of potential tentmakers who also 
need encouragement and assistance. 

Third, Ashland College needs the Breth- 
ren church's support through the Educa- 
tional Day Offering. Every dollar helps in 
this day of exploding costs, high interest 
rates, and inflation. 

Finally, do pray for us! This is as diffi- 
cult a mission field as anyone can imagine. 
Your prayerful participation in our work 
will be deeply appreciated. □ 

AC Trustees propose $11.2 million budget, 
approve addition to seminary library 

Ashland, Ohio — The Ashland College Board of 
Trustees, during meetings held January 23-25, 
proposed a budget of more than $11.2 million for 
the 1979-80 academic year and urged a feasibility 
study prior to planning a capital fund campaign 
for the 1980s. 

Dr. Arthur L. Schultz, president of AC, said 
that official approval of the new budget will be 
given in the annual August meeting of the board. 
The budget during the current year is more than 
$10 million, which is the record high for the 100- 
year-old college. 

President Schultz said that the capital fund 
campaign will be necessary in order to increase 
the college's endowment and to provide money 

for renovations and working capital. 

The Ashland Theological Seminary's proposal 
for an addition to its library was approved by 
the board, pending the raising of funds for the 
construction. The added library space is required 
to meet accreditation standards. The seminary is 
currently raising funds for an addition of one 
floor to its main building for extra classrooms 
and offices. 

During the meeting, the board also re-elected its 
officers. Elton Whitted of Ashland will continue 
to serve as chairman. Other officers are Thomas 
L. Stoffer of Canton, vice chairman; Stephen P. 
Gilbert of Toledo, secretary; and Rev. Doc Shank 
of Herndon, Va., assistant secretary. 

February 1979 


news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

One question I have heard in the past year — 
in fact, in the past several years — is, "Do we 
as a church know who we are?" I'm not going 
to even hint that I will answer that question 
in this short space. 

Our church's identity crisis is a reflection of 
our society. Man today is questioning his 
identity and life purpose — and, as a result, his 
personal worth. We carry our personal prob- 
lems into the church. Therefore the church 
reflects our uncertainty. 

To be successful in life, we must have a 
feeling of personal worth, know where we are 
going, and know how we can get there. We 
need goals so that we can see our accomplish- 
ments. Seeing our accomplishments, we begin 
to understand our reason for being. 

Now let's look at the larger group — the 
denomination. We are congregationally gov- 
erned, which makes the decision-making 
process a little slower. This is not necessarily 
bad. Congregational government (democracy) 
is still the fairest form available. 

We hold the Bible as our only creed, which 
is as it should we. Our history indicates, how- 
ever, that we have tended to become very 
legalistic about some things that are not 
scriptural mandates. Through the process of 
our government, things have been corrected. 

There have been times when we have lost 
sight of our primary goal, which is to proclaim 
the gospel of Jesus Christ to a lost world. If 
there is anything wrong with our system, it is 
here. My main desire is to see the Brethren 
Church renew its faith in the purpose of the 
church, which is evangelism, and act aggres- 
sively on it. 

I believe the Brethren Church has the cap- 
ability to proclaim the message of Christ 
effectively. Our structure can effectively sup- 
port an active evangelism program. The main 
problem is the lack of proper vision at all levels. 

At the local, district, and national levels 
some people are utilizing all their time to im- 
plement change, while others are spending their 
time resisting change. My intent here is to 
state that our time could be used to greater 
advantage. More urgent matters need our atten- 
tion — namely lost souls. 

Let's find our purpose, decide where we are 
going, how we are going to get there, and we 
will know who we are! 

Ai Shiffleff's views included 
in Christianity Today article 

Rev. Alvin Shifflett, a regular contributor to 
the Brethren Evangelist ("The Salt Shaker") and 
pastor of the First Brethren Church of Nappanee, 
Ind., was one of 36 contributors to an opinion 
survey which appeared in the January 5th issue 
of Christianity Today magazine. 

The article, entitled "Church Priorities For '79," 
gave a cross section of opinion on how the church 
stands in 1979. Contributors to the survey were 
asked two questions: "What is your greatest con- 
cern for the church today, and how might the 
church begin to deal with that concern in the 
coming year?" 

In his response. Rev. Shifflett said that he 
wants to see more people involved in church 
ministry. "You can take people into the church, 
but unless they get involved and become com- 
mitted disciples, you haven't accomplished much," 
he said. 

Shifflett believes that small group Bible study 
is the best tool for getting people involved in 
discipleship and ministry. "When people really 
begin studying God's Word, it affects them. They 
become better disciples and often end up minis- 
tering in the church." 

Among the others whose views were printed in 
the survey were Robert Schuller, pastor of the 
Garden Grove Community Church, Los Angeles, 
Calif.; George Gallup, Jr., president of the Gallup 
Poll; Billy Melvin, executive director of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals; Karen Mains, 
author of Open Heart, Open Honie and the W.M.S. 
inspirational speaker at the 1978 General Confer- 
ence; and Ronald J. Sider, president of Evan- 
gelicals for Social Action and the 1978 General 
Conference inspirational speaker. 

Membership Growth 

South Bend: 3 by baptism 

Burlington: 2 by transfer 

Flora: 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

North Manchester: 2 by transfer 


Elkhart, Ind.— On Sunday, December 24, 1978, the 
First Brethren Church of Elkhart received a 
special "Jesus Offering." A total of over $3200 
was collected. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Photo courtesy of Mr. Paul Clapper and the Louisville Herald 
Part of the congregation present for Founder's Day at the Brethren Bible Church of Louisville, Ohio. 

Brethren Bible Church of Louisville 
Observes Founder's Day 

Louisville, Ohio — On January 7, 1979, the Brethren 
Bible Church of Louisville became the newest 
Brethren church. On that date this new congre- 
gation observed Founder's Day and received its 
first official members. 

The Brethren Bible Church had its beginning in 
September of 1978 when a group of 35 people met 
to seek the Lord's will in fellowship and evan- 
gelism. They set up a simple organization and 
asked Rev. Charles Lowmaster to be their pastor. 

Meetings for worship and fellowship began the 
second Sunday in September in the Community 
Room of the Citizen's Saving's Association of 
Louisville. Approximately 35 people attended that 

By October a Sunday school was organized and 
staffed. The church continued to grow so that by 
the new year more than 75 people were affiliated 
with it. A very active youth group was formed 
which meets each week in the homes of its 
members. Midweek Bible studies are also held and 
are well attended. 

The invitation to become "founding-charter 

BCE planning Crusader-Intern program 

Ashland, Ohio — The final applications for 1979 
Crusader and Intern service were received by the 
Board of Christian Education office at the end of 
January. The staff is now reviewing the applica- 
tions and attempting to form tentative team 

You can help the BCE in its planning by send- 
ing word immediately if your church is thinking 
of requesting a Crusader team or Intern this 
summer. All pastors and moderators have been 
sent request forms on which to list the dates and 
types of service desired. Please return these 
forms as soon as possible to enable the BCE to 
plan realistically for the needs of all our churches. 

members" of the Brethren Bible Church was open 
until December 31, 1978. As of that date, 52 people 
had responded. These were received into member- 
ship on Founder's Day, January 7th. 

Dr. Charles Munson, chairman of the Ohio Dis- 
trict Board of Evangelists, was present to bring 
the Founder's Day message and to assist with and 
witness the reception of the first official mem- 
bers into the new church. 

The church is praying for direction for its 
ministry and for location of its worship facility. 
It presently meets at the Fairhope Elementary 
School each Sunday for Sunday school (at 9 a.m.) 
and worship (at 10 a.m.). 

— Rev. Charles Lowmaster 

NAE olans annual conven+ion 

Wheaton, 111. — "Jesus Christ: Now More Than 
Ever" will be the theme of the 37th annual NAE 
Convention, to be held March 6-8 at the Sheraton 
Twin Towers in Orlando, Fla. 

This year's convention theme will address itself 
specifically to the lostness of man, the power of 
the gospel to transform lives, and the ongoing 
challenge to make disciples. 

Special evening speakers for the convention will 
be Dr. Adrian Rogers, pastor of Bellevue Baptist 
Church, Memphis, Tenn.; Dr. Warren Webster, 
general director of the Conservative Baptist 
Foreign Mission Society; and Dr. Paul Smith, 
pastor of the world famous People's Church, 
Toronto. The morning Bible studies will be led 
by Dr. Bruce Dunn, pastor of Grace Presbyterian 
Church, Peoria, 111., and speaker on the "Grace 
Worship Hour" broadcasts. 

In addition to the special speakers, the conven- 
tion will include numerous workshops and over 
60 displays of evangelical materials and services. 

February 1979 



New Call +o Peacemaking 
Statement of the Findings Committee 

The following is the second part of a Statement 
adopted at the New Call to Peacemaking conference 
held October 5-8, 1978, at Green Lake, Wisconsin. 
Rev. Doc Shank, Peace Coordinator of the Brethren 
Church, attended this conference. 

Part one of this Statement appeared on pages 10 
and 11 of the January 1979 Evangelist. The final 
section of the Statement will be printed in an upcom- 
ing issue. 

The printing of this Statement does not mean 
that either the Peace Coordinator or the Brethren 
Publishing Company endorses it in its entirety. 

II. A Peacemaking Lifestyle 

We are called to a peacemaking lifestyle that 
follows Jesus' way in personal relationships and 
in economic decisions. 

A. Personal Relationships 

A peacemaking lifestyle requires creative love 
and respect for the integrity of each person, 
starting with the members of our families. It 
requires us to speak the truth in love, and to 
confront personal and structural evil. It requires 
us to take the way of the cross — to absorb suffer- 
ing rather than to inflict it, and to demonstrate 
the power of forgiving love. 

Because we are called to be a community of 
faith and mutual helpfulness, we must act in 
cooperation rather than in competition. 

B. Economic Decisions 

An affluent lifestyle contributes to violence 
because it is based on waste, on competition, and 
on demanding more than a fair share of the 
world's resources. We need to hear John Wool- 
man's admonition: "May we look upon our treas- 
ures, the furniture of our houses, and our gar- 
ments and try whether the seeds of war have 
nourishment in these our possessions." 

We urge these specific responses: 

1. Examine our personal and corporate ste- 
wardship of money. 

2. Conserve natural resources. 

3. Reduce our level of consumption and seek 
the courage of the Spirit where we must 
make fundamental changes in our way of 

4. Become more discerning in financial deci- 
sions, withdrawing investments from 
banks and corporations which serve mili- 

tarism, economic exploitation or unjust 
governments, and investing rather in life- 
enhancing enterprises. 

III. Confronting Militarism 
and the Arms Race 

Because our security is in Jesus Christ, we 
reject reliance on "national security." We reaf- 
firm our membership in Christ's kingdom and in 
the global community by denouncing national 
and military idolatry. Because the earth is the 
Lord's we declare that the resources presently 
wasted on national military systems in all coun- 
tries should be transferred to meet the genuine 
needs of the world's people. 

A. Disarmament 

We are committed to the goals of worldwide 
abolition of nuclear weapons, an end to the arms 
race, and general disarmament. 

1. We support the United Nations initiatives 
for disarmament and also the US-Soviet 
Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. We urge 
use of the national debate on these talks 
to stress the urgent need for disarmament. 

2. We call upon our government to make 
these initial steps toward disarmament, 
thus challenging other governments to do 
the same: 

a. Reduce military spending by 10% in 
the coming year. 

b. Stop further testing, development, and 
production of nuclear weapons. 

c. Halt arms transfers to other countries. 

B. Conversion to a Peace Economy 

With awareness of the destructive, wasteful, 
and inflationary effects of military-related expend- 
itures, we support: 

1. Research and action toward economic con- 
version to non-military production, with 
assistance for those who are temporarily 
unemployed during the process. 

2. Transfer of tax monies from the military 
budget to programs meeting human needs. 

C. War Tax Resistance 

1. We call upon members of the Historic 
Peace Churches to seriously consider re- 
fusal to pay the military portion of their 
federal taxes, as a response to Christ's call 
to radical discipleship. 

2. We challenge ourselves and also our con- 
gregations and meetings to uphold war 

continued on next page 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Marion Pastor G. Bright Hanna 

(center) and Mr. Donald Ruse 

burn the promissory note 

while (left to right) Rev. Ralph 

Gibson, Rev. Alvin Grumbling, 

and Mr. Gary Taska of the 

Indiana District Mission Board, 

and Mr. Joe Nice (right side) 

of the Marion First Brethren 

Church look on. 


Marion, Ind. — The First Brethren Church of 
Marion held a note-burning service on Sunday 
afternoon, December 3, 1978. 

The congregation had completed payment of its 
loan from the national Missionary Board's Re- 
volving Loan Fund on October 13, 1978. They 
were aided in paying this loan by the Indiana 
District Mission Board, which paid two dollars for 
each one dollar paid by the church. 

Rev. St. Clair Benshoff, pastor of the College 
Corner Brethren Church, delivered the message 
at the special service. Scripture was read by Rev. 
Alvin Grumbling, representing the Indiana Dis- 

(continued from previous page) 

tax resisters with spiritual, emotional, 
legal, and material support. 

3. We call on our church and conference 
agencies to enter into dialogue with em- 
ployees who ask, for reasons of moral 
conviction, that their taxes not be withheld. 

4. We suggest that alternative "tax" pay- 
ments be channeled into a peace fund 
initiated by the New Call to Peacemaking 
or into existing peace funds of constituent 

5. We call on our denominations, congrega- 
tions and meetings to give high priority 
to the study of war tax resistance in our 
own circles and beyond. 

D. World Peace Tax Fund 

In keeping with our past support of alternative 
service provisions for conscientious objectors to 
the draft, we urge support for congressional enact- 
ment of a World Peace Tax Fund as an alternative 
to compulsory financial support of war and 
preparation for war. 

E. Conscription and Military Recruitment 

In view of possible reinstatement of military 

trict Mission Board, and prayer was offered by 
Rev. Fred Snyder, the first pastor of the Marion 

Music for the service was presented by Mr. 
Don Ruse of Marion, who played the organ pre- 
lude, and by Mr. Paul Lemaster of the Loree 
Brethren Church, who sang two vocal solos. 

The note-burning service was preceded by a 
carry-in noon meal. 

iBible smuggling into USSR 

Helsinki, Finland (EP News) — Finland's new 
customs laws now state that "all carriage and 
dispatching of the Bible and other religious mat- 
ter" from Finland to the Soviet Union will be 
treated as "smuggling." 

Transport of Bibles and other religious matter 
from Finland to the USSR has caused much fric- 
tion between the two countries. 

conscription and in light of expanding ROTC 
programs, we call upon members and churches 

1. Oppose renewal of draft registration and 

2. Provide educational and counseling oppor- 
tunities for draft-eligible youth in our 

3. Provide for and encourage peace registra- 
tion of our members. 

4. Plan counter recruitment programs to the 
military-sponsored "career" preparation 

5. Urge action to eliminate ROTC programs 
in high schools and colleges. 

February 1979 



ABCT Seminar schedule 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Education 
has announced the schedule for the spring 1979 
ABCT Seminars. The dates and locations are as 
follows : 

March 10: Ohio — Asbury U.M. Church, 

March 17: N. Indiana — Jefferson Brethren 
Church, Goshen 

March 31: S. Indiana — North Manchester 
Brethren Church 

April 7: Southeast — Maurertown Brethren 
Church, Virginia 

April 21: Pennsylvania — Pittsburgh 
Brethren Church 

April 28: Central — Lanark Brethren Church, 

This year's seminar leaders will be Elma 
Delagrande, Ken Van Duyne, Alberta Holsinger, 
Brad Weidenhamer, and Fred Burkey. Ten differ- 
ent topics will be offered: Planning a Family 
Life Program, Preparing to Teach the Bible, 
Children's Summer Ministry, Children's Weekday 
Ministry, Camping and Retreats, Sisterhood and 
Brotherhood, Effective Planning for Your Church, 
Using Audio-Visuals, Church Recreation, and BYC 
Advisor's Advice. Each seminar participant will 
be able to choose two of these topics. 

Pastors and ABCT members have been sent 
brochures giving more details about the seminars 
and containing registration blanks. Be sure to ask 
your pastor for a brochure so that you can pre- 
register for the seminar of your choice. Don't 
miss this excellent training opportunity. 

In Memory 

Mrs. Kimberly Aim (Cox) Bell, 17, December 28. 

Member of the North Manchester, Ind., First 

Brethren Church. Services by Woodrow Immel, 


Mrs. Martha Frye, 74, December 28. Member of 

the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 

by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Phyllis W. Deck, 82, December 26. Member of the 

Roann, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

William H. Kerner, pastor. 

Mae Ambrose, 84, December 26. Member of the 

Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church. Services 

by Clarence R. Kindley, pastor. 

Mrs. Hazel Cripe, 80, December 24. Member of the 

Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

Alvin Grumbling, pastor, assisted by Rev. Bert 

Hodge of South Bend, Ind. 

Bertha M. Gochnour, 75, December 16. Member of 

the Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church. Services by Carl 

H. Phillips, pastor. 

Lester Cavender, 65, December 10. Member of the 

Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. 

Phillips, pastor. 

Article abouf Brethren couple 
appears in Hagersfown paper 

Hag-erstown, Md. — Few couples ever see their 
66th wedding anniversary. So the fact that Mr. 
and Mrs. Greorge W. Spielman of Hagerstown 
celebrated theirs on January 8th was duly noted 
by the Hagerstown Daily Mail. 

The newspaper article mentioned some of the 
high points of the Spielmans' lives, including the 
fact that Mrs. Spielman (Nora) has been a mem- 
ber of the Brethren denomination for 70 years. 
She first joined the St. James, Md., Brethren 
Church, but now holds membership with her 
husband in the First Brethren Church of 
Hagerstown. George was originally a Lutheran, 
but later joined the Brethren Church. 

The article noted that "The couple made 
some sort of record when they attended the 
Brethren Church's General Conference at Ashland, 
Ohio, for 32 successive years" (boldface added). 

Mr. Spielman is a retired railroader. He left the 
Western Maryland Railway in 1958, after 42 years 
of employment as a brakeman and conductor. 

In spite of the fact that Nora is 86 (one year 
younger than her husband), the article mentioned 
that she still does all her own housework and 
cooking, including doing all her washing and iron- 
ing in one day. 

The Spielman's have two children, five living 
grandchildren, and 11 great-grandchildren. 


Kavena Renee Anderson to Gary W. Loveless, 

December 30, at the North Christian Church, Ft. 
Wayne, Ind. Bride member of the North Man- 
chester, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

Catherine S. Hoover to Alan I. Pritchard, Decem- 
ber 23, at the North Manchester, Ind., First 
Brethren Church; Rev. Woodrow Immel, pastor, 
officiating. Bride member of the North Man- 
chester First Brethren Church. 

Carolyn Kay Landes to Nell James Van Boening:, 

December 2, at the Morrill, Kansas, First Breth- 
ren Church; David Manning, pastor, officiating. 
Bride member of the Morrill First Brethren 

Marjorie Berkshire dies 

Shortly before the Evangelist went to press, 
the editors learned of the tragic death Feb. 3rd of 
Mrs. Marjorie Berkshire, wife of Clayton Berk- 
shire, pastor of the Papago Park Brethren Church, 
Tempe, Ariz. Mrs. Berkshire died from injuries 
received in an automobile accident. 

A memorial service was held for Mrs. Berkshire 
Feb. 5th in Tempe, and the funeral Feb. 7th at 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church in Dayton, Ohio. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


More About Hunger 

Hniijger Awareness Dinners by Aileen Van Beilen 
(Herald Press, 1978, 48 pp., $.95 paperback). 

The record of the Brethren Church in giving to 
world relief projects has improved nearly every 
year for the past thirteen (from $1,546 in 1966 
to $31,650 in 1978). Brethren do care about people 
who live in crises. 

Herald Press (Scottdale, Pennsylvania) has just 
published a book to help concerned Christians 
continue to grow in their understanding and 
empathy for the hungry. In 48 pages. Hunger 
Awaren€»ss Dinneaps by Aileen Van Beilen equips 
church committees with not only facts about the 
problem but plans to dramatize hunger. Detailed 
instructions are given for sponsoring three 
church-wide hunger-awareness dinners to enable 
people to "feel with those who lack food." 

The cover of this paperback book boldly an- 
nounces the hunger problem. In shades of black 
and pink, the countries of the world are depicted 
according to the adequacy of their calorie intake. 
A further value of the cover map is the two shapes 
given each country — one according to actual size 
and another showing the same countries sized 
according to population. 

Three all-church dinners are described in the 
book. For each there are specific menus and 
recipes, descriptions of physical room arrange- 
ments, suggested Bible passages to use with 
accompanying programs, and helpful advice in 
dealing with different reactions of the partici- 
pants. The dinners approach the hunger problem 
as follows: 

Dinner 1, The World Comes to Dinner, "shows 
the average amounts of calories and proteins 
which peoples of different continents receive in 
their daily food." 

Dinner 2, Energy and Your Dinner, "creates an 
awareness of how much energy goes into grow- 
ing, processing and serving different foods and 
relates these facts to world hunger." 

Dinner 3, Dinner for Tomorrow, "demonstrates 
that more responsible eating habits are possible 
with good-tasting food." Menus include some from 
Doris Longacre's More-With-Less Coolc Book. 

A particularly helpful part of the book is the 
section of charts and tables. These show energy 
consumption by continents, energy content of 
various foods, livestock consumption of grain, and 
the complementary protein relationships of 
grains, seeds, milk products, and legumes. 

Lists of additional resources — books, cookbooks, 
films, filmstrips, charts, brochures, and organiza- 
tions — are also included. 

But even with all of this information, the 
author does not conclude without suggesting pos- 

sibilities for motivating different levels of com- 
mitment by participants. To involve Christians 
in attacking the problem of world hunger, she 
offers options for personal commitment, develop- 
ment commitment, and organizational commit- 

My only point of difference with Ms. Beilen is 
with her directive to send the children to a differ- 
ent room for after-dinner reflections. Children 
would gain from this discussion and might them- 
selves offer valuable insights. 

This book offers Brethren churches another way 
to understand and become involved with world 

— Jean Lersch 

Jean Lersch is a Christian Education Consuhant 
with Brethren House Ministries^ St. Petersburg, Fla., 
and a free-lance writer. 

More About the Cults 

The Mind Benders by Jack Sparks (Thomas Nel- 
son, 1977, 280 pp., $3.95). 

Many modern religious cults, says the author, 
preach heresy, while they capture converts by 
bending their minds. This book deals with seven 
of the most popular cults today. 

Three of these mind benders are related to 
"Eastern" or Hindu ideas. They are Transcendental 
Meditation, Divine Light Mission, and Hare 
Krishna. The other four cults have emerged from 
"Western" or "Christian" thought. These include 
The Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon, The 
Children of God, The Way-International, and The 
Local Church of Witness Lee. 

After looking at these seven cults, the author 
concludes the book with a defense, although a little 
weak, of Christianity, or how the church takes 
on the cults. 

It is good for us all to be knowledgeable of the 
cults because we may be parents, friends, or rela- 
tives of people who are dragged into one of these 
groups. This book provides us with this 

Jack Sparks is a former professor of behavioral 
psychology with a doctoral degree from the Uni- 
versity of Iowa. He has worked much with youth 
in Berkeley, California, and has written two other 
books. He is now a minister overseeing several 

— Julie Flora 

Julie Flora is an Ashland, Ohio, homemaker and 
a frequent contributor to the Brethren Evangelist. 

February 1979 



What do Ashland Garber, Bethlehem, Bryan, Corinth, Morrill, 
New Lebanon, Northwest Chapel, Park Street, White Dale, and 
20 other Brethren churches (including the new congregations at 
Brandon, Fla., and Medina, Ohio) have in common? They sub- 
scribe to the Brethren Evangelist for 100% of the families in 
their church. 


Because they think it is important for every family to receive 
Christian inspiration, biblical based articles, information about 
ministries of the Brethren Church, and news about other 
congregations. And they can do so at a savings of $1.00 per sub- 
scription over the individual rate. 


How about you? Don't you think every family in your church 
should receive our denominational magazine? 

Who do you contact if you want more information? Write or 
call Dick Winfield at The Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio (phone: 419-289-2611). 






































f— • 



»— * 











1— • 
















"^r*^ The Brethren ^ • j 


March 1979 

Ann DeVeny tells how 

Craft projects took a great amount 
of my time before I became a Chris- 
tian. After accepting Christ as Lord 
and Savior nearly five years ago, I 
experienced a real conflict between 
my desire to spend time doing crafts 
and my commitment to spend time 
learning more about Jesus. 

Therefore, I quit knitting, embroid- 
ering, sketching, and doing any other 
handwork that competed for the time 
I could spend reading Christian books 
and becoming familiar with God's 
Word. But gradually God gave me a 
new perspective on my talents. 

Ohio District Conference 

March 24, 1979, 9 a.m.— 3:30 p.m. 

Asbury United Mefhodist Church 
Delaware, Ohio 

Program: Bible Study and Business 
Theme: Who Cares? Brethren Do! 

Leaders: Dr. Charles Munson, Rev. Leroy Solomon 

Responsibility for Caring Ronnans 12:9-10 

— ^to one another 

Possibilities for Caring Romans 12:11-21 

— with one another 

Study the Scripture. Come prepared. 

Follow-up Conference fo be held September 15 
Theme: Brethren Do Care— Here's Proof 

See page 21 for more details. 

Board of Christian Education 
seelcing new Director 

The Board of Christian Education is now accepting applications 
for the position of Director of Christian Education. 


1. Education: The Board is flexible in this area. 

2. Administrative abilities: Experience in marketing, management, 
and supervision would be helpful. 

3. Personal characteristics: Open commitment to Christ, active 
member of the Brethren Church, rapport with laity and pastors, 
ability to communicate well with congregations, enthusiastic with 

4. Time requirements: A part-time director may be considered. 

Applicants should send a r^sum^ of experience and a letter of 
application to: 

Rev. Brian H. Moore 

23370 Ardmore Trail 
South Bend, IN 46628 

Applications must be received no later than April 25, 1979. 

"Jp^ The Brethren ^j • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Ann DeVeny is a person of 
many talents. On pages 4 and 
5 she tells how God gave her 
a new perspective on the use 
of these talents. 

Vol. 101, No. 3 

March 1979 

4 The Place of Talents 

in a Christian's Commitment' 

Ann DeVeny tells how God gave her a new perspective on the 
use of her talents. 

6 Speaking Out: A Christian Duty 

Joan Martin says Christians must speak out against the distorted 
values of our day. 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 


Fred Burkey proposes five steps the Brethren Church must take 
to meet the challenges and opportunities of the eighties. 

World Missions 

12 Are Missionaries Still Needed Today? 

Virgil Ingraham answers "Yes,'' and demonstrates this need in 
India and among the Chinese. 

14 Go Ye Into ALL the World 

For Chantal Logan, going into all the world includes going 
into the largest federal penitentiary in Colombia, South 

15 Medical Ministry in India 

Prasanth Kumar reports on the successful outreach of the 
medical ministry of the Brethren Church in India. 

17 Colombian Brethren Church Inventory 

Kenneth Solomon takes inventory of the leaders and oppor- 
tunities God has given the Brethren Church in Colombia. 


11 The Salt Shaker 

25 Books 

26 Letters 

March 1979 

The Place of Talents 

in a Christian's Commitment 

Ann DeVeny tells how God gave her a new perspective on 
the use of her talents. 

T AM REALIZING that for many people, 
giving up things" is something they go 
through when they become Christians. This 
may include their talents and abilities. 
They look upon these talents as part 
of the old life that was to die when they 
came to Christ. Therefore any desire to 
hang on to these talents seems to indicate 
a lack of spirituality! 

In the face of this, it's tremendously 
liberating to discover that Christ makes 
the judgments on our lives. He decides 
what portions must be discarded as no 
longer useful and what portions can be 
used to serve Him and His kingdom. This 
was something I experienced in my own 

Mrs. DeVeny is an Ashland, Ohio, homemaker 
and church school superintendent at Park Street 
Brethren Church. Her husband is manager of 
The Carpenter s Shop {the Brethren bookstore). 


Craft projects took a great amount of 
my time before I became a Christian. After 
accepting Christ as Lord and Savior nearly 
five years ago, I experienced a real conflict 
between my desire to spend time doing 
crafts and my commitment to spend time 
learning more about Jesus. 

Not only was time a problem, but the 
finished product was the cause of more 
struggle. I wanted to make certain the 
craft project was given for God's glory, 
not mine — and I couldn't be certain about 
my motives. Therefore, I quit knitting, em- 
broidering, sketching, and doing any other 
handwork that competed for the time I 
could spend reading Christian books and 
becoming familiar with God's Word. 

But gradually God gave me a new per- 
spective on my talents. When we moved 
to Ashland, and the new bookstore — The 
Carpenter's Shop — began to take form, my 
husband Dan asked if I'd macrame a couple 
of plant hangers for the store. I agreed, 
since it was a Christ-related service. 

Then I saw a need for some new bulletin 
board ideas at our church. I waited a rea- 
sonable length of time to see if anyone 
else would change the boards. When no one 
did, I justified my desire to accept the 
challenge. After decorating the bulletin 
boards, I pulled back for awhile. Then I 
eased in again and did some more bulletin 
boards. Banners for the Medina Bible 
Fellowship were my next project. This new 
Brethren church meets in the YM-YWCA, 
and the banners were needed to provide 
an atmosphere of worship for the services. 

My first breakthrough came after a sem- 
inary retreat, when Dan and I wanted to 
express to a special couple how they had 
touched our lives. Funds were limited, yet 
we had a pressing desire to show our thank- 
fulness. The result was a paraphrase of a 
psalm worked into a picture. The couple's 

The Brethren Evangelist 

kind acceptance of our 
gift was a new begin- 
ning for me. I felt a 
change in my attitude 
towards using my 
hands. I now reahzed 
that I could relate 
Christian love through 
my handwork. 

I also think it made 
a difference to me 
that the end result 
was a working togeth- 
er of both Dan's and 
my gifts. Dan has al- 
ways given me incen- 
tive and direction and 
has laid the founda- 
tion for the majority 
of my work. This falls 
in line with scriptural 
teaching that we are 
one and that I am to 
be submissive to his 
headship. This reali- 
zation added that in- 
gredient of boldness I 
needed in order to 
step out further. 
Since this experience months ago, both 
Dan and I have experienced an explosion of 
ideas. We have used writings and sketches 
to convey to others messages of Christ's 
love that otherwise wouldn't have been ex- 
pressed. I have found that when situations 
call for a bulletin board or a banner, ideas 
come together more readily. For example, 
I saw banners with Christian symbols and 
a child's name on them as a way of per- 
sonalizing God's love for children in my 
Sunday school department at Park Street 
Church. And I drew pictures with specific 
people in mind as a way of communicating 
their uniqueness to God in their particular 

And what is just as important, I've been 
released from the guilt feeling that I'm 
wasting time when I work on these proj- 
ects. I now see my ability to use my hands 
as a gift from God and as a means of 
communicating how much He loves each 
one of us. 

We're such inhibited people! Words fre- 
quently fail us when we try to relate our 
Christian experiences or when we want to 

For Ann, making 
plant hangers for The 
Carpenter s Shop was 
Christian service. 

convey love to special people. But these 
inhibitions can be overcome when we use 
our God-given talents to communicate our 
faith and love. We should not be afraid to 
try new avenues of expressing praise and 
thanksgiving, using the natural abilities 
God has given us. 

I rejoice that God has freed me. Many 
other people stiffle their talents just as I 
did. But if each of us can see his or her 
abilities as tools God has given, then we 
can use these abilities as a means of ex- 
pressing that which is bottled up within us. 

At one point in my life I felt that com- 
mitment to God meant giving up the use 
of my talents. Now I understand that com- 
mitment means dedicating these talents to 
God so that they may be used to His glory 
and as a means of sharing my faith and life 
with others. Q 

To personalize God's love for the children in 
her S. S. department, Ann made every child a 
banner. Each 2- by 3-foot banner has a Christian 
symbol, the child's name, and a personal message 
for that child. 

March 1979 






Joan Martin says Christians 
nnust speak out against 
the distorted values 
of our day. 


DO YOU ever get the feeling that black is 
really white and pro actually con? I 
sometimes wonder if I don't belong on the 
* 'funny farm" after all and if the moral 
and biblical principles I have lived by aren't 
outdated and no longer true. 

A woman from India was telling us about 
life in her country. Her mother and father 
had found Christ in India through the wit- 
ness of missionaries who had come to their 
village. After she had enlightened us about 
the worship of snakes and cows and about 
child marriage in her country, Chandra 
said, ''Who can say what is truth? Can 
anyone? If we do not have a guideline 
which never changes as we do in our Bible, 
we will wander, not knowing which way to 
go. Ephesians 4:14 tells us that if we have 
Christ, 'we will no longer be tossed here and 
there by waves and carried by every wind 
of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by 
craftiness in d3ceitful scheming.' " 

Several v/eeks ago I read in our news- 
paper of a woman who is founder and 
president of an organization representing 
"the other woman" — the mistress. This 
woman was seeking to justify mistresses. 
She stated that the wife must have done 
something wrong or there would be no 
need for a mistress. She further claimed 
that the "other woman" knows more about 
the man than does his wife and children. 
She is his best friend. It isn't his fault, she 
said, that he left his wife. 

The end of the article told how she really 
feels. "As for myself, I'm done being a 
mistress," she said. "I succeeded. My mar- 
ried man is getting a divorce and marrying 
me." How heartbreaking it is when we 
realize that many mixed up individuals will 
read this article and pattern their lives by 

Several months ago the toy industry 
came out with two male dolls, one homo- 
sexual and the other straight. With the 
help of newspaper and TV coverage, sales 
have skyrocketed. In the name of news the 
media, unwittingly perhaps, helped to pro- 
mote this sick toy that will harm innocent 
children. And when the child who has such 
a toy does something shameful and disgust- 
ing, the parent who bought it for him will 
say, "Where did I go wrong? I gave him 

The couple living together is encouraged 
to "come out of the closet." Living togeth- 
er, some say, is just another way to decide 
if two people will be compatible when 

Mrs. Martin is a free-lance writer from Liberty- 
ville, III. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

married. Whatever happened to the com- 
mandment which states, ''Thou shalt not 
commit adultery"? 

Perhaps the rapist and the murderer will 
be the next to protest, ''I'm just doing what 
comes naturally. Let me alone." 

Yes, the devil does come like "an angel 
of light" (II Cor. 11:14). He shows us all 
that is beautiful, until we fall for his lies. 

A young woman who had become in- 
volved with astrology said, "He made 

'We must care that the world is 
seeking to make evil look like good. 

We must speak out and tell it like 

• I • III 
it is! 

everything come true for me. The horo- 
scope was so correct that I found myself 
even choosing my friends by what it said. 
I made myself a pest trying to persuade 
everyone that the stars truly do guide our 
lives. Then when the devil had me hooked, 
everything fell apart. It was then I decided 
to take my life." 

Yet everyday people by the millions read 
their horoscope and live by what it says. 
Books written by self-called prophets try to 
tell us that Christianity, science, and 
astrology are compatible. We have only to 
read these books and compare them with 
the Bible to see that they are filled with 

With all of Satan's deception, is there 
anything the Christian can do? Yes, there 
is! When some of our states legalize mari- 
juana, we can still pray and warn our chil- 
dren to leave it alone. When one of our 
large church denominations states in 
assembly that it will not denounce 
homosexuality as sin, we can still speak 

As Christians, we are still "the salt of 
the earth," and we can stand firm even if 
we stand alone. More often than not, some- 
one will come and stand beside us and say, 
"I wanted to speak out, but I thought I 
might be the only one." 

Voices are crying everwhere, "Let us do 
our own thing." Christians also stand 
everywhere listening and weighing what 
they hear against what they read in the 
Bible. Some people say the Bible is passe'. 
Others twist its teaching and say, "My 
interpretation is as good as yours." But if 
we read the Bible in the light we receive 
from the Holy Spirit, and if we read what 
great men of God have taught, we will find 
the truth. I have never found error or been 
misled when I truly understood the passage 
in the Bible I was reading. Proverbs says, 
"There is a way which seems right to a 
man, but its end is the way of death" 
(Prov. 14:12). 

When a course in astrology was being 
offered at a local YWCA, I wrote a letter 
protesting that a Christian organization 
would offer such a course. I heard nothing 
from them, but several weeks later I 
attended a neighborhood coffee party. 
"When does that course in astrology begin 
at the Y?" someone asked. "It doesn't," a 
woman replied. Someone wrote a letter of 
protest, and they canceled it." There may 

"As Christians, we are still 'the salt 
of the earth,' and we can stand 
firm even if we stand alone." 

have been many letters, but I knew mine 
had made some impact on the decision of 
the board. 

If we see a person following the foolish- 
ness of the world and we say nothing, we 
are not the salt the Bible speaks of. And 
we are aiding the person in his walk away 
from Jesus. 

Neither salt nor truth can change and 
become anything else. We are the salt of 
the earth. We must care that the world is 
seeking to make evil look like good. We 
must speak out and tell it like it is! It's 
often difficult to be salt. But it's worth 
the suffering to see another soul brought 
out of his confusion and misery by our 
love. n 

March 1979 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 




Fred Burkey proposes five steps the Brethren Church must 
take to meet the challenges and opportunities of the 

threshold of the eighties . . . forty 
years after the traumatic Grace contro- 
versy. What is the current status of the 
''Ashland Brethren movement"? How will 
it respond to the challenges and opportun- 
ities that are bound to present themselves 
in the decade just ahead? 

These are important questions . . . im- 
portant because they deal with our future. 
I have no crystal ball ... no special insights 
... no axe to grind. As part of this ''Breth- 
ren movement," I will attempt to evaluate 
the present status and the future of my 
church from the perspective of one 
privileged to have been close to the center 
of denominational activity for a number 
of years. 

In this article the term "movement" is 
used because, by definition, a movement 
involves "... a series of organized activities 
by people working concertedly toward some 
goal." A denomination, by contrast, is 
defined as "... a class or kind of thing 
having a specific name or value ; a religious 
sect." In view of these definitions, I prefer 
to think of the church as a movement; 
hence I use this term. 

In some respects it can be said that the 
Ashland Brethren movement has run 
aground in the very midst of the evan- 
gelical stream. During a period of un- 
paralleled effectiveness for many evan- 
gelical churches, membership in the Breth- 

Dr. Frederick T. Burkey is Director of Religious 
Affairs and Campus Ministry for Ashland College. 
Before assuming this position in September, he 
served IIV2 years as Director of Christian Educa- 
tion for the Brethren Church. 

ren Church has declined — from 17,282 in 
1940 to 15,344 in 1977! Whether or not 
these figures fully reflect the vitality of 
the movement, it is nevertheless evident 
that people are being won and discipled by 
Brethren churches at an unacceptable rate. 

Positive signs 

On the other hand, there are signs that 
our segment of the Brethren movement 
may be overcoming its inertia. For one 
thing, the Brethren seem to be slowly 
awakening to their need for one another. 
For a long time many congregations con- 
ceived of themselves as self-contained 
entities. They were dependent upon no one 
and owed allegiance only to themselves 
(and God). District and national activities 
were of little interest and ranked very low 
on the congregation's priority list. Both 
district and general conferences met annu- 
ally to transact "business" that was gen- 
erally ignored by the churches and by sub- 
sequent conferences.* Congregations exist- 
ed a few miles apart for decades without 
ever worshiping or fellowshipping together. 
We were "Brethren," but we had never 
become brothers in Christ. The feeling of 
"usness" so vital to any kind of movement 
— political, social, or religious — began to 
diminish, and the larger movement stalled. 

*/i classic example of how Conference action 
is ignored is noted by A. T. Ronk in his History 
OF THE Brethren Church, pages 454-458. Ronk 
quotes extensively from the 1955 moderator s 
address of Woodrow Brant who traced a decade 
of Brethren inactivity. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''As we stand at the threshold of a new decade, the first 
item of business . . . should be a massive effort to artic- 
ulate and unify the Brethren behind a specific state- 
ment of mission/' 

Happily, these attitudes seem to be 
receding into the past. In recent years 
Brethren have been drawn into a number 
of cooperative programs which encourage 
a sense of camaraderie. Both the summer 
Crusader/Internship program and the area 
seminars sponsored by the Association of 
Brethren Church Teachers (ABCT) have 
helped. A spirit of optimism has grown 
among Brethren Youth resulting in the 
largest number of potential recruits for 
missions and ministry in many years. These 
are quality young people who see the possi- 
bilities and yearn for worthy challenges. 
What's more, they love and respect one 
another and their church. 

Operation Impact — the planting of new 
Brethren congregations following a Spirit- 
led, research-based strategy — is an exciting 
venture of faith. Church planting, a labor- 
ious and inexact science, seems to hold the 
key to the future of the Brethren move- 
ment. Brethren everywhere are praying 
daily and contributing faithfully to this 
outreach effort. 

A new Hispanic ministry 

God is also leading in the new Brethren 
mission to Hispanic peoples. Juan Carlos 
Miranda is strategically placed to open 
doors to ministry beyond our wildest 
dreams. As Director of Hispanic Ministries 
for Fuller Evangelistic Association, Juan 
Carlos oversees the new Brethren mission 
to Mexico and is working to establish 
Spanish-speaking Brethren congregations 
in the greater Los Angeles area. He is a 
man of vision and great ability. 

Recently, I caught his vision of an 
aggressive ministry to Latin Americans in 
Southern California, which could provide 
a base of operations and a training center 
for missionaries preparing for service in 
Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, and the USA. 
This is important! Spanish is now the 
second most spoken language in the United 
states. Los Angeles has the third largest 

Spanish-speaking population of any city in 
the world (3.7 million). Talk about oppor- 
tunity . . . WOW! 

Many other good things are happening. 
A number of churches are having a pow- 
erful impact in their communities. A new 
cordiality exists between Ashland College 
and the Brethren Church. General Confer- 
ence seems interested in getting its organ- 
izational house in order. And we are doing 
more positive thinking about the church 
than ever in my memory. I could go on. 

How will Brethren respond? 

So we have both positive and negative 
factors to consider as we look to the 1980s. 
How will the Brethren movement respond 
to the challenges and opportunities just 
ahead? I don't know. It is my hope, how- 
ever, that the following will characterize 
our behavior and attitudes during the 
coming years. 

First, let us strive to capture the vision 
of what God wants us to be and do. If we 
let it, that vision can unite us in a sense 
of mission so powerful that we can achieve 
fraternal cohesiveness and doctrinal con- 
sensus. If our mission is clearly articulated, 
and if we mutually commit ourselves to it, 
our differences will be kept in perspective. 
We will be free to move decisively in 
establishing priorities, setting goals, mak- 
ing plans, allocating resources, and accom- 
plishing God's will for our time. 

As we stand at the threshold of a new 
decade, the first item of business in "get- 
ting our act together" should be a massive 
effort to articulate and unify the Brethren 
behind a specific, biblical statement of 
mission. Then preach it, pray it, do it! 

Second, simultaneously with the above, 
the Brethren need to publish a "Statement 
of Faith" (or theology). For too long we 
have asserted that our creed is the New 
Testament. On the surface, this statement is 
impressive, and we can rejoice in it. Yet, 
when carefully examined, the statement is 

March 1979 



. . . a small movement such as ours needs a statement 
of faith which declares to all men : This is who we are 
and what we believe.' '' 

hardly distinctive. Many other denomina- 
tions say the same thing. It will not be 
enough simply to affirm the Bible as our 
creed in the eighties. I believe we must open 
the book and state clearly and concisely 
what we believe it teaches. 

Reasons for a statement of faith 

There are several reasons why Brethren 
should write down their beliefs: 

(1) It is a distinctive interpretation of 
Scripture which makes people Brethren. 
Our movement needs this as its source of 

(2) A statement of faith is needed for 
the instruction of our own people. Many of 
our adult members would have a difficult 
time stating what they believe and why 
they believe it. Few could really explain 
what it means to be Brethren (in contrast 
to being Baptist). In view of this uncer- 
tainty, is it any wonder that Brethren are 
slow to reach out to the unchurched? 

(3) In an era of rapidly proliferating 
cults, a small movement such as ours needs 
a statement of faith which declares to all 
men: ''This is who we are and what we 
believe." That statement should go well 
beyond the outline format of 'The Message 
of the Brethren Ministry." Useful as this 
"Message" is, a fuller presentation is badly 

(4) Scripture seems to endorse doctrinal 
statements. For instance, we read in I Peter 
3:15 (NIV) : "Always be prepared to give 
an answer to anyone who asks you to give 
the reason for the hope that you have." 
I believe we can state our beliefs without 
doing violence to the traditional Brethren 
idea of openness to new light. We can't 
begin too soon! 

Third, we should consciously work to 
build espirit de corps — group spirit, a sense 

of pride in our common mission. We must 
continually encourage one another — cele- 
brating our successes and consoling one 
another in failure. A spirit of graciousness 
and charity should be cultivated in all our 

Fourth, we must foster a boldness of 
spirit to move into new and promising 
areas such as Operation Impact and His- 
panic ministries. Our boldness must be 
rooted in confidence that we are following 
the will of God and moving toward His 
purpose for our church. With our eyes fixed 
upon Christ and His will for us, we can 
move boldly while avoiding foolhardy 

Finally, we need to adopt more pragmatic 
approaches to leadership, decision-making, 
and some distinctive practices. Anything 
that hinders the achievement of our God- 
given mission should be critically examined 
and, if necessary, discarded. To become a 
viable movement in the eighties, we Breth- 
ren must do far more than preserve our 
traditions. We must aggressively pursue 
our mission in the midst of a radically 
changing world. The alternative is to accept 
the defense of our historic practices as our 
primary mission, while others carry out 
God's harvest. 

The Pronnise of the eighties 

In conclusion, I assert that the 1980s 
hold promise proportionate to the magni- 
tude of our vision. No more; no less. The 
Scriptures pointedly outline the timeless 
mission of the church. Decisions relating 
to methods, materials, motivation, and 
manpower are in our hands. Whatever 
changes occur in the 1980s — social, eco- 
nomic, biological, technological, or theolog- 
ical — they can be dealt with constructively 
if we make God's mission our mission. The 
ball is in our court. □ 


. . . I assert that the 1980s hold promise proportionate 
to the ma.^nitude of our vision/' 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 


^ • ' . 

by Alvin Shifflett 

For some people, life is a constant connplaint. 

Living With the Discontented 

IT'S STRANGE that in such an agreeable 
world there should be so many disagree- 
able people. They seem to be everywhere, 
no matter where you go. 

Of all the ills that flesh is heir to, a cross, 
crabby, ill-contented person is the most 
unbearable. Nothing passes without a 
growl. Nothing, I say nothing, pleases the 
discontended. They live a lifetime of dissat- 
isfaction, and are forever crabby. 

"Of ai! the ills that flesh is heir to. 
a cross, crabby, ill-contented per- 
son is the nnost unbearable," 

When these most unusual people go out, 
they make others miserable. If they go to 
the symphony, they complain that the 
music is terrible. If they go to the finest 
restaurant, they complain about the food 
or the smell or the service. 

In church, they put up a constant 
squawk. The sermon is either too didactic 
or too evangelistic. The preacher is either 
too smart for his pants or not smart 
enough. They yawn, gape, and twist in the 
pew, and pretend to be asleep, then com- 
plain: "I could not keep awake. Did you 
ever hear anything so dead? Can these dry 
bones live?" 

This kind of person wishes the choir 
could sing differently, or that the preacher 
would preach differently, and that the 
elders (mostly hypocrites by this person's 
measure) would pray differently. In the 

morning the church is too cold — "Why do 
we pay a janitor?" In the evening it's too 
hot — 'It's hot as blazes in here!" 

According to these people, the church 
was painted the wrong color. The isles were 
carpeted much too extravagantly. Nothing 
suits them! 

A disagreeable person is exactly like a 
crab. Have you ever seen a crab and tried 
to catch one? A crab, you know, always 
goes the other way. It moves backward in 
order to go forward and turns in four direc- 
tions all at once. You try to catch the crab, 
and the crab, before you know it, catches 
you! Disagreeable people are like that. 

It requires the grace of God, the patience 
of Job, and a sense of humor to stand 
them. The only conclusion one can make 
about the perpetual grumbler is this: '*Let 
us leave it to the owl to hoot, the pig to 
snort, the frog to croak, the beast to growl, 
and the grumbler to find fault!" 

And let us pray that we are not arrested 
for assault. Q 

"Do everything without complaining 
or arguing, so that you nnay be 
innocent and pure as God's per- 
fect children, who live in a world 
of corrupt and sinful people." 

Philippians 2:14-15 TEV* 

*From the Today's English Version of the Bible. Copyright American 
Bible Society 1966, 1971, 1976. 

March 1979 


World Missions 

Are Missionaries 

Still Needed Today? 

Virgil Ingraham answers "Yes," and demonstrates this need in India 
and among the Chinese. 

SOMEONE has said that sim- 
plicity is often the difference 
between communication and 
confusion. Clarity of expression 
leads to understanding. We can 
be thankful that many of God's 
truths are stated clearly and 

Consider the words of Jesus. 
Simply stated, His last com- 
mand to His followers was to 
go and make disciples of all 
nations. This is our missionary 
mandate. It never has been 
withdrawn or set aside. We can 

Above, Rev. Ingraham distrib- 
utes blankets during his October 
1978 visit to India. Below, babies 
and children receive a nutri- 
tional drink at the clinic in 

conclude, therefore, that mis- 
sionaries are still needed today. 
And in view of world population 
growth to nearly four billion 
people, missionaries are needed 
more now than ever before in 
man's history. 

We Americans have the Gos- 
pel readily available. The abun- 
dance of Christian television 
and radio programs, Bibles, 
books, and periodicals and the 
numerous churches in every 
city, town, and hamlet offer 
ample opportunity for the earn- 
est, seeking person to know the 
Lord. All that is needed is for 
the church to penetrate into 
new or neglected areas and for 
individual Christians to give a 
winsome witness for Christ to 
needy, unsaved persons wher- 
ever they may be located. 

The rest of the world is not 
so fortunate. Large concentra- 
tions of people are still un- 
reached with the Good News. 
Even within countries where 
missionary work has been going 
on for many years, there are 
areas where people have never 
heard about the love of Jesus 
Christ and His salvation. 


e nee< 



Great need for the Gospel 
exists among the people of 
India. With a population of 
more than six hundred million 
people, less than three percent 
profess to be Christians. 

Our Brethren Mission in India 
is experiencing a growing re- 
ceptivity to the Gospel, especial- 
ly among the villagers in rural 
and remote areas that are dif- 
ficult to reach. Our mission- 

aries, the Prasanth Kumars and 
the Vijay Kumars, along with 
the pastors and evangelists, are 
starting new Bible classes, 
prayer groups, and congrega- 
tions each year in hitherto un- 
reached villages. 

More than sixty villages have 
weekly services, in addition to 
the services held in the city 
churches at Rajahmundry and 
Visakhapatnam. Nearly fifty 
villages, many in remote areas, 
have resident pastors or evan- 
gelists to minister in evangel- 
ism and provide Christian nur- 

Since its beginning in 1970, 
the Brethren Church in India 
has grown to more than 1300 
members. Growth in churches 
and prayer groups has in- 
creased each year, along with 
added numbers of baptized 

Brethren Missions in India 
ministers to both spiritual and 
physical needs. The clinics in 
the two cities give medical care 
to hundreds of the poorest peo- 
ple and take their medical ser- 
vices out into villages along 
with the message of salvation. 
Literacy classes are also con- 
ducted, teaching young and old 
alike to read in Telugu and 
thus enabling them to read the 
Bible for the first time. Exten- 
sive Christian literature distri- 
bution also contributes to evan- 
gelism and development in 

Many thousands of these 
people barely exist, often eating 
only one meal a day. A fire, 
flood, strong wind, or some 
other catastrophe in their vil- 
lage leaves these stricken people 
utterly destitute. In these times 

Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham is General Secretary of the Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church. His 16 years experience in this position 
enable him to write knowledgeably about missions. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

of desperate need, Brethren 
Mission personnel become a 
channel for providing food, 
clothing, blankets, and other 
basic necessities. 

Other assistance in the name 
of Christ is given through self- 
help programs such as the 
Typewriting Institute in Visak- 
hapatnam. Needy young people 
are taught typing, helping them 
to escape from the mass of un- 
skilled laborers into useful em- 
ployment. The medical clinics 
in both locations also train 
selected people for semi-skilled 
dispensary work. 

Scholarship aid is given to 
promising students for educa- 
tion in Bible college or for 
training as para-medics or for 
some other kind of service. The 
orphanage provides a home for 
neglected boys, fostering their 
spiritual development as well as 
providing their food, clothing, 
medical care, education, and 
other needs. 

The need among Chinese 

Turning to the Chinese, we 
find a population block of near- 
ly a billion people. Almost two 
hundred million of these live 
outside mainland China — ^dis- 
persed throughout the world. 
Chinese people represent close 
to one-fourth of the world's 
population, yet only a tiny frac- 
tion of them are Christians. 

Our Malaysia-born Chinese 
missionaries, David and Jenny 
Loi, are finding their work 
among the Chinese to be more 
effective among children and 
youth on the island of Penang. 
The adults, mostly Buddhists by 

; ^STSifprvsjsjijaiP^T Tg: 

profession if not in practice, are 
more resistant to the appeal of 
the Gospel message. Like the 
Hindu of India, they are reluc- 
tant to leave their traditional 
family religion, handed down 
from generation to generation. 

Our missionaries continue 
their witness to adults, ever- 
conscious of their need to know 
Christ, the living Way. This wit- 
ness goes on regularly in 
Sunday school, Bible classes, 
and special activities. A kinder- 
garten for pre-school children 
gives opportunity to teach the 
pupils about Jesus and also pro- 
vides a means of getting into 
the children's homes for con- 
tact with the parents. It is only 
through a consistent witness 
over an extended period that 
resistance to Christianity will 
be overcome. 

Miss Sow-Lin attended ser- 
vices at the Tanjong Bungah 
area since its beginning. After 
a time she accepted Christ as 
Savior and Lord. Later she 
decided that she wanted to 
serve the Lord. Last August 
and September, when the Lois 
were in the United States, Sow- 
Lin assisted Dennis Lau with 
services in the three locations 
of the Brethren Mission in 
Malaysia. She experienced joy 
in the Lord and in His service. 

Now word has come that this 
promising high school junior is 
no longer able to meet with the 
other Christians because of her 
mother's objections. The mis- 
sionary has requested prayer 
for Sow-Lin and for her mother, 
that the mother's heart might 
be touched and the situation 

Above, newly constructed 
prayer house in the village of 
Kanuru, with Prasanth and Nir- 
mala Kumar. Below, baptismal 
service for 51 people of Kanuru. 

Kindergarten graduation shows some of the many children David 
and Jenny Loi work with on the island of Penang in Malaysia. 

Occasionally we hear it said 
that people should be allowed 
to continue in their own religion 
without "interference" by Chris- 
tians. This might be comfort- 
able human reasoning, but it is 
unacceptable from God's point 
of view. Scripture emphasizes 
the need for people of every 
nation to trust in Jesus Christ, 
God's Son, for salvation and 
eternal life. 

Salvation is God's gift to peo- 
ple of all nations through faith 
in Jesus Christ. He is the only 
way into life eternal with the 
living God. Consider how God 
loved the world so much that 
He gave His one and only Son, 
that whoever believes in Him 
should not perish but have ever- 
lasting life. Had there been any 
other way of salvation, this gift 
of God which is beyond under- 
standing would not have been 

Unsaved humanity stands des- 
perately in need of the Good 
News of Christ and His salva- 
tion. As Christians, we need to 
go with the Gospel wherever 
there is opportunity. Every 
(continued on page IS) 

March 1979 


World Missions 

Go Ye Inio ALL the World 

For Chantal Logan, going into all the world includes going into the 
largest federal penitentiary in Colonnbia, South America. 

THE RIDE on the bus is taking me to the out- 
skirts of the city. The trip is uneventful as we 
travel on a four-lane highway, with only a few 
stops to load or unload passengers. Then we 
take a left turn and the road gets suddenly 

As we cross a bridge, I see big piles of gar- 
bage on the banks of the river. Two men are 
shoveling it into the river while some women or 
children rummage through it in search of some- 
thing to eat or sell. The scene is familiar enough. 

Finally, I see the high gray walls and start 
praying silently. I get off the bus. I must be a 
familiar face now, for they do not question me 
when I step over the chain stretched across the 
road. As I walk to the entrance door, I meet a 
few men pushing wheelbarrows of smelly gar- 
bage and others sweeping the dirt along the road. 

I am now at the door; this time I have to 
show my credentials to get in. Inside I report 
to the desk and leave my identity card. I go 
through another door and open my pocketbook 
for somebody to look through it. The one in 
authority nods his approval; I can go on. At 
the end of the hall the next door is opened and 
nobody stops me. 


Mrs. Chantal Logan is a Brethren missionary in 
Medellin, Colombia. She is shown here with 
"Pajaro" ("the Bird"), an ex-guerrilla fighter and 
prisoner of 18 years who is now a Christian and 
a trustee at the prison. 

At last I have reached my destination. I have 
crossed the border into a new country — a new 
world whose laws are not written on any books 
but which you must know if you want to sur- 
vive. I am in a jail — not just any jail, but the 
largest federal penitentiary in Colombia, with a 
population of 3,800 male inmates and a capacity 
for only 2,500! 

I finally find the guard who is to let my class 
of juveniles out of their cell block. While he 
goes to bring them, I wait in the classroom. 
Some of the adult inmates look in, wondering 
who I am. Then one of them comes in and sits 
at one of the desks. 

"Aren't you afraid to be here alone?" he asks. 
And just to make certain that nobody comes in 
to annoy me, he stays with me until the guard 
comes back with the group of students. 

We sit in a circle. While we talk, I look at 
their faces, familiar to me by now, and at their 
appearance — ragged clothes, bare feet. . . . Each 
one has a name; each one has a tale to tell, a 
story to be listened to. Each one is a human 
being like you and me who has been led astray 
and needs to be brought back into the sheepfold. 

While I am teaching this class on human re- 
lationships, I easily forget that I am in jail and 
that the students are prisoners. They always 
treat me with respect and thank me when the 
class is over. But when they go back to their cell 
blocks, they will not be the "nice students" I 
taught. They will again be prisoners — criminals 
who will react according to their environment of 
violence and corruption which is theirs both 
inside and outside the jail. 

Before leaving I walk to the evangelical 
chapel, the first of its kind in a penitentiary in 
Colombia. A family of Baptist missionaries from 
Canada started the work a few years ago. Now 
the overall jail ministry is under the sponsor- 
ship of South American Crusades. Our Canadian 
friends got us interested in this ministry before 
they left. The Colombian chaplain kept in touch 
with us and introduced us to the officials of the 
jail. Finally I was given a special permit to teach 
the juveniles. My teaching is done under "official 
premises," but I am still a part of the evan- 
gelical team and its effort to reach out. Mark 
does not have a regular permit, but comes 


The Brethren Evangelist 

occasionally to show Christian movies and set 
up the public address system. 

I chat with some of the prisoners who are now 
believers. They share with me their newly found 
joy in Christ, which they have experienced in 
spite of the oppressive atmosphere in which 
they are confined. 

I am on my way out now. Outside the entrance 
door a prisoner of eighteen years is waiting for 
me. He was converted a couple of years ago and 
the change in his life is so radical that he is 
allowed to live outside the walls and carry the 
responsibility of watching the jail property at 
night. He often tells me that he is more free 
than the people "out there," for he has been 
liberated from all his vices since he gave his 
life to Christ. He talked to my class one day and 
told a group of dumfounded boys the kind of 
man he had been and how radically he had been 
changed since Christ came into his life. Their 
eyes were bright with excitement because he 
gave them what they needed most: hope — real 
hope for change, a hope as tangible as the 
reality of his life. Hope is such a comfort to 
men who have lost all their dreams about others 
and themselves. 

Today he asks how I got along with my 
"kids," and as I get on the bus and wave good- 
bye to him this is the very question I am asking 
myself. How did I get along? What do you think. 
Lord? Did my words, my attitude show them 
my faith in You? Could they see some reflection 
of You in me? How much will they remember 
of what I told them? Will it make a difference 
in their lives? O Lord, I need to get closer to 
You! I need Your Holy Spirit! Empower me, 

.V^ref^.: ''*«&e,.--, , -• 4 i '■■■''•J 

Bellavista — the largest federal prison in Colom- 
bia, South America. 

I look out the window of the bus; I cannot 
see the walls any more; they are gone. No, 
that's not it! They are not gone! I am the one 
who is going, and if I leave or forget about these 
walls, they still won't disappear. So often we do 
just that — we think that if we close our eyes or 
our minds to the needs of others and to the 
reality of evil at work in our world and that if 
we do it long enough these things will finally 
vanish. How foolish can we be? 

The only thing that will bring these walls 
down (and any others that man has built) is the 
transforming power of Jesus Christ in the lives 
of people inside and outside the walls. Humanity 
in distress needs hope^ — the blessed hope of the 
Gospel. We can't keep it from them. And besides, 
we don't have any choice: to take this hope to 
them is the commandment of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. □ 

Medical Ministry in India 

by Rev. K. Pransanth Kumar 

IN INDIA there is a dire need for medical 
assistance and care. Many people living in vil- 
lages lack the basic necessities of life such as 
health care and nutrition. For this reason 
Reverend and Mrs. Prasanth Kumar felt the 
immediate need to attend the poor and sick peo- 
ple and to enlighten them about the Master 
Healer, Jesus Christ, who has the power to heal. 

In 1971 Rev. and Mrs. Prasanth Kumar gave 
first aid training to Mr. Christian Das, preacher 
for the Brethren Mission, and entrusted him 
with the free village dispensary in the agency 
village of B. Velamalakota. Many sick people 
were able to get first aid treatment and medi- 
cines for their simple diseases. 

Finding considerable need for medical atten- 
tion and care in other villages, the missionaries 
started two more medical centers. One of these 
was in Madhurapudi, where they appointed 
Pastor Daniel, who had a good knowledge of 

Ayurvedic medicine (Indian herbal medicine), to 
serve. He proved to be very useful working 
among the sick and poor people of that village. 
When Mr. Daniel became too old for the work, 
Pastor S. Chantibabu, who was trained in the 
same type of medicine, was appointed to take 
his place. In Bobber Lanka, an island village, 
a similar type of dispensary is being operated 
for the poor people. 

Some of the other pastors have also been 
trained to give first aid and medicines for simple 
diseases. They are helping the sick in other 
villages. Thus the villagers are receiving medical 

On September 16, 1972, the Brethren Health 
Center was inaugurated in Rajahmundry. A 
qualified physician was appointed for part-time 
service with the assistance of a leading physician 
of Rajahmundry, who serves as the honorary 
medical superintendent of the Brethren Health 

March 1979 


Center. This center was started to serve the 
poor, needy, sick people without regard for their 
caste or religion in order to relieve them of their 
chronic, neglected diseases. Because of the large 
number of women who came for medical aid, 
the missionaries appointed a qualified lady 
medical officer to serve part time (twice a 

In 1973 the Brethren Health Center became 
known as the Brethren Mission Hospital. This 
change was made to fit into the pattern of 
Indian medical establishments. At that time 
there was one full-time residential medical 
officer, a part-time woman doctor, and a full- 
time evangelist, with minimum staff assistance. 
Although it is called a hospital, for all practical 
purposes it is actually an out-patient clinic, with 
two beds for emergency use. 

The mobile clinic in service, bringing medicine 
and the Gospel to a remote village in India. 

The hospital is opened each day with prayer 
and meditation and is closed each day in like 
manner. Each patient is given a Gospel tract 
along with the registration card, and the pa- 
tients are encouraged to believe in the Lord and 
in His power to heal their bodies. When the 
people are healed, they are drawn to the Lord 
Jesus and join the worship services of the 
Brethren Church with thankful hearts. 

The woman doctor attends the children's 
needs and also gives prenatal and postnatal care 
to the women. By the abundant grace of God, 
she is able to heal a great number of women 
and children of chronic and neglected diseases. 
Surgical and hospitalized cases are cared for 
by the medical superintendent. 

Another highlight of the medical ministry of 
the Brethren Church in India is the mobile 
clinic. This clinic enables the mission to extend 
its services to those previously neglected. Occa- 
sionally the missionaries make a trip to the 
interior villages with the doctor, the staff, and 
a load of medicines. The day's stay provides 
time to preach the Gospel in these remote vil- 
lages. Thus the mobile clinic has paved the 
way for sharing the Word of God in areas we 
might not otherwise get into. 

The devastating cyclone of November 1977 laid 
ruin to many villages. Many people were injured 
and disease spread. The major role of the Breth- 
ren Mission at that time was to expand its med- 

"When the people are healed, they 
are drawn to the Lord Jesus and 
join the worship services of the 
Brethren Church with thankful 

ical services. This was made possible through 
the financial assistance provided by the World 
Relief Commission. The missionaries and the 
mobile clinic visited the cyclone affected areas 
many times. They gave out preventive medicines, 
multi-vitamins, milk food, B-complex tablets, and 
glucose packets, as well as fulfilling other needs. 
Prasanth and Nirmala were also able to give 
spiritual assistance at this time when it was 
vitally necessary to get body and soul together. 

Every year thousands oi people are served 
through the mobile clinic, the village dispen- 
saries, and the Brethren Mission Hospital in 
Rajahmundry. A wide variety of illnesses are 
treated, ranging from the common cold to 
tuberculosis and hepatitis, and including various 
tropical diseases. Since its opening in September 
of 1972 to the end of December 1978, the 
Brethren Mission Hospital has treated a total 
of 93,775 patients. A total of 28,598 patients were 
treated in 1978 alone! 

Reverend and Mrs. K. Vijaya Kumar are also 
deeply involved in a medical ministry. They are 
conducting this ministry in the Visakhapatnam 
area. In September of 1976 a free clinic was 
opened there in which Sujata renders free med- 
ical service. A maternity center with two beds 
was added in 1977. Dr. Sujata delivers babies 
and provides prenatal and postnatal care. Polio 
vaccine and triple-antigen are given to the 

Rev. and Mrs. Vijay Kumar also go into the 
villages with the mobile clinic and assist the 
ill and those suffering with malnutrition. This 
is a dual outreach ministry since both medicine 
and the Gospel are shared with patients in 
Visakhapatnam and the remote villages. 

The Brethren Mission plans to significantly 
extend its services to the medical needs of chil- 
dren in India during this International Year of 
the Child. There are 92 million children in India 
v/ho live below the poverty standard. They exist 
under conditions difficult for survival, thus 
accounting for 49 percent of the total annual 
deaths in India. 

Children make up 42 percent of India's popu- 
lation. This means that there are 230,245,000 
Indian children — more than the total population 
of the United States! Jesus said, "Suffer the 
little children to come unto me, and forbid them 
not: for of such is the kingdom of God." We 
pray that the Lord will give us all the means to 
show love and concern to children in India. 

The missionaries serving Brethren Missions 
in India are thankful for the assistance the 
Brethren in the States give to our medical 
ministry. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

World Missions 

Colombian Brethren Church Inventory 

by Rev. Kenneth L. Solonnon 


OUR REQUEST before leaving the United States 
in November of 1973 was that of the Apostle 
Paul found in Colossians 4:2-3: "Continue in 
prayer, and wateh in the same with thanksgiv- 
ing; withal praying also for us, tliat God would 
open unto us a door of utterance, to speak the 
mystery of Christ. . . ." 

Now that we have completed five years of 
missionary effort here in Medellin, Colombia, 
we can gratefully report that God has opened 
many doors of opportunity and that He has also 
provided the necessary Colombian leadership to 
aid us in taking advantage of these "open doors." 

To date, in the area of leadership, we have 
two missionary couples (the Solomons and the 
Logans), one ordained elder, and two deacons 
and a deaconess active as lay evangelists. 

As to results, the Lord has added to the church 
151 members in these past five years and has 
made possible the organization of two Brethren 
congregations. These are located on opposite 
sides of this large, modern city of more than 
one and one-half million inhabitants. The pres- 
ent activities of these two congregations include 
an average of 40 weekly Bible studies held in 
30 different homes located in four different 
cities in this long valley called the "Aburra." 

The Present 

The present ministry is principally involved 
in two major areas: personal evangelism and 
church planting. 

In the area of personal evangelism, our only 
ordained Latin elder. Reverend Luis Chacaiza 
of Eicuador, is our most experienced and our 
only full-time evangelist. The Holy Spirit has 
opened doors of opportunity to him in the cities 
of Itagui, Envigado, Medellin, and Girardota. 

Rev. Chacaiza is a firm believer in the promise 
of God's Word as stated in H Corinthians 9:6: 
"He which soweth sparingly shall reap also 
sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall 
reap also bountifully." And he believes Isaiah 
55:11, where God promises: "So shall my word 
be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall 

Kenneth L. Solomon is a Brethren missionary 
serving in Medellin, Colombia. 

Hat * 

>' % 

Kev. Luis Chaciaza (at back in white shirt and 
tie), an ordained pastor from Ecuador, is shown 
with a group of Quechua Indians prepared for 

not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish 
that which I please, and it shall prosper in the 
thing whereto I sent it." Tlierefore Rev. 
Chacaiza is a great "sower" of the Gospel 
"seed." He sows the seed through literature dis- 
tribution as well as through verbal testimony 
and personal sharing of the Word. 

But this is not all. He has also been blessed 
of the Lord in the area of church planting in 
the nine months he has worked with our 
mission. He has been instrumental in beginning 
a new congregation among the Ecuadorian 
Quechua Indians who live and carry on business 
in Medellin. To date, eight adult members have 
been baptized. These new Christians are already 
being trained in stewardship to share their 
tithes and offerings to help support the national 
church's united evangelistic effort. 

Deacon and acting pastor of the Campo Valdes 
congregation, Dario Tobon, a 33-year-old father 
of two boys, is also very gifted in personal evan- 
gelism. He is now serving in his own "Jeru- 
salem" — among his boyhood friends in the com- 
munity where he grew up. For some years, now, 
he has been successfully involved in this, his 
favorite ministry. 

But Dario has also shown himself capable of 
pastoring a local congregation. Under his lead- 
ership this congregation has grown from an 

March 1979 


Rev. Kenneth Solomon (left) prays for Dario 
Tobon upon Dario' s ordination as a deacon in 
1976. : 

attendance of 70 to a Sunday morning attendance 
of 90. He has also succeeded in beginning 11 
home Bible studies. These meet each week in 
different homes and are taught either by Dario 
or by one of his lay helpers. Many fine young 
couples have been won to the Lord and are 
being trained for leadership by the example and 
teaching of this lay evangelist. 

Even though Dario has very little academic 
training, he has been gifted of God for the min- 
istry to which God has called him. We have 
endeavored to provide him with additional train- 
ing during the past four years without taking 
him from his weekly ministry of soul-winning 
and pastoring. 

In the first National Conference of the Colom- 
bian Brethren Church held in August 1978, the 
Brethren revealed their support for Dario by 
electing him for a third term on the National 
Directing Commission. This commission then 
named him president of the national church. 

Deacon Jaime Gonzales, a 25-year-old univer- 
sity student and father of two girls, has been a 
part-time lay worker for the mission for the 
past three years. God has given him organiza- 
tional gifts and gifts for teaching believers. 
Therefore he has been quite helpful to the 
church. His gifts are especially important in the 
Colombian church, for the church is still in its 
infancy and most of the members had no knowl- 
edge of the Word of God before their conversion. 

In evangelism, Jaime has teamed up with 
Mark Logan in showing Gospel films in private 
schools, businesses, and clubs. He also gives a 
bold testimony to his professors and fellow 
students at the university. He is presently in- 
volved as moderator and teacher in the Campo 
Valdes congregation and was also re-elected to 
serve his third term on the National Directing 

In the area of literature evangelism and Bible 
course by correspondence. Deacon Jaime has 
been given the full responsibility as "promotional 
director" of the monthly Christian periodical 
La Voz. He is responsible for answering all the 
students and for sending them correspondence 
Bible lessons geared to their age and academic 

Mrs. Etelvina Gonzales, widow of a former 
lay pastor of the Colombian Brethren Church, 
is a very valuable asset to the Campo Valdes 
congregation as deaconess and teacher. The Lord 
is also using her as a personal evangelist to 
children, youth, and adult women. She has also 
made, and is continuing to make, a valuable 
contribution as a member of the National Direct- 
ing Commission and the National Women's Mis- 
sionary Society. She is now a member of the 
newly formed "Elders Commission" that will 
have as its principal responsibility overseeing 
all that pertains to the spiritual state of the 
churches and their missionary outreach. 

Jeannette, my wife, has been led of the Lord 
to enter another open door of service in addition 
to being a housewife, mother, and missionary 
helpmate. She has returned to the classroom as 
fourth and fifth grade teacher in the school for 
missionary children. God has given her improved 
health, thus making this added daily responsi- 
bility possible. She testifies that it is quite re- 
warding to be once again in this ministry for 
which she was prepared by five years of training 
at Ashland College and by several years of 
teaching experience in the Ashland city schools. 

As for my own responsibilities, I continue to 
concentrate in the areas of leadership training, 
personal evangelism, and church planting 


God answered that prayer of 1973 to "open 
doors." He has given a steady growth to this 
infant church of 150%, 300%, 50%, 32%, and 
Z2% in the years from 1974-1978. Therefore we 
look forward with faith and optimism, believing 
that He will continue blessing His church until 
He comes. 

Thank you, Brethren, for your part in making 
it possible to respond to these "OPEN DOORS" 
of opportunity and ministry here in Medellin, 
Colombia. D 

Are Missionaries Still Needed Today? 

continued from page 13 

Christian is needed for this task, and there is 
a place for everyone in the work. 

Hear the Word of the Lord: "There is no 
difference between Jew and Gentile — the same 
Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call 
on Him, for 'Everyone who calls on the name of 
the Lord will be saved.' How, then can they call 
on the one they have not believed in? And how 
can they believe in the one of whom they have 
not heard? And how shall they hear without 
someone preaching to them? And how can they 
preach unless they are sent? As it is written, 
'How beautiful are the feet of those who bring 
good news!' " 

This, then, is our missionary task. We must 
keep pressing on with sharing the Gospel, 
making disciples of all the nations. And this 
work must continue unabated until the Lord 
Jesus Christ comes again. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

Does the Brethren Church have a 
future? I have heard that question asked 
many times in the past few months. In 
view of our statistical trends, the ques- 
tion is a valid one. 

Yet, I find that this question disturbs 
me very much. The Brethren Church is 
part of an even greater body — the Body 
of Christ. It is in my understanding of 
the true meaning of the church that I 
have difficulty with the above question. 

The church does have a future, and the 
Brethren Church has a future because we 
are of Christ. Whether or not we fulfill 
the plan ordained of God (which is to 
win people to Christ) is going to depend 
on how we utilize our facilities toward 
that purpose. 

For some reason unknown to us, God 
has given us the choice of serving Him 
fully or of refusing to serve Him. It is 
here that a new question begins to form 
in my mind. Am I (are you) going to 
take the life that God has given me and 
use it to His glory, or am I (are you) 
going to use my life for my own personal 

Our time is too precious, our egos are 
too great, our possessions are too im- 
portant for us to sacrifice them for the 
sake of the proclamation of the Gospel 
of Christ. We should be ashamed! Do you 
remember the rich young man who 
walked sorrowfully away from Jesus 
because he had many possessions? 

Let's take a serious look at our reasons 
for not growing. Let's purge ourselves of 
the jealousies that are causing divisions. 
Let's learn to love and trust one another. 
Let's make a special effort to accelerate 
our spiritual growth. Let's become so con- 
cerned about the unsaved around us that 
we are driven with a compulsion to lead 
them to Christ. 

God has a future for us! But we are 
afraid to open our eyes to see what it is 
for fear He may be asking us to person- 
ally get involved. How about it? 

Doran Hlostetler named 
Citizen ©f the Year. 

Lost Creek, Ky. — Doran Hostetler, administrator 
of Riverside Christian Training School at Lost 
Creek, was named Breathitt County Citizen of 
the Year by the Kiwanis Club of Jackson, Ky. The 
announcement was made at the Kiwanis Club's 
awards dinner in October of last year. 

In addition to his responsibilities as adminis- 
trator, Mr. Hostetler is also a teacher and coach 
at Riverside School. He and his wife Nancy have 
served at the school since 1959. 

When it was announced that he had been select- 
ed Citizen of the Year, Hostetler received a stand- 
ing ovation from those in attendance at the 
awards dinner. 

Former Brethren missionary 
Marguerite Kraft authors book 

Dr. Marguerite Kraft, former Brethren mission- 
ary to Nigeria, has authored a book entitled 
Worldview and the Communication of the Gospel, 
and subtitled A Nig^erian case study (William 
Carey Library, 1978, 220 pp., $7.95 paperback). 

The book is a case study of the communication 
of the Gospel to the Kamwe (Higi) people of 
northeastern Nigeria. It shows three decades of 
church growth among the Kamwe, including 2,600 
baptisms during 1977. 

The book illustrates how much missiology can 
learn from anthropology and vice versa. It deals 
v/ith such questions as: How does the hearer's 
perception affect his understanding of the Gospel? 
How can Christian strategy be effectively related 
to the hearer's value system? Are there untapped 
resources for more effective communication of 
the Gospel? How does worldview relate to pre- 
senting the Gospel, training leaders, nurturing 
Christians, and explaining the Scriptures? 

Mrs. Kraft first came into contact with the 
Kamwe (Higi) people when she and her husband 
Charles served as Brethren missionaries in Ni- 
geria from 1957 to 1960. The Krafts worked 
among the Kamwe people. Mrs. Kraft has visited 
Nigeria several times since 1960, and in 1974 she 
spent time among the Kamwe people doing field 
research for this book, Mrs. Kraft also spent many 
hours in interviews and discussions with John 
Guli in preparing this case study. John Guli is 
one of the Kamwe people. 

Mrs. Kraft is presently serving as Associate 
Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics at 
Biola College in California. 

March 1979 



Nappanee has "Stewart Roast" 

Nappanee, Ind. — Rev. Clarence Stewart celebrated 
his 94th birthday on Valentine's Day, 1979. In 
recognition of Rev. Stewart's birthday, the First 
Brethren Church of Nappanee held a "Stewart 

The celebration was a total surprise to Stewart, 
who was given the "hot seat" of honor at the 
affair. Rev. Alvin Shifilett, pastor of Nappanee 
First Brethren, led in the "roast." 

As a part of the celebration, Stewart was given 
a calendar of 28 pre-arranged meal engagements 
with Brethren people. Stewart, who believes he 
has eaten more Brethren meals than anyone else 
his age, is apparently going to eat a few more! 

Following the "roast" the ladies of the Nappanee 
church served birthday cake and homemade ice 

Rev. Stewart, who began his ministry in the 
days of the horse and buggy and pot-bellied stoves, 
is now Pastor Emeritus of both the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church and the Nappanee First Breth- 
ren Church. He is still quite active in the church, 
never missing a Sunday morning or evening 

He is loved by all in the Nappanee community, 
where his favorite pastime is spinning yarns or 
telling jokes. After 94 years, he has bushels of 

According to Pastor Shifflett, at the end of the 
"roast" Rev. Stewart was heard to comment, "I 
feel well done!" 

ABCT Training Senninars 
now underway 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Education 
reports that another successful series of ABCT 
Training Seminars is now underway. The 1979 
schedule includes: 

Delaware, Ohio March 10 

Jefferson (Goshen), Indiana March 17 
North Manchester, Indiana March 31 

Maurertown, Virginia April 7 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania April 21 

Lanark, Illinois April 28 

If there is still time to attend a seminar session 
near you, ask your pastor for a promotional bro- 
chure or contact the BCE office (524 College 
Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805, 419-289-2748). Pre- 
registration with the BCE office before the sem- 
inar date is advisable, but registrations will be 
accepted at the door the day of the session. 

ABCT Seminars are excellent learning oppor- 
tunities for people in all areas of Christian educa- 
tion ministry. 

Even though he is 94 years old, Rev. Clarence 
Stewart is still popular with the children. There's no 
generation gap here. 

* ^* t» » 

Ashland College announces 
cost* increase 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland College President Arthur 
L. Schultz has announced an 8.4 percent increase 
in tuition and room and board for the 1979-80 
academic year. 

Yearly tuition will increase from $3,490 to 
$3,782 and room and board from $1,500 to $1,630. A 
semester at Ashland College will cost $2,706 as 
compared to $2,495 this year. The president said 
that the higher cost is due to inflation and to 
increased services. 

In spite of the increase, AC's costs continue to 
rank below the median cost of private, independ- 
ent colleges in Ohio. Many other state and private 
institutions have also announced tuition and fees 

Dr. Schultz said that the college is most con- 
cerned about the rising costs, and pointed out that 
the board of trustees has urged that a feasibility 
study be made prior to planning a capital fund 
campaign for the 1980's. 

"We must meet the challenge of rising costs 
through student recruitment and fund-raiising," 
said the president. "All private colleges are facing 
the same problems." 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Ohio District to consider "Who Cares?" 

Ashland, Ohio — "Who Cares? Brethren Do!" will 
be the theme of the Ohio District Conference 
meeting on March 24th. The meeting will be held 
at the Asbury United Methodist Church in 
Delaware, Ohio, from 9 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. 

Bible study and business will make up most 
of the day's program, with time also allotted for 
meetings by conference auxiliaries. 

Dr. Charles Munson and Rev. Leroy Solomon 
will be leading the Bible study, which will focus 
on Romans 12:9-21. The study will be divided into 
two parts: "Responsibility for Caring," from Ro- 
mans 12:9-10; and "Possibilities for Caring," from 
Romans 12:11-21. All those planning to attend the 
conference are asked to study the Scripture 
passage and come prepared. Worksheets will be 
passed out and used during the Bible study. 

The conference meeting on March 24th will be 

Churches to advocate 
U.S. aid reform study 

New York, N.Y. — U.S. aid programs which provide 
aid to developing nations are riddled with conflict- 
ing aims which often result in increased depend- 
ency rather than self-reliance, according to Arthur 
Simon, Executive Director of Bread for the World. 
"The long, hard way out of hunger and poverty 
is self-reliant development," Simon maintains. 

In order to focus attention on the need for re- 
form in U.S. food and development assistance 
programs. Bread for the World (a Christian 
citizen's movement on hunger), in cooperation 
with the churches, is initiating and coordinating 
a network of public events to be held across the 
nation in April. 

The theme for the events will be "Hunger and 
Self -Reliance: The Role of Aid." The aim is to 
enlist new public policy advocates for the hungry 
who will work to bring about changes in foreign 
aid legislation more oriented toward self-reliant 
development of poor countries and their peoples. 

"Christian citizens have demonstrated that, 
working together, they can have a significant 
impact on shaping legislation that benefits hungry 
people at home and abroad," says Simon. 
"Though other policy initiatives can be more 
important in the long run, aid will continue to 
be one of the main ways the United States 
responds to hunger and poverty abroad, and it 
can and should be made more productive and 
more focused on encouraging self-reliance in the 
poor countries. It is crucial that concerned citizens 
work to help bring that about." 

Part I of a two part emphasis on the theme "Who 
Cares? Brethren Do!" The District Conference 
"Harvest Festival" planned for September 15 will 
be Part II of the emphasis on this theme. 

The particular thrust of the September meeting 
will be on "What happened with 'who cares?' " 
Delegates will be asked to give proof that Breth- 
ren care by sharing what has happened since the 
spring meeting. They will be reporting on 
"Responsibility Assumed" and "Possibilities 

Bible study, music, singing groups, praise, and 
celebration are also planned for the fall program. 

Life story of C. S« Lewis filmed 

The life story of C. S. Lewis has been made into 
a full-length motion picture. This "documemory" 
of Lewis, entitled "Through Joy and Beyond," 
was filmed by Lord & King Associates, Inc., of 

C. S. Lewis is one of the Christian world's best- 
known authors and champions of the faith. His 
wide fame rest on his books, which have sold over 
50 million copies. They include: The Screwtape 
Letters, The Problem of Pain, Miracles, The Great 
Divorce, Mere Christianity, Till We Have Faces, 
The Chronicles of Narnia, The Space Trilogy, and 
many more. 

"Through Joy and Beyond" was produced and 
directed by Bob O'Donnell of Lord & King Asso- 
ciates, Inc. It was filmed entirely on location in 
Great Britain and Ireland. Lewis's childhood 
home, located on the outskirts of Belfast, was 
filmed, as well as other important locations which 
illustrate Lewis's early years in Ireland and 

Rev. Walter Hooper, private secretary and 
friend of the late Lewis, wrote the script and is 
the narrator of the film. Featured as the "voice" 
of Lewis is Peter Ustinov, the renowned British 
playwright, orator, actor, director, and TV star. 

Premiere showings of "Through Joy and Be- 
yond" began in the U.S. on February 27 and will 
continue throughout March and early April. Be- 
ginning in April the film will be available for 
rental through Gospel Films, Inc. 

Lord & King Associates and the trustees of the 
Lewis estate also plan to produce several other 
major motion pictures based on the works of 
C. S. Lewis — in particular, The Great Divorce and 
eventually a film version of The Screwtape 

March 1979 



Fort Lauderdale, Fla. — Rev. Keith Bennett, pastor 
of the new Brandon Brethren Church, Brandon, 
Fla., was a participant in the Evangelism Explo- 
sion III International Leadership Clinic, held 
February 2-7, 1979, at the Coral Ridge Presby- 
terian Church in Fort Lauderdale. The Brandon 
Brethren Church, of which Bennett is pastor, is 
one of the two Operation Impact churches being 
started in Florida. 

Bennett was one of a total of 150 ministers, 
wives, and lay people who attended the clinic and 
investigated this ministry of evangelism, disciple- 
ship, and church nurture. 

The clinic was led by Dr. D. James Kennedy, 
Senior Minister at the Coral Ridge Presbyterian 
Church and founder and president of Evangelism 
Explosion III International (EE III). Kennedy 
was assisted by Rev. Archie B. Parrish, executive 
director of EE III. 

The Evangelism Explosion ministry has made 
Coral Ridge one of the fastest growing Presby- 
terian Churches in the United States for several 
years. The church has grown from 17 members 
to more than four thousand. 

It was this phenomenal growth at Coral Ridge 



which led to the founding of EE III, the focus of 
which is to help pastors disciple and train lay 
people to effectively share their faith. 

Bezaleel! Ahollab! Are you there? 

When God gave Moses the blueprint for the 
Tabernacle, He told Moses that He had endowed 
two men with special skills. These men would 
use these skills in constructing some of the intri- 
cate artwork for the Tabernacle. 

Bezaleel was given unusual ability to work in 
gold, silver, and brass. Aholiab was granted skill 
to work with wood. (Exodus 31:1-11.) Thus God 
assured that the workmanship on the Tabernacle 
would be of the kind worthy of such a special 

There are "Bezaleels" and "Aholiabs" among the 
members of the Brethren Church — people who 
have specialized skills in the building trades. If 
you are such a person, you might not think of 
yourself as a missionary. But you can share in 
an important missionary ministry. 

The Brethren Church has a number of mission- 
ary properties which are under the supervisory 
care of the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church. Some of these properties are located in 
Ashland, Ohio, and in Krypton and Lost Creek, 
Kentucky. These properties urgently require some 
repairs and alterations. 

Someone is needed who can install a conversion 
burner and controls in the present coal furnace 
which heats the church building at Krypton 
(where Margaret Lowery is ministering). The 
church is also badly in need of scraping and paint- 
ing. Windows should be glazed and some of the 
masonry around the windows needs repaired. 

In the mission cottage some replumbing is re- 
quired. A new electrical service box is awaiting 
installation. There is need for new floor covering, 
some wall paneling, and painting. The missionary 
home in Ashland also requires some painting and 

If you have been given skills in any of these 
areas and would be willing to lend in missionary 
service to your church, the Missionary Board 
would like to hear from you. Maybe you could 
even organize a work project with some of the 
men and women in your church. 

If you can help, please write or phone Rev. 
Charles Lowmaster, Special Ministries Commis- 
sion Chairman, Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church, 2851 Ravenna Ave. N.E., Louisville, Ohio 
44641 (phone 1-216-875-2723). 


The Brethren Evangelist 


New Call to Peacemaking 
Statement of the Findings Committee 

The following is the final section of a Statement 
adopted at the New Call to Peacemaking conference 
held October 5-8, 1978, at Green Lake, Wisconsin. 
Rev. Doc Shank, Peace Coordinator of the Brethren 
Church, attended this conference. 

The first section of this Statement appeared on 
pages 10 and 11 of the January 1979 Evangelist, 
and the second part on pages 24 and 25 of the 
February issue. 

The printing of this Statement does not mean that 
either the Peace Coordinator or the Brethren 
Publishing Company endorses it in its entirety. 

IV. Witness to Peace 

We have affirmed that the sustaining base for 
peace witness is the local Christian community 
committed to Christ's way of peace and justice. 
Such a base will provide the initiative and support 
±or confronting the oppression of militarism and 
creating alternatives to a society plagued with 
violence. In addition to the actions already noted, 
we urge the following as examples of action 
needed to cooperate to strengthen that base, to 
witness to other Christians and all our fellow 
citizens, and to speak truth to governmental 

A. Contiiniatlofi of the New Call to Peaceinaklng: 

We urge the continuation of the New Call to 
Peacemaking as a means for Friends, Brethren, 
and Mennonites to extend and consolidate the 
momentum of the two year effort culminating in 
this conference and to incorporate this new vitality 
into the ongoing structures of our churches. We 
suggest the Steering Committee continue as a 
coordinating body with staff provided by constit- 
uent groups and with whatever organization is 
needed to further local, regional, and national 
Interests. Activities may include periodic confer- 
ences, facilitating the publication of New Call 
materials, promotion and coordination of peace 
caravans, and the establishment of a peace 
Institute. We recommend the establishment of a 
peacemaking fund to provide support for these 

B. Sharing the New Call 

We urge new efforts to share with Christians 
of all denominations and ecumenical bodies the 
biblical and theological interpretations and chal- 
lenges to action which have emerged in this 

C. Delegation to President Carter 

We urge the leadership of the Friends, Men- 
nonites, and Brethren to send a delegation to meet 
with President Carter as soon as possible. In 
connection with the Camp David peace initiative, 
the President has quoted peace scriptures from 
the Old and New Testaments. This week he indi- 
cated that nonviolence is at the heart of his con- 
cept of Christianity. 

The purpose of the delegation will be to: 

1. Commend and support the President in 
his concern for peace and human rights. 

2. Dialogue with President Carter as a fellow 
Christian about the implications of the 
Christian faith for issues of peace and 

3. Lay before the President our concerns 
about military spending, nuclear weapons, 
arms sales, and related matters. 

D. Southern Africa 

Apartheid is sin; the injustice and violence it 
creates are contrary to the will of God. We urge 
a joint committee of Friends, Mennonites, and 
Brethren to coordinate and extend their efforts to 
promote justice and reconciliation in Southern 
Africa. We ask them to consider implementation 
of the careful proposals from the Southern Africa 
interest group meeting at this conference and 
from the New Call to Peacemaking Task Force 
on "Building the Institutions of Peace." 

E. World Friendship Center 

We encourage continued support for the 
World Friendship Center in Hiroshima, Japan, 
by the constituent groups of the New Call to 
Peacemaking. [^ 

WRC launches resettlement operation 

for Southeast Asian refugees 

Wheaton, III. — In response to the buildup of a 
quarter of a million refugees in Southeast Asia, 
World Relief Corporation has launched a massive 
refugee resettlement operation in cooperation 
with WRC's parent organization, the National 
Association of Evangelicals. 

Churches, families, businesses, or individuals 
are being sought to sponsor resettlement of 
refugee families from Vietnam, Cambodia, and 
Laos. Forty sponsors a month will be needed. 

Those interested in considering sponsorship may 
secure details from World Relief Refugee Ser- 
vices, Box WRC, Nyack, N.Y. 10960 (phone 914- 

March 1979 



Mother of Jenny Loi 
in accident 

Ashland, Ohio — The sad news has come from 
Rev. David Loi that Jenny's mother was killed 
November 18 at Sibu, East Malaysia. She was 
knocked down by an oncoming auto while riding 
her bicycle home from the city. 

The Lois returned to Sibu, their former home 
on the island of Borneo, for the funeral. Our 
sympathies are extended to our missionaries to 
the Chinese in Malaysia. 

— Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham 

In Memory 

Williain Y. Pottenger, 85, February 14. Member of 
the North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren 
Church. Services by Woodrow Immel, pastor. 
Ira Cox, 86, January 22. Member of the North 
Manchester, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Rev. Bert Hodge. 

Aubrey R. Black, 80, November 16. Charter mem- 
ber of the Firestone Park Brethren Church, Akron, 
Ohio, and charter member of the Bradenton, Fla., 
Brethren Church. Services by Rev. W. E. Thomas. 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 


Mr. & Mrs. Carl Kingery, 62nd, March 16. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 
Bryon & Margaret Nixon, 55th, February 16. 
Members of the Brethren Church, Oakville, Ind. 
Frances & Cletus Ulbricht, 50th, February 16. 
Members of the First Brethren Church of South 
Bend, Ind. 

Mina & Lucian Green, 51st, February 12. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of South Bend, 

Catherine & William Yoder, 54th February 5. 
Members of the First Brethren Church of South 
Bend, Ind. __ 

Mr. & Mrs. Raymond Douglass, 54th, January 25. 
Mrs. Douglass a member of the First Brethren 
Church, Flora, Ind. Mr. Douglass a member of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ray Warren, iSr., 60th, January 18. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, North 
Manchester, Ind. , .. , i 

Ethel & Virgil Demike, 56th, January 16. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of South Bend, 

Mervin & Gladys Hinseh, 56th, January 16. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of South Bend, 

Bert & Anna Nordblad, 58th, January 15. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of South Bend, 

Mr. & Mrs. Harry A. Leidy, 56th, January 3. Mem- 
bers of the Brethren Church, Vinco, Pa. 

Mr. & Mrs. Garl Wiley, 50th, December 25. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

Mr. & Mrs. Roy Zellers, 63rd, December 24. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 


Lisa D. Cummings to Leslie L. Shrock, February 
3, at the Bradenton, Fla., Brethren Church; Russell 
C. Gordon, pastor, officiating. Groom member of 
the Bradenton Brethren Church. 

Bible ownership and Bible reading are at high 
levels in the United States according to an exten- 
sive survey released recently by the Christian 
Bible Society. More than a third of the families 
in the study indicated Bible reading to be a part 
of their life patterns, and nearly a fourth of all 
church members are involved in some kind of 
group Bible study. 

— Ronn Kerr associates release 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Christian Response to Hunnan Need 

A Quiet Revolution by John Perkins (Word 
Books, 1976, 226 pp., $4.50 paperback). 

John Perkins, author of A Quiet Revolution, is 
founder and director of the Voice of Calvary in 
Mendenhall and Jackson, Mississippi. 

In the preface to this book, Perkins makes two 
significant statements that explain why the book 
is subtitled The Christian Response to Human 
Need ... a Strategy for Today. In the first of 
these he says: 

"The story of the Voice of Calvary Ministries 
is not the story of one man's personal 
struggles but of how a group of people have 
struggled together to know God and make 
him known, right down to the very basic 
needs with which they wrestle every day." 
In the second statement he says: 

'T hope that this book will serve as a testi- 
mony of hope for black people who see the 
massive problems in their communities and 
wonder, 'Can anything really be done?'; a 
testimony of encouragement to white people, 
that 'yes, you can do something; yes there 
can be racial reconciliation'; and a testimony 
of power to all people of the grace of the 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

The book contains the following topics: I. The 
Call (to ministry); II. Evangelism; III. Social 

Stories for Children 

Ethel Barrett Tells Bible Stories to Children, 

Volume 2 by Ethel Barrett (Regal, 1977, 143 pp., 
$2.95 paperback). 

This book of Bible stories by Ethel Barrett is 
another of her excellently written books. This one 
is comprised of short stories about the lives of 
Moses and Jesus. 

Perhaps the best feature of the book is its 
many helps for the parent or teacher. Included 
are tips on how to read to a child and on how 
to use each story as a teaching tool for family 
devotions or story time. Fun-to-do activities are 
also suggested with each story. 

Any person working with children would find 
Ethel Barrett Tells Bible Stories to Children, 
Volume 2 an excellent and worthwhile investment. 

—Ellen Clough 

Mrs. Clough is a mother, homemaker, and wife 
of the pastor of the Bethlehem Brethren Church, 
Harrisonburg, Va. 

Action; IV. Economic Development; V. Justice; 
VI. The Church. As Perkins works through these 
topics, he successfully applies the power of Christ 
to the whole of man's needs. 

This book is a well-written biblical challenge 
to the church to deal with every aspect of human 
need. It should be read by at least every pastor 
in the Brethren Church, and by the leaders of 
each local church as well. 

There is a lot in the book. It is probably 
necessary to read it at least twice with an 
open mind to begin to get its full benefit. But if 
the reader will do this, his concept of the min- 
istry of the Body of Christ will surely be expanded 
and enriched. 

—Robert B. Clough 

Rev. Clough is pastor of the Bethlehem Brethren 
Church, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Facing Grief 

But For Our Grief by June Filkin Taylor (Holman, 
1977, 126 pp., $3.95 paperback). 

Most people have to face grief sometime in 
their lives. This well-written book will surely help 
anyone who is going through the grief of the 
death of a loved one. It will also benefit someone 
who just wants to understand the feelings of 

Mrs. Taylor writes from her own experience 
of losing her daughter. She presents some advice 
that helps the reader get through this trying time. 
While there aren't any easy answers, Mrs. Taylor 
does reveal that the experience of grief can bring 
stronger faith and belief in Jesus Christ. 

Reading this book and looking back on my own 
experience, I realized that grief is not always 
expressed in the same ways. But the goal is al- 
ways the same — accepting death and living on. 

— Val Rowsey 

Val Rowsey is a junior at Ashland High School, 
Ashland, Ohio. Val lost her mother in 1975. 

Nearly 12 million copies of Scripture have been 
openly and legally circulated in Eastern Europe 
since the end of World War II. This figure in- 
cludes 339,000 copies in the Soviet Union and over 
four million copies in Poland. This accomplish- 
ment is almost entirely due to the efforts of the 
United Bible Societies. 

— American Bible Society News 

March 1979 


Likes the Evangelist 

I have been a subscriber of the Evangelist for 
many, many years. Can't imagine a Brethren 
being without it. I like everything about it. 
Especially news from other churches. Wish there 
was more of this. I also realize you can't print it 
if it is not sent in. 

Keep up the good work. I don't always get it 
all read but I really like and enjoy it. 

— ^Mrs. Clarence Coleman 
Mulvane, Kans. 

January issue 

To all that had anything to do with the writing, 
editing, publishing, etc., of our most recent 
Evangelist (Jan. '79), may I express my thanks 
for the best Evangelist in many years. I again 
read it through from front to back, the first time 
I have done that in several years. 

The articles were real good, especially the one 
by Smith Rose and the one by Win Arn and the 
short one by Jane E. Hendricks. Keep up the good 

— Wilbur L. Thomas 
Plymouth, Ind. 

The "New Call to Peacennaking" 

I would like to direct some comments to you 
concerning the Peacemaking article appearing on 
page 10 of the January issue. 

I am aware of the historical stand of the 
Brethren Church as it pertains to refusing to 
fight in the Revolutionary war, and its "principled 
resistance to military service." I was not aware 
that we were part of an organization "to aid 
young men and women caught in the conscription 

I am unable to reconcile this stand with the 
biblical command of I Peter 2:13 and Romans 13:1 

and Titus 3:1. In addition I find it hard to con- 
ceive of an organization which desires and takes 
advantage of the laws, particularly the guaranteed 
freedom of religion, as well as the tax laws, but 
is unwilling to support, and organizes against, 
the very government which guarantees them the 
right to be. 

The notion that mankind will bring peace seems 
to contradict the teaching of Scripture, i.e., 
Matthew 24:6-7. And what of that final war when 
Christ Himself will wage war (Rev. 19:11), along 
with the armies of heaven (Rev. 19:14)? The idea 
that man is able to bring about a better world by 
refusing to fight against the evil for right seems 
to be twisted logic. 

Please don't misunderstand. I am not saying 
we should wage war just because we cannot bring 
peace. I believe and support the notion that we 
should be striving for peace. But in the event that 
those efforts fail and we are faced with a choice 
of "Red or Dead," I for one will fight to ths death 
for the right not to be enslaved, for the right to 
worship God, for the right to be what God desires 
me to be, and for the right to pass on to my fam- 
ily what has been given to me. 

I have no quarrel with those who see differently 
than I. That is a God-given right which I will not 
violate. But, please, do not violate my right to 
my opinion by imposing upon me the need to see 
it as others do. We do a great disservice to Chris- 
tianity when we attempt to impose our beliefs 
and prohibitions upon others. 

Thank you for the opportunity to respond. 

— David Scheurer 
Louisville, Ohio 

(The Brethren Church is not a MEMBER of the 
New Call to Peacemaking Coalition. Member groups 
are the Friends, the Mennonites, and the Church of 
the Brethren. 

Rev. Doc Shank, Peace Coordinator of the Breth- 
ren Church, was invited to attend the conference and 
went as an observer. 

Rev. Shank reports that even within the member 
groups there were some representatives who voiced 
strong opposition to certain points in the Peace- 
making Statement. — Ed.) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


More on the "New Call" 

I am writing in response to the article in the 
January issue of the Brethren Evangelist con- 
cerning "New Call to Peacemaking." I am glad 
that you have asked for comments on it. I would 
like to comment also on an article in the Septem- 
ber issue of the Evanglist concerning one of the 
speakers at National Conference, Dr. Ronald Sider, 
and his addresses to the Conference. 

I read the September article and was very upset 
by it — that the Brethren Church would invite a 
speaker with the views he projects. This ties in 
with the "New Call to Peacemaking" statement. 
I clipped a newspaper report on the conference, 
where this statement was drawn up, at the time 
it was being held. 

Quoting from the report on the conference, 
written by David E. Anderson, UPI religion 
writer: "The 400,000 members of the nations 
historic peace churches — Mennonites, Friends 
(Quakers) and Brethren— have been challenged to 
renew their peace witness with radical acts, in- 
cluding civil disobedience and tax resistance." 

Ronald J. Sider was one of the principal 
speakers at the "Peace" conference. I do not 
agree with anything he advocates. They (the 
"Peace" conference) are pushing for a cause, and 

we, as a church, are commissioned to preach 
Christ, and Him crucified. 

I believe it is high time we. The Brethren 
Church, withdraw our association with those who 
would follow this cause, and pursue peace as God's 
Word dictates. You will find that the Church of 
the Brethren has been so taken up with social 
action and political affairs that they are forsaking 
scriptural truth, and I'm sure that is the last thing 
we want to do. 

The world is in turmoil, but it needs Christ, not 
social action. The poor, especially in the U.S., have 
been made an elite group. Everything is geared 
in their direction, to the point that they are being 
exploited for someone else's gain. 

Jesus said, "For ye have the poor always with 
you; but me ye have not always" (Matt. 26:11). 
Isn't it about time we look at spiritual values 
(the unseen) instead of the material (the seen) 
in men's lives? 

Let us put our time, energy, and money to 
work in giving the world something money can't 
buy, nor can anyone take it away, which is the 
Gospel which offers man peace with God and 
salvation from sin through the shed blood of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

My prayer is that the Brethren Church, from 
the smallest church to the national leadership 
level, will rededicate itself to getting out the Gos- 
pel message, at any cost, while it is still day. In 
John 9:4 Jesus said: "I must work the works of 
him that sent me, while it is day: the night 
cometh when no man can work." Surely we can 
see that night is fast approaching. 

Romans 13:11: "And that, knowing the time, 
that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: 
for now is our salvation nearer than when we 

I am very interested in hearing other comments 
on this "New Call to Peacemaking" issue. Per- 
sonally, I do not wish to be associated with, or 
contribute anything whatsoever, directly or in- 
directly, to the "New Call," and I would like to 
see the Brethren Church take a stand, for or 
against, so we as individual members can know 
the church's position. 

—Mrs. Robert D. Miller 
Vandalia, Mich. 

clip and save 

When Writing Your Congressman 

If you are called upon to support or oppose a 
legislative bill in your state capital or a federal 
bill in Washington, D.C., permit me to suggest a 
few pointers in communicating with legislative 

1) Be brief. A one page letter is best. 

2) Do not use wording from a form letter. 
Compose your own thoughts and use your own 

3) In the top right hand corner of your letter 
write RE:, then the number of the bill and its 

4) Briefly state your position on the bill and 

logically explain why you urge a vote in a par- 
ticular way. 

5) Be positive — if possible, even complimentary. 
If you know some good the legislator has done, 
let it be known that you appreciate his or her 
service as a law maker. 

6) Ask others to write. As my friend Ralph 
Yarnel says, "If we do not write and get others to 
write, and the bill fails, it was our fault. If we and 
others do write and the bill fails, we did all we 
could. Our God will provide some other way." 

From Christian School Comment, published by the Western Association 
of Christian Schools, Whittier, Calif. 90607. Used by permission. 

March 1979 


Reaching Out With The 

To Thj^ 




Aspinalls olkM^^Winte 

Kumars — Pros 

David and Jenny Cpf 

Three lay workers 




Mexico (New Field) 

Providing Fund} 

To meet the ^i^?00b goal foFWorld Mission 1979 a 
20% increase over last year is needed 

Needed: Increased local church budgets 
Faith promise principle applied 
Sinnplified lifestyle sharing 

*: ES CI5t 

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Cf o <♦ 

tr sr ZF 

^ (A (» 

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IS- M« 

O O M 

O r«> 

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Missionary Board of the Brethren Church 
530 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805 

,i fa 

April 1979 




celebrating 100 years of 
Serving Believing 

1879 1979 

(see page 6) 



Brethren World Relief Giving 

Last year (on page 16 of the April Evangelist) 
I concluded the financial report by saying: "Well, 
what will 1978 hold? €an we surpass $30,000? Not 
anyone alone . . . but together! If we do, it will 
THE SOUL for more unfortunate people in de- 

pressing need. Let's extend the hand of Christ 
a little further in 1978." 

The graph tells the story! We did respond to 
Christ's leading and "extended His hand further" 
than ever before through our giving. Ohupoh 
offeringrs and individual gifts totalled $31,050 in 





























$ 8, 


$ 6, 


$ 4, 


$ 2, 








'1' 1 


'' 1 1 



/ 1 1 




K / 




■b<- r 














- y 


























1 — 










































r - 

























'-"^ ' 





y . 







1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 

We had 6 churches giving over $1,000 last year: 
Ashland (Park Street), Ohio .... $2,267 

Maurertown, Virginia $1,825 

Goshen, Indiana $1,672 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio $1,351 

Vinco, Pennsylvania $1,231 

New Lebanon, Ohio $1,099 

These 9 churches gave between $900 and $500: 

Teegarden, Indiana $876 

Elkhart, Indiana $769 

Bryan, Ohio $740 

North Liberty, Indiana $628 

Louisville, Ohio $583 

St. James, Maryland $541 

Mt. Olive, Virginia $535 

Bethlehem, Virginia $510 

West Alexandria, Ohio $500 

Actually, fewer churches gave over $500 last 
year than in previous years, but those who did, 
gave quite well. And gifts from individuals rose 
from $1,805 in 1977 to $2,769 in 1978. The Confer- 
ence Fasting Banquet remained about the same 
at $606 profit. 

Again we must ask, "What will our response be 

in this new year?" Our "track record" is good. 
But each new year is like a new race . . . and we 
start all over competing against the material 
"opponents" that would take our attention and 
money away from doing the work Christ has 
called us to — that of helping to provide the basic 
physical and spiritual necessities for those who 
have so little of what we take for granted. 

God has certainly blessed us, Brethren! Let's 
continue demonstrating our willingness to be a 
blessing to others through our support of World 

Phil Lersch (for the 
Brethren World Relief Board) 

Send your Worid Relief offering to: 

George Kerlin, Treasurer 

1318 E. Douglas 
Goshen, Indiana 46526 


^^^ The Brethren ^ • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church is celebrating its 100th 
anniversary in May. See story 
on page 6 and announcement 
on back cover. 

Drawing of church by Steve Huber 
Cover design by Howard Mack 

. 101, No. 4 

April 1979 

4 The Grave in the Garden 

An Easter meditation by Dr. Peter Marshall 

6 Paric Street Brethren Church 

A review of 100 years of praying, serving, and believing at 
Ashland First Brethren Church. 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 
8 A Positive Look at Brethren Potential 

Dr. Charles Munson assesses the pov.'cr in the Brethren Church 
and raises questions about possible weaknesses. 

11 Realizing a Vision in Sarver, Pennsylvania 

A look at the progress of a new Brethren Church in the 
Pennsylvania District. 

World Relief 

12 He Conquers His Mountains 

Lillian H. Graffam tells how Dr. Jean-Claude Noel of Haiti 
has spent his life conquering one obstacle after another. 

15 World Relief Resources 

Information about books and films to educate us about world 
need and to motivate us to action. 

16 "Jesus Road" in Africa 

A report of how Christian love in action has caused many 
Africans to turn to the ''Jesus Road." 


18 The Salt Shaker 

19 Update 

26 Books 

27 Letters 


April 1979 

in the 


by Peter Marshall 

So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, 
sealing the stone, and setting a watch. 

Matthew 27:66 

AS [the enemies of Christ] made their 
way down the hill and back to the city, 
such thoughts as these ran through their 
minds : 

'*He is finished. 
We shall hear no more of Him. 
Now His fishermen can get back 
to their nets and their boats ... 
We shall hear no more talk 
about His kingdom. 

As for this Jesus, He is dead enough. 
There is no doubt about that. 

''Even though He had a breath of life 
left in the bloodless body, it is now being 
suffocated by the hundredweight of spice 
with which He was embalmed. 

''He, who said He could summon twelve 
legions of angels to His assistance, died 
crying that He was forsaken. 
He will trouble us no more.*' 

Thus they left Him on Friday evening — 
just before the Sabbath began, His dead 
body hastily embalmed, 

wrapped in bandages on which a hundred 

pounds of myrrh had been hastily 

spread . . . 

From MR JONES, MEET THE MASTER: Sermons and Prayers of 
Peter Marshall. Edited by Catherine Marshall. Copyright 1949, 1950 
by Fleming H. Revell Company. Used by permission. Illustrations 
of the microscope, measuring tape, litmus paper, etc., are credited 
to Beverley Nichols. 

Artwork and photo by Howard Mack 

the tomb closed with a huge stone and 
soldiers standing guard around it. 

Then came Sunday morning. 

The first rays of the early morning sun 
cast a great light that caused the dew drops 
on the flowers to sparkle like diamonds. 
The atmosphere of the garden 
was changed ... 
It was the same garden . . . 
yet strangely different. 
The heaviness of despair was gone, 
and there was a new note in the singing 
of the birds 

Suddenly, at a certain hour between 
sunset and dawn, in that new tomb which 
had belonged to Joseph of Arimathea, there 
was a strange stirring, a fluttering of 
unseen forces ... 

a whirring of angel wings 
the rustle as of the breath of God moving 
through the garden. 

Strong, immeasurable forces poured life 
back into the dead body they had laid upon 
the cold stone slab; 
and the dead man rose up 

came out of the grave clothes 
walked to the threshold of the tomb, 
stood swaying for a moment 
on His wounded feet, 
and walked out into the moonlit garden. 

We can almost hear in our hearts the 
faint sigh, as the life spirit fluttered back 
into the tortured body, and smell in our 

The Brethren Evangelist 

own nostrils the medley of strange scents 
that floated back to Him 

of linen and bandages . . . 
and spices 

and close air and blood. 

Then came a group of women as soon 
as they could, bringing spices and materials 
with which to complete the hasty anointing 
of their Lord. 

They came with all the materials with 
which to anoint a dead body, 
and when they came to the grave in the 
garden, they found that the stone had been 
rolled away from the door of it, and the 

grave was empty. 

* * * 

Is it true? 
Is Christ really risen from the dead? 

As that question begins to knock — 
gently — on your heart's door, you realize 
that you have gone back through the 
centuries to when the world was nmeteen 
hundred years younger, 
back to the country of the camel, 
and sandaled footprints in the sands 
of Palestine . . . 
back to the time of the Roman eagle flut- 
tering over bronze breastplates 

shining in the Syrian sun 
back to the days of the Caesars. 

And you feel quite funny — almost ridic- 
ulous — for you have your 
microscope in your hand 
your measuring tape 
your litmus paper 

your biology textbook 
your test tube 

and your college diploma. 

In the half -shadow in the womb of time 
your microscope glitters like a diamond. 
You tape measure gleams like a line of gold. 
Your litmus paper is a purple ribbon from 
a royal standard. 



Your test tube, a silver bugle to sound a 
note of triumph. 

And the noise and confusion of unbelief 
has died away. 

And in the quiet Easter morning you 
are standing in front of a grave in a garden, 
and you see a stone in the doorway, but 
the stone is moving ... is moving! 

And before you are aware of it, you will 
realize suddenly that Someone is standing 
beside you, and your eyes are fixed on His 
hand, and you see a mark in the palm of 
it, like the print of a nail. 

And as a great realization dawns over 
you, you hear His voice: 
'*Lo, I am with you always, even unto 

the end of the world." 
''Whosoever believeth in Me, though he 

were dead, yet shall he live, 

and whosoever liveth and believeth in 

me, shall never die . . ." 
''Because I live, ye shall live also." 

Because we can't stand it any longer — 
in the secret places of our hearts, we cry 
out to God for help — and then it comes, 
the supreme miracle for which we have 
been seeking. 

It is so tremendous a thing that we can't 
describe it. 

It is so delicate a thing that we can't even 
bring it into view for anybody else to 
look at. 

We can never explain it to anybody else. 
We only know that it is true. 

The Voice has said: "Because I live, ye 
shall live also." 

Our hearts knew all along it must be so. 
It was what we wanted to hear, and now 
that we have heard it, we feel that we 
have solved the mystery of life. 

"If a man die, shall he live again?" 
Yes, because the Resurrection is a fact. 
Aye, and I, too, shall live, because I know 
it's true. 

We pray to Thee, Christ, to keep us 
under the spell of immortality. 

May we never again think and act as if 
Thou wert dead. Let us more and more 
come to knoiu Thee as a living Lord ivho 
hath promised to them that believe: "Be- 
cause I live, ye shall live also.'' 

Help us to remember that ive are pray- 
ing to the Conquerer of Death, that we may 
no longer be afraid nor dismayed by the 
ivorld's problems and threats, since Thou 
hast overco'me the world. 

In Thy strong name, we ask for Thy 
living presence and Thy victorious power. 

Peter Marshall 






■ /J 





April 1979 

Park Street Brethren Church 

100 Years of 
Praying - Serving - Believing 

ASHLAND TIMES, Thursday, May 15, 
1879 — The Reverend S. H. Bashor, editor 
of the Gospel Preacher, preached on the 
authenticity of the Bible to a large congre- 
gation in the chapel of the new Brethren 
College, in South Ashland, on Sabbath 
morning last. The occasion was an impor- 
tant one, being the initial service in the 
netv college, as well as the first Dunkard 
service ever held in the town. Heretofore, 
the denomination has conducted its meet- 
ings entirely in the country, and the begin- 
ning of a series of meetings in the college 
marks a new era in the brotherhood. The 
sermon was an excellent one, and was 
attentively listened to by the congregation. 
Hereafter, in order to accommodate the 
general audience, the services will be held 
at three o'clock p.m. 

The above report is the newspaper 
account of the first worship service of 
what later became the First Brethren 
Church of Ashland, Ohio. 

The First Brethren Church of Ashland 
was formally incorporated in the State of 
Ohio on October 30, 1917. It is a descendant 
congregation of the German Baptist Breth- 
ren Church begun in Schwarzenau, Ger- 
many, by Alexander Mack in 1708 and the 
successor of the congregation organized 
in Ashland by Elder S. Z. Sharp in 1879. 

Progress in those early days after 1879 
was difficult. In fact, it was necessary to 
reorganize the congregation in 1883 after 
several setbacks. 

For more than forty years the First 
Brethren congregation worshiped in the 
chapel of old Founders Hall on the Ashland 
College campus. During this period no par- 
ticular minister was designated as pastor, 
but those ministers who were members of 
the congregation preached. Usually they 
were men serving Ashland College as presi- 
dent or on the faculty or as the editor of 
the Brethren Evangelist. 

Before the church structure was built, 

two other locations were considered — one 
on Main Street in 1912 and one on West 
Washington Street in 1919 — but both were 

The first building committee, of which 
Joe Stookey is the only member still living, 
began work in 1924. In March 1925 Brother 
E. L. Kilhefner purchased a tract of land 
on Park Street with a frontage of 151 feet 
and a depth of 210 feet. He offered the lot 
to the church as a gift, if the congregation 
would build a house of worship on it. With 
this gift was an additional offer to match 
the giving of the congregation dollar for 
dollar. The members accepted the challenge, 
drew plans, and agreed to build when total 
cash gifts reached $20,000. 

In September 1925 construction began. 
The building was completed at a total cost 
of $65,000. When the church was dedicated 
on May 23, 1926 (with an indebtedness of 
$42,000), Dr. Charles A. Bame was pastor. 
In May 1929 a booklet was printed request- 
ing members to renew their pledges. But the 
indebtedness was not completely retired 
until about 1947. 

In November 1946 the congregation 
voted to assume the responsibility for the 



donated the 

land on 

which the 

Park Street 


Church was 

built, and 

matched the 

giving of the 


for the 



dollar for 




[5 ' . 

vr ^^,^ 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Thos© Vvho H 

Eaiiy Preachers (1879—1894) 

Isaac Kilhefner 
A. L Garber 
William C. Perry 
J. M. Tombaugh 

Part-Time Pastors 

1894 — S. J. Harrison 
1894 — A. D. Gnagey 
1894— J. Allen Miller 
1902— Charles F. Yoder 
1905— J. L Gillin 
191 |_W. D. Furry 
I9I9_J. A. Garber 

ave Served 

Full-Time Pastors 

1923 — Charles A. Bame 
1929— Dyoll Belote 
l935_Willis E. Ronk 
l939_Charles F. Yoder 
I94I_L V. King 
I946_W. C. Benshoff 
1947— H. H. Rowsey 
1953 — Clarence Fairbanks 
I960— Phil Lersch 
1967 — George W. Solomon 
1973 — Eugene J. Beekley 

Garber Brethren Church on Sherman Ave- 
nue. The Garber Church was chartered and 
the deed signed over to that congregation 
in 1959. 

In the summer of 1953 the old parsonage 
just south of the church was torn down and 
replaced by a spacious brick house, which 
was dedicated on June 26, 1955. Adjoining 
properties behind the parsonage and church 
were purchased in 1958, 1960, and 1975 for 
parking space. 

Plans for a new educational unit were 
begun as early as 1959 with the appoint- 
ment of a Sunday School Evaluation Com- 
mittee. Following complete surveys, recom- 
mendations, and a fund-raising campaign, 
ground was broken on September 15, 1963. 
Construction began immediately, and on 
March 21, 1965, dedication services were 
held for the new educational unit and the 
remodeled church. Dr. Charles L. Anspach 
was the speaker. 

In this centennial year, the congregation 
averages 220 in worship, with a total mem- 
bership of 525. Eleven part-time ministers 
and eleven full-time pastors have led this 
congregation into many avenues of service 
during its first century. Members have gone 
into many professions and occupations. 
Full-time Christian service has been 
stressed, and both elders and laymen from 
this church have carried the name of Christ 
around the world. 

Due to the location of the church, the 
congregation has been referred to frequent- 
ly as the Park Street Brethren Church. 
Emphasizing the *TSB," the verbs — pray- 
ing, serving, and believing — were inscribed 
on printed materials and practiced in daily 

Prayer and study groups are organized 
for individual spiritual growth. At least 
one meets each day of the week. 

Serving opportunities are countless for 
individuals and for the corporate body: 
the Care Line (a 24-hour telephone min- 
istry), a clothing room, the Wednesday 
After-School Special (for elementary-age 
children), sewing for World Relief, the 
Over-Fifty Club, and three prayer chains 
provide meaningful opportunities for reach- 
ing out. 

Believing is the reason why we are 
Brethren. The Word of God and the doc- 
trines of the church were the foundation 
of the Ashland congregation 100 years ago. 
These are the same truths which we carry 
into the second century of service. 

To God be the glory for the great things 
He has done in and through the First Breth- 
ren Church of Ashland, Ohio! n 


Church Staff 


Eugene J. Beekley 


Kenneth D. Hunn 


Char es Bee' ' 

Church Schoo 

1 S 


Miin. of Music 

Brad ' 


Mrs. Uorman 1 

Office Sec'y. 

Mrs. Howard Mack 


. Dick Keffer 
Marvin Shonkwiler 

April 1979 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

A Positive Look 
at Brethren Potential 

Charles Munson assesses the power in the Brethren Church 
and raises questions about possible weaknesses. 

DR. PETER WAGNER said of the 
Brethren Church, "It will grow because 
it has the Gospel." These may not be his 
exact words, but they reflect accurately 
the thought he expressed at a recent con- 
ference at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Arthur Schultz, president of Ashland 
College, said of the Brethren Church, ''It is 
searching and seeking God's will for itself." 
Again this may not be an exact quote, but 
the sense of what he said is there. Dr. 
Schultz, speaking at a chapel service at the 
seminary, went on to express concern for 
the Christian church in general and to indi- 
cate that he shared the concern of Brethren 
for their church. Quoting Roy L. Smith, 
Schultz said, ''Is there any late word from 
God?" Any church with late news from 
God is bound to succeed. 

Power in Christ's presence 

Well, friend, that's what we have, late 
news from God. It's the same news He had 
for the early church. That church believed 
and practiced that Jesus Christ was present 
with them. Everything about the worship of 
the early church was geared to the belief 
that Jesus was present. They offered 
prayer in His name; they declared His 
Word; they sought His will. His invisible 
presence held them together and formed 

Dr. Charles Munson is Professor of Practical 
Theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Munson has a deep interest in the Brethren 
Church, and he is currently making an in-depth 
study of the denomination. He has called twelve 
people with an interest in helping the church move 
forward to assist him in this study. This "Committee 
of Thirteen" is attempting to take a positive look 
at the Brethren Church. 

them into a working unit. They ate a meal 
in His name and were baptized into His 

We have Christ's presence, also. But we 
aren't growing, that's true. Nevertheless, 
our secret of power is in His presence; our 
hope for growth is in His being with us. 
Let's look at our power. If we genuinely 
want that power to work — the power of 
the presence of Jesus — can we expect other- 
wise? Surely it will work! 

The Bible is true. We Brethren believe 
that earnestly. Then let's take it at its 
word. The Bible says the church can be the 
church to the extent that its members take 
one another into account. When there is a 
genuine concern for one another within the 
body (the church), then God will get His 
work done. Why? Because everything that 
is supposed to happen will happen. 

Read the Bible ! You will find that it calls 
for maturity more than it calls for anything 
else — including evangelism — because evan- 
gelism will take place directly out of what 
is happening in the body. It doesn't matter 
whether we are looking to the eighties or 
the nineties, the same truth will hold. 

To quote another Shultz, "The Brethren 
function, or ought to, out of the body and 
the Book." Don't hold me to the actual 
wording, but you get the point. If the body 
is being the body and is grounded in the 
Book, then God will get His work done. 

Is the "one another principle" at work? 
One wonders! God's Word says build one 
another up, find ways to tell people their 
good and bad points. "Teaching and ad- 
monishing one another," Paul tells the 
Colossians. And he tells the Thessalonians 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"Our secret of power is in Christ's 
presence; our hope for growth is 
in His being with us." 

cent are consumers. Have you looked 
lately at what is happening in your church ? 
The eighties for the Brethren Church 
will be determined by how many of our 
congregations are in the first category — 
with less than 40 percent of the congrega- 
tion as consumers and with 20 percent of 
the congregation facing outward. Our 
power is in our friendships and our exten- 
sions outward. 

to ''exhort one another, and build each 
other up. . . ." Now you can't get rows of 
people sitting in pews out of that, nor can 
you get one man doing ministry and the 
others resting. You get people working 
with people. That's the point of our name 
— Brethren. That's what we are supposed 
to be all about — a brotherhood. 

Power in friendships and kinships 

But our power is not only in the presence 
of the Lord and in our brotherhood, but it 
is in our friendships and kinships beyond 
our circle in the body. Dr. Wagner says that 
70 to 80 percent of church growth comes 
as a result of friends and relatives. Other 
statistics put that as high as 90 percent. 
But the point is this: people come into the 
body of believers mainly through friend- 
ships and relationships. 

Other estimates say that walk-ins pro- 
vide 3 to 8 percent of church growth, pro- 
grams 4 to 10 percent, visitation evangelism 
10 to 25 percent, Sunday school 3 to 6 
percent, and the pastor 10 to 25 percent. 
However you add them up, church growth 
in the eighties will come not from a running 
pastor but from a leading pastor, and not 
from persons being attracted on their own 
by the program, but because time has been 
spent in developing friendships. 

When a church is growing, Wagner says, 
it is friendships which are doing it. When 
it is declining or remaining stationary, it 
is kinships. Our power is in our friendship 
connections, plus something vital in the 
body to keep people coming. Read on. 

In a growing, reproducing church, says 
Wagner, about 40 percent of the members 
will be leaders focused inward, approxi- 
mately 20 percent will be focused outward, 
and less than 40 percent will be consumers. 
In a surviving church, about 33 percent of 
the members are leaders working inward, 
2 percent are working outward, and 60 per- 
cent are consumers. And in a nominal or 
inactive church, about 20 percent of the 
members are leaders working inward, 1 
percent are working outward, and 75 per- 


\A/^r in 


Pi m A <: Pi I rp ^ 




Our power is also in the flames that are 
burning in the denomination. A number of 
our churches are growing, and others want 
to. Where there are such fires, we must fan 
the flames. We might have to ask questions 
of these and other congregations to find 
out why the fires are burning. Many of 
these fires were started out of the emphasis 
on church growth sponsored in the main 
by the Missionary Board. Things did 
happen! God can move us — we know that 
now! But we dare not slip back. New 
churches are beginning to take shape, slow- 
ly but surely. 

There are fires burning. Brethren, and 
there is power in that. It's just a sample of 
what God can do. I'm not ignorant of our 
decline, but I'm not ignorant of God's wish 
to bring people to Himself through the 
Brethren Church either. 

I've said thus far that our power is in 
the fact that we have the Lord's presence; 
in the fact that we have one another; in 
the fact that we have the power of friend- 
ships and kinships; and in the fact that 
there are fires burning among the Brethren 
leading us to believe that others can be 


1 -^ 

Now as we look to the eighties, we are 
going to have to ask ourselves about our 
exclusions. Who are we keeping out of our 
churches and for what reasons? Who can't 
get in for one reason or another? Who 
doesn't want in for whatever reason ? What 
physical or spiritual or mental limitations 
are we putting on what people for what 
reasons? Who hasn't been able to break 
into the fellowship circle but has gotten 
only as far as the membership circle? "How 
high are the walls of the fellowship circle?" 
asks Lyle Schaller in his book, Assimilating 
New Members. How ingrown is your con- 
gregation, or the Brethren Church? 

Our name demands that we pay attention 
to whether we are a brotherhood or an 

(continued on next page) 

April 1979 

exclusive club. That will determine in large 
measure whether we have anything left of 
the church after the eighties. McGavran 
says, ''Congregations that grow to 50 or 
75 persons and remain one fellowship unit 
will not grow larger unless they create other 
substructures of belonging" (small groups 
of 7 to 10 persons). 

What is our attitude 

toward inactives? 

Then ask yourself what is the policy of 
our church regarding inactives? These atti- 
tudes can largely determine whether we 
can hope for any growth there in the 
eighties. Schaller says that if people aren't 
moved from the membership circle into the 
fellowship circle within about one year, 
they will probably be on the way to either 
partial or complete inactivity. To repeat — 
can people break into your fellowship 
circle? You probably say, ''Yes," but ask 
serious questions about yourselves. Are 
there enough circles of fellowship to allow 
people in? 

What assumptions do you make about 
inactives? The tendency has been to be 
negative. Schaller, again, says we probably 
assume that they weren't sincere in the 
first place. Or we say, "They can hear the 
bells," or "They know we are here." That 
gets us nowhere. Rather assume that their 

inactive. Listen, not just once, but many 
times, if necessary. You say you don't have 
that kind of time? Or they are not worth 
it? I know some people want to be left 
alone, but we can't assume that about 
every inactive member. I ask you to look 
positively at your inactives. It's crucial for 
the eighties. 


we c 




Finally, how many of us are closet uni- 
versalists? How many of us are saying, 
"All roads lead to God"? Or "God will get 
everyone eventually because love is persis- 
tent and doesn't wear out"? Do we believe 
that people without Christ are without God 
and that's final? If the eighties are to see 
us as Brethren growing, it will be because 
we believe that our church needs evan- 
gelized from within so that we can evan- 
gelize outside. 

We must face the fact that 2,400,000,000 
— that's two billion four hundred million 
people — are outside the circle of effective 
gospel witness. Is God going to save every- 
body — do you believe that? If so, that goes 
against everything Jesus said. We need to 
see that people will end up where God is 
not if they turn Jesus down. 

People need to have handles to help them 
say a good word for Jesus. Evangelization 
within means that pastors teach people to 

''We will never get to the inactive adequately unless we 
assume that some of the fault may have been within 
the church/' 

reasons for not coming are honest ones 
for them. Take time with them; ask 
questions; and don't be satisfied with first 
answers. Please don't assume that their 
departure is all their fault, which is where 
most of us begin. Don't say, "It couldn't 
be anything we've done. It must be them." 

Families, good ones, work with their chil- 
dren to find out why they are acting in an 
antisocial way toward the family or toward 
others. God says the church is His family, 
so why shouldn't we have a positive con- 
cern about children who have departed 
from us? 

I'll say it again: we will never get to the 
inactive adequately unless we assume that 
some of the fault may have been within the 
church. Don't speculate! Ask why they are 

be ministers. In addition to being shepherds, 
that is the only other job a pastor is called 
to carry out. The eighties will have to see 
pastors doing what they are called to do — 
shepherd the ministers. That's a step 
toward evangelism and a step away from 
consumerism. It's a must for the eighties. 

I have said: 

We have power 

In the Presence of Christ 

In one another 

In friendship and kinship 

In the flames already burning. 
I have asked: 

Who is excluded? 

What is our attitude toward inactives ? 

Are we closet universalists ? 

What do you say? 



The Brethren Evangelist 

Realizing a Vision in Sarver, Pennsylvania 

8t'*^;4g^l^- ^/!>:,-~Jt>'^.*^k"^!^m Mi/jdl iimA\ 

THE SIGN on the three-acre tract of 
land announces "Future Site of Sarver 
Brethren Church." It proclaims that a 
congregation of Brethren people in western 
Pennsylvania is one step closer to the 
realization of a vision. 

The vision began in 1976 with the 
Pennsylvania District Mission Board and 
two transplanted Brethren families. The 
two families — the Chester McAfoose family 
of the Brush Valley, Pa., Brethren Church 
and the Kenneth Knabb family from the 
Pleasant View (Vandergrift, Pa.) Brethren 
Church — were now living in the area of 
Sarver, a small community approximately 
25 miles northeast of Pittsburg. Pennsyl- 
vania Brethren looked at these families 
and saw a vision — a vision of a flourishing 
Brethren Church, housed in its own build- 
ing, faithfully serving the Lord. 

The first step in realizing this vision was 
taken on February 7, 1976, when an evening 
Bible study was begun. These studies con- 
tinued to meet every Thursday in the 
homes of the participants. In November of 
that year three area Brethren ministers — 
Rev. William Walk of Vandergrift, Rev. 
Norman Long of Pittsburgh, and Rev. 
Thomas Kidder of Brush Valley — began 
providing Bible study leadership on a 
rotating basis. 

While the Sarver work was developing 
under the Holy Spirit's leadership, God 
was at work arranging pastoral leadership 
for the young congregation. Rev. Ed 
Wingard resigned as pastor of a church 
in Danville, Ohio, and accepted a transfer 
by his secular employer to the Sarver, Pa., 
area. He and his family made the move 
praying that the Lord would provide them 
an opportunity for ministry. 

Even before he and his family were 
settled in the area. Rev. Wingard learned 
of the Brethren congregation. And the very 
first Sunday after he and his family moved 
into their new home, he was asked to meet 
with the Sarver group and to prayerfully 
consider assisting in the establishment of 
this new Brethren Church. As a result, 
in March of 1977 Rev. Wingard was chosen 
to pastor this congregation. 

The next step in realizing the vision of 
a Brethren Church in Sarver, Pa., was 
taken on Sunday, April 10, 1977. On that 
date Sunday school and morning worship 
services were begun. These services were 
held in the basement of the Knabb home, 
with 33 people attending the first service. 

Other significant steps in the realization 
of the vision include the following: On 
May 15, 1977, Rev. Arden Gilmer and 
representatives from three area Brethren 
churches shared with the local group in a 
door-to-door canvass of the area. In October 
1977 the Sarver congregation, with assis- 
tance from the Pennsylvania District 
Mission Board, purchased the three-acre 
building site. On November 16, 1977, the 
congregation held its first official election 
of officers. And on July 9, 1978, thirteen 
people were taken into the charter member- 
ship of the congregation. 

The Sarver congregation is now prepar- 
ing to take a giant step in the realization 
of its vision. That step is the construction 
of a church building. The congregation is 
investigating various possible plans for its 
first building unit. 

Brethren people throughout the denom- 
ination have the opportunity to share in 
the realization of the vision of the Sarver 
Brethren. The current Growth Partners 
Club call, sponsored by the national Mis- 
sionary Board, is for the Sarver congrega- 
tion. The money will be used to assist this 
congregation in building a house of worship 
and study. 

The Brethren at Sarver are prayerfully 
looking to the future, desiring first and 
foremost to be found faithful in serving 
and sharing the Lord Jesus Christ. They 
have a vision. Furthermore, they are well 
on their way to making this vision a 
reality. □ 

The Sarver Brethren Church has been designated as the 
recipient of the current Growth Partners Club call. 

April 1979 


world relief 

He Conquers His Mountains 

Lillian H. Graffam tells how Dr. Jean-Claude Noel of Haiti 
has spent his life conquering one obstacle after another. 

This is a story about a man — Dr. Jean-Claude 
Noel. But it is also a report about a program — 
a program that we Brethren have supported 
through the World Relief Commission. It helps 
us understand some specific ways our World 
Relief efforts are aiding people in need. 

The author, Lillian H. Graffam, staff writer 
for WRC for several years, now writes for World 
Evangelical Fellowship (where her husband, Everett 
S. Graffam, now serves as Director of Develop- 

The article is reprinted by permission from the 
November issue of Moody Monthly. Copyright 
1978, Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. 

— Phil Lersch, Chairman 

Brethren World Relief Board 

BEHIND MOUNTAINS are more moun- 
tains is a saying in Haiti, a little 
Caribbean country with 8,000 miles of tier 
upon tier of towering highlands. The 
mountains are symbolic of the uphill life 
of the people, descendants of slaves im- 
ported by the French, as they struggle 
against lifelong poverty and illiteracy. 

''My whole life has been that — when one 
mountain is conquered there stands 
another," says Dr. Jean-Claude Noel, a 
Haitian evangelical still climbing his 

His first obstacle was malnutrition. 

''For the first three years my body had 
to fight just to stay alive. At that time 70 
percent of the babies were dying. (Now it's 
50 percent.) It was survival of the fittest. 
As I look back, I believe God had a plan 
and a purpose." 

God's plan for Claude, as he is known 
to his friends, included attending the Un- 
evangelized Fields Mission primary school 
where his heart and mind were prepared 

to accept Jesus as Savior and Lord, which 
he did in his teens. 

Then the Holy Spirit implanted a deep 
desire to preach. But how? He didn't have 
enough education. 

Should he take the hazardous, unknown 
road to becoming a preacher or the more 
secure one of the saddle-maker, his father's 
trade? Showing unusual spiritual maturity, 
seventeen-year-old Claude spent a whole 
day fasting and praying. 

"I took it seriously," he says, "and I 
know God led me. I realized it takes 
preparation to fulfill a vision." 

He enrolled at UFM's Evangelical School 
of the Bible in Port-au-Prince, Haiti's cap- 
ital. Problems started immediately. 

"There's no future in preaching!" his 
father said. When he saw Claude's mind 
was made up, he cut off financial and emo- 
tional support. 

Claude caught a missionary vision and 
yearned to share Christ with the mountain 
people. Most were voodoo worshipers. 

After graduation, without a vehicle or 
donkey, he walked barefoot along well-worn 
mountain footpaths to the remotest places. 
He had no guaranteed support. He knew 
that hardship, and perhaps rejection, lay 
before him, but he did not shrink from it. 

In four years of mountain ministry he 
suffered malaria without anyone to care 
for him. The sun and altitude took their 
toll. But worst of all were the continuous 
cramping hunger pangs. His diet on the 
trail was bread softened with a little 
sugar-water. He would think longingly of 
the last good meal of rice and brown beans, 
perhaps two weeks previous. This memory 
of hunger would later direct one segment 
of his work. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

i V 


■.. *t 


Dr. Jean-Claude Noel 

The Lord blessed Claude's missionary en- 
deavors. He says: 'Those places I pio- 
neered, alone and without food, now have 
big churches. The buildings are too small 
to receive all the people coming to Christ." 

In spite of successes, he felt the need for 
further education. ''Educational standards 
in my country were rising. Evangelical na- 
tions needed to prepare for leadership." 

So Claude Noel tackled another mountain 
— getting an education in the USA. He 
chose Harrington College. 

His first job was as helper at the Bar- 
rington Summer Bible Conference. Dr. 
Everett S. Graff am, then the director, 
remembers Claude as a slender, soft-spoken 
(with French accent), shy but determined 
young man who had to learn how things 
were done in the U.S., including to wield 
a broom. In Haiti the women do the sweep- 
ing with twig brooms. 


He graduated in 1957 with a B.A. in 
Bible-Philosophy. In 1976 his alma mater 
acknowledged his leadership and diligence 
by conferring a Doctor of Divinity degree. 
Later his own country recognized his 
humanitarian concern and knighted him in 
the National Order of Work. 

While at Barrington he met and married 
Lydie Lariviere, an equally dedicated 
Haitian. Their home is open to those in 
need. Lydle encourages her husband, and 
he appreciates it. 

Dr. David Madeira, pastor of Barrington 
Baptist Church, tells of a New Year's Eve 
visit to the Bolosse Baptist Church which 
Dr. Noel pastored in Port-au-Prince. The 
church was jammed. Dr. Noel performed a 

wedding, baptized fifty people, quizzed new 
members, administered communion, and 
preached. With tears trickling down his 
cheeks he paid his wife a public tribute, 
rarely done in their culture. 

Though he loves his own people, Claude 
is not provincial. Recently he was elected 
first President of the newly-formed Carib- 
bean Evangelical Association. He is on the 
board of the World Evangelical Fellowship, 
and has traveled around the world as a 
mission conference speaker. 

Meal program 

Through the years, Dr. NoePs heart's 
desire has broadened from preaching to 
ministering to the whole person — spirit, 
mind, and body. Remembering his own 
thirst for knowledge, and the hunger and 
illness that often hindered him, he inspired 
the Bolosse Church to provide meals to 
malnourished youngsters who attended 
their Bethany Primary School. For many 
this would be the only meal of the day.* 

''I have a feeling in my heart for the 
children," he says. "They wanted to learn 
but were sick and apathetic from malnu- 
trition. I found 90 percent had no break- 
fast. When I asked: 'What will you eat 
when you go home?' 70 percent didn't 
know if there would be anything to eat." 

The Bolosse Church's success encour- 
aged him to enlist other churches to reach 
their communities with schools and feeding 
stations. Now, about 6,000 children are 
educated and fed daily, and are taught 
about Jesus. He would like to expand the 
feedings to all 44,000 children in the evan- 
gelical churches. 


^ I « I, «< 



Dr. Noel was distressed by the poor 
dying without medical aid because govern- 
ment hospitals were too crowded and pri- 
vate ones too expensive. He and his wife 
started the Bolosse Health Center in their 
living room, attended once a week by a 
government student doctor. Later a church 
medical committee was formed. Twelve 
years later the church now runs a full- 
fledged medical and dental facility. 

Dr. Noel also motivated pastors of moun- 
tain churches to work together in providing 
two simple clinics. The one at Bauger out- 
grew its space. Now, using local labor, a 

(continued on next page) 

*Our Brethren gifts, through WRC, have helped 
provide funds for this meal program for several 
vears. P.L. 

April 1979 


complete health center providing both pre- 
ventive and curative medicine is being built, 
SION. The three clinics care for about 
24,000 out-patients annually. 


All projects come under the umbrella of 
the Council of Evangelical Churches of 
Haiti (CEEH) which Claude Noel helped 
found in 1965. He is now full-time Secre- 
tary General. CEEH was organized to pre- 
sent a united front in proclaiming the 
gospel, to coordinate evangelical relief, and 
to nurture church growth and spiritual 
fellowship. With thirteen member missions 
and church councils, it is recognized by the 
Government as the official evangelical 
voice of Haiti. 

''We are building a solid Haitian inter- 
church structure," says Dr. Noel. ''This 
will hold the churches together and help 
them stay strong even when no foreign 
mission personnel would be here." 

He struggles to improve the self-image 
of the people, assuring them they are 
capable of running and maintaining proj- 
ects without external authority. "It is a 
question of getting Haitians to believe in 
themselves and their own power to improve 
their lives." 

Though the people are encouraged to be 
self-sufficient wherever they can, the Chris- 
tians are generally too poor to support the 
broad spectrum of CEEH programs. (Haiti 
is the poorest country in the Western 
Hemisphere with an average rural annual 
wage of $70.) So CEEH has to depend on 
out-of-country churches, denominations, 
missions, and relief organizations. 

CEEH's outreach covers many avenues 
of economic development. Education is 
undoubtedly the most important. Seminars 
are held for Christian teachers in both 
academic and vocational subjects. Craft 
teachers receive guidance in making and 
selling new items on both the local and 
foreign market. This helps combat the 80 
percent unemployment rate. 

In addition to physical aid CEEH carries 
on a broad spiritual ministry through its 
member churches via TV, films, books, and 
radio. Dr. Noel is one of the speakers on a 
daily radio program which combines evan- 
gelism, Bible study, and practical family- 
life helps. 

CEEH conducts a Bible extension school 
for pastors in their own areas. And other 
nationals are studying in the States and 
one in England. Two are potential MD's. 

Dr. Noel says: "We need administrative 


North Atlantic 



Haiti lies between Cuba and Puerto Rico in the 
Carribean Sea. It is about as big as Maryland, but 
has a population of nearly 5 million (a million more 
than Maryland). Most of Haiti is covered with 
rugged mountains. 

advisors and technical aides on a short- 
term or semi-permanent basis, people who 
are dedicated to the cause of the indigenous 
church rather than representing foreign 


As is true of all leaders in the Lord*s 
work, Dr. Noel has his critics. Some feel he 
is not intellectual enough and others that 
he lacks administrative ability. He doesn't 
let this discourage him from working right 
along with these people. 

"The only way not to be criticized is to 
hide oneself in a hole and do nothing," he 
says. "The choice for me becomes simple. 
Every day I face my limitations, my lack of 
ability to sell my ideas." 

Dr. Noel is proof that God can do extra- 
ordinary things through ordinary people 
who are willing to be used and will pay the 

He admits that sometimes he gets tired 
in the struggle and wishes for easier paths. 
He tells of once when he and his family 
were in the States where life is so much 

"I wished I could make a resting place 
and stay there for life. But the Lord said: 
'I have more mountains for you to climb 
in Haiti. Stay here for a few days, but you 
must return home.' " 

Like the Apostle Paul who could say, 
"I was not disobedient to the heavenly 
vision," Dr. Jean-Claude Noel returned 
home to Haiti to accept the further chal- 
lenges of his mountains. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

World Relief Resources 

Hunger Awareness Dinners by Aileen Van 
Beilen (Herald Press, 95t). 

This book outlines how to plan three 
all-church dinners that will help those 
who attend grow in their understanding 
of and empathy for the hungry. It also 
gives many nutritional facts. 

Order from The Carpenter's Shop 
709 Claremont Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Beaching Out ... to Lend a Helping Hand 

from Heifer Project. 

Although designed as a collection of 
fund-raising projects for Heifer Project, the 
hunger facts and unique prayers, reflec- 
tions, litanies, dramas, and other resources 
in the 27-page appendix are both creative 
and sound. There may be a slight charge, 
but the appendix makes it worth it. 
Order from Heifer Project 

P.O. Box 808, Little Rock, Ark. 72203 

Hunger Activities for Children by Phil and 
Jean Lersch and Bonnie Munson ($5.75 

This 124-page book is full of activities 
whereby children and adults can become 
involved in hearing, seeing, feeling, and 
doing hunger-awareness experiences. Illus- 
trated with 49 photographs, it also con- 
tains words and music for two original 

songs. One song is ''How Much Is Enough," 
used on Monday night of the 1978 General 

Order from Brethren House 

6301 56th Avenue, N. 
St. Petersburg, Fla. 33709 
Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger by 
Ron Sider (Intervarsity Press, $4.95). 

The messages in this book prod readers 
to look for ways to live more simply, thus 
less consumptively, so that more resources 
are available to share around the world. 
''The Bible teaches that God is on the side 
of the poor. And we must be too if we claim 
to be his people," the author says. These 
and other key thoughts throughout the 
book challenge the reader. 

Order from The Carpenter's Shop 
World Relief Films from the World Relief 

Write to order these films or just to 
request a listing of the titles available. 
There is no charge for their use, and they 
are excellent messages of information and 
inspiration for church services, church 
suppers, class meetings, youth meetings or 
retreats, etc. Use this valuable source 

Order from World Relief Commission 
Box WRC, Wheaton, 111. 60187 





in India 

The Board of Directors of the 
World Relief Commission has 
again budgeted funds for relief 
work in India, to be administered 
by our Brethren missionaries 

These funds (increased to $2,700 
in 1979), which are channeled 
through our Missionary Board, are 
used for medicines, clothes, build- 
ing supplies, food, etc. 

In this respect, money given to 
World Relief is returned to assist 
Mrs. Prasanth (Nirmala) Kumar distributes clothing to some our relief and evangelistic efforts 
needy villagers in India. in India. 

April 1979 


ft!™*jo«{ Jii 

"Jesus Road" 
in Africa 

Christian love in action has caused many 
Africans to turn to the "Jesus Road." 

' I 'HIS year's harvest in the Upper Volta region 
1 of West Africa is in. The farmers have finished 
putting their harvested corn, sorghum, and millet 
into small mud graineries. The verdict? Grain was 
expected to run out by February. 

Samuel Key, national pastor in the village of 
Dounkou, tells why. * 'Ordinarily the rainy season 
lasts into October, but this year we received only 
two major rains since the middle of August. Our 
corn harvest was almost totally ruined because the 
rains quit just before the corn was to mature. Only 
in a few low spots where the moisture remained in 
the ground did the grain fully mature. All the other 
fields dried up completely." 

Pastor Samuel goes on to report, ''In a regular 
year the road would have been covered with water, 
but since the rains were lacking, we walked on solid 
ground. The wells are already low and will dry up 
very quickly this year." 

Herb Nehlson evaluates the quality of this year's sorghum 
harvest in Upper Volta. For the 6th year in a row, most grain 
did not mature because of a lack of rain. 

Growing up in a West African village 
is often a day-to-day existence characterized 
by uncertainty and waste of human re- 
sources. World Relief not only helps pro- 
vide basic needs of food, water, clothing, 
and medicine, but also opportunity to hear 
the message of Christ's love through local 
Christian churches and missions. 

Th0 Response 

The World Relief Conunission has 
been distributing grain, working 
through national Christians and vil- 
lage leaders, and digging wells in this 
area since the first drought began 
in 1972-73. They have also provided 
for the necessary storage facilities 
and transportation to outlying vil- 
lages. Herb Nehlson, WRC's IJpper 
Volta representative, has been re- 
sponsible for this work since it 
started. When asked about the pro- 
gram he replied, "Last year the 
famine was very bad. It was all over 
our district which is about 10,000 
square miles. With the help of our 
local Christians working with the 
village chiefs, we distributed over 
500 tons of grain. I asked the chiefs 
what they thought of the distribu- 
tion, and they said we were really 
helping the people that needed it. 
I'm sure we were getting grain to 
90% of the desperate, needy people 
in our area." 


The Brethren Evangelist 

WRC has already begun to buy grain at 
the current low price and is storing it for 
distribution next spring and summer. As a 
result the farmers will be able to stay and 
work their fields instead of being forced 
to go to the cities to look for work and 
food, causing a worse shortage next year. 
New wells are also being dug and older 
dried up ones are being deepened. The 
drought has not ended and neither has 
World Relief's commitment to these people. 
All indications point to another bad year. 
Much work will be needed to make sure 
that all the people in need, especially the 
ones in outlying areas, are given help. 

Word about the * 'Jesus Road" is spread- 
ing in the Upper Volta region of Africa's 
Sahel drought. As World Relief Commis- 
sion grain is distributed to those in need 

Grain is distributed to villages of drought 
striken West Africa. National church leaders make 
certain that it gets to those who need it most. As 
a result many people have become Christians. One 
man commented, "We see that the JESUS ROAD 
is a road of love." 

(to Muslims, animists. Catholics, and Prot- 
estant Christians alike), the Christian 
church is receiving favorable attention. 
People see Jesus' love demonstrated and 
come asking about the "Jesus Road." Herb 
Nehlson gives the following account: 

''Reports coming in from many areas 
within Upper Volta indicate a very positive 
response to our grain distribution program. 
We're known as the people who show love. 
Because of that, our reputation has spread 
far and wide to villages that have never 
before shown any interest in Christianity. 
This has also been an encouragement to 
our Christians. 

"It's been fantastic the way the Lord 
has brought people in for grain. They come 
back and say, *We'd like to hear about 
Jesus.' We give grain to everyone in need, 

In the Sahel area of Africa, cattle look for water 
in this recently dried-up water hole. Short rainy 
seasons for several years now have caused the 
water table to drop significantly and wells to 
dry up. 

without any questioning or pressure about 
their religion. Because of this, within the 
last several months seven villages now have 
Christians in them for the first time, with 
churches beginning to form. This happened 
during the rainy season too, which is 
usually a poor time to have church growth 
due to the poor transportation and every- 
one out working in the fields. 

"Our established churches are also grow- 
ing. The local church here in Tougon has 
had converts almost every Sunday since the 
beginning of the year . . . somewhere 
around 130 people in this church alone. It's 
becoming quite crowded, but that's a prob- 
lem we're glad to have. And we're seeing 
the same thing happen in our other 
churches. We're glad to have a part in pro- 
viding *food for the body and food for the 
soul.' " 

(Compiled from WRC news releases and 

Many people are turning to the "Jesus Road," 
as shown by the crowded conditions of this Sunday 
morning service in Tougon, Upper Volta. 

April 1979 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Should we end spanking or spank the end? 

Cruel and Unusi' 



THE U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that 
beatings administered by school authori- 
ties are not prohibited by the eighth 
amendment's ban against cruel and unusual 
punishment. The rendering was a close five 
to four decision. 

The Court was actually considering a 
1970 Dade County, Florida, (of gay orange 
juice fame) case. A high school student 
by the name of James Ingraham, age 14, 
had been beaten by a school principal. (I 
don't believe James is any relation to the 
Virgil that most of us know!) 

According to Ingraham's story, two 
mean old school officials jumped him while 
he was lingering in the auditorium after 
an assembly. These guys held him down 
while the principal whacked him more than 
20 times with a two-foot-long board (or 
paddle). Ingraham claimed that the result- 
ing blood clots on his buttocks kept him in 
bed for a whole week! The boy's mother 
filed suit against the school officials. 

There has been considerable discussion 
as to the psychological damage done to a 
child by spanking. Many sociologists claim 
that spanking is harmful to the child, and 
largely ineffective. Others swear (Brethren 
affirm) by Proverbs 23:14: ''Thou shalt 
beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver 
his soul from hell." 

Some local laws still prohibit spanking 
in the public schools. If your child comes 
home with his derriere hurting, it may be 
that your locale still allows spankings. 

I think I can speak of the psychological 
damage that occurs during or as a result 
of spankings. I was often spanked by my 
mother (but never by a school official). 
Mother used lilac bushes, so it should be 
referred to as a whipping rather than a 
spanking — just to set the record straight. 

In retrospect, I can clearly assess the 
psychological damage I suffered from re- 
ceiving this form of punishment. I share 
this assessment with you for what it's 

(1) My pride was hurt and my body felt 
intense pain (especially the derriere). 
I vowed never to be caught doing the same 
thing twice. I never was. 

(2) There has been long-term psycho- 
logical damage. Sometimes I wake up in 
the middle of the night and wonder where 
I am. It may take me up to three minutes 
to clear my mind on such occasions! 

(3) On other occasions I have detected 
a strong propensity to smash a badminton 
birdie with full force toward my opponent's 
face. I even have the urge to write an 
enemy's name on my golf ball. So far 
Providence has restrained me from doing 
it! Recently, I ran a stop sign. Not delib- 
erately. But it worries me. There's a pat- 
tern here. I suspect my subconscious evil 
propensity caused me to do it; the old 
Jekyll and Hyde complex. So you see, I 
have never recovered. 

(4) Finally, the worst possible thing 
happened to me. I became a low-down 
preacher! I can imagine all the other good 
things I might be doing today if this spank- 
ing bit hadn't happened. 

Now don't get me wrong. I don't hate my 
mother, or anyone for that matter. But I 
detest lilac bushes! I have an urge to rip 
them from the ground and burn them. I 
love making weiner forks out of them. I've 
contemplated going to a psychiatrist, but 
the cost is prohibitive. 

I guess I'll have to live with it, until the 
end . . . since it all began on my end. D 


The Brethren Evangelist 

news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

Sometimes the logic of the Brethren mind 
confuses me. We say that we want the church 
to grow, but we refuse to become personally 
involved in the outreach program. I'm sure our 
excuses sound good to us, but anyone with an 
elementary knowledge of the Bible knows that 
we are commanded to be directly involved in 
building the church. 

We want bigger and better churches with 
bigger and better programs, but we are unwill- 
ing to spend the time and money to build these 
churches or programs. It seems easier to move 
to a large church where we can hide in the 
crowd and have no obligation beyond appearing 
at worship services. We are willing to send 
large amounts of money to radio and TV min- 
istry empires, while our own missionary 
efforts and denominational work are seriously 
hindered by lack of funds. This seems very 

Do we want our missionaries brought home? 
Do we want the ministry of Christian education 
discontinued? Do we want to continue receiving 
our church publications? Do we want to be 
involved in world relief? Do we want to train 
qualified men and women for service in the 
church? Only you can answer these questions 
and many other related ones. 

I would strongly urge you and your pastor 
to look at all the denominational needs with 
the idea of supporting the work of your church 
totally. While you are doing this, it would be 
good for you to examine your commitment to 
the lost of your community and to implement 
plans to assure a complete ministry. 

The executive committee is committed to 
search for ways to encourage you (local 
churches and individual members) to reach out 
in personal growth programs and to reach be- 
yond yourselves into other areas of ministry 
through your financial support. Without you 
we do not have need of any programs. As we 
meet, we are constantly aware of the growth 
needs of the church. Therefore we are search- 
ing for ways to assist you in this important task 
of proclaiming the message of Christ. We meet 
regularly with the executives or representatives 
of all the denominational boards. We also 
urgently desire pertinent information from 
individuals and churches. We need your help. 
Christ wants the church to grow! 
Do You? 

N. Califarnia District plans 
to plant new church 

Manteca, Calif. — ^The Northern California District 
of Brethren Churches held its district conference 
March 1-4 at the First Brethren Church of 

At this meeting the conference voted to begin 
investigations and preparations toward the plant- 
ing of another Brethren church. The church would 
be planted somewhere in the area of the present 
three Northern California Brethren churches. 

Other business at the conference included elec- 
tions, district board reports, a report of national 
work, and caring for other district matters. 

Dr. Richard Allison, Assistant Professor of 
Christian Education at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, was the inspirational speaker for the 

Deacons and Deaconesses 

oTdaioed af Saraso+a - 

Sarasota, Fla. — Mr. and Mrs. Lynn Stump and Mr. 
and Mrs. Wayne Moneyheffer were ordained as 
deacons and deaconesses in the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church on Sunday, January 14. 

The pastor, Dr. J. D. Hamel, officiated during 
the service of ordination. He was assisted by 
area Brethren ministers and by Mr. Walter Davis, 
chairman of the board of deacons of the Sarasota 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Robert Dillard, assistant pastor of Sara- 
sota First Brethren, presented a message entitled 
"Full of Faith and the Holy Spirit" for the ordina- 
tion service. 

Board &f Christian Education 
seeking new Director 

Ashland, Ohio — As previously announced, the 
denominational Board of Christian Education is 
now accepting applications for the position of 
Director of Christian Education. Dr. Frederick 
Burkey, Director for eleven years, is now the 
Director of Religious Affairs at Ashland College. 
He is serving this year as Interim Director for 
the BCE, until a new Director is obtained. 

If you are interested in applying for this posi- 
tion, please check inside the front cover of the 
March Evangelist for qualifications and procedure. 
Applications must be submitted to Rev. Brian 
Moore, president of the Board of Christian Educa- 
tion, by April 25, 1979. 

April 1979 



During the ground-breaking service 

at Northwest Brethren Chapel, Rev. 

Arden Gihner (center) presents a 

Growth Partners Club check to 

Northwest moderator Jack Edgerton, 

while Northwest pastor Bill Curtis 

looks on and applauds. 

photos by David Curtis 

Northwest Chapel Breaks Ground 

Tucson, Ariz. — Using a three-handled shovel pre- 
pared for the occasion by church trustee Wesley 
George, the congregation of the Northwest Breth- 

Conway Craft, Ray Marks, and Francis Ellis (left 
to right) take a turn breaking the desert sand using 
the special shovel prepared for the Northwest Chapel 
ground breaking by Wesley George. 

ren Chapel in Tucson broke ground for its first 
church building on Sunday afternoon, February 18. 

More than 100 people attended the ground- 
breaking service, including most of the 63 mem- 
bers of the Northwest congregation. Also attend- 
ing were a number of members from the Tucson 
First Brethren Church (the mother congregation 
of Northwest Chapel), and also representatives 
from the Papago Park Brethren Church in Tempe, 

Rev. Arden Gilmer, Director of Home Missions 
for the national Missionary Board, was also 
present for the ceremony. During the service he 
presented a check to Northwest Chapel moderator 
Jack Edgerton. The check was for money collected 
in response to the Growth Partners Club call for 
this new mission church in Tucson. 

The ground-breaking service began with a time 
of devotions. Then Rev. Clarence Stogsdill, pastor 
of the Tucson First Brethren Church, and Rev. 
William Curtis, pastor of Northwest Chapel, gave 
the historical background leading up to this 
ground-breaking service. Following additional 
comments by various dignitaries present, several 
groups of three persons took turns breaking the 
desert sand with the three-handled shovel. 

Construction on the new building began in the 
days immediately following the ground-breaking 

Rev. William Curtis, pastor of Northwest Breth- 
ren Chapel, gives this report of the progress of 
the church there: 

"The congregation (of Northwest Brethren 
Chapel) has grown steadily since the first meeting 
on January 18, 1976, in Thornydale Elementary 
School. It is felt that the rate of increase will 
accelerate once we are in our own facilities. 

"The building is now under construction and 
progressing rapidly. The roof should be complete 
and inside work under way by the time you read 
this article. The expected completion date for the 
building is July 1. When completed, the structure 

(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Board of Christian Education Announces 
1979 Summer Crusaders and Missionary Interns 

The Board of Christian Education is proud to announce the Summer Crusaders 
and Missionary Interns for 1979. This year's program will include one musical unit 
of six members, two educational units of four members each, and one unit of six 
young people who will be working as missionary interns with Rev. Juan Carlos 
Miranda in California and Mexico. 

Education North 

Dean Showalter, Captain — Sarasota 
Chip Keplinger — Washington 
Shirley Swihart — Roann 
Kathy Wilson — ^Masontown 

Music Unit 

Mark Britton, Captain — Derby 

Mike McCann — Bryan 

Dave Stone — Sarasota 

Jenny Walters — North Manchester 

Jill Slee — Roann 

Margaret Ronk — Park Street 

Education Soutli 

John Crowe, Captain — Nappanee 

John C. Mills— St. James 

LeAnne Icenhour — Ashland Park Street 

Missionary Interns 

Scot Millhouse, Captain — Milledgeville 
Dave Kerner — Meadow Crest 
John Black — Milledgeville 
Becky Grumbling — Mt. Olivet 
Barb French — Eldorado 
Judy Gifford — Derby 

In addition to the teams listed above, there are six young people who are being 
placed in pastoral, church staff, or camping internships. 

These 26 young people were selected from the total number of worthy applicants 
because they are mature, talented, and capable of leadership. We hope you will join 
us in wholehearted support of them as they prepare for their individual summer 
ministries. Please keep the entire summer program in your prayers. And watch 
future issues of the Evangelist for further announcements and progress reports. 

Norfhwesf Chapel breaks ground 

continued from previous page 

will seat 160 persons and have a nursery and 
kitchen. These two rooms will also be used for 
Sunday school. 

"Our district churches, First Brethren of Tucson 
and Papago Park of Tempe, are joining with us 
in raising the necessary funds. The slogan for the 
fund-raising project is ^Southwest is building 
churches . . . starting with Northwest . . . $5,000 
by East(er).' The Papago Park Brethren have 
printed paper wrappers which can be taped to an 
empty pop can and used as a bank. There have 
been many sizable gifts, for which we praise the 

"Naturally we are all excited as we work and 
build for our Lord in this beautiful, sun-bathed 
desert. The chapel Itself sits near the base of the 
towering Catalina mountains affording a breath- 
taking landscape. 

"Our people enjoy working in this community 
where God has placed us to minister in the short 
time before our Lord returns for His own. It is 
a blessing to welcome new families into our 
fellowship. The atmosphere at Northwest is like 
one closely knit family in the Lord. As we grow, 
we are working hard to keep that friendly feeling. 

We extend an invitation to you to visit Tucson 
and worship with us. Better yet, come and be a 
tentmaker as you move to Tucson to work or 

"We of Northwest Brethren Chapel do wish to 
express our sincere thanks to the brotherhood for 
helping us build 'the house of God' in Northwest 
Tucson. The response from the Growth Partners 
Club call was beyond our expectation, totaling 
$11,455 for the second call. Your prayers are deeply 
felt and appreciated. May God continue to bless 
us as we work together building His church." 

In Memory 

Bay Pottenger, 82, February 8. Member of the 
Roann, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 
William Kerner, pastor. 

Richard O'Cromian, 70, February 2. Member of the 

Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church. Services 

by Clarence R. Kindley, pastor. 

Mary Jane Ettkig-er, 68, January 28. Member of 

the Mt. Olive Brethren Church, Pineville, Va. 

Services by Rev. W. F. Garber and Rev. W. H. 


Charles Powell, 72, January 3. Member of the Mt. 

Olive Brethren Church, Pineville, Va. Services by 

Rev. W. F. Garber. 

April 1979 



China wide open for evangelism 
former missionary believes 

Sarasota, Fla. — "God has prepared the way in 
China," said Rev. Harry Liu at a recent meeting 
of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 

The arguments presented by this native of 
China and former missionary to that country are 

First, he says, the Communists in China 
succeeded in creating one nation with one 
language and in which there is nearly universal 

Second, in order to carry out government direc- 
tives and to unite the people, the Communists 
provided more than 85 percent of the Chinese 
households with radios. They also built a network 
of good roads that have made almost all parts of 
the nation accessible. 

Then they destroyed or suppressed all forms 
of religious expression, including most of the 
centuries-old ancestor worship that in the past 
made it difficult to lead Chinese to Christianity. 

Now, Liu says, the Chinese family patterns 
have become fragmented. The young no longer 
feel bound to old customs and to their families. 
Those who accept Christianity today may not 
be ostracized by their families — the penalty many 
earlier Christian converts had to pay. 

Finally, Liu says, by bcmning religion, the 
Communists have created a serious vacuum in 
the hves of the people — a hunger for some link 
to God and for something more than the "Little 
Red Book" (of Mao Tse-tung's sayings) to give 
meaning to their existence. 

Rev. Liu is convinced that Christianity will 
offer the Chinese the answers that they seek. "All 
of China is now virgin territory," he stated. Given 
this premise, he believes that the recent opening 
of relations between the United States and China 
has set the stage for an evangelistic assault that 
could be more successful than anything possible 
in the old days. 

In fact, this evangelistic assault has already 
begun, according to Liu. Powerful Christian radio 
stations surrounding China are now beaming 
Christian programs across the borders. These 
stations are also teaching English to their listen- 
ers, using Bible stories. Bibles and pocket-size 
New Testaments are being printed in the new 
simplified Chinese that has become the national 
written language. These Bibles and Testaments 
will soon be flooding into China one way or 

In addition, about 10,000 Chinese students are 
expected to arrive in the U.S. for technical train- 
ing and will be exposed to Christianity for the 
first time. Add to that the thousands of American 
technicians and teachers who will be going to 
China on exchange and trade missions — most of 

Rev. and Mrs. Harry Liu 
Rev. Liu is a native of China, where he was 
converted to Christianity 4! years ago. Following 
his conversion, he came to the United States as an 
employee of the Bank of China, but while in the 
U.S. he received a call to mission service. After 
graduation from Moody Bible Institute, he returned 
to his homeland as a missionary . 

When the Communists came to power, Rev. Liu 
was forced to flee China. Since then he has worked 
as a missionary around the world, most recently as 
a member of the Pocket Testament League, Inc. 

Now semi-retired, he lives with his wife in Sara- 
sota, where he has assisted the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church as a speaker and in planning its 
missionary conferences. He is also an American 
correspondent for "Sharing," a Chinese-language 
Christian magazine published in Hong Kong. 

them presumably of Christian background — and 
the die is cast. 

The prospects make Rev. Liu glow with delight 
— especially since he recently had the opportunity 
to try out a little evangelism of his own on 
Chinese newsmen and television technicians 
attending the Washington welcome for People's 
Republic Vice Prime Minister Teng Hsiao-ping. 

Rev. Liu said that as an American correspond- 
ent for a Chinese-language Christian magazine, 
he obtained press credentials to attend a White 
House reception for Teng. Although he was not 
able to interview Teng, he did get an opportunity 
to talk with several Chinese technicians. 

He gave them copies of two pocket-size book- 
lets — one, "The Gospel According to John," pub- 
lished by the Pocket Testament League as an 
American Bicentennial souvenir edition; and the 
other, "Mark's Good News," a Chinese-language 
version of the Gospel of Mark. 

continued on next page 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Here's Life begins billion dollar 
fund-raising effort 

San Bernardino, Calif. — This month has been 
selected as kickoff month for a billion dollar 
fund-raising effort to support Here's Life Inter- 
national, a discipleship and evangelism program 
sponsored by Campus Crusade for Christ 

The purpose of the Here's Life program is to 
help share the gospel with every person in every 
nation, tribe, and culture on earth. 

Oilman and investor N. Bunker Hunt, chairman 
of the International Executive Committee of 
Here's Life, has said that the Here's Life program 
represents the most massive program of Christian 
discipleship and evangelism in history. According 
to Hunt, "The Here's life budget was not picked 
out of the air because a billion dollars is a nice 
round number. Every penny is allocated to specific 
programs for communicating the gospel in 210 
nations and protectorates. 

"As we have learned ... a billion dollars is 
less than half the cost of a nuclear aircraft 
carrier. Yet the success of the Here's Life cam- 
paign could obviate the need for the world ever 
to employ the billions of dollars in armaments 
that it amasses every year. Further, a billion 
dollars is only a tiny fraction of the 35 billion 
dollars that will be contributed to charitable 
causes this year — 80 percent by religious 

"Since our goal is to tap new sources of funds, 
Here's Life should not deprive any church or 
organization of its present needed funding. Rather 
it will stimulate new funding for churches around 
the world. At the same time, as an interdenom- 
inational Christian movement, Here's Life is 
based on a cooperative effort of churches and 
organizations worldwide." 

China wide open for evangelism 

continued from previous page 

The Chinese booklet has no identifying title on 
the cover or any information inside to reveal its 
source. The cover is solid red and it is similar in 
size to Mao's "Little Red Book." The words on 
its title page are also slightly deceiving, since 
the Chinese symbols for Mark's are the same as 
those for Marx. 

With a gleam in his eye, Liu recalled that his 
own conversion to Christianity at the age of 25 
came after he asked an American missionary to 
teach him English and was given the Gospel of 
Mark as his textbook. 

—Dr. J. D. Hamel 

Pastor, Sarasota First Brethren Church 

Wallace E. Johnson, co-founder and a member of 
the executive committee of Holiday Inns, Inc., is 
international chairman of Here's Life. Roy Rogers, 
entertainer and businessman, is vice-chairman. 


11 S_J ( I, V^ 


Aishland, Ohio— Ashland College has signed a 
letter of intent with The Art Institute of Pitts- 
burgh to develop mutual career and liberal arts 
programming between the two institutions. 

Ashland College students interested in careers 
in the arts will have the opportunity to spend 
their junior year at The Art Institute in programs 
leading to careers in advertising, art, fashion 
illustration, interior design, and photography/ 

The cooperative program will also give Art 
Institute graduates the chance for continued edu- 
cation at Ashland in the liberal arts and comple- 
mentary career programs, notably business, home 
economics, and radio and television. The joint 
endeavor is expected to begin this coming fall. 

According to Albert Goad, chairman of 
Ashland's art department, "The Art Institute of 
Pittsburgh has long been recognized as one of 
the top schools of its kind in the country. We are 
very fortunate to be associated with its program." 
Professor Goad is a member of the Park Street 
Brethren Church in Ashland. 

s 'n Pieces 

Dr. J. D. Hamel, pastor of the Sarasota, Fla., 
First Brethren Church, was a regional director 
for the Billy Graham Crusade which was held in 
the Tampa, Fla., stadium March 21-25. 

Rev. Robert Dillard, assistant pastor at Sara- 
sota First Brethren, was a district leader. 

Rev. Dale RuLon, Rev. Keith Bennett, and Rev. 
Russell Gordon also participated in the crusade. 

The deacon board of the Third Brethren Church 
of Johnstown, Pa., sponsored a Valentine's day 
fellowship on February 14. The fellowship includ- 
ed an evening meal followed by an entertaining 
program and devotions led by the pastor, Rev. 
C. R. Kindley. 

The First Brethren Church of Waterloo, Iowa, 

is helping one of its members, Neil Hoppenworth, 
attend Ashland Theological Seminary. Neil is 
entering the seminary this spring to begin work 
toward a degree in religious education. 

April 1979 



NAE posifJon paper proclaims 
Jesus Christ the only answer 

Orlando, Fla. — The 1979 National Association of 
Evangelicals (NAE) Convention theme, "Jesus 
Christ: Now More Than Ever," was explained in 
a position paper adopted by voting members of 
NAE attending the convention, held March 5-8 in 

Attending this convention from the Brethren 
Church were Eugene Beekley, Keith Bennett, 
Duane Dicl^son, Robert and Juanita Dillard, 
Spencer and Eleanor Gentle, Arden Gilmer, Russell 
Gordon, Bud and Jean Hamel, Virgil Ingraham, 
Phil and Jean Lersch, Smith Rose, and Dale 

The position paper declares that while Chris- 
tians in 20th century America face grave spiritual, 
social, political, and economic problems, still the 
answer to these problems remains changeless — 
Jesus Christ. 

"Now more than ever," the paper states, evan- 
gelical Christians must follow the changeless 
Christ to speak the truth, show compassion ?nd 
seek the lost if we will save our generation." 

The position paper assesses the world condition 
as "dangerous, marked by ecological pollution, the 
possibility of nuclear war, food shortages and the 
population explosion. 

"World events occur with startling rapidity and 
increasing intensity. Our attention shuttles from 
the Near East to Africa, from Iran to Red China 
without letup. 

"Ethical and moral standards continue to erode. 
Corruption, sexual license, greed, violence, injus- 
tice, the shattering of the institution of marriage 
and the home — all these convey a brutal fact — 
the deep-seated and seemingly irreversible decline 
of western culture." 

The answer, stated in the position paper, is not 
to build more extravagant church buildings or to 
simply provide a pleasant sanctuary for worship 
by prayerless people living undisciplined lives. 

"We affirm that the Christ of the Scriptures — 
and He alone — is the answer to the world's need 

"Now more than ever, the message of the 
changeless Christ must be proclaimed to a world 
searching for reality and certainty. 

"Now, more than ever, the motive of the change- 
less Christ speaks to our lifestyle, to our steward- 
ship in a world of poverty and riches, of inequi- 
ties, of cries for compassion and justice. 

"Now, more than ever, the method of the 
changeless Christ must be our method. 'There is 
salvation in no one else; for there is no other 
name under heaven that has been given among 
men, by which we must be saved' (Acts 4:12)." 

In addition to accepting this position paper, 
voting members of NAE also passed resolutions 
on Taiwan, arms restraint, religious freedom, 
abortion, and equality of the sexes. 

Concern over Taiwan growing out of U.S. 
recognition of Communist China prompted NAE 
to pass a four-point resolution calling for: (1) The 
conscience of world opinion to respect the right 
of the people of Taiwan to exercise human liber- 
ties; (2) The Congress and the President of the 
U.S. to support the preservation of the human 
rights of the people of Taiwan; (3) The Congress 
and the President to protect American citizens in 
Taiwan; and (4) The church in America to pray 
for and identify with our fellow Christians in 
Taiwan that religious freedom and spiritual oppor- 
tunity be preserved. _^ 

In its resolution on arms, NAE urged the U.S. 
government to exercise reasonable restraint in the 
production and use of its military capability and 
to encourage other nations to do the same. "We 
also urge Christians everywhere to acknowledge 
that their trust is in a sovereign God rather than 
in any human agency and to invoke His overruling 
providence in the affairs of nations so that His 
people may live in accordance with His 

Alarmed by developments which jeopardize 
religious freedom — such as the proposed Chari- 
table Contribution Disclosure Act, the proposed 
Lobby Disclosure Act, and recent decisions made 
by the Commissioner of the IRS against tax- 
exempt groups — NAE called upon members of 
Congress to carefully consider the adverse effect 
that the two proposed Acts would have on all 
philanthropic organizations and churches in 
particular. At the same time the resolution urged 
evangelical organizations to adopt principles and 
practices of self-regulation as assurances against 
the abuses prompting such legislation. 

The resolution further requested Congress to 
enact legislation that would clearly stipulate the 
limits of power which the Commissioner of the 
Internal Revenue Service could use against tax- 
exempt groups in the enforcement of social policy 
as distinct from the collection of taxes. 

On the subject of abortion, NAE reaffirmed its 
resolution of 1971 attesting to the sacredness of 
life, opposing abortion on demand, and recog- 
nizing the possible need for therapeutic abortion 
to preserve the health or life of the mother. 

Concerning the equality of the sexes, NAE 
resolved to adhere to marriage and family as the 
divinely ordained institution for love and pro- 
creation; oppose all attempts to obliterate sexual 
distinctions between men and women in order to 
promulgate unisexual or homosexual preferences 
and practices; oppose those interpretations of 
equal rights which would force women and men 
into roles which are contrary to those specific and 
complementary functions based upon sex differ- 
ences in the biblical order. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Mt. Olive Church burns parsonage note 

Pineville, Va. — The Mt. Olive Brethren Church had 
a note-burning ceremony during a special congre- 
gational meeting on Sunday, January 21. During 
the ceremony trustees Winston Hensley and 
Harvey Davis burned the note on the church's 

The note-burning was a celebration of the com- 
pletion of a concerted effort begun in July of 
last year. At that time the congregation began a 
project to finalize payment of the long-standing 
debt on the parsonage. 

A target date was set of October 31, but this 
was later changed to December 31. A poster was 
made to remind the congregation of the project 
and to show the progress being made in paying 
off the debt. 

The note-burning ceremony was originally 
scheduled for January 7. The event was delayed, 
however, when winter weather forced cancellation 
of services on the 7th. 


Candy Nifong to Timothy Van Duyne, January 7, 
at the United Methodist Church, Argos, Ind. Rev. 
John C. Shultz, Tiosa Brethren pastor, and Rev. 
Richard Lewke, Argos United Methodist pastor, 
officiating. Groom member of the Tiosa, Ind., 
Brethren Church. 

Stephanie Dawn Heatwole to Stephen Lynn Line- 
weaver, December 29, at the Mt. Olive Brethren 
Church, Pineville, Va. Rev. W. F. Garber offici- 
ating. Groom member of the Mt. Olive Brethren 

Scientist says solar drying 

could hpJn f^nA v^nrlA hiinnpr 

Provo, Utah (EP news) — The virtually untapped 
process of solar food drying could help eliminate 
the hunger crisis in many developing nations, 
according to Dr. Clayton Huber of Brigham 
Young University, who has developed food for 
U.S. space flights. 

In the solar drying process, raw fruit and 
vegetables are dried by using the direct or indirect 
rays of the sun. The food is placed in specially 
constructed solar dryers. 

"The implications of solar drying for under- 
developed countries and for food storage in the 
U.S. and abroad are tremendous," said Dr. Huber. 
"Using the sun's energy for food drying is ideal 
for countries where electricity is not readily avail- 
able, and where home canning facilities are non- 

Dr. Huber, who developed the foods used for 
NASA's Apollo and Skylab space flights, recently 
completed a study of solar drying and its feasibil- 
ity in South and Central America. 

', ^.^ 



^ v 


if <! 


Winston Hensley and Harvey Davis burn the 
note on the Mt. OUve Church parsonage. 


. • • pilose l^t US know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

April 1979 



Christ in All the Scriptures 

Christ in All the Scriptures by A. M. Hodgkin 
(Baker Book House, 1976, 249 pp., $2.45 paper- 

Christ in AH the Scriptures is not the kind of 
book you curl up with in a comfortable chair in 
front of a roaring fire for an evening of reading 
pleasure. Rather, it is a very valuable resource 
tool. It should not only belong on the shelf of 
any serious Bible student, but it should be well 

As the title suggests, Christ in AH the Scriptures 
is a presentation of Christ as found in each book 
of the Bible. Throughout the book, the images of 
Christ from Genesis to Revelation are dealt with, 
and Christ is clearly seen as the focal point of all 

For those who are interested in the person and 
work 01 Christ and who are willing to do some 
study to discover Christ in depth, the money paid 
for this book will be money well spent. Remember, 
though, this is not and does not pretend to be a 
simple book to read. 

(Christ in AM the Scriptures was originally pub- 
lished in 1S07. This is a paperback reprint of the 
earlier book.) 

—Robert B. dough 

Rev. Clough is pastor of the Bethlehem Brethren 
Church, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Christian Lifestyle 

Learn to Live with Style by Eileen Guder (Word 
Books, 1978, 144 pp., $4.95 paperback). 

What is the Christian hfestyle? Does it have 
to be goody-goody, repressed, or dull? 

Eileen Guder says, "No, living the Christian 
lifestlye is not a matter of following a list of rules 
or giving up your individuality. Consider Jesus 
and Paul, for example; they were anything but 
dull and they had dynamic qualities that people 
noticed and responded to." 

The author uses many Scripture passages to 
bolster her position. Among these she includes 
Paul's Letter to the Galatians, which describes 
an authentic Christian style of life including self- 
control, love, tolerance, joy, faithfulness, peace, 
generosity, patience, and kindness. 

Eileen Guder is a popular author, speaker, and 
churchwoman. She has written eight other books, 
including Deliver Us From Fear, We're Never 
Alone, and The Many Faces of Friendship. She 

Memories of China 

The White Pagoda by Fay Angus (Tyndale House, 
1978, 192 pp., $3.95 paperback). 

This book held my interest and gave me enjoy- 
ment from beginning to end. Its fascination 
stemmed from the fact that Fay Angus lived in 
China much of her life. She now resides with her 
husband and two children in Sierra Madre, 

In this book the author expresses in detail her 
impressions and experiences in China, peaceful 
China as well as wartime China. Her father was a 
businessman, so as a child she lived in a sophis- 
ticated community in Shanghai. After her parents 
were divorced, she entered the Convent of the 
Sacred Heart School. 

The climax of the book comes when she tells 
about the war years — ^during which she was put 
in a Japanese internment (prison) camp. There 
she had a stirring personal encounter with God. 
She recalls: "The faith . . so carefully planted in 
my life, now gnawed at me, hungering and thirst- 
ing to be fed. I yearned to be filled with all the 
fullness of God." The fullness was to come through 
a lifetime of circumstances. 

Finally, after the war, when many were trying 
to get out of China, she and her mother were 
fortunate enough to get passage on a freighter, 
sharing a small cabin with two other ladies bound 
for the New World. 

This book demonstrates the endurance Christ 
gives us when He is the center of our lives. 

— Julie Flora 

is married to Dr. William Triplett, a faculty mem- 
ber of the School of Music at the University of 
Southern California. 

This would be a good book for groups to read 
and discuss together. 

— Julie Flora 

Mrs. Flora is an Ashland, Ohio, homemaker and 
a frequent contributor to the Brethren Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Plea for Brethren to cooperate 

I appreciate subscribing for and reading the 
Brethren Evangelist. 

As I carefully read, I am iieartsick at the revela- 
tion of the decline of our Brethren congregations 
in the Ashland fellowship and the decrease of mem- 
bership continually. I received Christ over 50 years 
ago in the Eagle Creek Church of the Brethren 
near Findlay, Ohio. 

I have been active in opening new Brethren 
congregations for over 27 years in Findlay, 
Bowling Green, and Fremont, Ohio, and in Ander- 
son, South Carolina, and now at Clearwater, 
Florida. It is thrilling to see the Brethren multiply 
in our Grace Brethren Churches all over the 
nation. Our evangelism, missions, quality funda- 
mental literature, and thriving Home Missions 
program are reaping wonderful harvest. Many 
new churches are growing wonderfully in towns 
and cities as they are being established. Glory to 

My love for all our born again Brethren people 
and for our rich heritage makes me to desire to 
write in to the Brethren Evangelist readers and 
declare our love and fellowship and prayers and 
devotion to the cause of our Lord Jesus Christ 
together ! 

The February issue of the Evangelist listed 
some sad facts and this should cause each one of 
us to say, let us get together again and with sold 
out devotion to Jesus cooperate in our Brethren 
churches instead of any competition or ignoring 
of each other, which is not worthy of the name 
Brethren nor Christian. Brethren — brothers and 
sisters in Christ — let us get back together and use 
our hearts and let the Holy Spirit work in our 
midst in vital fellowship. Then God can bring the 
increase. Divided Brethren — how could such a 
misnomer ever be? 

Holy Spirit revival will come when we pray 
and work and attend and evangelize together! 
Try it and you will like it! 

Our men of God are cooperating in Ashland 
Seminary and growth came there and growth will 
come when we get good spiritual sense and fully 

work together in the Ashland and Grace Brethren 
—not enemy— churches ! ! ! 

O Holy Spirit of God, melt and move us to- 
gether; O Lord Jesus, melt us together; O great 
God of Heaven, melt us together in Thy work! 

Our Clearwater Grace Brethren Church is 
really moving ahead with great rejoicing with 
Church of the Brethren, Brethren, and Grace 
Brethren all together in an active, spiritual, happy, 
born again fellowship. I know it can be done for 
I am in the midst of it! 

— Pastor Marion Thomas 
Dunedin, Fla. 

Beguiling issues 

I couldn't help but respond to the recent issue 
(February 1979) of the Evangelist. I am a student 
pastor of the Milford First Brethren Church, 
currently completing my studies at Grace 
Theological Seminary. I hope that that does not 
make me a bad guy! 

There seems to be a spirit of defeat and 
pessimism pervading the churches of the Ashland 
group. Many are asking, "What is our mission?" 
"Why aren't we growing?" The problem as I see 
it is that "the serpent has beguiled the denom- 
ination through his subtilty, so that our minds 
have become corrupted from the simplicity that 
is in Christ" (II Cor. 11:3). This fact is evident 
just by leafing through the Evangelist. Its pages 
are clouded with such "beguiling" issues as world 
hunger and peacemaking. It is almost laughable 
that the church in its small, powerless state should 
attempt to call upon the government and demand 
anything. My Brethren, these issues are certainly 
important. But they are secondary to the preach- 
ing of Christ and Him crucified (I Cor. 2:2). This 
message changes lives. If we let it become clouded 
by these issues of secondary importance, issues 
that will only ultimately be dealt with upon the 
return of the Lord Jesus Himself, then we will 
follow the steady paths of decline which every 
denomination in history has experienced. I trust 
that the leadership at the helm of the church will 
take serious and drastic measures to redirect her 
course. Failure to do this may be fatal! 

— Pastor Jeff Carroll 
Milford, Ind. 

April 1979 




Centennial Celebration 
Park Street Brethren Church 

Ashland, Ohio 
Sunday, May 6, 1979 

All former pastors, members, friends, and students are 
invited to help us praise the Lord for our first 1 00 years 
and the beginning of our second 1 00 years. 

■'s \ 

>.< <« 


Coffee Fellowship 9:00 

Church School 9:30 1 

Worship 10:30 

Dinner 12:00 

Service of Celebration 2:00 

xaij ln w-'^ ^f'"'' '^ ' ^^''^^ ^i- j— «LA^ 

The 1979 Pastors' Conference wil! also meef 
at Park Street Brethren Church May T-2. 


Further Centennial Celebratioh at PSB will 

be the CREATIVE MINISTRIES of Frank f ^ f 

- ""J 3 <t> 
3* 3- P- 


O O ci- 
c-^ »— ♦ O 

<T> P 

Roughton, September 21-23, 1979, includ- 
ing "Paul Speaks," "The Centurion," and 
"The Sermon on the Mount." Also, a Cen- 
tennial Directory with pictures of members, 
friends, classes, etc., will be distributed. 

it is the hope and prayer of all mem- 
bers of PSB that many will come and 
praise the Lord with us as we cele- ^ 

brate this occasion — beginning our ^ ^ 

second century of serving the Lord. o^ t 

iO «< 




7<t t^ S^Utoft 

Concerning a "Statement of Faith" 

I truly appreciated Dr. Burkey's article in the 
March Evangelist, "Challenges and Opportunities," 
except for the second characteristic he lists as 
his hope for the brotherhood . . . the denomina- 
tional adoption of a "statement of faith" .... His 
fourth reason ... is that "Scripture seems to 
endorse doctrinal statements," and he cites I Pet. 
3:15. The Scripture that I read seems to claim 
to be doctrine . . . itself (eg., II Tim. 3:16); and 
all the creeds which I have ever read seem to be 
attempts to radically abridge the Scriptures .... 
However, their brevity limits them and excludes 
the fullness and richness found in the whole 
Scriptures; also, too often the composers of the 
various . . . creeds have "picked-and-chosen," in 
order to fit the statement of faith into their own 
preconceived theological framework. I Peter 3:15 
seems to me to be more of both a warning to the 
church to admit believers who know what-and-why 
they believe in their hope (which is their faith in 
Jesus Christ, and not . . . the Brethren Church), 
and also an admonition to believers to be 
ready to witness whenever the opportunity 
arises, rather than, as the article asserts, an 
endorsement of doctrinal statements. 

Dr. Burkey's third reason ... is to distinguish 
us from the "rapidly proliferating cults." I per- 
sonally feel that the Brethren neither need such 
a defense, nor that this implication of confusion 
with any cult is even worthy of consideration .... 

Dr. Burkey addresses in his first and second 
reasons . . . (and hints in his third reason) what 
I infer to be his major concern . . . and that is 
our increasing lack of "IDENTITY" .... A state- 
ment of faith is neither needed as our source of 
identity, nor as an instrument of instruction for 
our people. In one of his summary paragraphs 
Dr. Burkey says, "To become a viable movement 
. . . we Brethren must do far more than preserve 
our traditions." And yet I have seen little con- 
certed effort ... of either the Brethren, or 
Brethren churches, at promoting and preserving 
Brethren traditions or history .... Therein lies 
our identity ... an identity of brothers and sisters 
in Christ communing together in a New Testa- 
ment based covenant-community; accepting for 
their rule of faith and practice the Bible (you 
know the rest), and for their theology not a 
creedal theology, but a theology of lifestyle — a 
living out of their faith. If working properly this 
lifestyle theology should identify us as brothers 
and sisters in Christ, rather than ... a "statement 
of faith" .... 

In fact it is "statements of faith" which have 
divided the Christian church throughout history 
.... And it would be a "statement of faith" which 
could tear the Brethren asunder. I am glad that 
the Brethren do not require me to profess to 
theological beliefs which make no difference to 
my salvation, but which may . . . cause divisions, 

and even may arouse historical denominational 
hostility. I am happy that I can worship with 
those of Calvinistic . . . and Armenian persuasion, 
and pro-predestination and anti-predestination per- 
suasions, and eternal security and non-eternal 
security persuasions, and pre-millennialists and 
post-millennialists . . . etc. I praise the Lord that 
I can worship with brothers and sisters in this 
denomination without the shackles of a "state- 
ment of faith," but in the freedom and full rich- 
ness of the Scriptures alone. 

— John F. Edwards, Jr. 
Burlington, Ind. 

Response to "Beguiling Issues" 

Allow me to say at the outset that there are 
two ways of presenting criticism. The first seeks 
to belittle another person's position by disparaging 
his character or motivations, while the second 
desires to present the truth in a spirit of love and 
genuine brotherly concern (Eph. 4:15). Let us 
not accuse our brothers and sisters in the faith of 
following the "beguiling" influence of Satan; such 
is not becoming of "Brethren." 

It has been characteristic of the Brethren from 
their inception to desire to obey the whole of the 
Gospel as they find it in Scripture. The Brethren 
Church, from the tim.e of its split from the Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren in the 1880s until now, has 
always seen its primary task as the sharing of 
the Gospel with those outside of Christ. However, 
they also realized that the Gospel is not only to 
be shared, but it is also to be lived. It places 
responsibilities on all who claim Christ as Savior 
and Lord to portray Him visibly in the way they 
relate (1) to their Father in heaven — by a love- 
motivated obedience to His will; (2) to the Chris- 
tian community — by giving of themselves in loving 
commitment and sacrifice; and (3) to the outside 
world — by going the "extra mile" in self-denying 
service. Because they viewed Matt. 5:9, 43-47 and 
Matt. 25:31-46 just as much Jesus' words as Matt. 
28:19-20, they believed one's attitudes toward the 
hungry and toward war in general were visible 
means of manifesting His Spirit to a lost world. 

I fully agree with Brother Carroll (April 
"Letters") that these problems will not be resolved 
fully except by Christ's return, and I also realize 
that theologians quibble over the meaning of the 
phrase "the least of these my brethren" (Matt. 
25:40) and over the application of the Sermon 
on the Mount to the present age. But will the One 
who felt indiscriminate compassion for 5000 
hungry men (besides women and children) be 
impressed by the excuses American Christians 
give when confronted by their general insensi- 
bility to the needs of a spiritually lost and physi- 
cally hungry world? Will the One who told us to 
love our enemies and who blessed the peace- 
makers be swayed by our reasons for not being 
fully committed to the work of reconciliation 
among our neighbors, whether they be local, na- 
tional, or international? Let us preach, teach, and 
live the whole Gospel! 

—Dale R. Stoffer 
Pasadena, Calif. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^^^ The Brethren ^ • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

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Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
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Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
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"Sisters" of the Brethren: 
Mary Sterling (top left), Laura 
Grossnickle (top rt.), Sarah 
Righter Major (hot. left), Mrs. 
U. J. Shively (hot. rt.). See 
article on pages 4-7. 
Cover design by Howard Mack 

Vol. 101, No. 5 

May 1979 

4 The Sisters of fhe Brethren 

by Susan White 

8 Words I Never Heard My Mother Say 

by Jean Lersch 

10 Appreciation for Faithful Service 

by Virgil Ingraham 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

11 Challenges and Opportunities for Women 

by Joan Ronk 

Brethren Christian Education 

14 Seeking and Serving 

15 New in 1979: Cerro Gordo BYC 

16 Demonstrating Potential: Walcrest BYC 

17 Life Under the Son: Sarasota BYC 

18 May: National Youth Month 
27 Summer Crusader Program: 

Off the Drawing Board 


2 Letters 

19 The Salt Shaker 

20 Update 

26 As I See it 


The feature section of this issue of The Brethren Evangelist 
focuses on women. This is a particularly appropriate emphasis for 
May, when the celebration of Mother's Day turns our attention to 
mothers in particular and women in general. 

In the lead article, The Sisters of the Brethren, Susan White looks 
at the role women have played in the Brethren Church since its be- 
ginning in 1708. The next two articles, Words / Never Heard My 
Mother Say by Jean Lersch and Appreciation for Faithful Service by 
Virgil Ingraham, provide present-day examples of the contributions 
of Brethren women. 

The monthly feature. Perspectives for the Eighties, is also written 
by a woman. It is entitled Challenges and Opportunities for Women, 
and in it Joan Ronk expresses her belief that the eighties will offer 
women even greater opportunities to fulfill their God-given role as 

Drawings on pages 15, 16, 17, and 27 are by Chuck Bowers, a student at Ashland College. 

May 1979 

Sarah Righter Major 

sketch by Susan White 

•T^E YEAR is 1708. The place is Schwar- 
1 zenau in Germany. On this memorable 
day the Brethren Church, after years in 
gestation, was born. Down into the waters 
of believers' baptism went eight people, 
declaring by this act their faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ, their obedience to Him, and 
their separation from the organized church. 

Who were these eight individuals who 
stood boldly for their faith? Led by 
Alexander Mack, there followed four other 
men and three women. Here we see making 
up almost half of the original ''Brethren 
Church" the sisters of the Brethren. 

The name Brethren is perhaps mislead- 
ing, sounding very male oriented. But it 
was, in fact, a name to suggest a family and 
to indicate the love and unity among its 
members. It in no way eliminated the sis- 
ters or put them in inferior standing. In 
fact, in some areas the church was later 
referred to as the ''Community of Brethren 
and Sisters." 

Persecution followed. The Brethren found 
themselves pushed from town to town, 
territory to territory. It was a hard time 
for them, especially for Brethren women 
who were constantly pulling up their home 

of the 

by Susan White 

roots and moving on to another temporary 

Wherever the Brethren went they were 
not silent about their faith. Although much 

Susan White is a student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary from which she will 
receive a master of arts degree in biblical 
studies this June. She is also a member of 
the Park Street Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


of the response was unfavorable, many- 
people did count the cost and enter into 
the fellowship. Of the 255 recorded bap- 
tisms in Europe, 88 of those joining the 
Brethren were women. 

There were also women in leadership 
positions during this time. Brother Jacob 
Schreder and his wife were both called and 
invested with the office of elder. Sister 
Schreder was invested by Alexander Mack, 
himself, at Schwarzenau. She continued 
serving the church in this office even seven 
years following her husband's death. 

By 1719, the Brethren were ready to 
make a more drastic move. America ap- 
peared to the Brethren as the fertile ground 
on which their faith could grow. So in that 
year, the first group of Brethren set sail 
for the distant shores of the New Land. A 
special strength from the Lord was surely 
needed for the sisters to meet this new 
challenge of cutting all old ties to establish 
a home in a distant and foreign environ- 

In America 

The Brethren were able to live and to 
continue the growth of their church with 
relative peace in their new country until 
the 1770's. Then conflicts with the ideas 
of the revolutionaries and the fear of hav- 
ing their religion come under subjection of 
the new nation caused the Brethren to seek 
out the freedom of the West. Communities 
were begun primarily in Ohio, Indiana, and 
ininois. This migration not only required 
much bravery on the part of the Brethren 
men who went out into the wild and un- 
charted areas to establish new settlements, 
but also on the part of their women who 
remained at home. 

As the Brethren moved west, individual 
families became isolated from the rest of 
the congregation. This put a whole new 
emphasis on the importance of the family. 
Each family was forced to develop an inde- 
pendence and unity of its own. Although 
the father was the head of the household, 
the mother could certainly be character- 
ized as the head of the home. The man's 
responsibilities called him away from the 
house. The woman's activities, on the other 
hand, were centered in the home. 

Besides keeping house in her small, often 
inconvenient, cabin, the wife was also called 
upon to serve as chief educator of the chil- 
dren, giving them their religious as well as 
their general education. 

Women were regarded as equals within 
the church, for the most part. As with the 
men, they were expected to follow the or- 

dinances of the Brethren. Their garments 
were to be simple and modest, following the 
guidelines given by the church. 

One controversial issue did arise in the 
church in regards to women — primarily due 
to the activities of Sarah Righter Major. 
That issue was, ''Does a sister have the 
right to preach?" 

Sarah Righter Major 

Sarah Righter, the daughter of Brethren 
minister John Righter of Philadelphia, was 
born August 28, 1804. At the age of 18, 
under the ministry of Harriet Livermore, 
she made a definite commitment to Christ. 
It seems that Sarah not only received the 
Lord at this time, but also the seeds to her 
particular calling in life. For it was not 
long after this that she began to feel the 
call to preach. This unsettled her greatly, 
because this was not the acceptable role 
for a young woman in the church. Her 
father, however, did not scoff at her. On 
the contrary, he encouraged her and helped 
her to begin her public ministry right there 
in Philadelphia. From there she was invited 
to preach at the Amwell Church in New 
Jersey, then by many different churches. 

Her ministry was generally well-received, 
and there was seldom a church that did 
not eagerly invite her back. Many attended 
her services out of curiosity at hearing a 
''woman preacher," but it was not long 
until it was the desire to hear God's Word 
vibrantly presented that drew them. 

All did not favor the right of a woman to 
preach, though. The Annual Meeting of 
1834 did not approve of a sister preaching, 
"Considering such sister to be in danger, 
not only exposing her own state of grace 
to temptation, but also causing temptation. 

"The desire of the women +o work 
within the church came from hearts 
intent on doing the will of God." 

discords and disputes among other mem- 
bers."* Then again in 1839, Annual Meeting 
declared that a sister may prophesy but 
may not preach or teach. 

Concerned about Sister Sarah's welfare 
and that of the denomination, a delegation 
was sent to inform her that she was to 
stop preaching. Their mission was never 
quite accomplished, however, because upon 

"^ Henry Kurtz, ed., The Brethren's Encyclo- 
pedia (Columbiana, Ohio, 1867) p. 181. 

May 1979 

their arrival the men just could not tell her 
to stop preaching. One of them, James 
Tracy of Indiana, recorded, '1 could not 
give my voice to silence one who can out- 
preach me." They left her to continue her 

Sarah Major was not the only woman 
preaching during the 1800's. Mrs. Clara 
Flora was called to the ministry in the 
Brethren Church in 1892 and continued for 
many years afterwards. She was regularly 
employed as a pastor and evangelist, some- 
times preaching for three or four congre- 
gations and holding her own revivals. All 
of the rights and duties of the ministry 
were hers, including conducting baptisms, 
marriages, communions, and funerals. 

In 1899, Mary Bauman, the wife of 
Brethren minister Louis Bauman, was 
ordained to the ministry in Indiana. In her 
husband's absence she would take his place 
in the pulpit, and his people were delighted 
to have her do so. 

Mary Sterling 

was a strong 

supporter of 

the SSCE. 

She was also 

an ordained 


in the 


District and 

baptized 48 



1889 and 





Not all of the strong female personalities 
left their mark on the Brethren Church by 
way of preaching. An unpublished bio- 
graphy by J. C. Myers tells of the influence 
his sister Catherine had on those around 

Catherine's life (1833-1863) was charac- 
terized by her service to others. She loved 
to teach children, especially about the gos- 
pel. Her correspondence with friends was 
filled with encouragement. Her brother 
wrote of her, 'In nothing was her fidelity 
to Christ and her piety more strikingly 
exhibited than in her fondness for her Bible 
and her intense anxiety for the Salvation 
of others."* 

Catherine's short life manifested the 
goals and ideals of many Brethren women 
at the time. The fact that their names have 
not been recorded makes them no less 

In 1882, a schism took place in the 
church. From the more moderate group 
split off in one direction the Brethren who 
wanted to keep the old ways and traditions. 
In the other direction split off those Breth- 
ren who wanted to utilize all of the new 
opportunities being presented around them. 
It is this group of Progressive Brethren 
that we will continue to view. 

In the process of organizing the new 
church body, it was apparent that th? 

'^•Roger Sappington, The Brethren in the New 
Nation (Elgin: The Brethren Press, 1976), pp. 

women's work needed a structured place 
in the church. So in 1887, after having a 
committee deal with the problem, a resolu- 
tion was made at General Conference for 
the establishment of an organization to 
be known as the Sister's Society for Chris- 
tian Endeavor (SSCE). Its primary pur- 
pose was to raise money for the Brethren 

Although a women's organization was 
officially recognized by the denomination, 
few women eagerly supported it. It was 
totally without precedent in their church 
tradition, and they were unsure of its 
scriptural basis. Mary Sterling and others 
encouraged the solid establishment of SSCE 
groups in local churches. Laura Grossnickle, 
an ordained minister in the church, pre- 
sented stirring addresses at General Con- 
ferences emphasizing the need for women 
to use their God-given talents for the work 
of the church. She effectively used her own 
talents to help organize many local SSCE 
groups. By 1897, the church had a total of 
88 working societies with about 2000 mem- 
bers. The SSCE was no longer an experi- 
ment but an integral part of the church. 

The women's projects branched out from 
the original purpose of supporting the 
Evangelist. They were concerned about the 
preparation of young men and women for 
the ministry, so they helped to establish a 
theological department at Ashland College. 
Much of their finances also went toward 
the individual support of those being edu- 
cated for the ministry. This did much to 
promote the growth of new leadership with- 
in the church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Many literary contributions were made 
by women during this time, with their arti- 
cles appearing regularly in the Brethren 
Evangehst. The April 22, 1908, issue of 
the Evangelist was devoted primarily to 
the women of the church. 

As the need for communication among 
the Brethren women increased, sections in 
the Evangelist were seen as inadequate. 
Therefore, in 1912 The Woman's Outlook 
was first published, a magazine devoted 
entirely to the work of women in the 

In 1911-1913, the issue of women preach- 
ing in the church appeared again. As 
women had so many other areas of service 
now opening up to them, they could not 
understand why preaching was a problem. 
Well-written articles giving sound scrip- 
tural arguments were presented by women 
in the Brethren Evangelist. 

Down through the years the sisters of 
the church continued to heed the call to 
service. As mission awareness grew within 
the church, the women sought to do their 
part in spreading the gospel. Many women, 
both singly and with husbands, went boldly 
to the foreign mission field to serve as 
nurses, teachers, and helpmeets. Those 
who remained at home supported them in 
every way possible. 

Woman's Missionary Society 

As the outlook of the women became 
more and more mission oriented, they 
decided that the name Sister's Society of 
Christian Endeavor no longer suited them, 
so in 1919 it was changed to the Woman's 
Missionary Society (WMS). 

In addition to supporting mission work 
abroad, WMS came up with some creative 
home ''mission" projects. One of the first 
of these was the development of the Sister- 
hood of Mary and Martha (SMM). Its aim 
was to train the young women of the 
church for the deepening of their spiritual 

Other important recipients of the sup- 
port of WMS were Ashland College and 
Seminary. Between 1913 and 1937, the 
WMS donated over $50,000 to these insti- 
tutions. Then in 1941, they took on the job 
of raising money for a new chapel for 
Ashland College. During the next ten years 
they raised over $46,000, and in 1950 they 
were ready to begin construction. The ded- 
ication of the finished chapel was held at 
the General Conference of 1952, standing 
as a fitting monument to the dedicated 
work of so many of the sisters in the 

V, A, 

^ ^ •** 

■ \-^]-7^, ;,;:- 

Laying the cornerstone of the Ashland College 
chapel. Mrs. U. J. Shively (at right), WMS presi- 
dent from 1919 to 1952, initiated this project 
among the women, who raised over $46,000 for the 

Much has transpired in the work of the 
women in the church since 1952. Brethren 
women have explored new areas of service 
and have accepted the new challenges that 
have come. But these areas, which make 
up an entire subject of their own, are be- 
yond the limits of this article. 


In conclusion, it must be said that the 
men and women of the Brethren have both 
served indispensible roles in the building 
of their church. Neither role has been su- 
perior. The desire of the women to work 
within the church came from hearts intent 
on doing the will of God. Whether the job 
was cooking, cleaning, raising children, or 
sewing ; or whether it was teaching, preach- 
ing, building churches, or praying, each 
woman ministered in the area of her own 
calling. Roles and areas of ministry were 
ever changing even as the times in which 
they lived were filled with change. 

The ministry of women in the Brethren 
Church today is probably the most efficient 
and far-reaching it has ever been. That does 
not mean that they may now stop striving 
or setting new goals. Tomorrow is filled 
with an abundance of new challenges and 
opportunities. May women, who have been 
characterized in the past by hearts of faith, 
seek to use their abilities and talents even 
more effectively for the work of the Lord 
in the future. May the men of the church 
be filled with faith as well, as they not only 
allow, but encourage and support their 
women in the endeavors which they 
attempt. The strength of the church lies 
in the freedom each member gives the other 
to be and to do all which the Lord 
directs. □ 

May 1979 

Words I 

Never Heard 

My Mother Say 

Ida Oliver Lindower 

Jean Lersch pays tribute to her mother, Mrs. Ida Lindower. 

MY MOTHER doesn't grope for words. 
She has miUions of them stored in her 
mind. Words hke prestidigitator, melliflu- 
ous, ennui, modicum cascade from her hps 
and typewriter as easily as children sled- 
ding down the snow-covered hill at the 
McKinley monument in Canton, Ohio, 
where she was born. And like the peaks of 
the Appalachian Mountains, where she 
lived at one time, that mind is the source 
for streams of quotations from the Psalms, 
the prophets, the Gospels, and the epistles, 
as well as Browning, Keats, Shakespeare, 
Milton, and Wordsworth. All of these add 
zest regularly to her conversations and 
have in the past spiced lectures to college 
composition classes. Why, there are few 
words my mother doesn't know. 

But there are some words my mother has 
never spoken. And this avoidance has not 
been predetermined. I don't believe she has 
it in her mettle to utter these words I have 
often heard elsewhere. She did study 
Greek in college in 1926, but some phrases 
are totally foreign to her. 

One resounds in minor key from many 
others her age and younger. Some of her 
contemporaries self-righteously proclaim, 
"IVe done my share!" Mother never said 
that. And yet, she has more right than 
most to make that claim. 

How many times we entertained at our 
Christmas, Thanksgiving, and Easter table 
a student far away from home. And, too, 

Jean Lersch is a Christian Education Consuhant 
with Brethren House Ministries, St. Petersburg, Fla., 
and a free-lance writer. 

the occasions when Mother scrubbed 
Grandma Shiveley's (no relation, just a 
sweet old friend) kitchen and bathroom 
floors remain clear in my mental scrapbook 
of memories. 

Yet today, in her ''retirement," Mother 
still entertains the lonely as well as her own 
children and grandchildren when they come 
to town. And several older ladies at a con- 
valescent center weekly receive her special 
care. She'll drive them to a gift store to 
select greeting cards, hem and alter their 
dresses to fit age-stooped backs, read to 
blind Savilla, and even calm those recalci- 
trant from senility with a constant supply 
of Life Savers. And when one of her ''old 
people" is too weak or tired to attend the 
house social event, Mother will trek back 
to her room, tuck her in, and kiss her good 
night. She wheels them back and forth 
from bedroom to club room several days 
each week. 

For several years Mother also helped 
exercise Cathy, a brain-damaged daughter 
of a friend. This young girl in her early 
twenties, whose skull was fractured in an 
automobile accident, gave little sign of 
recognition during all of those years. But 
Mother, along with many other concerned 
friends, spent hours patterning Cathy and 
stimulating her with conversation. 

My mother say, "I've done my share"? 

Never ! 
Neither can I dream of Mother saying, 
"I owe it to myself." 

It's just not in her character. But why 
shouldn't she claim that right? After all, 
her father worked twelve hours a day seven 
days a week for the Pennsylvania Railroad 


The Brethren Evangelist 

and had little for extras for his wife and 
three daughters. And later, during those 
depression years, pay checks sometimes 
didn't appear at the parsonage in the small 
Indiana town where Dad was pastor. And 
then when he had moved to the Ohio col- 
lege job during the war years. Mother 
squeezed dozens of capsules of yellow color- 
ing into white blocks of oleomargarine. 

As the pay checks became steady and 
even increased in amount during my dad's 
years as college dean. Mother never enter- 
tained the idea of hoarding. In fact, I know 
of several college students she has finan- 
cially assisted, anonymously. Her church 
contributions increased as the salary did, 
and my folks gave regularly to the college 
fund-raising campaigns. 

Still, today, Mother keeps on giving. In- 
stead of stockpiling trinkets to dust and 
fashionable clothing to wear and store, 
Mother sews many of her own clothes and 
some for her teenage granddaughter, and 
also crochets sweaters and afghans for 
friends. Her most recent creation is Hugo, 
a rakish crocheted panda bear with rolling 
eyes for her great-grandson Michael. 

Mother say, '1 owe it to myself"? I'd 
sooner expect to hear William Buckley talk 
jive or Gomer Pyle converse in Elizabethan 

The other refrain I've heard repeatedly, 
but never from my mom is, "We never did 
it that way before," implying, ''You 
shouldn't try it." 

Even though her perspective is aligned 
to knowledge of antiquities, her vision en- 
compasses today's events and she has an 
eye for the future. Whether she's learning 
the fine points of wrestling from her 
grandson in college or supporting educa- 
tional innovaters, she shows interest in 
people and their dreams. 

In her 




continues to 

offer a 

helping hand 

or a gentle 


Rather than say, "I've done my share," Mrs. 
Lindower spends one day a week doing volunteer 
work at Brethren Care. Reading letters for resi- 
dents is just one way she continues to serve. 

To keep her own mental machinery oiled 
these days that she is away from teaching 
in the college classroom, she recently 
helped organize and later attended a com- 
munity course in humanities taught by 
professors in music, literature, science, and 
philosophy. One of the subjects of study 
in the course was an electronic synthesizer. 
Although Mother prefers Mendelssohn, her 
evaluation of the contemporary music- 
producer was, "Well, Mozart wasn't exactly 
cheered in his day." 

No, Mother wouldn't ever chide, 'We 
never did it that way before." Instead, she 
would say, "We'll never know until we try," 

My mother does disseminate words as 
profusely and appropriately as she scatters 
acts of service. But never have I heard her 
utter these short-sighted declarations: 
*'Fve done my share." 
"I owe it to myself." 
"We never did it that way before." 

This poem I discovered that Mother 
wrote years ago explains her philosophy 
that precludes such statements. 

Dear Lord, I long to honor Thee 
With mighty deeds ivrought by 

Thy grace; 
But I cannot create a ivorld 
Or fling bright stars out into space. 
I have no power infinite 
Whereby I bid the lame mari, ''Rise 
And walk/' or yet the blind man, ''See" ; 
But warmly in my heart there lies 
Abundant love. Enable me 
To spend it — 71 ot on friends I pHze 
Alone — on all in need, I've found; 
Then by my love Thou shaft be crowned! 

by Ida Oliver Lindower 

May 1979 

Appreciation for Faitliful Service 

by Virgil Ingraham 

THE retirement of Mrs. Marion M. 
Mellinger on February 28th marked the 
conclusion of an unusually fine missionary 
ministry. Mrs. Mellinger, better known to 
her friends as "Mickey," served for more 
than fifteen years as Administrative Assis- 
tant of the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Mellinger will be remembered by the 
Brethren attending General Conference 
over the years as the congenial secretary 
who assisted them and answered their 
varied inquiries about Brethren missions. 
She will be remembered by board members, 
missionaries, and staff as the person who 
performed endless tasks in seeing to their 
needs — whether it be during board meet- 
ings, providing special information, or giv- 
ing a helping hand to someone requiring 

A person of remarkable ability, Marion 
not only carried out most capably her many 
office functions, but also wrote missionary 
articles, edited the board's publications, 
supervised at missionary banquets, and 
oversaw the Missionary Board displays at 

At a luncheon on February 28th, friends and 
associates honored Mrs. MeUinger and her husband 
Delbert for their faithful service to the Lord and 
the Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Marion Mellinger at the desk where she 
performed her missionary ministry so faithfully 
and capably for more than 15 years. 

General Conferences — just to mention a 
few of the extra contributions she made. 

Friends and associates met on February 
28th for a luncheon held in her honor. A 
portable television set was presented to 
her as a token of appreciation and remem- 
brance by Missionary Board members and 
the Missionary Board staff. Her husband, 
Delbert, was appropriately included in this 
occasion, for few people have any knowl- 
edge of the extent of the behind-the-scenes 
assistance and support he gave his wife as 
together they faithfully served the Lord 
and the Brethren Church. 

We join their host of friends in extending 
our best wishes to Marion and Delbert 
Mellinger as they continue their ministry 
in the love of God, perhaps at a slower 
pace, but with ever-present joy and 

Rev. Ingraham is General Secretary of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

Challenges and Opportunities 

for Women 

Joan Ronk believes that the eighties will offer women even 
greater opportunities to fulfill their God-given role as 

THE concept of women in leadership 
roles in contrast with being **just 
housewives" is not new. Incidentally, who 
wants to be the wife of a house? A home- 
maker is the term I prefer for that pro- 
fession ! 

From biblical history we quickly think of 
Sarah, the homemaker, who became a 
mother at the old (according to our modern 
standards) age of 91. We also remember 
Deborah in politics, Lydia in business, 
Esther in government, and Ruth, the widow 
who labored. The list could continue. 

My point is that women have always 
been leaders in various professions. There 
tends to be a cycle of independence, de- 
pendence; equality, inequality; conserva- 
tive, radical. Woman's suffrage, women's 
lib — these movements have brought 
changes, no doubt about it. Some changes 
have been good. 

Now, what will be the role of women in 
the next decade? I believe the role women 

Mrs. Ronk is a wife, 
the mother of two 
married and two high 
school age children, 
and secretary for the 
Vice President for 
Resource Develop- 
ment of Ashland 
College. She is also 
active in the Brethren 
Church at the local, 
district, and national 

' \ jA m* • '' 1 \ I- • -' * 'is'^l 


will play in the eighties will be very similar 
to that for which they were created — but 
culture or society will affect the method 
of performing this role. 

Women to be helpmeets 

We remember that the Lord God caused 
a deep sleep to fall on Adam. Then, from 
one of Adam's ribs. He made a woman to 
be a helpmeet for him. (Gen. 2:18, 21-22). 
As a helpmeet, what is expected of us? 
Woman is to be a helper suitable for man — 
a companion who will assist, encourage, 
support, and love her husband. Behavioral 
guidelines for wives (and husbands) 
abound in the Bible. Proverbs 31, Ephesians 
5, Philippians 4, Colossians 3, and I Peter 3 
are my favorites. 

Woman has the desire to love and to be 
loved. It is my belief that love encompasses 
all the other definitions of a helpmeet. 
Because I love my husband, I will assist, 
encourage, support, respect, honor, and 
obey him. He and I are willing to accept 
each other's weaknesses because I love him 
and he loves me. 

There are different kinds of love. Nothing 
can compare with the supreme love — God's 
love for me and mine for Him. This is the 
first and great commandment, that I love 
Him. Then I am commanded to love my 
neighbor. Who is he? Neighbor/friend; 
teacher/student ; pastor/parishioner ; em- 
ployer/employee. Family love is special, 
too: husband/wife; parent /child ; sister/ 

Christ instructs us how we should live 
in His new commandment, sometimes re- 

May 1979 



It is my belief that love encompasses all the other 
definitions of a helpmeet. Because I love my husband, 
I will assist, encourage, support, respect, honor, and 
obey him/' 

f erred to as the 11th commandment: ''A 
new commandment I give unto you, That 
ye love one another; as I have loved you, 
that ye also love one another" (John 13: 
34). Christ loves each individual in a gen- 
eral way and in a specific way. In general — 
He died for all the sins of all of us. 
Specifically — he loves us each according to 
our need. 

This is the pattern for our love : generally 
— that we love one another; specifically — 
as we can strengthen or complement needs. 
And so we love, and the way we love in 
each classification will vary. Remember to 
love the right way at the right time, and 
don't mix them up! 

Woman also has the desire for self- 
respect. After her love for God and her 
love for her neighbor and family comes 
love for herself. Because it is last, it need 
not be least. A low self-esteem is harmful, 
depressing, and against God's will. God 
made us in His image and He does not make 
mistakes! I have gone through some days 
of self-pity but soon realized what a waste 
of emotion and energy they were! Replace 
self-pity with self-love ! A woman's attitude 
can establish the tone of the home and set 
the pace for the day. Think on Philippians 

God's plan for the unmarried 

Up to this point I have written to women 
who are married. I believe, however, that it 
is in God's plan that not everyone be 
married. Some ladies, as well as men, are 
chosen to live their lives unmarried. Paul 
gives instructions to the unmarried in 
I Corinthians 7. Unique opportunities are 
given to those without responsibility for 
husband/wife/children. Accept this special 
gift of celibacy (being able to remain un- 
married), and be a helpmeet to your 
fellowmen. Immediately we think of priests 
and nuns, but also consider for a minute 
the multitude of Marys and Marthas who 
serve in all occupations around the world. 
Their first responsibility is to someone in 
need, not to a family. 

Widows also serve in an outstanding 
position. Much of I Corinthians 7 applies 
to them. Sometimes the widows and wid- 
owers are not able to leave their homes 
and embark on a new vocation. But they 
can serve as an important helpmeet to a 
younger parent, to a child, or to a shut-in. 
Some may identify with a program: Big 
Brothers, Pal-Gal, Gray Lady, pen pal, 
prayer partner, a listener. Others may do 
their own thing as the Lord leads. 

Oppor+uni+ies in the eighties 

In the eighties there will be more oppor- 
tunities and challenges for women who 
want to be employed away from home. 
Inventions and research will continue to 
open up new occupations, many of which 
have not even been thought of today. We 
don't know how women will fit into these 
opportunities; that will be the challenge. 
For the employed woman there are new 
requirements. Status is nothing compared 
with demand, responsibility, competition, 
and endurance. 

Along with those new professions (those 
yet to be discovered) are the current pro- 
fessions (those which will never be re- 
placed) — the helpmeet at home and the 

Competition with men in public life is 
sometimes tough, but being a mother is 
designated for women only! The joy of 
conception, feeling the wiggles inside, then 
holding a new creation are indescribable. 
Being a mother is a unique experience, but 
being a Christian mother is particularly 
blessed. Hannah's example of loaning 
Samuel to the Lord established the prin- 
ciple that we follow of dedicating our chil- 
dren to the Lord (I Samuel 1:28). Paul 
refers to Timothy's mother (Eunice) and 
his grandmother (Lois) and the faith they 
instilled in young Timothy. In the eighties, 
will anyone refer to the sound Christian 
teaching in our homes? 

Mothers need to realize the impact of 
their years at home with pre-schoolers. 
During these formative years a child needs 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''Within the next decade, the Brethren Church will 
continue to find needs and to meet those needs. . . . 
Women will continue to play a major role ... no 
matter where they serve or in what capacity.'' 

to learn self -worth, values, and security. 
Soon enough the world will become the 
teacher, providing some necessary and some 
unnecessary knowledge. How fortunate is 
the child who has learned the importance 
of himself — respect, not conceit — and has 
been taught good values by his mother. The 
best opportunity for training on a one-to- 
one basis comes before grade 1, with mother 
as the teacher. 

So far my thoughts have been on women 
in general and Christian women in par- 
ticular. First, I am a woman; second, a 
Christian ; and then a Brethren. This is how 
I categorize you. As a Christian woman, 
I have presented the preceding thoughts, 
applicable to Christian women of any de- 
nomination. To Christian women who are 
Brethren, I ask, ''Where do we fit in the 

Opportunities for Brethren wonnen 

There are opportunities to serve Christ 
in more than Christian education and 
music or as a missionary or minister's wife. 
The denominational boards, Ashland 
College, and Ashland Theological Seminary 
will need women in administrative, teach- 
ing, and secretarial positions. Consider, too, 
professions coupled with world missionary 
service. I fondly remember Dr. Florence 
Gribble, the lady doctor-missionary in 
French Equatorial Africa. More recently we 
have had Beatrice Bischof, Jenny Loi, and 
Dr. Sujata Kumar following in the medical 
profession. The need for medical mission- 
aries will increase as population and pov- 
erty increase. Teachers at the Riverside 
Christian Training School in Kentucky are 
needed annually. Tentmakers have been 
welcomed in Derby, Medina, Town and 
Country, and Brandon. As the Brethren 

denomination plants additional churches 
(two per year), many additional tent- 
makers will be needed. 

Full-time Christian workers 

Actually, Christ called us to be full-time 
Christian workers in everything we do. 
This does not apply to a few occupations 
only. Where I am, I see obvious needs. In 
your community, you look for the obvious 

Within the next decade, the Brethren 
Church will continue to find needs and to 
meet those needs with its resources — 
human and material. Women will continue 
to play a major role in that ministry as 
Christians, no matter where they serve or 
in what capacity. The Brethren Church 
will grow, but each congregation needs to 
be organized to meet the needs of its 
locality — knocking, inquiring, helping, and 
nurturing. The rate of growth is in direct 
proportion to the lay leadership — the 
women being the helpmeets to the men. 

What are women's challenges and oppor- 
tunities in the eighties? Women will con- 
tinue to be liberated so that they can be 
individuals, not extremists. They will be 
free to be helpmeets, not revolutionists. 
The success of this freedom depends upon 
our own attitudes. Where have we placed 
God in our own lives? 

Our prayer 

Our prayer should be the couplet from 
the hymn-writer, William Bradbury. It will 
be effective in the 1980's, just as it has 
been since the 1880's: 

Savior, like a shepherd, lead us. 
Much we need Thy tender care. 

''Women will continue to be liberated so that they can 
be individuals, not extremists . . . helpmeets, not 

May 1979 



Seeking and Serving 


T HAVE just finished reading the 

official magazine of another Breth- 
ren denomination, and I am amazed 
at the number of new churches they 
are planting. The pages were full of 
pictures of new congregations that 
are seeking and serving the Lord. 
God is working with people who are 
working with Him. 

But what about our Brethren 
denomination? What is the Brethren 
Church doing about church planting? 
Certainly we are doing something! 
Yes, the churches are growing in 
Tampa, Brandon, Medina, and Butler. 
Two years ago there were no Breth- 
ren churches in these communities; 
today there are. God is working with 
those who are willing to work with 
Him. Plans are underway for more 
churches to be planted in the near 
future. Through church planting the 
Brethren Church is reaching out. 

But there is another kind of church 
planting in which the Brethren 
Church should be reaching in. For 
many years we have heard that "our 
Brethren young people are the church 
of tomorrow." And this is true. Our 
most valuable resource, besides the 
Lord, is our youth. They will become 
the church of tomorrow. And wheth- 
er we realize it or not, we are plant- 
ing the Brethren Church of tomorrow 
with our Brethren Youth of today. 

We have a responsibility to see 
that our youth are nurtured to be- 
come mature Christian adults who 
are seeking God's will. We need to 

"Our most valuable resource, 
besides the Lord, Is our 
youth. They will become the 
church of tomorrow." 

cultivate their interest in serving 
Christ and the Brethren Church. 

We are planting and growing a 
new Brethren Church among our- 
selves. We need to be aware of the 
examples and teaching we are giving 
our youth. We must lead and encour- 
age them to grow into a strong 
brotherhood — one which God will 
bless because it is seeking and serv- 
ing Him. 

The following pages share what 
some of our Brethren churches are 
doing to encourage their youth and 
to help them grow into a strong 
church. They also share what the 
youth are doing in serving Christ. We 
should be excited by what we read 
and what we see. New congregations 
will grow because of these activities. 
God is working with people who are 
willing to work with Him. I pray that 
the Brethren Church today is willing 
to follow God's leading in ministry 
to its youth in order to build a church 
that will grow — both inwardly and 
outwardly. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren Christian Education 

Klew in 1979: 

Cerro Gordo BTC 

A BRAND new addition to National 
BYC this year is Cerro Gordo, Illinois. 
Over forty youth from this church are 
registered nationally for the first time! 

The youth here are actively seeking 
God's presence in their lives through a 
weekly Bible study program. The senior 
high group, led by Mike and Becky Dunn, 
is studying ''Caution: Christians Under 
Construction," and the junior highs, with 
advisors Larry and Judy Shafer and Norma 
Martin, are using the ''Son Power" series 
from Scripture Press. 

In addition to these two groups, Cerro 
Gordo has two younger groups — "Jet 
Cadets" (grades 4-6), led by Orville and 
Nancy Ryder and Karen Livingston, and 
"Whirlybirds," for children in grades 1-3. 
Both of these groups use the materials from 
Success with Youth. The attendance at 
these four Bible study programs is very 
good, and the youth are learning a great 

Perhaps the most outstanding facet of 
their program is the Learning Center on 
Sunday mornings. The Learning Center 
attracts approximately 20-30 children from 
the church and community each Sunday. 
Several children are members of other 
churches, but come to Cerro Gordo Breth- 
ren for the Learning Center. It is conducted 
for children in grades 2-5, but the children 
aren't the only ones benefitting from it. 
The teachers realize their responsibility to 
these children and strive to make it worth- 
while for all. In the process, they learn as 
much as the children do! 

Cerro Gordo should be congratulated for 
its active, growing youth program. Al- 
though they have the smallest church 
building in the community, they have the 
largest attendance. And they will continue 
to grow as they go on seeking God's will 
and serving in the ministry He has planned 
for them. □ 

May 1979 


Brethren Christian Education 

Demonstrating Potential: 

Walcrest BTC 

UNDER the direction of Ralph and Jan 
Brown and Linda Zerbe, the Walcrest 
BYC (Mansfield, Ohio) is seeking the Lord 
in many ways. While the adults are having 
their weekly Bible studies on Wednesday 
evenings at the church, the youth are 
having their own innovative studies on 
subjects which are applicable to today's 
way of life. The studies are led by Ralph 
Brown, who digs into his own research and 
uses a variety of materials on subjects he 
feels will be interesting and useful to the 
youth. The response is very positive. 

One way Walcrest BYC'ers are serving 
God is by volunteering to clean the church 
building once a month. (This volunteer 
service is shared by other members of the 
church in the absence of a full-time jan- 
itor.) Usually the cleaning is made into 
an all-day event, with lunch and recreation 
following the completion of the chores. 

This group of approximately fifteen 
youth worked hard on an Easter pageant 
for the annual Easter sunrise service. They 
had complete charge of the service and 
were excited about serving the church in 
this way. The play they gave required 
props, costumes, and much coordination, 
which the kids handled all on their own. 

Another large project the group has 
undertaken is raising money to rent 
"Friendly House," a nearby recreational 
center, for the fall district youth rally they 
are hosting. Some of the methods they used 
to raise money have been a rock-a-thon, a 
bake sale, and a booth at a local school fair 
to sell crafts they had made themselves. 

The Walcrest church is undoubtedly 
proud of its youth, who, though young, are 
becoming active in the church's total pro- 
gram. They occasionally have charge of an 

evening service, and they enjoy singing 
together as a group for special music on 
Sunday mornings. This group certainly 
possesses much potential and should be 
commended for its efforts to seek the Lord 
and serve the church. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren Christian Education 

Life Under the Son: 

Sarasota BTC 

LIFE under the Son in Sarasota, Florida, 
is bringing growth to the Brethren 
Youth there. The church is in full support 
of its youth, and both church and youth 
are growing in spiritual health and out- 
reach for Jesus Christ. 

Associate Pastor Robert Dillard, with 
the help of his wife Juanita, Ken and Linda 
Newsome, and Tom and Kathy Provenzano, 
is leading the Sarasota BYC in many ser- 
vice projects, fund-raising activities, Bible 
studies, and community outreach programs. 

A strong base for the Sarasota youth 
program is provided by seeking God in Bible 
study. The youth have used various ma- 
terials, including the ''10-4 Good Buddy" 
series from Serendipity. In open, honest 
discussions, they have been able to express 
their feelings and ideas about Jesus and 
their faith. 

Another form of expression is in service 
to God in their community. Both the BYC 
advisors and several of the youth were 
involved in Christian Life and Witness 
classes, which prepared them to be coun- 
selors for the Billy Graham Crusade in 
Tampa in March. 

The youth have been involved in many 
projects which support their local church, 
like raising money to help buy a van for 
the church. They have also been faithful in 
giving to the national BYC project and have 
this year challenged the Park Street youth 
for highest total offering to the project 

Finding youth advisors is sometimes a 
problem for our churches, but Sarasota 
would like to share its solution. The church 
used a program called Nexus, which is a 
group learning kit that helps those going 
through the program to discover their 

spiritual gifts. Using it, the Sarasota 
church has been able to help members of 
the body to find and use their talents for 
God. They have acquired willing and cap- 
able leaders for various ministries of the 
church in this way. 

The Sarasota people feel strongly that 
their youth should have viable, mature 
Christian models to imitate. These models 
should not include only the pastor and 
youth advisors, but all other members of 
the church as well. Our Florida brethren 
are working hard to glorify our Lord and 
to build up His church. We are thankful for 
the ways they are seeking and serving 
Him. n 




May 1979 


Brethren Christian Education 

May: National Youth Month 

AS the previous three pages show, 
Brethren youth are on the move. 
They care about their church. They're 
seeking to know their Lord better 
and are raising money to give to His 
work. They are finding worthwhile 
ways to serve Him through their 
home churches. 

What part does the denominational 
Board of Christian Education play 
in all this? Let us share with you 
an outline of the BCE's extensive 
program with youth. 

In the fall, at the beginning of the 
new year, the BCE encourages every 
local church to register its youth 
members. In this way, we discover 
where our youth are and some of 
their possible needs. Each advisor 
then receives a packet containing a 
one-year planning calendar, national 
project promotion, resource ideas, 
and activity suggestions. Each youth 
member receives a subscription to 
the Brethren Youth magazine, the 
Morning Star. 

Throughout the year, the Morning 
Star brings BYC members inspira- 
tion, ideas, and news. Each group is 
sent a poster to promote the national 
project (this year's project is the 
mission work in Mexico). All Breth- 
ren college students whose names are 
sent to us receive a 4-page inspira- 
tional newsletter each month. 

The BCE sponsors a monthly 
prayer project in which local youth 

"Through all these BCE- 
sponsored youth activities, 
we are continually striving 
to develop our youth into 
mature Christian adults." 


groups are encouraged to pray for a 
specific concern each month. In 
addition, individuals are paired with 
BYC members from other districts as 
prayer partners. In these two pro- 
grams the youth learn the importance 
of prayer for others. 

The BCE also coordinates the ac- 
tivities of the National BYC Council. 
This is a body of Brethren youth 
leaders from across the nation who 
meet at least twice annually to help 
plan the annual youth convention and 
make suggestions on other youth- 
related activities. 

Each August, the Board of Chris- 
tian Education sponsors the National 
Youth Convention — the grand finale 
of the BYC year. Included in the 
convention are times of Bible study, 
inspirational speakers, inter-district 
fellowship, business meetings, and 
just plain fun. Some of the activities 
tentatively planned by the BCE for 
this year's convention are a film 
festival, an outstanding inspirational 
speaker, a sacred music concert, and 
the Second Annual Anjrthing Goes 
contest. The BYC project monies for 
the Mexican mission work will be 
turned in as the capstone to the year's 
hard work. Youth communion will, 
as usual, be a highlight of the week. 

Through all these BCE-sponsored 
youth activities, we are continually 
striving to develop our youth into 
mature Christian adults. We are en- 
deavoring to discover their talents, 
train them, and use them in service 
and leadership. 

Will you help us in this mission? 
Aren't our youth worth the effort? 
A gift to the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation for the May Youth Offering 
could help to influence the life of a 
young person you know. Please give, 
as the Lord leads, toward this vital 
work. Thank you. D 





^^ 9 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

The Christian is slowly, but surely, salting the earth 

The Christian as Salf 

TT takes courage to be salt. I am reminded 

of the words of Pericles to the citizens 
of Athens — ''The secret of hberty is 

The Christian is often like a lone sentinel 
holding forth an ethical standard that far 
surpasses any other philosophical or hu- 
manitarian system. He is the only true 
revolutionist in society today, and not part 
of the corrupt and depraved tyrannical 
nature of man that is intent on replacing 
one bad government with another bad 
government. Christians are not seeking to 
overthrow thrones and principalities. Their 
weapons of revolution are not grenades, 
guns, tanks, or missiles. Not even the fiery 
darts of condemnation. Their weapon is 

The Christian is slowly, but surely, salt- 
ing the earth. His ethic is, "Do unto others 
as you would be done by." He is a peace- 
maker — not a warmonger! Christians are 
the diplomats and mediators of society, not 
the agitators and saber rattlers. To voice 
the philosophy of the latter is to sit in the 
wrong pew in the wrong camp. 

To be sure, the Christian's very presence 
in society, if he is worth his salt, will have 
a revolutionary effect upon that society. 
The early Christians, by their leavening 
effect, turned society upside down (or right 
side up) . As far as I can discern, they never 
marched in protest, did not lie down in the 
streets halting the chariots, did not picket 
the temple fertility rites, and never rioted 
for religious freedom. 

Yet their presence so permeated society 
that it affected even the economy. Deme- 
trius, a maker of silver shrines, called to- 
gether the Guild of Shrine Makers (GSM) 

and blasted Paul for messing up the idol 
business. As a result, Paul and his com- 
panions had a riot on their hands. Not be- 
cause they had attempted to overthrow the 
city government of Ephesus, but because of 
the salty effects of the gospel they 
preached. Paul didn't instigate the riot; 
Demetrius did! 

We know the gospel is right when the 
world is opposed to it. A gospel of com- 
promise and saltless flavor raises no 

It is always the case that the true test 
of a Christian comes, not in conflict with 
the civil authorities (though that may come 
too), but in his contacts with his neighbor, 
his employer, his friends, even his own 
family. It is precisely here that he must 
begin to practice love. ''Let your light so 
shine before men, that they may see your 
good works, and glorify your Father which 
is in heaven" (Matthew 5:16). It is here 
that the Christian learns to go the second 
mile, and sometimes beyond, if necessary. 

The Christian, by the very nature of his 
being a Christian, resists evil. If it does not 
begin at home and with your neighbor, it 
will never begin in the streets. For Jesus 
said that our light is to give light to all that 
are in the house. And that's where a lot 
have burned out! □ 

'. . . the Christian's very presence 
in society, if he is worth his salt, 
will have a revolutionary effect 
upon that society." 

May 1979 



news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

Since writing the April Moderator's Report, 
I liave attended the Northern California District 
Conference, the NAE Convention, and a meet- 
ing of the Executive Committee with repre- 
sentatives from all the national boards, Ashland 
College, and the seminary. With all the exciting, 
positive programs in the denomination, I face 
this report with some frustration because I 
would like to share everything. 

My attendance at the various district confer- 
ences has been personally very rewarding. The 
Brethren in every district have made a special 
effort to make me feel a part of each confer- 
ence. They have freely and openly discussed 
their churches and district and national inter- 
ests. I have sensed a feeling of urgency for 
the unchurched and a real desire to be involved 
in the greatest work ever assigned man — 
reaching other men and women with the 
message of Christ. 

The Northern California District Conference 
was no exception. The hospitality was warm 
and generous, and an atmosphere of mutual 
love and concern permeated the entire confer- 
ence. We can expect great things in the name 
of Christ in the California District in the near 

The plans for General Conference are essen- 
tially complete. The main speakers have been 
confirmed, workshops have been arranged, and 
the program schedule is complete. We have 
made an effort to shorten business sessions, 
limit special programs to one each evening, 
and give extra time for fellowship. Because of 
the high quality of the speakers and the work- 
shops, I would strongly urge you to send your 
full quota of delegates and to persuade as many 
non-delegates to attend as you can. Your church 
will benefit greatly from a large representation. 
More specific information will be coming in 
the near future. 

The executive committee met with the 
denominational leaders March 30 and 31 at 
Camp Bethany for an evaluation and planning 
meeting. Our primary concerns were the out- 
reach ministries of the Brethren Church and 
how we can more effectively do what God has 
asked us to do. 

If my people will — 
— humble themselves 
— and pray 
THEN will I heal their land. 

II Chronicles 7:14 





Washing^ton, DjC. — William W. Brady was or- 
dained into the gospel ministry at the Washington 
Brethren Church on December 24, 1978. 

Rev. Jimmy Vaught, pastor of the Shenandoah 
Farms Baptist Church of Boyce, Va., presented 
the ordination sermon during the service. Rev. 
Robert Keplinger, pastor of the Washington 
Brethren Church, officiated during the laying on 
of hands and the setting apart of Brady as an 

William W. Brady, III, was born December 6, 
1950, the eldest child of Mr. and Mrs. William W. 
Brady of Washington, D.C. He was brought up 
in the Washington Brethren Church where he 
has been a member for more than fifteen years. 

He attended William Carey College from which 
he was graduated in 1972. In 1976 he completed 
his studies for a master of arts in religious edu- 
cation degree at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

During his years at the seminary, Brady served 
as pastor of the Walcrest Brethren Church in 
Mansfield, Ohio. He is presently ministering at 
Calvary Road Christian School in Alexandria, Va. 

Rev. Brady's wife, Lynne, is the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Clifford E. Morton of Alexandria, 
Va. She is also a graduate of William Carey 
College and has taught in Christian schools for 
two years. The Bradys have two children, William 
W. IV and Bryan Mark. 

Additional Crusader Announced 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of Christian Education 
has announced the name of an additional 1979 
Summer Crusader. Miss Tami Downs, from the 
Lanark, 111., Brethren Church, will be the fourth 
member of the Education South unit. Other 
Summer Crusaders were announced on page 21 
of the April Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Attendance up 100% at Cheyenne; 
many good things happening 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Many good things have been 
happening in the Cheyenne Brethren Church in 
1979. First, we would like you to know that we 
are growing. Both our Sunday school and our 
Sunday morning worship service attendance have 
increased 100 percent over the first three months 
of last year. Sunday school attendance has been 
averaging 39 and worship service attendance 47. 
Furthermore, we have added four new members 
to the church by baptism. 

Our youth group is very active and averages 
about nine per Sunday. And praise the Lord, they 
all stay for the Sunday evening service! With 
their help, our Sunday evening service has been 
averaging 26 per Sunday. 

On March 25 a dedication service was held 
during the morning worship service in honor and 
memory of departed loved ones. Dedicated were 

Growth Partners' support for Sarver 
reaches $6,650 at halfway point 

Ashland, Ohio — The current Growth Partners 
Club call is for the new Brethren Church in 
Sarver, Pennsylvania. (For more details see the 
article on page 11 of last month's Evangrelist). 
The call went out to club members in January 
1979 and will continue through June 30, 1979. 

At the halfway point in the call, club members 
have given $6,650.00 towards helping this new 
church build a place for worship, study, and 
ministry. Plans are now being drawn for the 

Brethren interested in additional information 
about the Growth Partners Club may request it 
from Rev. Arden E. Gilmer, Director of Home 
Missions, 530 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Youth class at the Sarver, Pa., Brethren Church, 
with Chet McAfoose, teacher. 

new drapes for the sanctuary, an altar cover, 
and piano and organ bench covers. A beautiful 
plaque given in memory of Rev. Frank Garber, 
founder and long-time pastor of the church, was 
also dedicated. Attendance for the service was 75. 

A carry-in dinner was held after the morning 
worship service, with 60 people present for the 
meal. Following the dinner, a slave auction took 
place, with the youth offering themselves for a 
day of service to the highest bidder. The auction 
brought in $103.50. 

During the month of March the Cheyenne 
church also conducted a "March to Sunday School 
and Church in March" campaign. On Sunday, 
March 4, 58 people gathered in front of the church 
following the morning worship service and re- 
leased balloons to launch the campaign. On the 
i;ollowing Sunday, the young people's Sunday 
school class marched around several blocks carry- 
ing signs reading, "March to Sunday School and 
Church in March." They marched to the accom- 
paniment of accordion music. 

Other recent activities of note at the Cheyenne 
Brethren Church include the following: On Sun- 
day evening, February 11, the young people of 
the church entertained the adults at a Valentine 
party. The youth prepared a meal and served it 
to the adults. During the worship hour the youth 
also presented a skit and several special numbers 
in song. 

On March 14 a new sidewalk was run from the 
street to the porch of the church. 

Before Easter Sunday a new rug for the aisle 
and the front of the church was purchased and 
installed in the church. 

Yes, many good things have been happening 
in the Cheyenne Brethren Church in 1979. Please 
keep us in your prayers and rejoice with us as 
the Lord leads His people to be faithful to His 

(Prepared from a report filed by Rev. Albert O. 
Curtright, pastor of the Cheyenne Brethren Church.) 

A unique opportunity 
for ministry 

Each year. Summer Crusaders or their parents 
donate the use of their cars for the Crusader pro- 
gram. This year the program is one car short. 

A vehicle for an Educational unit (four mem- 
bers) to use in Indiana, Ohio, and Maryland is 
needed. They would use it from June 10 to August 
12. The BCE will pay for all gas, oil, and insurance. 

If you have a car that you would allow to be 
used in this special ministry, please contact the 
Board of Christian Education, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

May 1979 



Jefferson Brethren Church 
celebrates ten years of ministry 

The Jefferson Brethren Church near Goshen, 
Ind., is celebrating ten years of ministry. As a 
part of this celebration, the church had a 10th 
anniversary banquet on Saturday evening, March 
24th, and an anniversary worship service on 
Sunday morning, March 25th. 

The banquet featured, in addition to the meal, 
a multimedia presentation by Dr. Jim Hollinger 
and an address by Dr. Joseph Shultz. Special 
music for the occasion included numbers by the 
Jefferson Quartet, a solo by Mrs. Jan Huber, and 
a vocal duet by Mrs. Bobbie Wogoman and Ms. 
Margie Wogoman. 

The multimedia presentation by Dr. Jim 
Hollinger, a member of the Jefferson Brethren 
Church, was entitled "Jefferson Ten Year 
Review." Dr. Hollinger used two slide projectors 
and a movie projector to present scenes from the 
ten-year history of the Jefferson Brethren 

Dr. Joseph Shultz, dean of Ashland Theological 
Seminary, spoke on the subject "The Moving 

Edge of Time." Basing his remarks on I Samuel 
7:12, he said that an anniversary is a time to 
remember that "Hitherto hath the Lord helped 
us. . . . Henceforth will he help us." 

As a reminder of this help, Dr. Shultz, like 
Samuel in the passage from I Samuel 7, had 
brought with him a stone. He suggested that the 
stone be placed in the front yard of the church 
so that in the future, when children would ask 
why that stone is there, the parents might have 
the opportunity to share how God had been with 
the church in its first ten years. 

Special music for the anniversary worship ser- 
vice on Sunday morning was presented by past 
and present members of Lightshine, a singing 
group made up of young people from the Jefferson 
church. Under the direction of Ms. Margie 
Wogoman, the group presented a medley of songs. 

The speaker for the service was Dr. Richard 
Allison, founding pastor of the Jefferson church 

(continued on next page) 

Dr. Joseph Shultz (left photo) suggested a stone be placed in front of the church as a reminder of 
the Lord's help during the church's first ten years. Center photo shows (left to right) Mr. Wayne Wogoman, 
chairman of the celebration committee; Dr. Richard Allison, founding pastor of the church; Rev. Jack 
Oxenrider, present pastor; and Mr. Ray Yoder, church moderator. Dr. Jim Hollinger (right photo) gave 
a multimedia presentation at the anniversary banquet entitled "Jefferson Ten Year Review." 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Ohio Conference considers 16 ways 
to be visibly Brethren 

Delaware, Ohio — The spring meeting of the Ohio 
Conference of the Brethren Church was held at the 
Asbury United Methodist Church here on Satur- 
day, March 24. Theme for the conference was 
"Who Cares? Brethren Do!" 

A total of £6 delegates attended, including 24 
ministerial and 72 lay delgates. 

The meeting began with a Bible study led by 
Dr. Charles Munson and Rev. Leroy Solomon. 
Basing the study on Romans 12:9-21, the two men 
presented 16 ways to be visibly Brethren. The 
study concentrated on the practical, with many 
suggestions presented for applying Romans 12 to 
everyday situations. Among the many practical 
suggestions given were: Do not let the faults of 
others be the subject of your conversation; have 
daily devotions; count and record your answers 
to prayers; look for others in your community who 
are in need; pray immediately for those who cause 
you problems; be a good listener. 

Jefferson celebrates 10th anniversary 

continued from previous page 
and now assistant professor of Christian education 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. Dr. Allison 
spoke on the subject "The Maturing of a 

Noting that a typical ending for a fairy tale 
is "And they lived happily ever after," Dr. Allison 
said that in real life this is not what happens. 
Struggles continue as long as there is life. This 
is true of churches just as it is of individuals. A 
mark of maturity is being able to meet both 
successes and failures in life. 

Dr. Allison went on to say that a maturing 
congregation must be maturing in its mission, in 
its sense of selfhood, and in its relationships. 

Following Dr. Allison's message. Rev. Jack 
Oxenrider, pastor of the Jefferson church, pre- 
sented the "Challenge of the Future" to the con- 
gregation. He noted that the church is growing 
and reminded the congregation that as it grows, 
it must continue caring and sharing in the com- 
munity. He also said that as growth continues, 
the congregation will have to eventually face the 
fact that it has outgrown its facilities. 

The banquet and special worship service were 
part of a continuing 10th anniversary celebration 
by the Jefferson Brethren Church. On January 
28th the congregation had a birthday celebration, 
with balloons and the congregation singing happy 
birthday to itself. In September the church hopes 
to be able to have a mortgage-burning service, and 
plans call for an anniversary church directory in 
September as well. 

The business sessions were led by Ohio Moder- 
ator Larry Bolinger. Business included elections, 
reports, changes in the district constitution, and 
brief addresses by Dr. Arthur Schultz (president 
of Ashland College) and Rev. Duane Dickson 
(moderator of General Conference). 

Newly elected officers for the Ohio District are 
moderator-elect: Rev. Don Rowser; secretary: 
Betty Deardurff; assistant secretary: Pauline 
Winfield; treasurer: Tom Stoffer; assistant 
treasurer: Rev. Leroy Solomon; statistician: Dick 
Winfield. Rev. Don Rinehart, who served during 
the past year as moderator-elect, is the new dis- 
trict moderator. 

The Ohio District Board of Evangelists gave a 
report of its study which grew out of the request 
by the Brethren Bible Church of Louisville for 
recognition by the Ohio District. The members 
01 this board reported that they had evaluated the 
situation, having met with representatives from 
both the Louisville First Brethren Church and the 
Brethren Bible Church of Louisville. They recom- 
mended that in accordance with the procedure 
set down in the Ohio District Constitution, that 
the new Brethren Bible Church be put under the 
care of the Ohio District Mission Board. 

In a later report by the District Mission Board, 
this board said that it would assume the respon- 
sibility of taking this church under its care and 
would bring back a recommendation regarding 
the church at the September meeting of the 

The District Mission Board also presented Rev. 
Terry Lodioo, who gave a report of the progress 
of the Medina Bible Fellowship where he is pastor. 
Rev. Lodico reported that eight families are now 
involved in the new church, with attendance 
averaging in the twenties. 

Action on the Ohio District Constitution included 
changes with regard to the time of conference 
meeting, the conference year, and delegate fees. A 
change in the manner of receiving members was 
also incorporated into the constitution. The change 
permits those who have been previously baptized 
by believers' immersion to be accepted into church 
membership without being rebaptized. 

The Ohio Conference meeting on March 24th 
was part one of a two-part emphasis on the theme 
"Who Cares? Brethren Do!" The conference 
meeting scheduled for September 15 will be part 
two of this emphasis. This fall meeting will be a 
"Harvest Festival," with each congregation report- 
ing on where and how they were visibly Brethren 
during the period between the two meetings. 
Planned for the September program are music, 
singing, praising, and reporting. 

May 1979 



Operation Impact churches show progress; 
Brandon dedicates church site 

The two new Brethren churches in Florida are 
now one and one-half years old. Both started from 
"scratch" with each having only the pastoral 
family and one tentmaking family. What kind of 
growth has taken place? Rev. Arden E. Gilmer, 
the Director of Home Missions, recently visited 
the new churches and preached at Brandon on 
March 4th and at Town and Country (Tampa) on 
March 11th. He files this report. 

"The Brandon Brethren under the capable lead- 
ership of Rev. Keith Bennett have had attendances 
of 50 or more on several occasions. Two member- 
ship classes have been conducted, and another one 
is in progress. Land recently purchased by the 
national Missionary Board as a church site was 
dedicated on March 4th. Tentmakers now minister- 
ing in Brandon are: Rev. and Mrs. John Turley, 
Mr. and Mrs. Eric Van Leeuwen, Rob Grumbling, 
and Rev. and Mrs. Steve Abe. 

"The Lord has blessed the diligent efforts of 
Rev. Dale RuLon so that the Town and Country 
Church (Tampa) reached 52 in attendance on 
February 18. Recent attendances are consistently 
in the 40's. Their youth group is now officially 
organized. On March 11th I joined members of 
the church in going door-to-door in behalf of the 
Billy Graham Crusade held in Tampa Stadium 
March 21-25. During the visitation I was thrilled 
to discover a prospect for the church. Tentmakers 
now ministering in Tampa are Mr. and Mrs. Gene 
McConahay (and new son David) and Cliff 

"Both churches were active in the Greater 
Tampa Billy Graham Crusade with several people 
from each serving as counselors. Dale reports 
that some of the people with whom he had been 
working made public decisions for Christ during 
the crusade. Seven or eight baptisms are expected 
as a result. 

"In February both pastors attended the Evan- 
gelism Explosion training taught by Dr. James 
Kennedy at Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church in 
Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The training was 'super' 
and provided both knowledge and motivation for 
intensified personal evangelism. Both pastors are 
now beginning to train laymen from their church- 
es in this method of personal witnessing. In the 
first forty days following the training, as Keith 
Bennett shared the gospel, he was privileged to 
lead 19 people to pray to receive Christ as their 
personal Savior and Lord! 

"Brethren, thank you for your prayers and 
support for Operation Impact! Continue to pray 
boldly for the people involved in these exciting 
church planting ministries!" 

The Town and Country Church in Tampa reached 
52 in attendance on February 18 and recent attend- 
ances are consistently in the 40's. 

The Brandon Brethren Church has had attendances 
of 50 or more on several occasions. 

Church World Service reports 
clothing supplies exhausted 

Elkhart, Ind. (CROP News)— Church World Ser- 
vice (CWS), the cooperative relief and develop- 
ment arm of some thirty U.S. denominations 
(including the Brethren Church), reports its 
stockpiles of clothing supplies are almost exhaust- 
ed. Shipments of CWS clothing in 1979 have vir- 
tually eliminated supplies carried over from 1978, 
even though last year's giving to the CWS Cloth- 
ing Appeal exceeded needs in almost all categories. 

Total approved requests for CWS clothing to 
be used in church-related programs overseas in 
1979 is 4,250,000 pounds. This is more than a 
million-pound increase over 1978 shipments. The 
number of refugees fleeing civil strife in their 
homelands continues to swell, causing the need for 
clothing to rise sharply. 

Priority items continue to be new layettes, in- 
fants' clothing, kits for sewing, school and per- 
sonal hygiene items, soap, household goods, and 
hospital gowns. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Pleasant Hill youth program 
makes the news 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio — When a church with only 
200 members has nearly 100 children and youth 
attending its Wednesday evening youth program, 
that's newsworthy. This is what the Miami Valley 
Sunday News thought. 

The church in this case is the First Brethren 
€hureh of Pleasant Hill, Ohio. The Miami Valley 
Sunday News devoted a full page of its March 
4th edition to the church's youth program. The 
coverage included an article written by Sharon 
Dilworth, Community Editor for the paper, and 
five pictures showing the youth program in action. 

The article explained that the Pleasant Hill 
church uses the AW ANA Youth Association pro- 
gram, and includes youngsters from the first 
grade to high school. The name AWANA comes 
from Paul's second letter to Timothy and stands 
for "Approved Workmen Are Not Ashamed." 

According to Ms. Dilworth's report, "This is 
the third year the First Brethren Church . . . has 

In Memory 

Jay Corwin, 70, March 26. Member for 45 years 
of the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 
Alice Keen, 60, March 16. Member of the Johns- 
town, Pa., Third Brethren Church. Services by 
Clarence R. Kindley, pastor. 

Myrtle Binkley Laugrhlin, 94, February 27. Mem- 
ber of the Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren 
Church. Services by Rev. John Mills. 
Otha Lemons, 74, November 22. Member for 58 
years of the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church. 
Services by Rev. Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 


Mr. & Mrs. Howard Louthain, 58th, May 28. Mrs. 
Louthain a member of the Corinth Brethren 
Church, Twelve Mile, Ind. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ora Greer, 50th, April 6. Members of 
the Corinth Brethren Church, Twelve Mile, Ind. 
Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Dillman, 53rd, April 4. Members 
of the Corinth Brethren Church, Twelve Mile, 

Mr. & Mrs. Glenn Coffman, 52nd, March 2. Mem- 
bers of the Brethren Church, Maurertown, Va. 


Wendy Jo Krin^ to Donald E. Jensen, March 24, 
at the Ardmore, Ind., Brethren Church; Brian H. 
Moore, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Ardmore Brethren Church. 

been sponsoring the program. The membership 
has grown from 40 the first year to nearly 100 
young people, four directors, and 35 leaders and 
listeners today, and it is continuing to grow." 

The AWANA Club meets every Wednesday 
evening from 6:30 to 8 p.m. Each meeting consists 
of 30 minutes of handbook time, 30 minutes of 
game time, and 30 minutes of Council time. Much 
of the handbook time is spent in memory work, 
while the game time is used for games unique 
to AWANA clubs. During the Council time, 
announcements are made, members sing and hear 
an inspirational message, and awards are 

The article included comments by Maxine 
Delcamp and Eileen Falldorf, both of whom are 
leaders in Pleasant Hill's AWANA Club program. 
In her comments, Ms. Falldorf gave this evalua- 
tion of the AWANA program: "The youngsters 
really enjoy the meetings and they are expending 
their energy in the right way. They can't wait 
from one week to the next to come and that's what 
makes this program so special," she said. "This 
program shows that Christianity isn't all serious. 
It shows Christianity can be fun." 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

May 1979 


as i see it 

Two For the Price of One 

This is a catchy phrase we often see in adver- 
tisements. Some congregations have this concept 
in mind when they call a minister. They want to 
get the minister and his wife for one salary. 
Sometimes the call is influenced more by the 
talents of the wafe than by the abilities of the 
minister. In no other profession or occupation 
that I know of does this happen. 

The minister is called to be the shepherd of 
the flock. His wife is, according to Scripture, an 
"helpmate" for him, not another minister for the 

Every minister's wife is a distinct individual, 
with few or many talents. She is a member of 
the church body just like any other member and 
is under no more obligation to use her talents than 
anyone else. She needs to be accepted as such. 
Naturally, she will commit her gifts and talents 
to the Lord and to His church, but they remain 
under her control. 

Often the congregation demands that she serve 
in "such and such a way" because the former 
pastor's wife did "this and that." The congrega- 
tion errs so often by forcing upon the newcomers 
its expectations of what a pastor and his wife 
should be. God has brought these new folk to the 
church because He wants to do something new and 
different, but the church wants to go along the 
same old way. 

The minister's wife must give first priority to 
providing the kind of home for her husband that 
will support and minister to him. If she and her 
husband are blessed with a family, she must be 
the best mother possible to her children. Beyond 
this she should be permitted (not expected) to 
share her gifts and talents as she chooses and is 
able to do so. 

Some wives feel a definite call to serve along- 
side their husbands in active ministry and are 
gifted with abilities to do so. However, this should 

Rev. Smith Rose is Executive Secretary for the 
Brethren Church. 

by Smith Rose 

never be taken for granted, but rather these 
efforts should be acknowledged and rewarded. 

Each wife should also be free to serve outside 
the church in community activities if she so 
desires. It is her right to work at home or away 
from home in fulfilling her role as a person. 

Church boards often object to this, forgetting 
that they are only paying for the services of the 
husband. Sometimes these boards are embarrassed 
by the minister's wife working because it reveals 
to the community that the pastor is underpaid. 
Yet if some ministers' wives did not work, many 
parsonage children would never have the oppor- 
tunity for musical training, college, etc. These 
things cannot be had on the average minister's 

Church families in these times realize that in 
order to make ends meet their wives often have 
to work. And yet the congregation does not chide 
them. The double standard is all too obvious here. 

It is a matter of fact in these days that about 
half of our congregations cannot afford to employ 
a full-time pastor. A number of our ministers are 
called to serve these churches, however, and their 
working wives make up the difference to keep 
the family from bankruptcy. Many of these wives 
would be happier keeping house and supporting 
their husbands in their ministry in other ways. 
However, they do not expect praise for what they 
are doing — only recognition that they, too, are 
committed to ministry in that community. 
Naturally, they have little or no time to do extra 
work in the church, even though it is expected by 
those who have far less to do. 

So let us think of our ministers' wives as the 
special people they are, doing what they see 
necessary in the service of Christ, His church, and 
His minister. Pray for ministers' wives, for the 
load they carry is far greater than the congrega- 
tion or even their husbands know. Express your 
appreciation when they are able to share their 
talents. Accept them and love them for what they 
are, realizing that their commitment to Christ is 


Membership Growth 

Oak Hill: 8 by baptism 
Corinth: 2 by baptism 

In a nationwide survey, 52.5% of the women 
and 27.4% of the men surveyed indicated Bible 
reading is a part of their life pattern. However, 
only 16.6% of the women and 8.3% of the men 
said they read the Bible 21 or more times per 
month. — Ron Keer associates 

The Brethren Evangelist 


THIS summer's Crusader program is no 
longer just an idea on the BCE's draw- 
ing board — it is now a FACT! Four teams 
are assigned, itineraries are set up, and 
twenty-five young people are preparing 
themselves for the beginning of service in 

As announced in the last issue of the 
Evangelist, there will be two educational 
units this year. "Ed North" will serve as 
vacation Bible school teachers and assis- 
tants and help with community surveys 
in eight of our churches in the Southeast, 
Ohio, and Indiana districts. 

''Ed South" will be spending its first five 
weeks with our Florida Brethren, working 
in Bible schools, community surveys, and 
Florida's first district camp. It will finish 
up with three weeks of VBS back up north. 

The six-member musical unit will be 
presenting three different programs this 
summer in 18 locations from Pennsylvania's 
Camp Peniel to Waterloo, Iowa. 

Six young people will be serving as Mis- 
sionary Interns under the direction of Juan 
Carlos Miranda. They will serve in his 
Spanish-speaking church in Pasadena, 
California, and at our newest mission site — 
Tijuana, Mexico. 

Two other young women and three young 
men will be working in Christian education, 
pastoral, or camping Internships. Watch 
the June Evangelist for the announcement 
of their names and assignments. 


These 25 dedicated young people are 
going to make up an exciting and profit- 
able program this summer. 

What will they do for you? 

They will inspire you with their commit- 
ment to Jesus. They will help teach your 
children in VBS and help reach your neigh- 
bors in community surveys. They will make 
you laugh with their puppets and stir you 
with singing and spoken messages. They 
will encourage your young people to grow 
in spiritual maturity and service. 

What can you do for them? 

You can contribute toward the expenses 
of the program. You can help them with 
problems when they're in your church this 
summer. You can pray for them daily. 

Your pastor, WMS group, and Laymen's 
organization have all been sent sign-up 
sheets for people who want to be Prayer 
Warriors and be assigned a specific young 
person to pray for this summer. If you 
haven't seen one of these sign-up sheets 
yet, ask for it. Or use the form below to 

The Summer Crusader/Internship pro- 
gram, supported by the faithful prayers of 
the Brethren, will certainly be a great suc- 
cess for our Lord's work in 1979. Thank 
you for your support! 

Please assign to me a Crusader or Intern to pray for daily this summer. 

Name . . , , , . , . 

Address . . . 

Zip Code 

May 1979 


Northwest Brethren Chapel 

Progress Repor 

Pastor Bill & Fran Curtis 

Construction of the new church building at Northwest 
Brethren Chapel in Tucson is progressing rapidly, as these 
pictures taken in March show. Photos by Julie Flora. 


^ ' ' ^^i ^^''^rf 

Going up 


Each Prophet dressed 
according to time 
and locality. 

Border pictures all 

the fruit and grain 

that grows in 



to readily 

identify each 

prophet's ministry 

Time line keeps everything in 
proper perspective 

Prophets are shown in two groups, 
literary and non-literary 

Kings are divided into 3 groups 
-United Kingdom, Judah, and Israel 


The insignia of each of the 12 Tribes 

50" X 26 



Dr. Owen's Panel of Prophets is a great tool for every Sunday School 
teacher. It is helpful for ages from Jr. High through the Adults. Those who 
will be studying the International Sunday School lessons will find this chart 
very helpful with the lessons during the summers of 1979 and 1980. 

Order your chart now. The price is $5.95 each. Special Offer: Buy 2 ■ 
get 1 free; Buy 3 - get 2 free; Buy 4 - get 3 free; Buy 5 - get 5 free. 

ORDER FROM: The Christian Book Center, Box 790, Poplar Bluff, 
Mo. 63901. Phone: 314-785-9451. 

"^I^"^ The Brethren ^ • j 


^— ^ /..->« 1070 

June 1979 

■>j#«. — .>'^-«. -"— «"*;£**• 

i^am .^'«i6au2r5*3«s*e3i-^-*«^ 

The Marriage Gamble: Oneness Strengthens the^Ddds for Success 

see page 4 

Blessed by Brethren House 

I want to take time out to express my feelings 
about something that has touched my life. The 
team from Brethren House was in Ashland re- 
cently for a workshop, and what a treat it was. 
They had a tremendous wealth of ideas to share 
concerning the most important asset a church or 
country can have — its children. I was greatly 
impressed, but that's not what I want to convey 
in this letter because there are worldly events 
that are impressive and rightly so. I would like 
to convey the feeling of being blessed and the 
richness that I was able to absorb. Their teaching 
and work is a beacon of light on a foggy coastline. 

My self-esteem as a member of the Brethren 
Church rose several points as well. My thanks to 
Phil and Jean Lersch and to Bonnie Munson for 
their efforts, and my prayer is that God will con- 
tinue to "open for you the windows of heaven, 
and pour out for you a blessing until there is no 
more need." 

— Dan DeVeny 
Ashland, Ohio 

Eschew Obfuscation! 

As I drove along the street and spotted the 
above words on the back bumper of a car, I was 
so taken with the expression I began to laugh 
so hard I almost ran into another car in the lane 
next to me. 

But now that I have your attention, let me 
develop the theme. The word "eschew" means 
avoid, as in "eschew evil." "Obfuscation" means 
confusion, as in politics, or the current philoso- 
phies scattered abroad in the churches, philoso- 
phies which pass for theology and superior teach- 
ings and good doctrine. Excitement is mistaken 
for second spiritual birth, and psychological ex- 
periences are taken for biblical understanding. 
Increase of adrenalin is made the same thing as 
spiritual unction. 

A few months ago Mrs. Miller, a member of the 
Johnstown II Church, wrote an appeal which I 
believe was "on target." It was entitled "HELP" 
(Oct. 1978). I have seen no public recognition of 

her cry yet. And I'm sorry about that, Mrs. Miller. 
You had a legitimate complaint and appealed your 
case in a way which should have touched the 
hearts of us all. 

I believe my Bible makes the Good News, the 
Gospel, very clear. When Jesus died on the cross 
He cried out, "It is finished!" And when He said 
that. He meant what He said. At Pentecost every- 
one made the message plain that God had given 
His Spirit to every believer. There were signs that 
accompanied the occasion, but the signs did not 
obfuscate the Good News, they clarified it. 

Now as a reaction to grasping that message, 
you may want to shout or sing, or "shout it from 
the housetop." But to deliberately confuse it is 
to come into condemnation. You are to take it 
door-to-door, across the ocean, on the air waves, 
on TV, in the newspaper — anywhere you can. But 
the method is to be one of clarity, not confusion. 

Must we stick to the letter of our unwritten 
law, "We have no CREED but the Bible," until 
we are destroyed with subtle, subverting creeds, 
allowing all comers ? St. Paul did say in I Corin- 
thians 13, love "believeth all things." But he also 
said in Galatians that if anyone preached any 
other Gospel than Jesus Christ and him crucified, 
"let him be accursed." 

I made a resolution at General Conference in 
1977 which called for a fresh study of SANCTIFI- 
CATION, the work of the Holy Spirit in the 
Christian's life. I would be interested to know 
whether anyone took me up on the proposal, not- 
Withstanding the overwhelming approval of the 
motion. Are we any "holier" now than when that 
motion was made? "Without holiness no man shall 
see the Lord," so the Bible warns. I'm for making 
a bumper sticker with that verse for one side of 
the car along with another saying "ESCHEW 
OBFUSCATION." They are both biblical! That 
will drive people to their dictionaries — ^just as it 
did me. 

— ^Clarence A. Stogsdill 
Tucson, Arizona 


In last month's Evangelist, the name Mark 
Baker, Assistant to the Director of Christian 
Education, was omitted as writer of the article 
"Seeking and Serving" on page 14. The editor 
wishes to apologize to Mr. Baker for this 

In the news article, "Operation Impact churches 
show progress" (page 24), the name of Mr. and 
Mrs. Gene McConahay's son was incorrectly given 
as David. Andrew Roger McConahay is the correct 

"^^^ The Brethren 1 * A 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


With the divorce rate nearly 
50%, marriage is a gamble. But 
seeking oneness in marriage, as 
God intended, increases the 
chances for success. See page 4. 

Cover photo by Harold M. Lambert 

Cover design by Howard Mack 

Vol. 101. No. 6 

June 1979 

4 Marriage: Two Becoming One 

God's intent for marriage, says Jim Sluss, is that a man and 
a woman achieve an enduring oneness. 

6 World Hunger and SSiipshewana Senior Camp 

Brian Moore tells how Indiana senior campers were introduced 
to the realities of a hungry world. 

Special Feafure: Perspecrives for the Eighties 

to Minister 

According to Fred Finks, if the Brethren Church is to move 
forward with promise, it must do so y\^ith freedom. 

A Church That Wouldn't Die 

by James I. Naff 

Ministerial Student Aid 

12 The Dollar Squeeze 

12 Student Aid at the College Level 

13 Inflation and Student Aid 

14 A Strategy For Reaching Unbelievers 

Arden Gilmer interviews Dr. Ralph W. Neighbour, Jr. 


2 Letters 

11 The Salt Shaker 

18 Update 

2^ As I See It 


July 1979 marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of Alexander 
Mack. In view of this fact, the July issue of The Brethren Evan- 
gelist will look at the life and thought of this man who was the 
guiding spirit of the Brethren movement. 

June 1979 


I'wo IBecoming One 

God's intent for nnarriage, says Jim Sluss, is that a man and 
a woman achieve an enduring oneness. 

HERE comes the bride. . . . Here comes 
the groom. . . . Here comes the min- 
ister." So sang my boy the other day. I 
quickly remembered when I had sung the 
same little ditty. I also was reminded that 
in actuality, the sounds of marriage are not 
as pronounced today. Rather, the alterna- 
tive of simply becoming ''daytime friends 
and nighttime lovers" is the perverted 
option being taken by many in this day. 

Simply living together supposedly pre- 
serves individual freedom from responsibil- 
ity, commitment, promise, legal entangle- 
ment, and even social security reduction. It 
also avoids the problem of divorce, to which 
marriage is the chief contributor. The 
popularity of this alternative would seem 
to be making the institution of marriage 
extinct — hke the English word ''marij" 
from which the word marriage was derived. 

The living-together relationship generally 
smacks of the reverse of all that marriage 
is supposed to be. Often the arrangement 
is simply for the self-gratification of the 
body needs of the persons involved and 
progresses no further. This, sad to say, is 
also true of many so-called marriages. 

Marriage in the truest sense, aside from 
cultural practices with regards to cere- 
monies, rings, etc., is God's idea from 
creation. God's idea is the oneness of man 
and woman. A man and a woman never 
find the fulfillment of their personalities 
until they have committed themselves to 

Rev. James Sluss is pastor of the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church near Warsaw, Indiana. 

each other. It is then that marriage, in its 
growing love and development, fulfills the 
intention of God. Marriage is an exclusive 
God-amalgamation of enduring oneness 
spiritually, intellectually, emotionally, and 
physically. Marriage oneness contrasts with 
living-together aloneness. 

"Marriage is an exclusive God- 
amalgamation of enduring oneness 
spiritually, intellectually, emotion- 
ally, and physically." 

God's idea of marriage was set forth 
right at the beginning of things, as recorded 
in Genesis 2 (compare Matthew 19:5-6, 
Ephesians 5:31) : 
— It is not good that the man should be 

alone (aloneness). 
— I will make him an help meet for him 

— God took one of man's ribs and made a 

woman ( aloneness ) . 
— God brought her unto the man (oneness) . 
— Man said. This is now bone of my bones, 

and flesh of my flesh (oneness). 
— Therefore shall a man leave his mother 

and father (aloneness). 
— And shall cleave unto his wife (oneness). 
— And they shall be one flesh (oneness). 

When God estabUshed the oneness of 
man and woman, he took woman from 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''We have chosen to unite the 
flames of our hearts into 
one strong flame blessed by 
the grace of God/' 

man, brought woman to man, blessed 
them, and called their name Adam (Genesis 
5:2). Man and woman together make a 
whole human being. Oneness implies fellow- 
ship, with the body as the medium for the 
deepest unity of man and woman. 

God has indicated the process by which 
the attainment of oneness is possible. For 
achieving this oneness there must be a 
leaving and a cleaving. 

Marriage is the establishment of a new 
man-woman relationship which supercedes 
other relationships, particularly the parent- 
child relationship. This new relationship is 
realized as a oneness as each mate respon- 
sibly devotes himself/herself to the other. 
Marriage involves leaving other relation- 
ships for a new relationship. 

Experiencing oneness also involves the 
process of the marriage partners cleaving 
to one another. The word cleave, as used 
in Scripture, carries the idea of a union that 
is attained when two metals are welded 
together. The suggestion is that of trust 
and reliance on one another. 

Recently, I had the opportunity to be a 
part of a group of pastors considering the 
possibilities of a pre-marital clinic for 
couples planning for marriage. After look- 
ing together at a model of a successful 
pre-marital clinic, we pastors were given a 
list of 30 questions most frequently asked 
by couples attending the model clinic over 
the years of its existence. It was interesting 
to note that the two most frequently asked 
questions were: 

(1) To what extent should we discuss 
our pasts? 

(2) How can a couple keep in-laws in 

drawing by Gayle Reuschling 

their place, but still make them feel loved 
and necessary? 

It was revealing that these most fre- 
quently asked questions centered on the 
processes by which oneness becomes real 
in marriage. Question one dealt with 
cleaving, while question two dealt with 
leaving. This reinforces again the thought 
that marriage equals oneness which is 
practically achieved when there is leaving 
and cleaving in the relationship. 

Persons marry for many reasons. Some 
persons seek sexual fulfillment, parenthood, 
a social relationship, acceptance, success, 
escape, support, a career. Many of these 
are valid reasons and are fulfilled by 
marriage. However, the overriding reason 
for marriage is that two can become one. 
Oneness is the chief why of marriage. 

Several years ago a couple whose 
marriage ceremony I had the privilege of 
conducting wrote these lines as a part of 
their ceremony. They describe well the one- 
ness of marriage. 

In a single second the breath of God 
brought life to man, just as a fleeting 
spark brings the flame to a candle. 

And as the flame of the candle bobs 
and flickers, bestoiving both heat and 
light, so it is with our lives as we 
radiate to those around us. 

Each of us has tvithin our hearts a 
God-given flame, and within our souls 
the ability to choose the path of our 
lives that the flame ivill illuminate. 

We have chosen to unite the flames 
of our hearts into one strong fl4ime 
blessed by the grace of God. □ 

June 1979 


World Hunger 


ipsnewana oenior v^amp 


Brian Moore tells how Indiana senior cannpers were intro- 
duced to the realities of a hungry world. 

THE THEME for Indiana Senior Camp, 
1978, was taken from the book Rich 
Christians in an Age of Hunger, by Dr. 

Ronald Sider (Inter- Varsity Press). 

The objectives for the camp were as 
follows: (1) Inform our young people of 
the world's needs. (2) Involve our young 
people in helping to meet those needs. 
(3) Introduce people to Jesus Christ as 
Savior and Lord. (4) Issue a call to Chris- 
tian service. 

Sensitizing the young people's con- 
sciences to our materialistic philosophy in 
the face of the crying needs of humanity 
around the world was part of our goal. 
Forewarning them to prepare for hard 
times in the light of a possible future global 
struggle was an additional aim. 

We approached the theme from many 

different avenues and used not merely 
classes but various settings to teach the 
subject. In an effort to emphasize the 
necessity of sharing and pooling resources, 
the camp leaders divided the young people 
into '"communes." 

Each "commune" had several assign- 
ments: (1) Collect contributions in a World 
Relief pop-can bank (2) Discuss the lecture 
each morning. (3) Construct and meet 
daily in a primitive hut. (4) Establish policy 
and guidelines for their life together as a 
''commune." (5) Present dramas particu- 
larly suited to the theme. 

All of the dramas, taken from the Bible, 

Rev. Brian H. Moore is pastor of the Ardmore 
Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind., and served 
as director of the 1978 Indiana Senior Camp. 

'"'■ . ■ • ■;.'•■■■ ' ." drawing by Gayle Reuschling 

Some tables had plenty to eat; other tables had almost no food. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

were done exceptionally well. In addition, 
the entire camp sang ''The TV Victim's 
Lament" (page 48 in Sider's book), includ- 
ing additional verses composed by the 
young people. They really got the idea! 

On three afternoons two simulation 
games were utilized to elaborate the nature 
of the problem of world hunger. We 
played Baldicer, which dramatically por- 
trays the rich getting richer and the poor 
being oppressed and helpless. Starpower 
was a similar simulation game. Through 
their participation, the young people ex- 
perienced some of the frustration, selfish- 
ness, and threats inherent in today's 
troubled world. 

On Monday evening the entire camp 
viewed the WRC film, "Haiti . . . Mountains 
Beyond Mountains." Then, building on this 
background, on Tuesday evening two 
young men from northern Indiana who had 
been to Haiti came to speak and present 
some slides. Wednesday evening we viewed 
another WRC film, "Africa: The Beat 
Goes On." These three evening programs 
both underscored the problem of world 
hunger and helped explain its causes. 

Thursday noon we surprised the young 
people with a "trick meal" : some tables had 
large bowls with plenty to eat ; other tables 
had small bowls (dessert dishes) and al- 
most no food. Campers with large bowls 
were allowed to get up from their tables 
to get more; those with small bowls were 

not allowed to get up from their tables. We 
almost had a riot on our hands! 

Soon the campers got the message : those 
who had food to spare could get up and 
serve those who had nothing. But before 
all were satisfied, we again could see the 
world situation in miniature: those with 
food fed themselves first; some did not 
want to be bothered to serve anyone else; 
some of those who did not have food were 
ready to break the rules and steal from 
the others. 

Friday evening featured a "fasting" meal, 
with only light soup. Teenage kids don't 
appreciate that approach! 

On Sunday morning the pop-can banks 
were opened. A total of about $75 had been 
collected from the "communes" to send to 
World Relief. This amounted to approx- 
imately $1.00 per camper. Also, the group 
in charge of the camp newspaper sold their 
issues for 5^ per copy and donated the 
money to their pop-can bank. 

The goal of the Indiana sununer camp 
was that Christian young people see and 
respond to the needs around us. We who 
planned these experiences wanted the 
campers to develop a philosophy of life 
which minimizes material gain and incor- 
porates Jesus' attitude and teachings about 
wealth. We hope that Senior Camp, 1978, 
in Indiana helped to mold and fashion some- 
what that wholly Christian philosophy in 
the lives of our teenagers. □ 

What do I choose 

if I choose 
the ministry? 

A unique opportunity to: 

— enter lives with truth and help 

— seek the highest good 

— serve "even the least of these" 

— share in lives trying to make the hard decisions 

The choice is yours. Talk it over with your pastor, or contact: 

National Ministerial Recruitment Committee, cy^o Charles Munson 
910 Center Street, Ashland, Ohio 44805 

presented as a public service 

June 1979 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

Freedom to Minister 

According to Fred Finks, if the Brethren Church is to nnove 
forward with pronnise, it must do so with freedom. 

T HAVE been requested to give my opinions 

on the outlook for the Brethren Church 
in the eighties. First, let me indicate the 
viewpoint from which I am writing. 

I have been the pastor of the Winding 
Waters Brethren Church in Elkhart, Ind., 
for the past seven years. During that time, 
the church has grown from a struggling 
congregation of 70 to a vibrant, full of life 
"family" of 250. We have just finished our 
first year in our new sanctuary and look 
forward to the future with promise. 

Seven years in the pastorate have a way 
of mellowing a person and of reforming 
his previous misconceptions. When I grad- 
uated from seminary, I was disillusioned 
with the Brethren Church and wondered 
what its future held. The church seemed 
to me to be static and dry. The things that 
were taking the most time and sapping the 
most energy seemed to me to be petty, 
trivial non-essentials. My most penetrating 
question was, "What shape will the church 
take in the years to come?" 

As I stated above, seven years have 
mellowed and matured my outlook. There is 
a place for our church. It is important. And 
most important, the structures of the 
church vary. There are places where a 
"body life" structure is the best form. But 
there are also places for the house church 
and for the traditional structure. Further- 
more, as people and situations change, the 
church must change to meet the needs of 
those people. (Note, I did not say the church 
must compromise its message. But it must 
be willing to change its thrust in an effort 
to win others for Christ.) 

As an illustration, a prominent downtown 
church caught in a neighborhood in tran- 
sition may change from a traditional, 
formal, high-church structure to an infor- 
mal, totally non-traditional structure in 

order to better meet the needs of its new 
constituency. At the same time, what is 
good for churches in California may not be 
good for churches in Pennsylvania, and 
vice versa. 

The hope that I see for the Brethren 
Church comes directly from the center of 
this very truth. We must allow our churches 
the freedom and Christian liberty they need 
to minister in the name of Jesus Christ to 
people who are hurting, beaten down, dis- 
couraged and searching. What good is a 
lighthouse with its light turned off? What 
good is a rescue boat that has no sailors? 
What good is a church that locks its doors 
or turns its back on the very people who 
need it the most? 

Before I go any further, let me affirm 
that I am no doomsday prophet, nor am I 
pessimistic about the future. Quite the 
opposite is true. I see a bright future for 
our church as it comes of age. Last year, 
for the first time in over ten years, the 
national total church membership stopped 
its decline and began heading upward! 

For the past two years, I have been 
working on a doctorate in Church Growth 

Rev. Frederick 

J. Finks is 

pastor of the 

Winding Waters 

Brethren Church 

in Elkhart, Ind. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Our future will be great if we can just put all our petty 
grievances behind and concentrate on the task of win- 
ning men and women to Jesus Christ/' 

at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, 
Calif. This new field of study is only the tip 
of an iceberg. The rest of the iceberg is 
only beginning to come into view. What 
some of our people have termed a fad is 
proving to be a vital area of concern for 
the American church. The future of the 
church is promising because people are 
searching out the problems that have long 
crippled its progress. Healing is taking 
place and the church is moving. 

In my studies, I have become highly 
aware of a tremendous happening. Coming 
together from all over America are pastors 
of varying age, race, belief, and thought. 
Many denominations are represented, either 
by pastors or by denominational leaders. 
We come together with differences in belief, 
doctrine, view of Scripture, etc. But in 
no time at all, we are jelled together into 
a fellowship where trust and acceptance 
abound freely. No one is challenged, no 
debates or strong rhetoric fill the air. A 
close observation reveals why — a common 
belief in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior 
permeates our being, and belief and doc- 
trine come a distant second. 

A close observation of our own denom- 
ination reveals that this kind of trust and 
fellowship are a long way off. Why can we 
cross denominational lines easier than we 
can find the truth among our own ? I believe 
the issue is one of permitting freedom to 

I have been teaching I Corinthians in a 
Bible study here at Winding Waters and 
have been astounded by the similarities 
between the modern church and the Corin- 
thian Church of Paul's day. 

Paul was adept at breaking down bar- 
riers: 'There is neither Jew nor Greek, 
there is neither slave nor free, there is 
neither male nor female; for you are all 
one in Christ Jesus" (Gal. 3:28). He sought 
to heal the divisions in the Corinthian 
Church by upholding the unity they shared 
in Christ. "For I decided to know nothing 
among you except Jesus Christ and him 
crucified" (I Cor. 2:2). 

Divisions and disagreements exist in our 
churches today. Instead of recognizing the 

rights and freedoms of others, we have 
sought to squeeze them into our own par- 
ticular molds of belief. It is time for us to 
recognize the freedoms of others, for under- 
neath all is the common ground we share — 
Jesus Christ as Lord. 

The Brethren Church has a great future. 
Dr. Peter Wagner stated during a recent 
Church Growth Seminar at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary that even though the 
Brethren Church has faced an alarming 
decrease in membership in the past ten 
years, this trend can be turned around 
"because the Brethren Church has the 

Our future will be great if we can just 
put all our petty grievances behind and con- 
centrate on the task of winning men and 
women to Jesus Christ. The energy that 
was expended on the baptismal issue alone 
for all those years could have and should 
have been directed outward to the reaching 
of others instead of inward upon ourselves. 

Can we permit freedom to exist among 
ourselves? I believe the answer is yes! We 
can and we must. With freedom comes 
responsibility — to God, to others, and to 
ourselves. I honestly believe that we can 
act responsibly with Christ leading us. 
Furthermore, if we follow the footsteps and 
leading of Christ, the reward will be great. 

The Apostle Paul discussed spiritual gifts 
with the Corinthians. In his discussion, he 
used the analogy of the human body. Each 
part of the body has a different shape and 
function, but together the parts form a 
living, breathing person. The same is true 
of the body of Christ (His church). ''For 
just as the body is one and has many mem- 
bers, and all the members of the body, 
though many, are one body, so it is with 
Christ" (I Cor. 12:12). 

As a pastor, I challenge each church to 
respond to the needs of those who surround 
it and to allow our brothers and sisters to 
do the same. Let us recommit ourselves to 
the call of Christ and strive to do His will 
with vigor and enthusiasm. Let us recognize 
the uniqueness of our creation, be freed to 
express it, and minister responsibly to God, 
to others, and to ourselves. □ 

June 1979 

St. Luke 
Brethren Church: 

A Church That Wouldn't Die 

by James I. Naff, pastor 

THE rural church today has little to 
celebrate. Any trip into the countryside 
discloses numerous dead, closed, and decay- 
ing country churches. They are not hard 
to find. 

But March 25, 1979, the Southeast 
District celebrated with one that is alive, 
well, and growing. Partaking of the back- 
bone of the mountains under whose shadow 
it nestles, the congregation of Brethren in 
St. Luke Community, Virginia, refused to 

The celebration packed 200 district 
people into an auditorium designed to seat 
only 100. They heard former pastors Fels 
Lam, Doc Shank, and Kent Bennett speak 
of the spirit that produced a church that 
would not die. Musical groups from 
Maurertown, St. James, and St. Luke 
thrilled their souls. 

And there was cause to celebrate! In 
March of 1976, the Southeast District 
Mission Board promised financial aid so 
that a tentmaker pastor could shepherd 
this flock. When the mission board discon- 
tinued all aid exactly three years later, the 
congregation had grown considerably: 

30% increase in worship attendance 

(see graph) ; 
20% increase in Sunday school 

attendance (see graph) ; 
90% increase in conversions (9 in 

1977, 11 in 1978) ; 
25% increase in membership (from 
64 to 81) ; 
150% increase in income. 
Plus $16,000 in capital improvements, in- 
cluding purchase of one acre for expansion, 
and an increase from two services per 
month to services every Sunday. 

Why did this rural congregation grow 
instead of die? 

Like Nehemiah's volunteers, 'The people 
had a mind to work." This mind to work 
is expressed in: 

VISION : we can grow if we want to. 

DRIVE: we've never failed at 
anything we've tried. 

UNITY: people-pastor team effort. 

FAITH: let's trust God and get busy. 

WORK: all shoulders to the wheel. 
So where from here? It's so easy to rest 
on past glories. But no! To stand still is 
to slide back. There are people to win. 
There is work to be done. Future plans are 
on the board — regular, planned visitation 
outreach, facilities expansion, the pastor 
fully supported by the congregation. 

Let's try. We've never failed to finish 
anything we've started. We can do it if we 
trust the Lord. WE'LL DO IT! Praise the 

Attendance Graph 

16 ■ 







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J975 'i7f f^" »'7t m'77 '«"»« 


The Brethren Evangelist 


I I 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

If someone were to rate your church's worship 
service, would it be approved? 

Approved Unto Plageni 

THIS church approved by George R. 

That's what you may read in the future 
as you pass a church in the Cleveland, Ohio, 
area. The religion editor of the Cleveland 
Press, Mr. George R. Plagenz, visits church- 
es on Sunday and writes a review of the 
service for Monday afternoon's paper. 

Since last February this ambitious 
columnist, a Harvard Divinity School grad- 
uate, has been dropping in unannounced at 
churches and synagogues around the 
Cleveland area. 

Plagenz rates a church in four categories : 
worship service, music, sermon, and friend- 
liness of the congregation. Up to three stars 
are given in each category. This means a 
church, if it's deserving, could obtain twelve 
stars — for excellence. So far, only two 
churches have received this twelve-star 

Needless to say, Mr. George R. Plagenz 
is not popular with the churches he has 
visited — except the two receiving high 
ratings, of course. 

Plagenz has been called everything from 
a spiritual detective to an atheist to a 
downright carnal troublemaker. One pastor 
wrote a letter to the editor criticizing 
Plagenz (who had given his church a poor 
rating) and said: *'He sneaks into our midst 
unannounced, pulls out his double-barreled 
typewriter and lets us have it." 

Plagenz hasn't been easy on sermons. 
Many of them are rated poor. Plagenz 
claims that pastors make statements which 
are not backed up and that their thoughts 
ramble. Many sermons show a lack of 
preparation and poor flow of thought. 

He also attacks the organists, at least 
some of them. No one is immune from this 
man's typewriter. Plagenz claimed that one 

man played the organ as if it were his own 
private recital. The congregation couldn't 
begin to sing with him, nor did the organist 
seem to care. Of course, Plagenz was 
messing around with the war department 
of the church when he began to criticize 
the music! 

What really gets the wrath of Cleveland 
worshipers is when he gives them a rating 
of poor in friendliness. In one column he 
said, ''I felt I had walked in uninvited to a 
private club." 

Maybe Plagenz is playing God. But he 
does have a point. And he's certainly made 

"Plagenz hasn't been easy on ser- 
mons. . . . (He) claims that pastors 
make statements which are not 
backed up and that their thoughts 

his point in Cleveland. He says, '1 want to 
find out why people don't go to church." 

One thing for certain, pastors in the 
Cleveland area are taking longer in sermon 
preparation — making sure of their argu- 
ments. And congregations are bending over 
backwards to be friendly. After all, Mr. 
Plagenz might be there — incognito — taking 

The interesting thing is that the Lord 
might be rating these churches all the time. 
Thank goodness, he doesn't publish His 
ratings! At least not yet. 

Do you suppose Plagenz is a prophet? 
Sorry, I merely asked. □ 

June 1979 


ministerial student aid 


THE 1978-79 school year has seen an 
increase in both the number of Brethren 
pre-seminary and seminary students and 
in the scholarship funds paid to them by 
the Ministerial Student Aid Fund. There- 
fore, we exceeeded the 1977-78 year in our 
giving to those who are in training for the 
Brethren ministry. 

During the past year fifteen different 
pre-seminary students received grants 
totaling $7,500.00. Seventeen seminary 
students received a total of $8,260.00 in 
grants. Thirteen of the pre-seminary stu- 
dents are attending Ashland College and 
two are attending other colleges. 

In the calendar year 1978 we received 
$9,596.95 from our Brethren congregations. 
This is a decrease in giving from 1977! It 
is becoming increasingly difficult for us to 
help these students to any significant 
degree because of the rising costs of edu- 
cation and the lack of increase in our 

We praise God for the two special gifts 
which we received in 1978. They totaled 
$12,678.98! We found it necessary to use 
$2,778.98 for scholarships, and we have 
put the remaining ten thousand dollars in 
a money market certificate. We are hoping 
that we can use the interest from this 
investment to provide more aid. However, 
if our offerings do not increase, we may 
find it necessary to use this ten thousand 

I hope you are getting the message — the 
number of students committing their lives 
to the Brethren ministry is increasing; the 
amount of giving for their educational 
training is not increasing! We are aware 
that some congregations are giving special 
gifts of money to support those from their 
own churches who are studying for the 
Brethren ministry. However, we pray that 
our congregations will also see God's will 
leading them to increase their giving in 
1979 to the Ministerial Student Aid Fund. 

by Bradley Weidenhamer 

Our young people whom God has called into 
full-time Christian service in the Brethren 
Church need our financial assistance! 

Please make your contributions payable 
to Ministerial Student Aid Fund and send 
them to Rev. Brad Weidenhamer, 631 
Buena Vista, Ashland, Ohio 44805. □ 

Student Aid 

to the training of Brethren pre- 
seminary students. On an annual basis, 
college tuition costs more than three times 
as much as a year at seminary. Thus, it is 
important that we do all we can to help 
our potential church leaders at this crucial 
stage of their educational life. Ministerial 
Student Aid can ease the financial strain 
and make it possible for students to move 
directly into seminary instead of seeking 
full-time employment before going on. 

The Brethren Church is reaching out into 
new areas — both in home and foreign fields. 
We know the age-old story: the fields are 
still ripe. Our goal must be to enable as 
many workers as possible to get into the 
harvesting act ... as quickly as possible. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Inflation and Student Aid 

INFLATION is not only a news item. It is 

a practical reality in everyone's life. 
Essential living costs, including rent, food, 
clothing, and transportation, are primary 
concerns of the student. Five years ago 
inflation could be modified by select living 
and purchasing. Today, however, inflation 
is across the board. 

The first question perspective students 
at Ashland Theological Seminary ask is 
''Where do I live?" They assume we are 
teaching the best biblical courses and that 
we will prepare their lives for the most 
effective ministry. Their immediate concern 
is where and how do they live while getting 
this education. 

The students' costs for renting an apart- 
ment, for tuition, and for food and trans- 
portation all are affected by inflation. There 
is no escape. 

The student's dilemma in an era of infla- 
tion is that because he is a part-time 
worker, he is always at a very minimum 
wage. Full-time and skilled workers can 
compensate somewhat for inflation. How- 
ever, part-time student work is always at 
the bottom of the ladder. The result is that 
inflation has a decidedly negative impact 
on students. 

by Joseph R. Shultz 

Ministerial Student Aid is the answer for 
students preparing for the gospel ministry. 
Ministerial Student Aid helps the student 
''balance the budget." 

Ministerial Student Aid is a means by 
which the church can show its definite 
interest and concern for future church 
leaders. Students seeking to find their way 
in life need this support — not only finan- 
cially, but also for the love and concern 
which it represents. 

Gifts and offerings for Ministerial Stu- 
dent Aid must reflect the reality of 
inflation. Thank you for your loving 
support in the past. □ 

at the College Level 

The following Ashland College students 
have received Ministerial Student Aid. 
Your giving has provided $7,500.00 toward 
their combined need of approximately 
$75,000.00 this year. 

Jon Barber, Senior, Herndon, Va. 
James F. Black, Senior, Ashland, Ohio 
John Black, Sophomore, 

Milledgeville, 111. 
Charles T. Bowers, Jr., Freshman, 

Fairplay, Md. 
Jerry L. Fike, Senior, Ashland, Ohio 
Douglas Heestand, Junior, 

Alliance, Ohio 
David C. Kerner, Junior, 

Ft. Wayne, Ind. 
Danny L. Lawson, Junior, 
Wabash, Ind. 

Jeffrey M. Lentz, Senior, 

Nappanee, Ind. 
Steven R. McPherson, Sophomore, 

Bellefontaine, Ohio 

Scot D. Millhouse, Sophomore, 
Sterling, 111. 

Timothy J. Rowsey, Sophomore, 

St. James, Md. 
William R. Shafer, Junior, 
Waterloo, Iowa. 
Two other young men, Darrell Crissman, 
a freshman at Geneva College, and Fred 
Miller, a junior at Penn State University, 
also received assistance. 

The committee hopes it will be possible 
to continue this important grant-in-aid 
program. □ 

June 1979 


A Strategy 
For Reaching Unbelievers 

Arden Gilmer interviews Dr. Ralph W. Neighbour, Jr. 

The annual Brethren Pastors' Conference 
ivas held at the Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland, Ohio, May 1-3, 1979. 

The program for the conference was a 
TOUCH seminar. The ten sessions of this 
seminar were led by Dr. Ralph W. Neigh- 
bour, Jr., and Mr. Charles Aranyas. 

Brethren pastors attended from as far 
aivay as California, Arizona, and Florida, 
in addition to those from the less distant 
areas of the Brethren Church. Fifty-four 
pastors and nine seminary students were 
registered for the conference, tvith other 
ministers visiting a few of the sessions. 

Dr . Neighbour is pastor of the West 
Memorial Baptist Church of Houston, 
Texas, and the founder and developer of 

TOUCH ministries. Mr. Aranyas is director 
of Unlimited Strategy Evangelism and 
director of TOUCH Productions. 

TOUCH stands for Transforming Others 
Under Christ's Hand and is a proven way 
of reaching the unreached. Basic to the 
TOUCH philosophy is the conviction that 
ALL Christians are ministers and that the 
church MUST equip the ministers to "min- 
ister as they go!" 

While Dr. Neighbour was in Ashland, he 
was interviewed by Rev. Arden Gilmer, 
Director of Home Missions for the Brethren 
Church. That interview, which follows, 
deals with some of the basic points Dr. 
Neighbour and Mr. Aranyas presented to 
the pastors during the conference. 

Arden Gilmer: Ralph, I'd like to begin 
by expressing to 
you my personal 
appreciation for 
your ministry 
among us Breth- 
ren and in my 
personal life in 
the last couple 
of days. 

Would you 
share with us 
what your cur- 
rent area of min- 
istry is and some 
of the major Rev. Arden Gilmer 

things in your spiritual pilgrimage that 
have brought you to where you are now? 

Ralph Neighbour: At the present time 
I am serving as the pastor of a "parable 
church" in Houston, Texas. By ''parable 
church" I mean one that is deliberately 
experimenting with new concepts because 
most traditional churches are unable to do 
this. Our desire is to try to seek those ways 
that God's Holy Spirit will penetrate the 
exploding, urbanizing world in the next 
twenty years. 

AG: As you began this church ten 
years ago, what were some of the basic 
concepts you had in mind and sought to 
implement in its ministry? 

RN: I came from many years of de- 
nominational positions with a deep frustra- 
tion because I recognized that pastors and 
congregations were communicating only to 
those who were already sympathetic toward 
the gospel. Yet 49 percent of the American 
public, according to a Gallup Poll, do not 
attend any church or synagogue, and we 

ignore them be- 
cause we don't 
have a strategy 
to reach them. 
I did not know 
what that strat- 
egy was, but I 
knew there had 
to be one. The 
only way to do it 
was to become 
a pastor and to 
find out for my- 
self how I could 
Dr. Ralph Neighbour lead people into 
becoming ministers of the gospel and pene- 


The Brethren Evangelist 


There are too many churches that pay their preacher 
to be holy on their behalf, and the members of the 
church never envision themselves as ministers of the 
gospel of Jesus Christ." 

trate the pagan world. So our target area 
has been the unbehever who will not be 
caught dead in his own coffin in a church 

AG: What are some of the mmistries 
you have found effective in reaching that 
group of people? 

RN: Well, first of all, the effective 
ministries did not happen inside the church 
building. For many years we had no church 
building. When we finally built one, because 
of our experience with outsiders we erected 
a building that does not look inside or out- 
side like a church. It's neutral ground 
where people can come. 

Secondly, we discovered that everybody 
has a hole in his heart and that you can 
drive the gospel in a large moving van 
through that hole into a lost man's heart. 
So we began to determine the needs, in- 
terests, and concerns of lost people, and 
around these we developed what we call 
TOUCH ministries — ministries that touch 
the unbeliever with the gospel of Jesus 

AG : You spoke of every unbeliever hav- 
ing a hole in his heart. Just exactly what 
do you mean by that and how can we 
Christians go about discerning what that 
hole is? 

RN: There are five different kinds of 
heart holes; social, intellectual, spiritual, 
physical, and emotional. Sometimes there 
will be an overlapping between them. Many 
people who feel socially inadequate will 
respond to a course like personality develop- 
ment. Those with a spiritual need in their 
life will respond to a Bible study. Those 
with an emotional need may respond to 
something like a care group for divorcees. 
Those with an intellectual need will respond 
to something like my atheists' club, in 
which we study C. S. Lewis's Mere Chris- 
tianity. Those with physical needs will 
respond to recreation, like basketball or 
touch football or a running- jogging group 
or anything of this sort. 

AG: Say we have an established con- 
gregation that is beginning to sense that it 
needs to be reaching this outsider group. 
How might it begin that process? Where 
would it begin? 

RN: The first step would be for the 
people to ask their pastor to become a 
coach rather than a hired holy man. There 
are too many churches that pay their 
preacher to be holy on their behalf, and the 
members of the church never envision them- 
selves as ministers of the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. If the congregation would request 
the pastor to become an equipper and the 
members see themselves as the ministers, 
that would be the first step. 

The second step would be for the pillars 
of the church, who for years have spent 
all of their time keeping the church alive, 
to deliberately get out of the church island 
for a little bit and observe the unbelieving 
world around them and get their hearts 
broken over the needs of the world they're 
ignoring. Then, after that, the steps will 
begin to come automatically. It's getting 
going that is the hard part. 

AG: To broaden our scope a little, you 
have done some study of the trends in 
America today. What trends do you see 
and how do they affect the future ministry 
of the church? 

RN: Four trends: The first one is the 
population explosion. In the entire history 
of man, from Adam until now, we have 
finally accumulated about 4 billion people 
on the face of the earth. In only 25 years, 
by the turn of the century, that number 
will have exploded to 7.2 billion. So the 
population explosion is the first thing. 

The second thing is the population 
implosion. People are moving to cities; the 
world is becoming urban. Those congrega- 
tions that continue to think with a rural 
mentality will be in serious trouble in the 
next 20 years. 

The third thing is pluralization. Our 
country now has so many differing offer- 

JUNE 1979 


. . . if every member of every congregation would spend 
two to four hours a week with three to five unbeHevers, 
the rate of baptisms would be immediately, shockingly 

ings, whether it be breakfast cereals or 
religions, that the more choices you have 
to make the less value every individual 
thing has to your choosing. 

The fourth thing is privatization. The 
church is trapped inside the world of the 
private individual. A man does not receive 
as much satisfaction from his work as he 
feels he should, so he has his private world 
and he does not mix his public world in his 
private world. The church in America has 
been captured in the private sector. 

The crucial danger is the privatizing of 
religion in general by what is called the 
electric church. Martin Marty has indicated 
that there are over 20 million ''born again" 
Christians in America today who have 
absolutely nothing to do with any congre- 
gation. They get all their religion on the 
television set. As a result, Marty sees a 
sterile generation of Christians that is in- 
capable of reproducing another generation 
of Christians coming out of these private 
people. It's one thing to have a deeply per- 
sonal religion, but to have a privatized 
religion is to be sterile and unable to bear 

I think the greatest danger is among the 
most pietistic groups that have the most 
solid belief in the Word of God and whose 
doctrines have been least affected by lib- 
eralism. In an attempt to remain pure, they 
have withdrawn from the reality of the 
needs of people. As a result, they could 
easily dry up and blow away. If John were 
alive today, I think he would write to them 
and say, "You have left your first love. 

AG: Let's just say that I am a lay mem- 
ber in my church. I've heard my pastor 
say that I should be a witness and I think 
I ought to be doing it, but I don't know how. 
Where should I begin? 

RN: You cannot do this until you have 
a model to observe. It is not a matter of 
being trained with knowledge ; it is a matter 
of observing. Sharing your faith is much 
like learning to ride a bicycle. You don't 
learn it from a book. You learn it by doing. 
The easiest way to learn it is to see some- 
body else do it. 

I would go to my pastor and ask him to 
take me with him as he deals with the lost 

— to be my partner as I attempt to pene- 
trate a group. I would then — and this is 
most important — set aside from two to four 
hours in my week, every single week with- 
out fail, that I will spend with non- 
Christians in fellowship, ministry, witness, 
and cultivation with them. And I will limit 
my ''case load" at any point in time to no 
more than five. I can't win the whole world 
at once, but if every member of every 
congregation would spend two to four 
hours a week with three to five unbelievers, 
the rate of baptisms would be immediately, 
shockingly increased. 

AG: If I have come from a Christian 
home, have been raised by Christian par- 
ents, and have had little relationship with 
outsiders throughout my life, developing 
relationships with unbelievers would be a 
very threatening thing for me. How might 
I go about it? 

RN: We have a TOUCH basic training 
course that is designed to help a person 
move out of this religious culture into the 
community of unbelievers. But it doesn't 
happen quickly. It takes an hour and a half 
a week for 11 weeks in training sessions, 
plus daily study at home. Individual weekly 

"If you are going to be strong in 
the next generation, there nnust be 
a wave of young nnen conning into 
the pulpit." 

assignments are also given of things to 
observe or questions to ask of unbelievers. 
What we try to do is transplant the person 
who is imprisoned within the walls of the 
church into a communicating Christian in 
the unbelieving world. It takes time to do 
this. If it is attempted too quickly, people 
become terrified by the experience. 

AG: Is it possible that churches have 
so many what you call "come structures** 
that they're keeping people so busy coming 
to the church that they have little time left 
to go and develop these kind of relation- 
ships. That does take time, doesn't it? 

RN : Precisely ! The pillars of the church 
who ought to be most effective in reaching 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the lost are spending 3 to 5 nights a week 
inside the building. It's obvious that some- 
thing inside that building has to be slacked 
off if those same solid, committed Chris- 
tians are going to have time to spend with 
unbelievers. Churches are going to have to 
get honest in this exploding earth and 
decide what is really good and cut out some 
things inside the church building so people 
are free to spend time with unbelievers. 

AG: Through our pastors' conference 
this week, you have had some brief ex- 
posure to the Brethren, I am interested in 
some of your impressions that you have 
right now of being with the Brethren for 

"So if you want to grow as a 
denomination, the greatest impact 
must be placed upon church 

RN: I frankly feel quite close to the 
Brethren movement, because in your de- 
nominational group you have a direct 
access to a pastor and his people without 
a great deal of machinery on top of them. 
I commend you for your constant intention 
not to be involved with great hierarchical 
systems, and I think this will keep you a 
liquid movement able to flow quickly in a 
certain direction. 

But I also see you bound by traditions 
which lock you out of the emerging world. 
I think that the danger for you is not 
theological, but the fear of giving up 
tradition. I think any tradition that is 
precious and healthy, like the one you have 
of sharing your lives together in the com- 
mon meal, is something which must be 
always preserved. But I think the fear of 
losing your identity sometimes keeps you 
from having a viable identity in the chang- 
ing world. 

AG: What would you say are some of 
the priorities for the Brethren Church in 
the next five or ten years? 

RN: If you are going to be strong in 
the next generation, there must be a wave 
of young men coming into the pulpit. This 
means that in order for this to happen, you 

must also create new ministries, new church 
fields so that there can be a place for a 
widening clergy to begin to serve. 

AG: How important do you believe it is 
for a denomination our size to be actively 
and intentionally involved in planting new 

RN: I think it's the life blood. Many 
church growth studies have indicated that 
the younger a church is the faster it grows. 
The older the church is the more slowly it 
grows. I recall one survey taken of a church 
which started seven churches in seven 
years. The total growth of those seven 
churches was a line that went almost 
straight up on the chart. If that church 
would have occupied itself only in growing 
internally, the growth line, instead of going 
straight up, would have been a slow slope 
up the scale. So if you want to grow as a 
denomination, the greatest impact must be 
placed upon church planting. 

AG: How do you feel about the church 
in America? Are you optimistic or 

RN: I believe the church is the incarna- 
tion of Jesus Christ, and I am always 
excited about it. I believe that it belongs 
to our blessed Lord, and He will not let it 
fail. I see many signs that the church is 
adjusting itself to the new culture of 
secularism that surrounds it, and I am just 
thrilled and excited to be alive in this day. 
I can hardly keep from resenting the time 
it takes me to sleep at night because things 
are happening so fast. I have every exciting 
feeling about what will happen to the 
church in the next 20 years. 

AG: Ralph, many of us in the Brethren 
Church feel that way as well, and we believe 
that Jesus* promise when He said, "I will 
build my church," is a promise for all time. 

RN: Amen and Amen. 

AG: Thank you. Dr. Neighbour, for 
sharing with us. 

Dr. Neighbour is author of seven hooks: 
Witness Take the Stand; The TOUCH of the 
Spirit; The Seven Last Words of the Church; 
This Gift Is Mine; Journey Into Discipleship; 
Target-Group Evangelism; and A Survival Kit 
FOR New Christians. 

June 1979 



news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

I have stood on the top of a steep mountain 
looking at the beautiful panorama before me. 
The quiet atmosphere seems to radiate the 
presence of the God of all creation. 

The silence is suddenly shattered by the 
movement of a small animal. As the animal 
moves, a small stone is dislodged and begins 
to tumble down the side of the mountain. Soon 
the small stone becomes two, then four, and 
the one small stone soon becomes an uncon- 
trollable mass of rocks moving down the side 
of the mountain. This, too, reminds me of the 
presence of God in a most powerful way, for I 
see here the principle of Christian growth. 

We come face to face with God in a moun- 
tain-top experience we call conversion, and as 
we stand on this mountain, we gaze around 
us in awe and amazement, for we are indeed in 
the presence of God. It is an exhilarating 
experience. Then we begin to realize that we 
are not alone and that we cannot stay on the 
mountain top forever. On the side of the moun- 
tain are multitudes hidden in the shrubs and 
crevices who have not had their mountain-top 

From behind, we feel a gentle push — ^God is 
moving us from our safe vantage point — and 
we begin our journey down the side of the 
mountain. On our way we make contact with 
persons, first one, then two, and the force 
multiplies. When we come to a stop, sometimes 
battered and worn, we resdize that God has 
protected us. We gather in our arms all we 
have carried down the mountain and laboriously 
carry them to the top, where they can also 
enjoy the view. Then we wait patiently for the 
gentle push that will send us and our multitude 
down the side of the mountain to gain an even 
greater harvest. 

We tend to complicate God's plan for finding 
the lost when, in reality, God's plan seems to 
work best in a very uncomplicated way. We 
allow God to have complete control over our 
lives, and we find that every day God causes 
us to make contact with multitudes of people. 
We approach them in love, tell them about the 
beautiful view from the mountain of God, and 
carefully lead them up the mountain until they 
can personally see Him. Then we make them 
aware of the waiting multitudes and wait for 
God's command to go again, and they will go 
with us. 

II Timothy 2:2 

S. So contest gets results 
at Oak Hill 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — An increase in attendance of 30 
this Easter over Easter a year ago was one result 
of a Sunday school contest held at the First 
Brethren Church of Oak HiU, W. Va. Lots of new 
faces in the church was another. 

The contest was called "Stepping Up to Easter" 
and ran from March 11 through Easter Sunday. 
Sunday school members were divided into two 
teams — "Leapers," captained by S.S. Superin- 
tendent Roger Boggs, and "Walkers," headed by 
Fred Myers. 

These team names, though a bit unusual, are 
biblical, being based on the lame man in Acts 
chapter 3, who, when healed by Peter and John, 
went walking and leaping (and praising God) into 
the Temple. The theme song for the contest, 
appropriately enough, was "Silver and Gold Have 
I None." 

Points were given to each team for attendance, 
bringing Bibles, and bringing visitors. In addition 
to a winning team, there were also individual 
winners. The five Sunday school members on each 
team who accumulated the most points were given 

A visitation program was also conducted in 
conjunction with the contest. This program is still 
in progress. 

The "Leapers" won the contest and were treated 
to a carry-in dinner by the "Walkers." But with an 
increase in attendance of 30, the big winner was 
the Oak Hill Sunday school. And the members 
there, like the lame man in Acts 3, are praising 
the Lord. 

— ^from information provided by 
Mrs. Ollie Foy, Oak Hill, W. Va. 

Former Brefhren missionary sfabbed 

Brooklyn, N.Y. — Former Brethren missionary 
Robert O. Byler was stabbed in the arm by a drug 
addict on or around April 1. 

The incident occurred in the entrance to a 
Brooklyn police station where Byler had gone 
with a young man of his congregation to report 
an automobile accident. The assailant, known to 
have little love for the police, apparently mistook 
Byler for a police officer. 

Byler was taken to an area hospital in serious 
condition but is now fully recovered. 

Rev. Byler and his wife Jane served as Brethren 
missionaries in Argentina from 1948 to 1966. He 
is now pastor of the Dean Street Baptist Church 
in Brooklyn. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Southwest Confer 


ars Gilmer, Diclcson; 
Northwest Chapel 

The Southwest District Conference was held 
April 20-22, 1979, at the Papago Park Brethren 
Church, Tempe, Arizona. 

The conference theme was "If My People Will," 
based on II Chronicles 7:14: "Then if my people 
will humble themselves and pray, and seek me, 
and turn from their wicked ways, I wiU hear them 
from heaven and forgive their sins and heal their 

Rev. Arden Gilmer, Director of Home Missions, 
brought messages on Friday evening and Saturday 
morning. He stressed that God calls us His people 
and that to pray and seek His face are our 

Rev. Duane Dickson, national Conference 
Moderator, brought messages on Saturday eve- 
ning and Sunday morning. He reminded us that 
there is wickedness in the world and sin in the 
lives of Christians because of the lack of genuine 
love for man inside and outside the church. We 
must each one have a total and complete commit- 
ment to Jesus Christ and share Him with the 
community around us. Our churches will be 
changed when we listen, God answers, and we act. 
II Timothy 2:2 is our challenge. 

Geographically, we of the Southwest District 
feel quite removed from operations at national 
headquarters. It was good to be updated on 
denominational happenings by representatives 
Rev. Dickson, Rev. Gilmer, and Rev. Smith Rose. 
We share in prayer and praise to God for work 
being done by our fellow Brethren. 

During business sessions, revisions in district 
by-laws and appointments to committees and 
boards were made. An election of officers for the 
coming year was also conducted. Officers for the 
new year are: moderator — Robert Rhoades, vice 
moderator — Clarence Stogsdill, secretary — Betty 
Price, assistant secretary — Fran Curtis, treasurer 
— 'Jim Fisher, assistant treasurer — Jim Holsinger, 
statistician — Doris Stogsdill, and assistant stat- 
istician — Ruth Hill. 

It was good to have the youth take an active 
part in this conference. Special music was present- 
ed on Friday evening by three young ladies from 
Papago Park — Shelia Leedy, Michiko Kinsley, and 
Sandra MacDonald. They gave their testimonies by 
singing, with guitar accompaniment, their own 
arrangements. God is working in young lives. 

On Saturday evening we enjoyed music by the 
Bell Choirs from First Brethren Church, Tucson. 
The junior choir was directed by Mrs. Mary 
Roberts and the senior choir was directed by Mrs. 
Carmen Swingle. These young people have been 
performing in the Tucson area, and we felt it a 
great blessing to have them on our program. 

During the conference two presentations were 
made to Rev. William Curtis toward the construc- 

tion of the new Northwest Brethren Chapel. The 
Tucson First Brethren Church presented $2,000 
and the Papago Park congregation presented 

We are looking forward to a great year in ser- 
vice to our Lord. It will be a pleasure to be able to 
hold our conference next year in a new church in 
the Southwest District — the Northwest Brethren 
Church of Tucson. Rev. Curtis and the congrega- 
tion expect to move into the new building in mid 

— Betty Price, Secretary 

Southwest District Conference 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 5 by baptism 

Roann: 4 by baptism 

Wabash: 5 by baptism 

Canton Trinity: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Valley: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

3 by reaffirmation of faith 

Derby: 9 by baptism, 6 by transfer 

Meadow Crest: 4 by transfer 

Ardmore: 2 by transfer 

Oak Hill: 7 by baptism 

Oakville: 8 by baptism 

County Line: 7 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

Left to right, Tanya Clowdis, Angela Covington, 
Kristine House, Angela Smith, Sheri Covington, 
Heidi House, and (not shown) Jay Clowdis and Robin 
Clowdis were baptized at the Oakville, Ind., Brethren 
Church on March 11. 

The Jonestown, Guyana, tragedy was the most 
widely-known event of 1978, according to a Gallup 
poll. The poll showed that 98 percent of Americans 
were aware of the event. 

■ — EP News Service 

June 1979 



Missionary Board announces 
new staff members 

Stanley Gentle: Office Manager 

The Missionary Board of the Brethren Church 
is pleased to announce the appointment of Stanley 
E. Gentle as the Board's Office Manager. He 
assumes his duties June 18th, coming to Ashland 
after serving for three years as Assistant Admin- 
istrator of the Brethren's Home, Flora, Indiana. 

Mr. Gentle graduated from Ashland College in 
1970, then attended the University of Arizona at 
Tucson for three years. Following this, he served 
three years in Santa Cruz, California, as a com- 
puter operator before beginning Christian service 
at the Brethren's Home. 

Stanley is married to the former Judy Johnson, 
who also attended Ashland College. They have two 
sons: Stephen age 8, and Paul age 5. Stanley is 
the son of the Rev. and Mrs. Spencer Gentle, 
pastor of the First Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind. 

The Gentles have been active in the Brethren 
Church for most of their lives. They were youth 
advisors at Tucson's First Brethren Church and 
have shared leadership in the First Brethren 
Church of Flora. Mr. Gentle joins the staff of the 
Missionary Board as he continues his lay ministry 
in Christian service. 

Jan Dahring: Secretary-Receptionist 

The national Missionary Board is happy to 
present Mrs. Richard (Jan) Dahring to members 
and friends of the Brethren Church. Mrs. Dahring 
became secretary and receptionist for the Mission- 
ary Board on March 19th, assuming some of 
the responsibilities of Mrs. Delbert (Marion) 
Mellinger, who retired February 28th after more 
than fifteen years of service. 

Mrs. Richard 

Dahring became 

secretary and 

receptionist for 

the Missionary 

Board on 

March 19th. 

The Dahrings served as missionaries to Sierra 
Leone, West Africa, for three years under the 
Board of Missions of the United Brethren Church, 
Huntington, Indiana. Richard is now nearing com- 
pletion of his training at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, where he will be earning his Masters 
of Arts in Missions degree. They have three chil- 
dren: Andrew 10, Erika 7, and Corrie Elizabeth 5. 

Jan brings to her work a first-hand knowledge 
of foreign missionary service, together with an 
earnest commitment to the Lord and a desire to 
be of service through the offices of the Missionary 

Stanley E. Gentle will become Office Manager 
for the Missionary Board on June 18th. 

Say it with flowers at General Conference 

Do you remember the beautiful flowers on the 
platform at General Conference last year? The 
presence of a few plants did much to lift the 
spirits of Conference delegates. 

Flowering plants are also being planned for 
this year's Conference platform. The Executive 
Committee of General Conference is inviting 

Brethren people to send a memorial donation for 
these plants. 

The need is for five potted plants, which will 
cost $25.(X) each. If you are interested in making 
a donation in memory of a friend or loved one, 
you may send it to the General Conference Plant 
Fund, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Gretna church sets attendance record; 
begins addition to sanctuary 

Bellefontaine, Ohio — ^^The Gretna Brethren Church 
has set a goal of "29 in 79" — that is, of increasing 
its average attendance in 1979 by 29 over the 
1978 average. 

Eariy indications are that this goal will be met! 
On Easter Sunday a record 168 people attended 
the worship service (in a sanctuary which nor- 
mally seats only 120!). This was approximately 25 
more than the previous record attendance. 

Two approaches are being used to achieve this 
goal of "29 in 79." One approach is to win new 
people to Christ and to bring them into the fellow- 
ship of the church. This has resulted in 12 first- 
time decisions and four transfers of membership 
in the past couple of months. In addition five new 
families recently began attending the church and 
have indicated an interest in becoming a part of 
the fellowship. 

The second approach to meeting the goal is an 
attempt to reactivate inactive families. This has 
resulted in at least two families again becoming 

active, and others showing signs of doing the 

In order to accommodate the growth that is 
taking place, the Gretna Brethren congregation 
voted on April 2nd to build an addition to the 
front of the church sanctuary. To provide suffi- 
cient parking space, the congregation also decided 
to nearly double the size of the parking lot. 

The new addition wiU be lO-by-30 feet and will 
include a new platform area, a new pastor's 
office, and a small Sunday school room. At the 
same time as this addition is being built, the entire 
church building is being insulated and covered 
with aluminum siding. 

Perhaps the best part of the building project, 
which began May 1, is that the cost estimate 
given by the contractor was about half what the 
congregation expected. 

Watch future issues of the Evangelist for an 
update on the Gretna building project and for a 
report on the goal of "29 in 79." 

Louisville First observes unique service 

Louisville, Ohio — Palm Sunday at the Louisville 
Brethren Church was the occasion of a unique and 
truly wonderful Christian experience for all those 
who attended the evening service. We, as Brethren, 
have all participated in the three-fold communion 
service, trine immersion baptism, and laying on 
of hands. But to witness and participate in all 
three on the same evening is a most unusual and 
uplifting experience of God's love. 

The evening service began with Darlene 
McFarland, Peg McFarland, and Vickie Reynolds 
giving witness to their first-time commitment by 
submitting to God's will in baptism. Doug Shook 
followed in baptism as he transferred his mem- 
bership from another church. 

Following the baptisms. Dr. Richard Allison 
and Deacon Bill Williams laid hands on those 
who had been baptized and extended the right 
hand of fellowship to each. It was fitting and 
moving that this laying on of hands took place 
in the same room as the Love Feast (which 
followed), thus recalling that the Holy Spirit 
visited the Apostles in the Upper Room. 

This was also a special occasion for Dr. Allison, 
who shared that he had conducted his first 
baptismal service at First Brethren in Louisville. 

The blessings of the evening were not only 
experienced by the members of First Brethren, 
but were shared with friends from other churches 

in the community. These visitors expressed the 
feeling of warmth and love with which the Holy 
Spirit filled all who were present. 

We at First Brethren continue to see the will 
of God working in our lives as we hear of 
answered prayer, experience spiritual growth, and 
watch our youth make their commitment to 
Christ. Much credit must be given to our youth 
leaders who, despite obstacles, have performed 
out of love. 

It is a joy to anticipate and experience the love 
of God in our worship services and our Sunday 
school. We are thankful that God has given us 
many answers to prayer. 

It is with grateful appreciation that we acknowl- 
edge the dignified and loving manner in which 
Rev. Virgil Meyer and Dr. Richard Allison have 
ministered to us and led us through these past 
months. God in His eternal wisdom saw fit to 
bring these men to Louisville's First Brethren 
Church at a time when He knew we needed them 

We are also looking forward to the ministry of 
Rev. John Brownsberger, who will begin serving 
our congregation in July. We are grateful that 
God's Holy Spirit is leading us all to be coopera- 
tive and loving. 

— David L. Scheurer, Moderator 
Louisville First Brethren Church 

June 1979 




to become 
f Chrisfian Educafion 

The Board of Chris- 
tian Education is very 
happy to announce 
that, at its May 5th 
meeting, Mr. Charles 
Beekley was hired to 
fill the position of 
Director of Christian 

An Ashland, Ohio, 
resident, Mr. Beekley 
has been highly in- 
volved in BCE work 
on the local and dis- 
trict levels. He has 
served for two years 
on the General Con- 
ference executive corn- 
Mr. Charles Beekley mittee and is present- 
ly a student at Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Mr. Beekley will be observing the BCE work this 

Garber Company celebrates 


Ashland, Ohio— This year The Garber Company 
of Ashland — a commercial, folding carton, and 
specialty packaging printing company — is cele- 
brating its 100th anniversary. 

What makes this of interest to Brethren people 
is that this company was founded by Aaron Leedy 
Garber, a minister in the Brethren Church. This 
Brethren elder was also editor of the Brethren 
Evangelist from 1886 to 1889 and a part owner 
of the magazine from 1884 to 1889. 

The Garber Company is important to the 
Brethren Church for another reason: several of 
the men who have worked in the Brethren 
Publishing Company print shop got their start 
in printing at Garber. This includes two men 
currently employed by the Publishing Company — 
Dale Gardner, who runs the presses, and Bill 
Edmondson, who makes up the forms for the 

A. L. Garber made his entry into printing in 
Bellville, Ohio, when he bought a small press to 
print religious tracts and pamphlets. When 
Ashland College was founded in 1878, Garber de- 
cided to move his press to Ashland. 

In 1879 he began printing school and church 
publications and then started the weekly news- 
paper, the Ashland Sun. This was the beginning 
of the A. L. Garber Company. From those humble 
beginnings has grown a company which last year 
had over $19 million in sales. 

Garber began his business with a hand fed 


summer and will help with the Crusader Program 
and Youth Convention. He will assume full duties 
as director on September 1. 

Summer Crysaders and Interns 
begin service 

JUNE! This is the month that all the planning 
and anticipation turns into reality for the BCE 
and the Summer Crusaders and Interns. Two 
interns start service as early as June 3. Crusader 
teams come to Ashland June 10-16 for orientation 
and begin their service on the 17th. Twenty-five 
excited young people will find themselves very 
busy, very soon. 

In addition to the four teams listed in the April 
Evangelist (page 21), the BCE is proud to 
announce the assignment of the following team 
and Interns: 

1979 Caaup Crusaders 

Nancy Wilson — Masontown, Pa. 
Darrell Crissman — Brush Valley, Pa. 
Intern to St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Mary Ellen Bates — Waynesboro, Pa. 

Intern to Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Evan Bridenstine — Smithville, Ohio 
"Summer Crusader Update" is a newsletter sent 
during the summer to anyone who has contributed 
financially or volunteered to be a Prayer Warrior 
for 1979. The first issue is already printed and 
mailed. If you have not received the "Update" and 
would like to, just send your name and address 
to the BCE, 524 CoUege Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 

press capable of printing a sheet six inches by 
eight inches. Among its many presses. The 
Garber Company now has one which will print 
up to six colors on a sheet 77 inches wide. The 
company also has a one-of-its-kind, computer- 
controlled "superpress" which can print, diecut, 
coat, and stack paperboard cartons all in one con- 
tinuous operation. 

Nearly everyone has seen printing done by The 
Garber Company. The company prints the packag- 
ing for Puffs tissues, Pepperidge Farm products. 
Cling Free sheets, Quaker 100% Natural Cereal, 
GE light bulbs, and many other products. 

A. L. Garber died in 1942, but the company he 
founded lives on. It is now owned by five Ashland 

As part of its 100th anniversary celebration. 
The Garber Company held open house on May 20. 
Area people were treated to a tour of the plant, 
gifts, and refreshments. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Campus Ministry Year-End Report 

A Time For Reform 

Year-end reports are almost always dull 
recitations designed to play up minor successes 
and conceal shortcomings. After all, who likes to 
face the music? Nevertheless, I will try in the 
next few paragraphs to bring you up to date on 
the Brethren sponsored ministry to Ashland 
College students. In order to do that, it is neces- 
sary to provide a bit of background. 

It is no secret to the Brethren Church that 
Ashland College has experienced serious difficulty 
in its campus life over the past several years. 
Many of us have been saddened to see unwar- 
ranted damage to residence halls and other 
campus facilities. We have expressed reservations 
(and objections) to some student life policies 
introduced since the late sixties. These were years 
of nationwide student unrest, and Ashland College, 
like other institutions of higher education, was 
deeply affected. Radical changes were made for a 
variety of reasons. Some changes were healthy. 
Others were not. 

In this, my first year on campus, I have worked 
with faculty, staff, administrators, and students 
to address problems resulting from undesirable 
change. There is a general consensus that current 
student life policies threaten our traditional 
academic standards, contribute to unsatisfactory 
social conditions in some of the residence halls, 
and place undue financial stress on an already 
tight budget. The time has come for reform. 

In an all-campus convocation held Tuesday, May 
8, 1979, President Schultz, in a brief statement, 
outlined the first steps to reform. He said in part: 

You will be treated as mature individuals, 
and as a part of that, you will be held account- 
able for the choices you make . . . whether 
they are good choices or poor. You will be 
expected to use common sense and good judg- 
ment, to conform to the policies and regulations 
currently existing. You will be permitted the 
freedom of choice, but we will actively pursue 
our right to pass judgment on the appropriate- 
ness of that choice. 

It is no longer safe to think or say "I pay 
$5,000 a year to go here, I can do as I want." 
We are neither bound by your dollars, by your 
numbers, nor by your behavioral norms. We 
not only expect, but will demand that you 
conduct yourselves appropriately in your daily 

Dr. Burkey is Director of Religious Affairs and 
Campus Ministry for Ashland College. . 

by Frederick T. Burkey 

activities, interactions with faculty, staff, and 
with one another. 

Let me proceed further. The behavior of 
this entire year suggests to many of us that a 
total re-examination of social and academic 
rules of conduct is in order. This we also intend 
to do. Let there be no question that this re- 
assessment will be done or any misunderstand- 
ing that the behavior of this entire year is ample 
indication that it needs to be done. 

I believe this is a hopeful sign for improved 
church-college relations. Throughout this year my 
staff has worked with responsive students and 
faculty in the usual ways (Bible studies, campus 
organizations, counseling, etc.) in the hope that 
needed changes would come. Students who wished 
to live on quiet floors were assisted in securing 
appropriate housing. Christians have been trained 
to assist their troubled friends. Worship and 
entertainment activities have contributed to a 
growing solidarity among Christians of all faiths. 

Within the next few months, our work (and 
the church's investment in us) will begin to pay 
off. Policies will be reconsidered and many will 
be revised. I expect that the revised policies will 
be generally acceptable to the church and the 
many Christians on campus. 

In addition. President Schultz has given us the 
"go-ahead" to remodel the basement of Memorial 
Chapel for use as a "campus Christian center" 
(as yet unnamed). Jim Miller has mobilized stu- 
dent work groups to clean the area. When work 
is completed, we hope to have an office for Alpha 
Theta, a counseling room (to be manned by 
seminary students enrolled in the EMERGE coun- 
seling program), four seminar /study rooms, a 
listening room, recreational area, canteen, and a 
large assembly area which can be expanded by 
using folding doors. 

The Christian students are in full support of 
this new center. If we can get the project moving 
this summer, we can expect unprecedented results 
next fall. But we need your help. We have willing 
bodies to do the work, but we need money for 
paint, materials, and equipment. Please join us in 
prayer that God will lead us to the resources we 
need in this crucial year. For with the combina- 
tion of positive and attractive programs, a usable 
facility, highly motivated students, and revised 
social policies, the opportunity is unlimited. 

Finally, I urge you all to remember us in your 
prayers. Especially support President Schultz who 
must lead in difficult times. Letters offering 
support and/or suggestions will be greatly 
appreciated! . .. 

June 1979 



Park Street Brethren Church 
celebrates centennial 

Ashland, Ohio — The First Brethren Church of 
Ashland (Park Street) celebrated its 100th anni- 
versary on Sunday, May 6. 

During the morning Centennial Worship Ser- 
vice, 325 worshipers joined together to praise God 
for giving this church 100 years in which to serve 

The speaker for the service was Rev. Duane 
Dickson, the General Conference Moderator, who 
spoke on "Reflection, Perception, and Projection" 
— reflections on the past, perceptions of the 
present, and projections for the future. 

A special feature of the Centennial Worship 
Service was the participation of two members of 
the church who are descendants of former prom- 
inent Brethren leaders. Mr. Howard Mack, who 
led the prayer, is a descendant of Alexander Mack, 
the founder of the Brethren denomination. Rev. 
Robert Holsinger, who read the Scripture text, is 
a descendant of Henry R. Holsinger, the founder 
of our particular branch of the Brethren Church. 

Following the worship service, a fellowship 
dinner was served to 225 people. 

Activities continued with a Centennial Cele- 
bration at 2 p.m. Speaker for this service was 
Dr. Charles Munson, professor at Ashland 
Theological Seminary and a member of the Park 
Street congregation. In his centennial message — 
"God in Our Next 100"— Dr. Munson told the 190 
people present that God wants this church to be 
made up of people who ask, "God, what in the 
world do you want us to do?" and then do it! 

Special music for the Centennial Celebration 
was provided by other Brethren churches in north- 
central Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. John Rowsey of the 
Ashland Garber Brethren Church sang a duet, as 
did Tom McConahay and Jim Amstutz of the 
Smithville Brethren Church. A trio — Regina 
Steward, Linda Zerbe, and Suzanne Barr — repre- 
sented the Walcrest Brethren Church of Mansfield. 
Mrs. Victor Humm, a former choir director at 
Park Street, presented a vocal solo. 

Letters of greetings from two former pastors 
were read, and Rev. L. V. King, pastor from 1941 
to 1946f brought greetings in person. His com- 
ments and recollections of his years at Park Street 
were one of the highlights of the service. 

During a time of recognition of members, Mrs. 
Lee Fasig was commended for being the longest 
baptized member present. Mrs. Fasig was bap- 
tized in 1906. The youngest members present — 
Angle DeVeny and Angle Weidenhamer, both first 
graders — were also introduced. Angle Weiden- 
hamer had been baptized in the morning worship 

A further centennial celebration is planned at 
Park Street for September 21-23, with the Creative 
Ministries of Frank Roughton. 

Howard Mack (at lectern), a de- 
scendant of Alexander Mack, led 
the prayer for the Centennial Wor- 
ship Service. Rev. Robert Holsinger 
(behind Mr. Mack), a descendant 
of Henry R. Holsinger, read the 

Bits 'n Pieces 

John and Adrienne Holsinger were honored by 
the Oakville, Ind., Brethren Church with a special 
service and a carry-in dinner on March 18th. Mr. 
Holsinger had retired from his job as a mail 
carrier and he and his wife were moving to 
Phoenix, Ariz. 

Bret Rinehart and Donald Voorhees were hon- 
ored by the deacon board of the Flora, Ind., First 
Brethren Church at the annual breakfast for high 
school graduates, held April 29. The graduates 
were presented Bibles by the Sunday school. 

A service of commitment was held for Rev. 
and Mrs. Claude Stogrsdill and the congregation 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church on Sunday 
morning, April 22. The occasion was the accep- 
tance by Rev. Stogsdill of a 3-year call to the 
Warsaw pastorate. Rev. Stogsdill has pastored 
the Warsaw church since June 1970. 

Sixty-three residents of the Brethren's Home, 
Flora, Ind., took communion on Wednesday after- 
noon, April 18. The service was administered by 
Rev. Alvin Grumbling, pastor of the Flora, Ind., 
First Brethren Church, assisted by deacons and 
deaconesses of the Flora church. 

Rev. Robert Keplinger is now a consultant for 
Gospel Light Publications. Rev. Keplinger is also 
pastor of the Washington, D.C., Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

John Gyli joined in U.S. 
by wife and son 

Pasadena, Calif.— Rev. John Guli's wife Elizabeth 
and his youngest son Njameba (age 5) arrived in 
Los Angeles from Nigeria, West Africa, on May 
19. They will be staying with Rev. Guli in Pasa- 
dena until his graduation from Fuller Theological 
Seminary School of World Missions on June 9th. 

Rev. Guli, a Nigerian pastor and church leader, 
has been studying at the Fuller School of World 
Missions during the past year under the sponsor- 
ship of the Missionary Board of the Brethren 

Following his graduation. Rev. Guli and his wife 
and son will spend several weeks visiting friends, 
former missionaries, and mission executives in 
the U.S. They will be in Ashland, Ohio, June 23 
to June 28. 

Rev. and Mrs. Guli and their son will depart for 
Nigeria on July 15 from Cleveland, Ohio. 


Mr. & Mrs. Howard Fisher, 55th, June 18. Mem- 
bers of the Ardmore Brethren Church, South 
Bend, Ind. 

Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Yunker, 53rd, May 25. Friends of 
the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 
Mr. & Mrs. Oarber Wrig^ht, 65th, April 15. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, North Man- 
chester, Ind. 


Clieryl Ann Straub to Barry Dean Dysert, May 5, 

at the Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church; Carl H. 

Phillips, pastor, officiating. Members of the Vinco 

Brethren Church. 

Rebecca Sue Newell to Gary Wayne Brown, May 

5, at the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church; Alvin 

Grumbling, pastor, officiating. 

Deborah Sue Curtis to Ronald Bruce Petterson, 

April 28, at the Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren 

Church; Rev. William Curtis, father of the bride, 

officiating. Bride member of Northwest Brethren 

Chapel, Tucson, Ariz. 

Wilda Singer to Harold Bracken, April 20, at the 

Chickoree Union Church; Rev. Carl H. Phillips 

and Rev. Rhue officiating. Bride member of the 

Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church. 

Nona Jean Hesketh to Marshall Paul Sowers, 

April 7, at Pleasant View Brethren Church, Van- 

dergrift, Pa. William D. Walk, pastor, and Rev. 

Carl Holm officiating. Bride member of the 

Pleasant View Brethren Church. 

Leigfh Vance to Anthony Hopkins, March 17, at the 

Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Claude 

Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. Bride member of the 

Warsaw First Brethren Church. 

Becky Sue Michel to Paul Thomas Hendrix, March 

3, at the North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren 

Church; Rev. Paul Bowman, officiating. Bride 

member of the North Manchester First Brethren 



Rev. William Livingston dies 

Rev. Livingston 

Rev. William Liv- 
ingston, 61, a former 
Brethren pastor, died 
of a heart attack on 
May 7, 1979. Rev. Liv- 
ingston retired from 
the active ministry 
last year and was 
living with his wife 
June in La Place, lU. 

Rev. Livingston en- 
tered the ministry in 
1963 at the age of 45. 
Following his training 
at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary, he 
served for l^^ years 

as pastor of the Flora, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. Then from 1965 to 
1970, he was the administrator of the Brethren's 
Home in Flora. 

In 1970 Rev. Livingston became pastor of the 
Cerro Gordo, 111., Brethren Church. He served 
that congregation until his retirement in June of 
last year. 

In an interview for an article which appeared 
in the June 1978 Evangelist, Rev. Livingston said, 
*T entered the ministry later in life. But I haven't 
dreaded a minute of it." He also added, "I've 
appreciated every opportunity that's been pre- 
sented to me by the Brethren Church. It's been 
a special part of my life to have opportunity to 
serve in a very particular way." 

In Memory 

Guy L. Baker, Jr., 52, May 6. Member of the 

Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. 

Phillips, pastor, and Rev. Marvin Lowery. 

Cleo Lonffnecker, 72, April 22. Member of the 

Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

Claude Stogsdill, pastor. 

Virg^il Williams, 66, April 20. Member for 52 years 

and deacon of the Roanoke, Ind., Brethren Church. 

Services by Ralph Gibson, pastor, 

Gerald Layton, 62, April 18. Member of the Roann, 

Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by Rev. 

William Kerner. 

Joihn Stevens, 87, April 13. Lifelong member of 

the Oak Hill, W. Va., First Brethren Church. 

Services by William R. Skeldon, pastor, assisted 

by Rev. Hainey of the Church of God. 

Katharine Miller, 86, April 11. Member of the 

Valley Brethren Church, Jones Mills, Pa. Services 

by Jerald Radcliff, pastor. 

Morton Huffer, 68, February 16. Member of the 

Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

Claude Stogsdill, pastor. 

June 1979 


as i see it 

How to Put Meaning 

into Your 
Spring Housecleaning 

by Dale R. Stoffer 

How often has your annual spring cleaning 
been drudgery because it lacked any significance 
beyond simply the satisfaction of knowing that 
another year's dust has been rearranged? This 
year I would like to propose a novel approach to 
that dreaded task, especially for those of you with 
attics chock full of old odds and ends which 
haven't been touched in years. Why not go on a 
search for old Brethren periodicals, books, pamph- 
lets, pictures, correspondence, etc? 

For those of you not acquainted with me, I am 
a doctoral student at Fuller Theological Seminary 
and am studying the development of thought in 
the Brethren Church from 1708 to the present. In 
my research visit at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, I have at times been frustrated by the lack 
of certain materials. Even though our archives 
are comparable with those of the other Brethren 
groups, there is always room for improvement. 

Let me answer some questions which might 
arise in your mind concerning old Brethren 
materials. First, what should I look for? As a 
rule, the seminary archives could use any items 
older than 1920. Copies of the Brethreii Evangelist 
prior to 1920 and especially before 1900 would be 
greatly w^elcomed. Also other Brethren periodicals 
of the period 1850-1880 are very important: The 
Gospel Visitor, The Christian Family Companion, 
The Primitive Christian, Brethren at Work, 
The Deacon, and The Progressive Christian 

Any old Brethren books from the 1700s and 
1800s would be excellent additions to the library. 
Look for authors' names like Peter Nead, Peter 
and Benjamin Bowman, and Henry Kurtz, and 
works pubUshed by the Sauer and Ephrata 
presses (1700s). The library especially needs old 
pamphlets and tracts published between 1850 and 
1900 by any of the Brethren groups (does anyone 
have a copy of Laura Grossnickle's "Woman's 
Divine Right to Preach the Gospel"?). 

A valuable form of research materials often 
overlooked are letters and sermons by the prom- 

drawing by Gayle Reuschling 

inent figures in the church which help to illum- 
inate the life and thought of the church. Do any 
of you possess letters from or to H. R. Holsinger, 
the Wolfes of California, J. Allen Miller, the Ronk 
brothers, J. L. Gillin, Louis S. Bauman, Alva J. 
McClain and other church leaders? Old Brethren 
almanacs, annuals, statistical reports (prior to 
1965), and copies of local church minute books 
(especially from our oldest and most influential 
churches) are also desired. If you have some old 
German books you can't read, don't discard them; 
they may be of considerable importance. 

Second, why should I give these things to the 
seminary rather than some other worthy organ- 
ization? Materials should be collected and held 
at a central place that has a vested interest in 
the topic. The Ashland Seminary library is the 
logical place for such artifacts for it is here that 
scholars both inside and outside the denomination 
will look for Brethren-related materials. 

Third, what should I do if I find some old 
Brethren materials? Contact Bradley Weiden- 
hamer at the Ashland Theological Seminary 
library and see if they are items which are needed. 
He will make arrangements for the shipment of 
important artifacts. 

Finally, remember that these "treasures" repre- 
sent a legacy to future generations of Brethren 
students and scholars and are invaluable for 
maintaining a link to our Brethren heritage. I 
must stress that this is an important service which 
you can render the church and should not be over- 
looked. Happy hunting! 


The Brethren Evangelist 


JJa Ma: Munson. " 
A \hland fork St. 
oi World R^IJx'l.., . ., 

photo courtesy of Ashland Times-Gazette 

by Phil Lersch, Chairman 
Brethren World Relief Board 

Sewing at Park Street Brethren 

Since 1966 several women at the Ashland Park 
Street Church, led by Mrs. Aida May Munson, 
have been sewing every Thursday morning 
(September through May) for World Relief and 
local projects. The old coal bin at the church was 
converted to a sewing room, complete with shelves 
lining both sides and a carpeted floor. 

Earlier this spring the Ashland Times -Gazette 
reported and pictured the packing up of about 
200 pounds of items, including 25 quilts, 85 crib 
sheets, and numerous items of clothing — made 
largely from donated materials. These will be 
sent to New Windsor, Maryland, for distribution 
overseas during a disaster. 

Another project is knitting and crocheting baby 
blankets. The women hope to have 100 completed 
by August. 

Soup Supper at Warsaw 

Mrs. Jane Stogsdill, World Relief contact person 
in Warsaw, Indiana, reports another successful 
Annual Soup Supper at First Brethren in March. 
It was sponsored by the WMS. 

The program included showing the WRC film, 
"Africa . . . And the Beat Goes On," and devotions 
by Pastor Claude Stog-sdill. His theme was "Help- 
ing Our Brother," stressing the importance of 
keeping world needs in mind the whole year and 
not just at "soup supper" time. 

General Conference Features 

A newly-designed set of color slides and taped 
narration will be shown during General Confer- 
ence in August. Produced by the World Relief 
Corporation, it was first viewed as a multimedia 
presentation at the NAE Convention in Orlando, 

Florida, in March — where several Brethren were 
in attendance. The impact will quicken our sen- 
sitivity to our world neighbors in need. 

Name Change 

For legal and organizational reasons, the World 
Relief Commission of the National Association of 
Evangelicals has changed its name to World 
Relief Corporation. The change allows retaining 
the WRC initials, which is convenient. 

WRC is the relief agency through which all 
Brethren World Relief gifts are channeled. Noth- 
ing has changed with regard to World Relief's 
purpose, goals, or determination to provide "Food 
for the Body, and Food for the Soul." 

Paul Munshi Honored 

Bangladesh Christian humanitarian leader Paul 
Munshi was honored on March 7th in the presen- 
tation of the first annual WORLD RELIEF HELP- 
ING HAND AWARD. The award was given in 
connection with the annual NAE Convention in 
Orlando, Florida. (It was my privilege to meet 
Paul at the WRC Dacope agricultural project in 
Bangladesh in 1976, and to visit with him again in 

Munshi was cited for his "outstanding contribu- 
tion through selfless service to the people of 
Bangladesh" in recognition of his establishing 
and maintaining self-help programs for poverty 
stricken people of his homeland. 

Since 1971 Munshi has headed the Christian 
Service Society, World Relief's counterpart agency 
in Bangladesh. At present CSS supervises 130 
cooperatives in three major areas. The process of 
over 9,000 families achieving a respectable living 
is made possible through grants from World Re- 
lief Corporation. The goal of the cooperatives is 
complete self-sustenance for a growing number 
of families. 






















A Family Affair— 

1979 General Conference 

AUGUST 13-17 


"// My People Will" 

Including — 

— A nursery for pre-schoolers, with adult supervision, 

operated during business sessions , .. 

— A special pre-BYC program for 

elementary-age children 

— BYC Convention: 


— Adult Conference: 


— Workshops 
— Fellowship 

business and 

business and 

Rev. Peter LJnruh 
featured speaker 








Watch for details in the 
July Brethren Evangelist. 

Housing pre-registration information 
also in July Evangelist'. 

P\an now to attend! 










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/ > Mod^rcitor'^ ' Address 

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l|ispiraf iond Hour . } 

v'Gen. Conf./ Modera'+O'*' ' \ 
Rev. Duane ^Dickson 'I 
Saturday/ 1 :3'0 »p.m. . 

Mini-DeVotionals ^ /'^ 
Rfev. Ro^p^ferf vF^a/ne , '/ 

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^Saturday, I 1:15 4i.m.- 

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W \ The Brefhren 1 * J 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(USPS 064-200) 

Editor : 

Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 

Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


This month marks the 300th 
anniversary of Alexander Mack's 
birth. Shown are Mack and the 
Mack family crest. See article 
about Mack's life on page 4. 
Needlepoint crest by Carolyn Mack 
Cover design by Howard Mack 

. 101, No. 1 


His Life, Oyr Brethren Heritage 

A review of his life on the 300th anniversary of his birth, by 
Dale R. Staffer and Jerry Flora 

Snfrodycing the Conference Worship Committee 

Peter Roussaki explains the purpose of the new Conference 
Worship Committee and presents some of its members. 

Special Featisre: Perspectives for the Eighties 
10 Building on Bedrock 

by Rev. Clarence A. Stogsdill 

A Preview of the 1979 General Conference 


and Opening Service 

1 7 Board 

and Seminary Service 

dycation Service 

Ashland College Night 

21 Cotiference Auxiliary Sessions 


13 The Salt Shaker 

22 Update 


As a follow-up on this month's article on the life of Alexander 
Mack, next month's issue of The Brethren Evangelist will carry 
an article about the thought of this Brethren leader. 

July 1979 


A review of his life 

Alexander Mack 

ALEXANDER MACK, guiding spirit of 
the early Brethren movement, was born 
three hundred years ago this month. 

It was under Mack's leadership that a 
group of eight believers committed them- 
selves to the founding of a ''New Testa- 
ment church" by trine immersion. His 
preaching-teaching-writing skills caused the 
young church to expand to several locations 
in Europe. His pastoral ability united the 
scattered, sometimes disillusioned Brethren 
who had come to America, giving them a 
sense of community and mission in the new 
world. His thinking fashioned the theolog- 
ical framework that to this day charac- 
terizes Brethren at their best. 

The story of Alexander Mack's early life 
centers in Schriesheim, a small town in 
southern Germany, not far from Heidel- 
berg. There, in 1664, John Philip Mack 
married Christina Phillbrunn. To them were 
born eight children. An influential and re- 
spected man in the community, John Mack 
served as a long-time member of the 
Schriesheim town council. He was also 
mayor in 1690 and again in 1696. He was 
a devout Christian and reared his family 
in the Reformed Church, where he served 
as an elder. 

Alexander, the youngest of John and 
Christina Mack's four sons, was born on 
July 27, 1679. From the age of ten his pro- 
fessional career was decided: he began to 
learn his father's milling trade. 

On January 18, 1701, Alexander married 

This article is an abridgment of an extensive 
study of Alexander Mack researched and written 
by Dale R. Stoffer, a doctoral student at Fuller 
Theological Seminary. 

The abridgment was prepared by Dr. Jerry Flora, 
Associate Professor of Christian Theology at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Anna Margaretha Khng. Her father, John 
Valentine Kling, like Alexander's father, 
was a respected Schriesheim townsman, 
serving as a Reformed Church elder, town 
councilor, and also at one point as major. 
Alexander and Anna Margaretha Mack 
had five children — two daughters who died 
in Germany and three sons who later 
accompanied their father to America. 

The New Believer 

Alexander Mack's life as a young Schries- 
heim miller remained relatively stable 
until he met the Radical Pietist, Ernst 
Christoph Hochmann (1670-1721). Of noble 
birth, Hochmann had studied at several 
universities and seemed destined to a prom- 
ising law career. But he became a commit- 
ted Christian while attending the University 
of Halle, then decided to dedicate his life 
to God as an itinerant preacher of the 

He traveled throughout Germany, Switz- 
erland, and the Netherlands proclaiming a 
powerful, yet simple vision. He sought a 
"new church filled with the spirit of love, 
a real fellowship and brotherhood in Christ 
Jesus without church boundaries and with- 
out any kind of organization." This revival 
message was reinforced by a life of sing- 
ular, unselfish devotion to Christ, which 
spoke almost as eloquently as his words. 

Alexander Mack met Hochmann about 
1705 in the course of a preaching tour. 
Hochmann's personal charisma and per- 
suasive teaching attracted Mack, who in- 
vited the Radical Pietist leader to Schries- 
heim the next year. Both the Reformed and 
Catholic churches denounced the study 
groups which formed around Hochmann ais 
heretical and fanatical. Mack, Hochmann, 
and other Pietists narrowly escaped arrest 


The Brethren Evangelist 

His Life, Our Bretliren Heritage 

on fhe 300th anniversary of his birth. 

for their activities in August, 1706. But the 
next month Hochmann and nine others 
were sentenced to hard pubUc labor. 

These repressive measures caused Mack 
to look for a different home, where his 
new found religious convictions could be ex- 
pressed freely. So in October of 1706 he 
moved his family to Schwarzenau in County 
Wittgenstein where Count Henry Albert had 
extended religious toleration to all refugees 
who sought asylum within his territory. 
Though Henry Albert's policy of religious 
freedom came under attack from all sides, 
he maintained it until his death in 1723. 

It is thought that Mack and Hochmann 
traveled together as itinerant preachers 
throughout much of 1707, apparently cen- 
tering their main efforts in the Rhine 
Valley. The two were in complete agree- 
ment in most facets of their thought, and 
the early Brethren cherished a confession 
of faith written by Hochmann in 1702. 
However, in their views on church organi- 
zation and practice, the two friends 
differed. The older man was an extreme 

photo by Delbert Flora 

Alexander Mack's mill in Schwarzenau as: it 
appeared in 1958. At the age of ten, Mack began 
to learn the milling trade from his father. 

by Dale R. Stoffer and Jerry Flora 

separatist. He did not accept the need for 
religious organization, clergy, outward 
sacraments, or anything else which remind- 
ed him of the externalism of the established 
churches. He was interested only in a 
spiritual church, devoid of fixed meeting 
times, places, and liturgy. 

Mack, as well as some other Radical 
Pietists, came to believe that the New Test- 
ament commanded the institution of an 
organized church along with the practice 
of such rites as water baptism, the Lord's 
Supper, anointing with oil, and community 

For more than a year (September 1707 
to October 1708) Hochmann was impris- 
oned in Nuremberg for his outspoken relig- 
ious activity there. During this time Mack 
settled down in Schwarzenau where he had 
opportunity to continue his search of the 
Scriptures with other believers who were 
seeking full obedience to Christ. 

The New Fellowship 
Mack, his wife, and six others entered 
into intensive, prolonged prayer and study 
in order to find the will of God for their 
future course. One of the group's deep con- 
cerns was their unbaptized state, for all 
had renounced the infant baptism admin- 
istered to them, and some had been 
excommunicated. The eight thus sought 
Hochmann's opinion about the administra- 
tion of baptism in the manner they consid- 
ered apostolic — trine immersion. His re- 
sponse was one of cautious encouragement, 
warning them to ''count the cost" and to 
avoid legalistic, outward, or sectarian 
administration of the rite. 

Motivated by a desire to be totally obe- 
dient to Christ and convicted by the New 

(continued on next page) 

July 1979 


Mack . . . sought to serve the church with a sensitive, 
humble spirit, winning the respect of those to whom 
he ministered by his own hfe of devotion to Christ/' 

Testament command for baptism, these 
eight behevers covenanted together to be 
baptized by trine immersion. It is important 
to fix this decision in its proper context — 
that is, obedience to Christ. It is conjec- 
tured that the baptism of these five men 
and three women took place in August or 
September of 1708. The place was an un- 
known spot in the Eder River near 
Schwarzenau. Their leader, Alexander 
Mack, was twenty-nine years old. 

News of this baptism and those which 
followed spread quickly through County 
Wittgenstein. The novelty and radical na- 
ture of this step of faith aroused suspicion 
from both political and religious authori- 
ties, for no baptisms were permitted out- 
side the established Catholic, Lutheran, 
and Reformed churches. But not all the 
publicity was bad. As more people seriously 
considered the beliefs of this new group, 
more conversions occurred. Although mem- 
bership figures are not available, careful 
estimates place the growth in the new 
fraternity at several hundred persons be- 
tween 1708 and 1719. 

During these years Alexander Mack 
devoted himself to preaching and teaching 
about the beliefs of the Brethren. Recog- 
nizing the advantages of printing for the 
spread of Brethren views. Mack also pub- 
lished two works. Basic Questions, the first 
publication presenting Brethren principles, 
appeared in 1713. This pamphlet consisted 




Bridge dating to the time of Alexander Mack 
over the Eder River at Schwarzenau. Mack and 
seven other believers were baptized at an unknown 
spot in the Eder River in 1708. This bridge has 
been replaced since this picture was taken in 1958. 

of forty questions on baptism and church 
fellowship submitted by the separatist 
Eberhard Louis Gruber, together with 
Mack's considered answers. Two years later 
Mack published the first major theological 
work of the Brethren, Brief and Simple 
Exposition of the Outward but Yet Sacred 
Kights and Ordinances of the House of God. 
The literary format of this book was a 
''conversation" between a father and his 
son, a device which Mack employed to 
present the unique beliefs of the new 

The New World 

Persecution and hardship continued to be 
the lot of the Brethren in Germany, 
especially outside Wittgenstein. These dif- 
ficulties led one group under the leadership 
of Peter Becker to emigrate to America in 
1719. One year later Alexander Mack led 
about two hundred of the Schwarzenau 
Brethren in a move to Surhuisterveen in 
the Netherlands. Surhuisterveen was lo- 
cated in West Friesland, an area containing 
many Mennonites as well as several other 
groups whose beliefs were very similar to 
those of the Brethren. 

Encouraged by glowing reports from the 
Brethren in Pennsylvania and faced with a 
combination of economic hardship and a 
lack of complete religious freedom in the 
Netherlands, the Brethren eventually de- 
cided to sail for the New World. Mack and 
a group of around one hundred twenty 
arrived in Philadelphia from Rotterdam on 
September 15, 1729. They were given a 
warm reception at nearby Germantown, the 
center of Brethren activity in early 18th 
century America. 

The group that had arrived ten years 
earlier with Peter Becker had been plagued 
with many problems. But now Mack's 
presence immediately served as a cohesive, 
binding force for the loosely federated 
Brethren congregations. With Becker's full 
approval. Mack at once assumed the lead- 
ership and direction of the Germantown 
church, a position which he held with great 
wisdom and skill until his death in 1735. 

Mack's six-year ministry at German- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren activity in early 18th century America was centered at Genuantown, Pa. Mack 
served the Germantown congregation for six years, stabilizing and strengthening the 
Brethren during a difficult time. The congregation met in homes for many years until 
it built the above pictured meeting house in 1770. 

town was invaluable in stabilizing and 
strengthening the Brethren during a very 
difficult period. Not only were they adjust- 
ing to life as German immigrants in the 
English colonies, but also they were dealing 
with the Beissel schism. 

Conrad Beissel had been elected a Breth- 
ren minister at Conestoga shortly after he 
joined the Brethren Church in 1724. He 
was a powerful, persuasive speaker with 
tendencies toward mysticism, monasticism, 
celibacy, and Sabbatarianism. He led a 
portion of the Conestoga congregation in 
separating from the rest of the Brethren 
in 1728. 

A year after Mack arrived in German- 
town, he purposefully went to a meeting 
conducted by Beissel in order to open a way 
for reconciliation. But Beissel censured him 
and the Brethren with him, refusing to 
consider their differences. Mack visited him 
on another occasion after Beissel had 
moved his group to Ephrata in 1732, but 
Beissel hid himself so that the meeting 
could not occur. 

Mack, however, persevered in his lead- 
ership of the main body of Brethren. He 
sought to serve the church with a sensitive, 
humble spirit, winning the respect of those 

to whom he ministered by his own life of 
devotion to Christ. His example was capable 
of providing guidelines for the church in 
its future struggles to find meaning and 

He was a diligent student of the Word, 
believing that Scripture rather than human 
reason, church creeds, or individual inspira- 
tion should be the ultimate guide for 
Christian life. Once he came to a decision 
based upon study, prayer, sensitivity to the 
Spirit, and group consensus, he would live 
by it, no matter what the consequences. He 
tried to antagonize no one but strove only 
for a loving, caring, sharing community of 
believers who lived in obedience to Christ. 

Alexander Mack died on January 31, 
1735, at the age of fifty-five. His death 
was a great loss to the church, and the 
following years were precarious ones for his 
flock. Before his death. Mack was asked 
by Eberhard Louis Gruber to speculate 
about the future of the fledgling Brethren 
movement. Mack replied, "If we remain in 
the teaching of the New Testament, we 
expect this outcome, namely, that the ful- 
fillment of our faith will be eternal life. . . . 
We cannot testify for our descendants — as 
their faith is, so shall be their outcome." □ 

July 1979 

Introducing - - 

The Conference Worship Committee 

Peter Roussaki explains the purpose of the new Conference 
Worship Committee and presents some of its members. 

HOW MANY of us have ever sat through 
a dull, lifeless worship service? The 
service was probably characterized by most 
or all of the following — a meaningless order 
of worship, hymns picked at random, 
mediocre special music, uninspired preach- 
ing, and the whole thing done as if by rote 
rather than with an heartfelt attempt to 
worship the God of all creation. 

I'm sure all of us have experienced this 
kind of worship service on occasion. Tra- 
gically, some of us may suffer through 
them regularly. 

The worship service should be central in 
the life of the church. Unfortunately, wor- 
ship services do not always receive the 
careful planning and preparation they 

In order to promote the enrichment of 
worship in the Brethren Church, last year's 
General Conference established a new 
standing committee — the Worship Com- 
mittee. This new committee replaces the 
former Music Committee and has a larger 
area of concern than that committee. 

The following paragraph from the Man- 
ual of Procedure summarizes the ministry 
to be performed by this new committee. 

Rev. Peter 
Roussaki is 
chairman of 
the Worship 
He is also 
professor of 
music at 

Worship Committee: This committee shall 
consist of nine members, elected for terms 
of three years each, with three terms expir- 
ing each year. The functions of this com- 
mittee shall be: (a) provide music leadership 
for the General Conference program; (b) 
promote enrichment of worship in The 
Brethren Church; (c) provide opportunities 
for worship education on the national, dis- 
trict and local levels; (d) provide local 
church worship leaders with current re- 
sources for worship. 

The scope of possible activities of this 
committee will be broad. Music and musi- 
cians will not be the only concerns pro- 
moted. Many aspects of the worship life 
of the church will be considered. Pastors, 
since they plan worship services, prepare 
sermons, coordinate music in worship, 
select hymns, and lead worship services, 
are encouraged to serve on this committee 
and to benefit from its activities — in order 
that worship may be enriched in the 
Brethren Church. 

The Worship Committee has been at 
work during the past year. The first fruits 
of its efforts will be presented at this 
year's General Conference. The Conference 
theme, 'If My People Will," will be intro- 
duced and interpreted through a Worship 
Committee sponsored worship service on 
Monday evening of Conference. During 
Conference week the committee will also 
sponsor a workshop, ''Music with Children 
and Youth." 

Term Committee members 


1979 — Jeff Lentz, Charlene Rowser, 
Bradley Weidenhamer 

1980 — Jean Lersch, Doris Shultz, 
Paula Deardurff (secretary) 

1981 — Sherry Van Duyne, Julia 
Flora, Peter Roussaki (chair- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

In the future, enrichment experiences 
deaUng with sermon preparation, drama, 
service construction and coordination, the 
role of greeters and acolytes, lay ministers, 
children's church, and musical worship may 
be dealt with. Your suggestions and re- 
actions are welcomed. 

As a part of this introduction to the 
Worship Committee, I would like to share 
some biographical information about three 
of its members. All three of them possess 
strong music credentials and are concerned 
for the larger context in which preaching 
and music function. 

TULIE FLORA is a graduate of Ashland 
^ College with the bachelor of music 
degree. She received a piano scholarship 
at Ashland and also studied organ, per- 
formed in student recitals, and accompanied 
gospel team groups. 

Julie has served as pianist for many 
churches, currently teaches private lessons, 
and is a member of the Ashland Musical 
Club. As a public school teacher she taught 
in Ohio, Indiana, California, Maryland, and 
Kentucky. She also served as choir director 
for the First Brethren Church of New 
Paris, Ind., and the Washington, D.C., 
Brethren Church. 

Julie's larger interests include correlating 
the fine arts as a means of worship expres- 
sion. Her own continuing contribution to 
the worship life of the church and her 
personal life testimony provide us an 
example of great worth. 

Julie Flora 

PAULA DEARDURFF earned the bach- 
elor of music education degree from 
Ashland College. She majored in piano and 
was a member of the college choir. She 
served as musical director of two college 
summer theatre productions. 

While ministering with her husband Paul 
as a tentmaker in the Cheyenne, Wyo., 

Brethren Church, she served as pianist, a 
position she now fills in the Ashland 
Garber Brethren Church. She is also a 
member of the Ashland Musical Club. 
Paula's review of David C. Cook's new 
''Music Is for Children" curriculum ap- 



Paula Deardurff 

peared in the November 1978 issue of The 
Brethren Evangelist. 

Paula hopes that through the Worship 
Committee the Brethren denomination will 
become aware of the importance of coor- 
dinating thoughtfully the music of local 
church worship. Her desire is to see the 
denomination open to the creative use of 
drama and puppetry as well. Paula has 
stated: "All of us need to learn more about 
worship, especially practicing God's pres- 
ence. Thoughtful use of music and other 
arts can be valuable aids to this end." 

SHERRY VAN DUYNE also has a rich 
background of experiences. A graduate 
of Ashland College, she contributed to the 
denominational program of Christian edu- 
cation, serving as music specialist and 
music director for Crusader programs. She 
has written and led worship services and 
musical programs. She also served as 

(continued on next page) 

Van Diivne 

July 1979 


children's choir and youth choir director 
for Park Street Brethren Church and at 
North Manchester. Presently she serves as 
choir director at Brighton. 

Sherry has made several significant 
statements about music and about the 
Worship Committee: 

/ really enjoy challenging music. I miss 
being in a quality group which can handle 
the old masters, not just the new things. 
I love being a soloist when I feel that God 
can speak through the piece with me as 
the instrument. I really miss kids choirs. I 
wish more quality things were being done 
with kids groups than just "herding" them 
through an adult style hymn arrangement. 
The church is missing a real opportunity 
to teach good music principles and good 
Christian music in many cases. 

My hopes for the Worship Committee are 
many. If we could educate the Brethren to 
see the worship experience as a total experi- 
ence with all components fulfilling pre- 
established priorities, we will have done a 
great deal. What are some worship prior- 
ities? What are the components of a worship 
service? How can we truly glorify God in 
all aspects? Where does music fit in? What 
about the kids? Do we meet their needs? 
Should they worship differently? Separately? 
I guess I see our purpose as a gradual educa- 
tion or awakening process. 

To assist this education and awakening 
process, I personally would like to propose 
an auxiliary. Let's call it the Fellowship 
for Brethren Worship. It would be under 
the sponsorship of the Worship Committee 
of General Conference and serve to fulfill 
many of the functions of the committee as 
stated in the Manual of Procedure. It would 
provide resources, fraternal support, and 
a forum for dialogue in this most vital 
aspect of the weekly life of the believers. 

Persons desiring to be a part of this 
currently unofficial fellowship are encour- 
aged to write to me (Peter Roussaki, 44 
North Gamble Street, Shelby, Ohio 44875), 
expressing your ideas, enthusiasm, and 
suggestions. At a time to be announced at 
Conference, an initial meeting may be held 
jointly with the Worship Committee. All 
interested persons — pastors, choir directors, 
song leaders, members of music and wor- 
ship committees, choir members, writers, 
drama enthusiasts, etc. — are urged to com- 
municate with me. 

Worship is a vital part of the life of the 
church. It is the desire of the Worship 
Committee of General Conference to pro- 
vide a significant contribution toward the 
enrichment of worship in the Brethren 
Church. n 


ROCK. Jesus said, ''Upon this rock (petra) 

I will build my church" (Matt. 16:18). 
''Bedrock" is a good translation of petra. 

It is nice to know that there is a good 
foundation beneath any structure. Jesus 
promised that the foundation is secure 
when we build upon Him. Frequently I find 
myself silently quoting that great phrase in 

II Timothy 2:19, "the foundation of God 
standeth sure." If that be true, then the 
superstructure, if diligently constructed, 
need not sag, sink, or crack. 

This leads me to some considerations 
about the future of the Brethren Church. 


When someone of my congregation asks 
me what we Brethren believe, I almost 
always say, "We believe that Jesus Christ 
is Savior and Lord." While that statement 
needs to be built upon in some detail with 
carefully stated doctrine, it is, nevertheless, 
the bedrock of our faith. It is the bedrock 
of scriptural faith, period. 

No superstructure of cultural back- 
grounds, peculiar emphases, additional ex- 
periences, or anything else can take the 
place of this bedrock of our faith. 

In our conversations we sometimes re- 
veal that we are too much concerned with 
keeping the outward appearance of our 
faith, often without much reference to 
Jesus as Savior, Lord, and Sanctifer (or 
Enabler) . Our discussions about the church 
frequently simply take Him for granted. 

In Bible study groups and prayer sessions 
it often appears that we would rather talk 
about anything else than that which God 
commands us in His Word. Many are em- 
barrassed to pray. We make excuses for 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 


by Rev. Clarence A. Stogsdill 

not having enough faith to share our wit- 
ness with the unsaved. What a pity! This 
indicates that we have a personal spiritual 
illness, a disease which can be contracted 
all too easily. It also indicates a need for 
real discipling as distinguished from mere 
church membership. 

Those who have achieved any measure of 
success in sharing their faith with others 
have always managed somehow to make 
their relationship with the Founder of the 
faith clear. That is, they have made plain 
that ''it's not so much the church that we 
are bringing to you as the Lord Himself." 
When Christians begin to share this kind 
of faith (with a little help from those who 
know something about ''how to" proce- 
dures), the church is built up. 

BIBLE: the virgin birth, the atonement 
secured at Calvary, the resurrection, the 
ascension, the return of Christ. On the 
other hand, we must not be among those 
who "believe too much." By this I mean 
we ought not to accept and support doc- 
trines of questionable origin — those of a 
human rather than a divine source. Among 
these are doctrines which teach that Jesus' 
work on the cross was not complete, that 
something additional is required. The Holy 
Spirit, whose work it is to magnify and 
glorify the finished work of Jesus Christ, 
is sometimes attributed a separate "gospel" 
of His own, as if Jesus didn't complete the 
work of salvation upon the cross as He 

Those doctrines of existential experience 
which claim a revelation beyond the Scrip- 
tures must also be challenged and put to the 
test. One popular example teaches that a 

Rev. Clarence Stogsdill is pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Tucson, Arizona. 

true minister of Jesus not only will preach 
material prosperity and perfect physical 
health but will accomplish all sorts of 
miracles. (We must note here that "John 
did no miracle," John 10:41.) This doctrine 
is a corruption of and/or an extension of 

"As Brethren, we are built upon the 
solid bedrock of Jesus Christ as 
Savior, Lord, and Sanctifier." 

the meaning of gifts as they are listed in 
I Corinthians 12. 

Faith is not seeing. When one "sees" he 
does not need faith. The Bible teaches walk- 
ing by faith, not by sight. Demanding from 
God certain signs for everything is demand- 
ing that God give full sight. He has not 
promised to do this. Satan can take advan- 
tage of this desire to "see" and give us 
false signs and "gifts," thus diverting us 
into channels which are not at all of the 
Holy Spirit. 

This does not mean that the believer 
must walk without any help from the Holy 
Spirit. To the contrary, the Bible commands 
that we should "walk by the Spirit" (Rom. 
8). But it is a quiet witness of the Spirit 
within, rather than that somewhat sensa- 
tional approach which is prevalent today. 

The Scripture warns us that "in the last 
days men shall heap to themselves teachers, 
having itching ears." They will listen to 
what they want to hear. We Brethren must 
analyze what is being taught in our day 
and decide what we believe and what we 
do not believe. Not to believe enough is 
heresy of a lazy "faith" and leads to depres- 
sion; to believe too much is heresy of 

(continued on next page) 

July 1979 


''We Brethren must analyze what is being taught in our 
day and decide what we beheve and what we do not 


Having laid the foundation of good 
scriptural doctrine, we reject the humanism 
of a church without the Bible. We also per- 
form surgery on the ''new" (but not really 
new!) existential, supra-scriptural inclina- 
tion to add to the Book things which were 
not once for all delivered to the saints. We 
now come to the point of touching the liv- 
ing Brethren today. 

Hebrews 10:20 speaks of the *'new and 
living way." This ''living way" cannot pos- 
sibly be institutional. It is personal. It 
speaks of the vibrant, expectant hope that 
ought to be within the breast of every man, 
woman, and child who has claimed Jesus 
as personal Savior. It speaks of the growth 
and development of that believer, going on 
to maturity and becoming profitable to the 
Master according to the spiritual gifts 
granted him or her by His Spirit. It speaks 
of unmistakable fruit in the life of the be- 
liever. (Note that we did not emphasize 
gifts. Gifts are evidenced by the fruit.) 

This new and living way assures the Body 
of Christ the leadership and direction it 
needs to guarantee a church of the future. 
And the two-two-two (II Timothy 2:2) 
approach to discipleship guarantees that 
the faith will be handed down from one 
person to another, from one generation to 
the next. It is the biblical way. 


When I made the choice to remain in the 
Brethren Church during my school days, 
I did so because of what I understood the 
Brethren to be. Sometimes now I sense that 
those principles which I understood so 
clearly then as "Brethren" are being 
chipped away because we lack the courage 

to make a clear statement of tenets. A 
statement of doctrine is not a "creed" — 
that dreaded word which we fear so much. 
It is a clarification of our distinctive 
stance, made necessary because some have 
a tendency to run off on tangents. We made 
such a statement in 1939. We can do it 
again if we have the courage, and if we 
understand what we believe. It is necessary 
to prevent drifting. 

Let me restate my thesis: 

(1) As Brethren, we are built upon the 
solid bedrock of Jesus Christ as Savior, 
Lord, and Sanctifier. The last of these 
(Sanctifier) we seem to be foggy about. 

(2) As Brethren, we must reaffirm our 
faith in basic scriptural doctrines. 

(3) As Brethren, we must make it known 
that we reject the heresy of the denial of 
the cardinal doctrines, which leads to 
humanism. We also seriously question the 
doctrines which smell of Gnosticism (sec- 
ret knowledge by means of special experi- 
ences). The Bible warns of extra-biblical 
"revelations." There is a back cover on the 

(4) As Brethren, we must declare the 
"living way" to be a personal, vibrant, joy- 
ful love of God lived out in a victorious 

I see many evidences of good around us : 
J. D. Hamel and his exuberant evangelism; 
Jim Black and his evangelistic touch; 
Arden Gilmer and his Church Growth out- 
reach program; Fred Burkey and his pro- 
gram of education; new personalities in 
the college and seminary; et al. 

Now for a program of real Bible training, 
personal witnessing in practice, learning 
to pray with power, clean lives separated 
unto God without entanglement with the 
world and its materialism and false happi- 
ness. Let the church be the Body of Christ. 
We don't have to be gung-ho disciples of 
James Kennedy, Bob Schuller, Ray Sted- 
man, or Dennis Bennett. We can, and ought 
to be, disciples of Jesus Christ, the greatest 
of all. In the last analysis, it is what we 
believe (our doctrine) which really makes 
us distinctively BRETHREN. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

.': .f '.i Your view of death depends upon your philosophy 
of life. 

AVhat Is Death? 

WHAT is death? That is a question all 
of us ask and never get answered. No 
one living has any firsthand knowledge of 
death. We only know what we've observed, 
so we can't get any answers on the subject. 

Poems have been written, songs sung, 
ballads composed, and stories penned about 
death. But nothing gives an adequate 

Actually, your view of death depends 
upon your philosophy of life. If you're an 
atheist, you see death as the stop sign at 
the end of the road — nothing more, nothing 
less. You live; you die. You come to a dead 
end! Dogs and cats do the same. 

An atheist has no reason to fear death. 
According to him, there is no God and 
therefore no judgment, no heaven, and no 
hell. Just life and death. It's as simple as 
that. Like stretching a rubber band until 
it snaps. 

The agnostic is a little different. He's not 
sure about death. He's reserving final 
judgment on the subject until all the infor- 
mation is in. Unfortunately, he may die 
before all the facts are known. Meanwhile, 
he goes around agnosting all over the place. 

The hedonist is a swinger who believes 
in living it up while there's time. He wants 
his life to end with one glorious exclama- 
tion point. In fact, he'd rather not think 
about the exclamation point. It'll ruin the 

The reincarnationist believes life goes on 
and on — in cycles or stages. What you are 
in the next stage depends on what you do 
in this one. If you act like the devil in this 
cycle, you may come back as a jackass in 
the next. If you're good now, then the next 
life may see you as a priest, a rabbi, or a 
clergyman — possibly a bishop. Even then, 
you may still feel like a jackass at times. 
The idea, of course, is to keep moving up 
the ladder. 

The humanitarian is a guy who tries to 
do the greatest good for the greatest num- 
ber of people — a good guy. He's the kind 
of fellow who might enjoy driving an ice 
cream truck down your block and giving 
Popsicles to all the kids — free. The human- 
itarian doesn't expect anything more at 
death. Do your best to help mankind while 
you're living. Make it better for the next 
generation. Life is short. You can help make 
it sweeter, but that's it — the end of the 
road. Immortality is in name only. 

The Christian would certainly agree that 
we should help others. In this respect he is 
not unlike the humanitarian. But the Chris- 
tian feels that this world is a battle ground, 
and at times the enemy is getting the upper 
hand. Evil appears to be romping over good. 
The Christian believes that death is a con- 
sequence of sin and evil (the result of man's 

*'Do unto others as you would be done 
by" is the Christian's Golden Rule. And it's 
a good one. It's not a selfish rule, as some 
philosophers say. It doesn't mean I must do 
good to others so they will do good to me 
(share my chocolate-coated peanuts with 
you so that you will give me a whole box, 
for example). That's a perversion of the 
rule. (Incidentally it's not a rule, but a 
relationship.) I am to share my chocolate- 
coated peanuts with you even if you don't 
like me, because that's how a person ought 
to be treated. That's how I would want to 
be treated. It has to start somewhere. The 
Christian starts it. 

But when the Christian comes to the end 
— to death — it's not the end. The Christian 
doesn't believe in an end. He merely changes 
his address. Now he's got chocolate-coated 
peanuts in abundance! And so does every- 
one else in heaven. There's more than 
enough to go around! Q 

July 1979 




• « 



1979 General Conference ^ 

Ashland College photo 
The John C. Myers Convocation Center, site of the 1979 General Conference 

"If My People Will" is the theme of 
the 91st General Conference of the 
Brethren Church, to be held August 
13-17 on the Ashland College campus. 
The theme, from II Chronicles 7:14, 
emphasizes God's promise that when 
His people meet His conditions, He 
will hear and answer their prayers. 

General Conference has been called 
the ''family reunion" of the Brethren 
Church. This year's Conference will 
attempt to provide something for the 
whole family — to make it '*A Family 

In addition to the usual sessions 
for adults, and the BYC Convention 
for youth, this year's Conference will 
include a program for elementary- 
age children. Both morning and after- 
noon sessions are planned. Also, an 
adult-supervised nursery will be 
available for pre-school children, 
operating daily from 8:30 a.m. to 5 

On this and the following seven 
pages you will find further informa- 
tion about this year's Conference 
program. We hope that you will find 
this information interesting and help- 
ful as we approach our 91st General 

Program Highlights 


7:00 p.m. — Conference Opening: 
''A Service of Scripture and 
Song" presented by the 
Conference Worship Committee 


9:00 a.m. — Moderator's Address, 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 
1:30 p.m.— BYC Moderator's 

Address, by Mr. David Kerner 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
7:00 p.m. — Ashland Theological 

Seminary Service 
8:00 p.m. — WMS sponsored Coffee 



9:00 a.m. — Inspiration with Rev. 

Peter Unruh 
1:30 p.m. — Church Growth Models 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
7:00 p.m. — Ashland College Service 

8:00 p.m. — AC sponsored Coffee 


9:00 a.m. — Inspiration with Rev. 

Peter Unruh 
1:30 p.m. — National Laymen's 

Public Service with Lt. Glenn Walp 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
7:00 p.m. — Board of Christian 

Education Service with Rev. 

Rodney Toews 
9:00 a.m. — Inspiration with Rev. 

Peter Unruh 
11:45 a.m. — WRC Fasting Banquet 
1:30 p.m.— WMS PubHc Service 
4:00 p.m. — Workshops 
5:00 p.m. — Missionary Board 

sponsored All-Conference 

Banquet, Dr. Paul G. Hiebert, 



The Brethren Evangelist 

Rev« Duane Dickson to moderate 
1979 General Conference 


Moderating this year's General 
Conference will be Rev. Duane Dick- 
son, pastor of the Walcrest Brethren 
Church of Mansfield, Ohio. 

Rev. Dickson's responsibilities at 
Conference will bring to a close his 
year of activity as Moderator of the 
Brethren Church. During this year. 
Rev. Dickson has visited the district 
conferences, chaired the sessions of 
the Executive Committee, and sat in 
on meetings of other denominational 
boards. He has also written a month- 
ly column, ''Moderator's Report," 
for the Brethren Evangehst. All this 
in addition to his regular pastoral 

Rev. Dickson will present his Mod- 
erator's address to the Conference 
on Tuesday morning, August 14, at 
9 o'clock. He will also moderate the 
daily business sessions. 

In looking forward to Conference, 
Moderator Dickson had the following 
comments : 

''I'm sure that many of you are 
already making plans to attend the 
1979 Conference of the Brethren 
Church. If you are not planning to 
come, I would urge you to seriously 
reconsider. The high quality of the 
Conference speakers, the urgency of 
the Conference theme, and your need 
to be better equipped to make dis- 
ciples (which is God's plan for you) 

Service of Scripfure, song 
to open Conference 

"A Service of Scripture and Song" 
centered on the Conference Scripture 
text — II Chronicles 7 :14 — will open 
the 1979 General Conference. The 
Worship Committee of General Con- 
ference is sponsoring the service. 

Rev. Peter E. Roussaki, chairman 
of the committee, will lead this time 
of worship. Serving as ministers of 
music will be Rev. Bradley Weiden- 
hamer and Mr. Jeff Lentz. Both are 
members of the music committee. 

The service will begin on Monday 
evening, August 13, at 7 p.m. 

July 1979 

-<. "--.-. ii 

Moderator Duane Dickson 

require you to make every effort to 

"We have attempted to design 
this year's Conference program so 
that you will have more time for 
inspiration and fellowship. To make 
this possible, it was necessary to 
shorten the business sessions. This 
means that we need full cooperation 
of all delegates in these sessions. 

"One main inspirational service is 
planned for each evening. Requests 
have been received for special pro- 
grams after the regular services for 
interested persons. All program plans 
are excellent! 

"If you desire to be effective in 
the proclamation of the message of 
Christ and you fully realize that it 
must begin with you, then you will 
want to make a special effort to ob- 
tain the resources available at this 
year's General Conference." 


Conference business sessions will 
be held each day, Tuesday through 
Friday, from 10:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. 

Only one business session is sched- 
uled each day in order to allow more 
time for inspiration and fellowship. 











Rev. Peter Unruh will be 
Conference inspirational speaker 

Rev. Peter Unruh will be the 
inspirational speaker for the 1979 
General Conference. He will speak 
daily, Wednesday through Friday, at 
9 a.m., with messages related to the 
Conference theme, '*If My People 

Rev. Unruh is senior minister of 
the Lakeside Baptist Church of 
Oakland, Calif. As pastor of this 
congregation, he has demonstrated 
the gift of a preacher-teacher. His 
pastoral work is characterized by a 
caring, compassionate attitude. At 
the same time, he has also demon- 
strated a creative and innovative 
administrative ability. 

Rev. Unruh has been successful in 
building churches through building 
people. This emphasis on people is 
reflected in his warm and friendly 
congregation. Its members display an 
openness and interest in one another 
and in visitors who come to its 

In addition to his pastoral ministry, 
Unruh has served with the World 
Relief Commission and the National 

Seminary service to focus on 
its history and outreach 

Ashland Theological Seminary will 
present a service of inspiration on 
Conference Tuesday. The service will 
begin at 7 p.m. 

The program will focus on both the 
history and the outreach of the sem- 
inary, which has hundreds of alumni 
serving across the United States and 
around the world. Slides and music, 
as well as the spoken word, will be 
used to present the ministry of the 

Plans call for special music to be 
presented by ATS student Ron 
Williams. Many Brethren will remem- 
ber Mr. Williams from last year's 
Conference, when he led and accom- 
panied a singing group during the 
seminary program. 

Following the service, the WMS 
will sponsor an informal coffee 

Rev. Peter Unruh 

Association of Evangelicals (NAE) 
Board of Administration. He is also 
a resource person for NAE and is 
director of Church Growth Planners, 

Rev. Unruh is married, and he and 
his wife have four children, ranging 
in age from 10 to 23. 

In addition to his morning mes- 
sages, Rev. Unruh will lead three 
workshops on the subject * 'Leader- 
ship for the Growing Church." 

Conference housing 

The committee on Conference hous- 
ing is again asking that Conference 
attenders pre-register for rooms this 

A pre-registration form and infor- 
mation about Conference housing is 
printed on the back cover of this issue 
of the Evangelist. 

Motor homes, trailers, and campers 
can also be accommodated at Confer- 
ence. There will be space available at 
the Ashland County Fairgrounds, 
two miles southwest of Ashland 
College on Claremont Avenue. Both 
electric and water hookups are pro- 
vided, as well as dumping facilities. 
Cost is $5.00 per day. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Rev. Rodney Toews to speak 
at Bd. of Christian Ed. service 

The Board of Christian Education 
will be in charge of the Thursday 
evening Conference program. The 
speaker for this service will be Rev. 
Rodney G. Toews, Vice President — 
Ministries for Gospel Light Publi- 

Rev. Toews is known to many 
Brethren people from his presence at 
last year's Conference. At that time 
he spoke at the Association of Breth- 
ren Church Teachers luncheon. 

A graduate of the University of 
Omaha and Bethel Seminary of St. 
Paul, Minn., Rev. Toews has served 
the ministry of Christian Education 
in several churches, both small and 
large. Before joining Gospel Light in 
1967, he was minister of education 
at the First Baptist Church of Lake- 
wood, Calif., one of the largest 
churches in its denomination. 

In addition to Rev. Toews message, 
the BCE service will include a time 
of recognition for this year's Sum- 
mer Crusaders and Interns. Special 
music for the service will be present- 
ed by some of these Crusaders. 

AC night to include 
participation by 

Wednesday evening will be college 
night at General Conference, with 
Ashland College in charge of the 
service at 7 o'clock. 

A variety of features will make up 
the program, including a short ad- 
dress by AC President Arthur L. 
Schultz on "The Influence of the 
Church on Ashland College." 

Ashland College students will also 
be participating in the program. They 
will provide special music and present 
their reflections on life at Ashland 

The college will also present an 
"Outstanding Service Award" (or 
awards) during the service. This 
award will be presented to a member 
or members of the Brethren Church 
who have provided some kind of out- 
standing service to Ashland College. 

An informal time of fellowship 


Rev. Rodney G. Toews 

Another important part of the 
program will be the presentation of 
the Educator of the Year award. 
Also included in the service will be 
the installation of Mr. Charles 
Beekley as the new Director of 
Christian Education. 

address by Schultz, 

sponsored by the college will follow 
the program. AC faculty and staff 
members will be present to meet Con- 
ference delegates and to visit with 

By popular demand, the 1979 Con- 
ference will once again include a 
session on Church Growth Models. 

In this session, several Brethren 
churches which experienced signifi- 
cant growth in 1978 will tell how they 
did it. Rev. Arden Gilmer, Director of 
Home Missions for the Brethren 
Church, will chair this session, which 
is sponsored by the Executive 

Church Growth Models will be 
presented on Wednesday afternoon at 






July 1979 






State Police officer to speak 
at Laymen's public service 

Lt. Glenn A. Walp of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Police (Greensburg 
Barracks) will be the speaker for the 
Laymen's public inspirational service 
on Thursday afternoon of Conference. 

Lt. Walp is a 1966 graduate of the 
Pennsylvania State Police Academy. 
He also holds an associate degree in 
police science from York College of 
Pa., and an associate degree in 
criminology and police administra- 
tion from Indiana University of Pa. 

He is a member of the Church of 
Christ of Hempfield Township, 
Greensburg, Pa., where he has served 
as an elder and a deacon. He has also 
served as interim minister at several 
Churches of Christ in the area. 

Lt. Walp will speak on the subject 
"My People." 

Special music for the Laymen's 
service will be presented by 'The 
Gospel Sounds," a trio from Akron, 
Ohio. One of the trio, Mr. Kenneth 
Hysell, is a member of the Brethren 
church in Massillon, Ohio (the 
Jackson Bible Church). 


A variety of workshops are planned 
for this year's Conference. Following 
is a list of these workshops and their 
leaders. (Names in parentheses are 
the sponsoring groups.) 

Workshops will be held each after- 
noon from 4 to 5 o'clock. 
Music with Children and Youth (I) 

by Rev. Peter Roussaki 

(Worship Committee) 
A Boys' Brotherhood Program 

for Your Church by Mr. Virgil 

Barnhart and Mrs. Elma 

Delagrange (Bd. of Christian 

Leadership for the Growing 

Church (I) by Rev. Peter Unruh 

(Gen. Conf. Executive 

Music with Children and Youth (II) 

by Rev. Peter Roussaki 

(Worship Committee) 

,** -^ , 







ABCT Luncheon 

The Board of Christian Education 
will sponsor the third annual ABCT 
luncheon at the 1979 General Con- 
ference. The luncheon is for all mem- 
bers of ABCT (the Association of 
Brethren Church Teachers) and for 
all other Sunday school teachers, 
superintendents, and youth leaders 
who are interested in better Christian 

The luncheon will be held at Park 
Street Brethren Church on Thursday 
of Conference week. After the meal, 
there will be a guest speaker and a 
brief explanation of the function of 

Sunday School in the 80's by 

Rev. Rodney Toews (Bd. of 

Christian Ed.) 
Leadership for the Growing 

Church (II) by Rev. Peter Unruh 

(Ex. Com.) 
WMS Involvement by Mrs. Donald 

Rowser (Woman's Missionary 

Sunday School in the 80's by 

Rev. Rodney Toews (Bd. of 

Christian Ed.) 
Leadership for the Growing 

Church (III) by Rev. Peter Unruh 

(Ex. Com.) 
Developing a Disciplined Life by 

Rev. Norman Long (Bd. of 

Christian Ed.) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Former missionary to India to be 
All-Conference Banquet speaker 

The climax for this year's Confer- 
ence will be the All-Conference 
Banquet on Friday evening. The 
theme for the banquet, which is 
sponsored by the Missionary Board, 
will be Jesus' words, **I Am the Way, 
the Truth, and the Life." 

Dr. Paul G. Hiebert, professor of 
mission anthropology and South 
Asian studies at the Fuller Theo- 
logical Seminary School of Mission, 
will be the featured speaker. 

Dr. Hiebert will speak from his 
long involvement with missions, 
which began as a child when he was 
with his missionary parents in India. 
After schooling in the U.S. (B.A. at 
Tabor College in 1954, M.A. at Men- 
nonite Seminary in 1957, M.A. at the 
University of Minnesota in 1959), he 
returned to India in 1960, this time 
as a missionary himself. He served 
six years in India under the Men- 
nonite Brethren Board of Foreign 
Missions and was in charge of the 
Mennonite Brethren Bible Institute 

In addition to his present respon- 
sibilities at Fuller, Hiebert is also 
research advisor for the Mennonite 
Brethren Board of Missions and, in 
this capacity, returns to India period- 
ically for ministries and study. 

Also bringing remarks at the 
banquet will be Kev. Juan Carlos 
Miranda, Director of Hispanic Min- 
istries for the Fuller Evangelistic 
Association. Rev. Miranda will be 
reporting on the new Brethren mis- 
sion work in Mexico. 

Rev. Kenneth Solomon, Brethren 
Missionary to Medellin, Colombia, 
will also be at the banquet and will 
present an update on Brethren mis- 
sion work in Medellin. 

Another important part of the 
banquet will be the annual Confer- 
ence offering for missions. This 
year's offering will go for the new 
mission work in Mexico. 

Cost for the banquet will be $6.25 
per person. Pre-registration is due 
by August 7. To pre-register, send 
your name, address, number of in- 
dividuals in your party, and a check 

Dr. Paul G. Hiebert 

for the total amount to The Mission- 
ary Board of the Brethren Church, 

530 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

Say It with flowers 

Flowers on the Conference plat- 
form do much to brighten up the 
Conference meeting room. Flowering 
plants are again being planned for 
this year's Conference. 

The Executive Committee is invit- 
ing Brethren people to send memorial 
donations for these plants. Five 
potted plants are needed, at a cost 
of $25.00 each. If you are interested 
in making a donation in memory of 
a friend or loved one, you may send 
it to the General Conference Plant 
Fund, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 


Various boards and organizations 
are planning displays for this year's 
General Conference. 

Dorman Ronk is again serving as 
coordinator of the displays, which will 
be located in the Convocation Center. 
Groups or local churches desiring 
space for a display should contact 
Mr. Ronk at 227 College Ave., 
Ashland, Ohio 44805, before General 






July 1979 




"Seeking and Serving" to be 
theme of BYC Convention 

Brethren Youth will gather in 
August at the National Brethren 
Youth Convention for a week-long 
experience in seeking and serving 
the Lord. Special speakers and ser- 
vices will highlight the Convention 
this year. 

Dr. Jerry Flora, Associate Pro- 
fessor of Christian Theology at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, and 

Youth Moderator to 

A Conference first! The BYC 
Moderator, David Kerner, will ad- 
dress a combined audience of youth 
and adults at this year's General 
Conference. He will present his 
message on Tuesday afternoon. 

This new practice is the result of 
a request from last year's Youth 
Convention that the youth Modera- 
tor's address be scheduled on the 
adult program. This request was put 
in the form of a motion that was 
approved by Conference delegates. 

Dave Kerner is a student at Ash- 
land College, majoring in religion. 
He will enter his senior year this 
fall. He spent last summer as a 
missionary intern in Medellin, Colom- 
bia, and this summer he is on the 


missionary intern team working with 
Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda in Califor- 
nia and Mexico. 

Dave is the son of Rev. and Mrs. 
William Kerner of Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Dave's father will be the 1980 Gen- 
eral Conference Moderator. His son 
became moderator a year ahead of 

Archie Nevins, pastor of the Colum- 
bus, Ohio, Brethren Church, will 
address the youth of the Convention. 

Each evening special programs will 
be sponsored for the Youth Conven- 
tion. * 'Crusader Review," film clips, 
a special musical concert by ''Har- 
mony," and the Youth Communion 
will be featured. 

Anything will go again at the sec- 
ond annual National BYC Anything 
Goes. This event will include teams 
from across the denomination com- 
peting in many zany and challenging 

The program offers a well-rounded 
week for all Brethren Youth. Don't 
miss it this year! 


for children 

This year's Conference will include 
sessions for elementary-age children. 
This is a part of this year's emphasis 
on making Conference "A Family 

The program, which is for children 
who were in grades one through six 
during this past school year, will be 
held at Park Street Brethren Church. 
Sessions will meet each morning and 
afternoon, Tuesday through Friday. 

Working with the children will be 
Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Lentz and Mrs. 
Linda Beekley. They will be using 
the "Music Machine," a curriculum 
which helps children develop an 
awareness of their spiritual gifts. 
The curriculum includes classroom 
work, recreation, crafts, and music — 
all centered on the theme of spiritual 

The idea for the program for chil- 
dren originated with the Executive 
Committee, and the challenge to 
sponsor the sessions was accepted by 
the Board of Christian Education. 

The registration fee for the chil- 
dren's sessions will be $5.00 per child, 
payable at Conference. In order that 
sufficient materials may be ordered 
for the program, parents are asked 
to pre-register their children, using 
the form provided on page 27 of this 
issue of the Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Conference auxiliary sessions 

Auxiliaries will meet Tuesday thru Friday at 2:30 p.m. 


For Women 

For Girls 

The affirmation ''We Are God's 
People!" will be the theme for the 
Woman's Missionary Society sessions 
at General Conference. 

Each WMS session will include a 
time of inspiration, to be led by dis- 
trict WMS organizations. The Ohio 
District will be in charge of this time 
of inspiration on Tuesday, the Indi- 
ana District on Wednesday, and the 
Pennsylvania District on Thursday. 

Also scheduled for the Tuesday 
session is a time of challenge by the 
WMS president, Mrs. Pauline Ben- 
shoff. On Wednesday the WMS 
Thank Offering will be received, and 
the Project Offering for Operation 
Impact will be gathered on Friday. 

A WMS luncheon is planned for 
Wednesday from 11:45 to 1:15. This 
will be held in a room in the Ashland 
College Library. 

Also planned is a women's prayer 
time, ''Ask, Seek and Knock," to be 
held each morning from 8:15 to 8:30 
in the Convocation Center. 

For Men 

Dr. Arthur L. Schultz, President 
of Ashland College, and Dr. Frederick 
T. Burkey, A.C.'s Director of Relig- 
ious Affairs and Campus Ministry, 
will address the National Laymen's 
Organization during General Confer- 
ence. Both will speak at the Tuesday 
afternoon session. 

On Wednesday afternoon, the Lay- 
men will hear a report by Virgil 
Barnhart on the Task Force of Boys' 
Brotherhood. Mr. Archie Nevins, the 
recipient of the 1979 Laymen's sem- 
inary scholarship, will present a mini- 
message to the men on Thursday. 
Friday's session will be a time for 
Laymen's testimonials. 

In addition to hearing these speak- 
ers, the Laymen will conduct elec- 
tions, receive reports, and take care 
of the organization's business. The 
Laymen's sessions will be held daily 
at 2:30 p.m. 

"Is It Worth My Life?" will be the 
theme of the 1979 National Sister- 
hood Conference program. Daily 
topics, to be presented by Mrs. Elma 
Delagrange, will be "The Miracle of 
Me," "Who Am I Plugged Into?" 
"Whose Voice Do I Listen To?" and 
"Celebration, the Capstone of Life." 

Each day's session will include 
devotions, special music, business 
items, and missionary news. 

All girls (not just Sisterhood mem- 
bers) will be welcome at these 

For Ministers 

Mr. John W. Dillon, Director of 
Associate Crusades for the Billy 
Graham Evangelistic Association, 
will be one of three speakers to 
address the Brethren Ministerial 
Association at General Conference. 
Mr. Dillon will be speaking on "The 
Protracted Meeting as an Evangel- 
istic Tool." 

Also addressing the ministers will 
be Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda, Direc- 
tor of Hispanic Ministries with the 
Fuller Evangelistic Association, and 
Rev. Ken Solomon, Brethren Mission- 
ary to Colombia. 

Conference Nursery 

To help make this year's Confer- 
ence "A Family Affair," an adult- 
supervised nursery will be available 
for pre-school children each day. It 
will be operated by the Christian 
Crusaders Class of the Emmanuel 
United Methodist Church of Ashland, 
using the facilities of the Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

The nursery will be in operation 
from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Tuesday 
through Friday. Cost will be 25 cents 
per child per hour, with a maximum 
of 50 cents per hour per family (third 
child free!). No meals will be 



July 1979 



news from the Brethren Church 

Florida Dlsfriet adopt's 
District Constitution 

The second Florida District Conference convened 
on May 19 at the First Brethren Church in 

Special speaker for the conference was Dr. 
James Strange of the Department of Religion of 
the University of South Florida. 

The major item of business was the adoption 
of the new District Constitution. District officers 
were also elected. 

A unique feature of the conference was the 
reports of the district ministries. Rather than 
just being read, these reports were acted out. This 
dramatization of the activities of each ministry 
provided a refreshing view of the work of the 

Mrs. Sandra Wagstaff leaves 
post with Missionary Board 

On the last day in May denominational workers 
gathered for a noon luncheon in honor of Mrs. 
Donald (Sandy) Wagstaff. That day was Mrs. 
Wagstaff's last day as bookkeeper in the Mission- 
ary Board office. She had been a valuable member 
of the mission office's staff for 3y2 years. 

The Wagstaffs left Ashland in mid-June for 
Roann, Indiana, where Don became pastor of the 
First Brethren Church. Don was graduated from 
Ashland Theological Seminary on June 10. 

We commend Sandy and Don and their family 
to the Roann congregation and the Indiana Dis- 
trict with the prayer that God will both bless them 
and make them a blessing as they take up their 
ministry among the Brethren in Indiana. 

— ^Virgil Ingraham 

Mrs. Sandra Wagstaff 

County Line Senior Citizens 
form "The 3 L's" 

The senior citizens class of the County Line 
Brethren Church (near Lakeville, Ind.) has 
formed a new group known as "The 3 L's" (Live 
Long and Love it.) 

"The 3 L's," which is for people 55 and over, 
meets twice monthly for fellowship, a time of 
devotions, and a variety of interesting activities. 
Activities at meetings in April and May included 
a film entitled "God Is My Partner," a visit to the 
Plymouth Park and Historical Museum, and a 
tour through the new Plymouth library. On June 
13 the group had a picnic at the Potato Creek 

According to Mrs. Wilbur Thomas, "The 3 L's" 
has 15 members. Other senior citizens in the 
vicinity of the County Line Brethren Church are 
invited to attend and become a part of the group. 
Meetings are held the second and fourth Wednes- 
day of each month during the summer. 

Ashland College signs agreennent 
with Korean school 

Ashland College and Hansa College of Korea 
have signed an agreement of friendship uniting 
the two schools in a cooperative relationship. Dr. 
Julian H. Murphy, vice president for academic 
affairs at AC, and Dr. Jae Won Chai, vice 
president of Hansa College in Korea, signed the 
agreement recently on the AC campus. 

Under the agreement, faculty from Hansa will 
come to AC where they will utilize the college's 
resources to learn English, conduct research, learn 
the meaning of the American educational system, 
and share their own skills with faculty and 

Hansa faculty members shall have access to all 
of the facilities of Ashland College and shall be 
a:ble to share their experiences and questions with 
the AC faculty and administration. In return, 
Hansa shall work closely with Ashland to develop 
a sister relationship that may include exchange of 
students and other resources that can prove 
mutually advantageous to both institutions. 

Unique baptism at Park Street 

A unique baptismal service was conducted June 
10th at the Park Street Brethren Church. Four 
persons were baptized by four different ministers. 

Three of the baptismal candidates were children 
of ministers who belong to the congregation, and 
each of the three was baptized by his or her 
father. Jeff Gilmer was baptized by Rev. Arden 
Gilmer, Lynn Burkey by Dr. Frederick Burkey, 
and Melissa Winfield by Rev. Dick Winfield. 

The fourth candidate, Mrs. Roberta Mumaw, 
was baptized by the pastor. Rev. Eugene Beekley. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Standing next to the new 
12-passenger van which the 
Tucson First Brethren Church 
will use for its Outreach Ministry 
are (left to right) Pastor Clarence 
Stogsdill, Wanda Carson (Outreach 
Chairman), Claude Carson, and 
Ellen and Jim Fisher. 

photo by George Petrcvic, Sr. 

Tucson First B 
for VANgelism 

The First Brethren Church of Tucson, Arizona, 
has purchased a new CMC van for use in its 
Outreach Ministry. 

The number one priority for the new 12- 
passenger van will be to bring the unsaved in 
for Sunday school and church. The van will also 
be available for youth meetings, retreats, home 
Bible studies, and other church needs. Another 

fhren buys van 

function of the van will be to transport senior 
citizens, especially at night. 

The Outreach Ministry of Tucson First Brethren 
is a "faith ministry" that came about from the 
desire of the congregation to have a growing 
evangelistic outreach for the Lord Jesus Christ. 
Members of the Tucson congregation are praising 
the Lord for enabling them to buy this van, which 
was an answer to their prayers. 

Roanoke ordains deacons 
and deaconesses 

On June 3 Robert Zent, John Smith, Robert and 
Kayleen Bowker, and John and Lois Critchfield 
were ordained as deacons and deaconesses in the 
Roanoke, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

Rev. Rodney Thomas was the speaker for the 
special service of ordination. Rev. Thomas is 
pastor of the Huntington, Ind., Brethren Church 
and a member of the Indiana District Congrega- 
tional and Ministerial Relations Board. 

According to Rev. Ralph Gibson, pastor of the 
congregation, the Roanoke Church is "growing 
slowly but surely." An average Sunday school 
attendance of 45 and a morning worship average 
of 64 (compared with 44 and 52 respectively last 
year) are encouraging signs for the Roanoke 
people. A goal of 70 in worship by the end of the 
year has been set, and Pastor Gibson expects that 
this goal will be reached. 

According to Rev. Gibson, "There is a good 
spirit of fellowship among the congregation and 
a desire to continue improvements in the physical 
properties of the church and parsonage." Other 
signs of life are a new puppet ministry, the be- 
ginning of a choir , and "above all," according to 
the pastor, "a growing love for the Lord." 

Christian outreach through radio 
increasing to China 

New York, N.Y. (ABS News)— The United Bible 
Societies are preparing plans to double the amount 
of Scripture programming being broadcast into 
mainland China within the next few months. 

Bible Society plans have been prompted by 
reports of an increase in open Christian activity 
in China, as well as by a dramatically increased 
response from Chinese listeners to the programs. 

According to UBS officials in Hong Kong, the 
number of responses to the radio programs is 
"increasing spectacularly." This year alone, over 
10,000 letters have been received in Hong Kong 
from listeners in all parts of mainland China. 
This is a far cry from the days when there was 
virtually no response to the programs. 

A variety of new programs is planned, includ- 
ing a daily English-by-radio broadcast based on 
Bible readings and a children's program with 
dramatization of Bible stories, quizzes, and Bible 

Membership Growth 

Sarasota: 3 by baptism, 2 by transfer 
North Manchester: 4 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

July 1979 



Ashland Theological Seminary grants degrees 

to sixty-one in June 

Ashland Theological Seminary held its annual 
commencement ceremony on Saturday, June 9. 
Graduate degrees in theology were conferred upon 
61 candidates during the ceremony. 

Speaker for the service was Rev. Paul L. Morell, 
senior pastor of the Tyler Street United Methodist 
Church in Dallas, Texas. He spoke on the topic 
"Answering God's Call." Morell also received the 
honorary doctor of divinity degree from the 
seminary during the commencement ceremony. 

Of the 61 seminary graduates, 29 received the 
master of divinity degree, 28 received the master 
of arts degree, and 4 were granted the doctor of 
ministry degree. 

Four of this year's seminary graduates have 
chosen to minister in the Brethren Church. It 
is of note that all four of these people came to 
the Brethren Church from other denominations. 

Kenneth A. Goss is from Cleveland, Ohio. He 
attended Ohio University and Cuyahoga Commun- 
ity College before entering Ashland Theological 
Seminary. He also worked several years in public 
relations and sales before becoming minister of 
youth at Riverview Church in Cleveland. 

Ken was Student Association president at ATS. 
He was also recently honored as one of the 
"Outstanding Young Men of America." 

Ken is married to Dorothy Patrick. He and his 
wife have two daughters. 

Following graduation, Ken began serving as 
pastor of the Burlington, Ind., Brethren Church. 

James A. Ray 

Kenneth A. Goss 

James A. Ray is from Ashtabula, Ohio. He was 
a member of the United Methodist Church before 
joining the Brethren denomination. 

Jim attended Ashland College, from which he 
received his degree in 1974. While in college, he 
received many athletic honors in baseball. Follow- 
ing college graduation, he was selected by the 
San Francisco Giants organization to play pro- 
fessional baseball on one of its minor league teams. 

After playing minor league ball for one year, Jim 
turned down a chance to try out with the Phillies 
and the Dodgers, choosing to come to ATS instead. 
Since graduation, two important events have 
taken place in Jim's life. He married Jennifer 
Jones and he moved to Indiana to become asso- 
ciate pastor of the Jefferson Brethren Church. 




' . 






Donald E. Wagstaff 

Susan E. White 

Donald E. Wagstaff came to Ashland from Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio. He is the husband of Sandra 
St. John, who worked several years as bookkeeper 
in the national Missionary Board office. Don and 
Sandy have two girls, one of whom graduated 
from Ashland High School in May. 

Don is a graduate of Mt. Vernon Bible College 
and worked several years in industry before 
entering the ministry. While in seminary, he 
served as student pastor in Ruggles, Ohio 

Following graduation Don became pastor of the 
Roann, Ind., Brethren Church. 

Susan E. White is from Ashland, Ohio. She was 
graduated from Ashland College in 1975 Magna 
Cum Laude. Following college graduation she 
taught in a Christian school before entering the 

While in the seminary, Susan was selected as 
a student assistant in Greek. She was also an 
officer in the Student Association. 

Susan is a member of the Park Street Brethren 
Church. She is looking forward to Christian min- 
istry. Susan's article, "The Sisters of the 
Brethren," appeared in the May 1979 issue of the 
Brethren Evangelist. 

In addition to these four graduates who received 
degrees, two other Brethren men who are former 
graduates of the seminary also received degrees 
at this year's commencement. Rev. Marlin McCann 
and Rev. Gene Hollinger, who received the bach- 
elor of divinity degree in past years, were this 
year granted the master of divinity degree. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



■«lr /m:''^<. 

Construction is in progress on 
an addition to the west end 
of the library-classroom building 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. 
The addition will provide classroom 
and library space. 

photo by Tom Roepke 

Seminary begins construction 
of $75,000 addition 

Construction has begun on an addition to the 
library-classroom building of the Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. The new addition will provide 
classroom space and will free other existing class- 
rooms for use by the school's library. 

The additional classroom and library space is 
made necessary by the increased enrollment in 
the seminary. Full- and part-time students en- 
rolled in the seminary now number 331. 

The total cost of the addition will be approx- 
imately $75,000, including equipment and fees. 
Money is being provided by both Brethren and 
non-Brethren friends of the seminary. 

The present addition is phase one of the sem- 
inary's current building program. An additional 
$55,000 phase is planned when money is available. 
Construction is being carried out on a cash basis 

Internat'ional Year of fhe Child 
legislation proposed 

Representative Edward Beard (D-R.I.) and 15 
cosponsors have introduced into Congress a reso- 
lution that would "express the sense of the 
Congress that children possess both fundamental 
human rights and rights attributable to their 
status as children, and to call for the enactment 
of Federal and State laws to implement such rights 
to the fullest extent possible and to grant children 
additional rights equivalent to the rights now 
possessed only by adults." This "House Concurrent 
Resolution 109" was introduced on April 24. 

According to NAE Washingtoii Insigfht, a pub- 
lication of the National Association of Evan- 
gelicals' Office of Public Affairs, "If passed, H. 
Con. Res. 109 could set the stage for anti-family 
legislation, and the fulfillment of the wildest 
apprehensions about the International Year of 
the Child." 

Insight goes on to comment: "One wonders who 
would define the abuse envisioned in 'the right to 
be free from psychological and physical abuse,' 
or what would be involved in 'the right to be 
consulted on all matters which affect one's 
psychological and physical well-being.' Extremely 

troublesome is the proposed 'right to be repre- 
sented by skillful legal counsel, as an individual 
having rights and interests independent of any 
rights and interests that parents or guardians 
of the child may have.' " 

The NAE publication recommends that con- 
cerned persons write to their Senators and 
Representatives in Congress urging that this leg- 
islation, "with its anti-family potential, never be 
allowed to emerge from a committee into the full 
Senate and House, much less to become law." 

1978 Scripture distribution 
s half billion mark 


New York, N.Y. (ABS News) — The American 
Bible Society (ABS) and the United Bible Societies 
distributed more than a half billion Scriptures 
worldwide in 1978. 

Not only did the total— 503,318,060— break all 
previous annual records, but this was the first 
time it topped the half billion mark. 

ABS' part in the effort was 127 million Scrip- 
tures distributed in the United States and finan- 
cial support of 153 million overseas. 

ABS's distribution activities worldwide in 1978 
represented a 13.9 percent increase over 1977. 

July 1979 



Annual Corporafion Meeting 
of Hie Brethren Pub. Co. 

The annual corporation meeting of the Brethren 
Publishing Company will be held Thursday, 
August 16, 1979, during the 10:00 a.m. (EDT) 
business session of the General Conference of the 
Brethren Church. The meeting will be held in the 
John C. Myers Convocation Center on the Ashland 
College Campus, Ashland, Ohio. 

Delegates to the General Conference constitute 
the membership of the corporation. 

— W. St. Clair Benshoff, President 


Mary Jane Quinn to John W. Kelley, June 3, at 
the Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church; 
Clarence R. Kindley, pastor, officiating. Members 
of the Johnstown Third Brethren Church. 


Node and Zelma Dog^gett, 63rd, May 24. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 

In Memory 

Doris M. Cushen, May 15. Life-long member of 
the Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren Church. 


ease let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

Conference Announcements 

Prayer vigil planned 

The Social Concerns Committee of 
General Conference will sponsor a 
24-hour prayer vigil from noon 
Wednesday to noon Thursday of 
Conference week. The committee 
urges all delegates to participate. 

A time schedule for the vigil will 
be available for delegates to sign 
when they turn in their Conference 

The Social Concerns Committee 
also hopes to make a prayer room 
available throughout Conference 


r women 


WMS women are asked to bring the 
baby blankets they have crocheted 
and knitted to Conference. These will 
be given to Mrs. Aida May Munson, 
who will be in charge of sending 
them on. 

The World Relief Board is also ask- 
ing WMS groups to bring samples 
of their work (sewing, knitting, 
crocheting, etc.) to the World Relief 
table at General Conference to be 
used as a part of the display. 

Wanted: simple ideas 

We all seem to be facing two prob- 
lems today: 

— how to meet family expenses and 
church budgets with our ''shrink- 
ing dollars"; 
— how to deal with energy shortages. 
In other words, we are forced to 
consider how to live with less. 

Brethren House Ministries would 
like to compile good ideas from the 
Brethren on these topics. Therefore, 
at General Conference they will have 
a place for you to bring your ideas. 
These will be compiled and later 
shared with everyone. 

Bring or send (with someone from 
your church) your ideas about saving 
money and energy to the Brethren 
House table in the display room at 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Rev. and Mrs. Eugene Beekley were honored by 
the congregation of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church at a noon meal on Sunday, June 
17. The occasion was a farewell for the Beekleys 
as they completed their years of service at Park 
Street and as Rev. Beekley retires from the full- 
time Christian ministry. 

A time of recognition for the Beekleys followed 
the meal, emceed by Ron Waters, vice moderator 
of the church. The recognition program included 
remarks by special guests, letters from some of 
the churches pastored by Rev. Beekley, and 
testimonials by Park Street members and staff. 
The program concluded with the presentation of 
a love gift to the retiring pastor and his wife. 

Rev. Beekley served six churches during his 
years of pastoral ministry. In addition, he spent 
20 years as a chaplain in the United States Air 

He began his pastoral work at Glenford, Ohio, 
while a student at Ashland College and Theo- 
logical Seminary. This was followed by service at 
Brush Valley, Pa., West Alexandria, Ohio, Canton, 
Ohio, and Warsaw, Ind. It was from Warsaw that 
he went into the chaplaincy. 

His twenty years as an Air Force chaplain were 
spent serving in various places around the world. 
He retired from the chaplaincy in 1973, shortly 
before coming to Park Street on July 1st of that 
year. He served the Park Street congregation for 
exactly six years. 

During her husband's years as pastor and 
chaplain, Mrs. Beekley served as homemaker, 
mother of two sons, and as a teacher — first at 
the elementary level and later at the college level. 





Rev. and Mrs. Eugene Beekley 

During part of the Beekleys' time overseas, Peggy 
taught for the Department of Defense. 

June 17, 1979, will be a memorable day for the 
Beekleys for two reasons. Not only were they 
honored at the farewell dinner, but during the 
morning worship service their son Charles was 
licensed into the Brethren ministry. Charles, a 
student at Ashland Theological Seminary, is also 
moderator of the Park Street Church. He is 
following not only in the footsteps of his father, 
but also of his grandfather Beekley, who likewise 
was a Brethren minister. 

At the end of June Rev. and Mrs. Beekley 
moved to Sarasota, Fla. They are planning an 
active retirement there. 

Conference Sessions for Children 

This year's Conference will include sessions for children who 
were in grades one through six during this past school year. 

Parents are asked to pre-register their children for these sessions 
in order that sufficient materials may be ordered for the program. 

For more information about the sessions, see page 20. 



Please complete and mail as soon as possible to 


524 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805 

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(M CO 

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00 Oi 



ision in Mexico 

^ A L IF O R N I A 

see pgge 4 

t»Ti r\r- o-.^ ^ 






The Carpenter's Shop 

709 Claremont 
Ashland, OH 44805 

When you're in Ashland, 
stop in. 


/ ARE ^ 


"W"^ The Brethren ^ • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805, 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 



Our newest Brethren mission 
field is just across the border. 
Fred Burkey shares pictures, a 
story, and his enthusiasm for 
this field on page 4. 
Cover design by Howard Mack 
Photos by Fred Burkey 

101. No. 8 

August 1979 

Catching the Vision in Mexico 

Fred Burkey shares the enthusiasm he gained from a visit to 
the Brethren mission field in Mexico. 

Specicsl Fecature: Perspectives for the Eighties 
Biblical Authority 

George Solomon believes that adherance to biblical authority 
is essential to Brethren success in the eighties. 

9 Ringers of Joy 

Patricia Lane tells how hand bell choirs bring blessing to the 
First Brethren Church of Tucson. 

10 Alexander Mack: His Thought, 

a Model for the Brethren Church 

In this second article on Alexander Mack, Dale Stoffer and 
Jerry Flora examine the thought of this Brethren leader. 

14 Unity in Love 

Charles Beekley asserts that the church cannot be mature in 
its faith unless it is united in its love. 

16 John Guli: A Nigerian Christian Brother 

John Guli shares his thoughts about his time in the U.S. and 
his plans as he returns to Nigeria. 


13 The Salt Shaker 

18 Update 

26 Letters 

27 Books 


The "Update" or news section of next month's issue of The 
Brethren Evangelist will consist primarily of coverage of the 91st 
General Conference of the Brethren Church. 

August 1979 


Houses lining the valleys and covering the hills of Northern Baja California are 
need to know about Jesus Christ. 

filled with 

by Fred Burkey 
people who 

Catching the Vision in Mexico 

by Frederick T. Burkey 

CULTURE SHOCK" is the only way 
to describe the sensation I felt as we 
left the U.S.A. behind and crossed into 
Mexico. I never realized Tijuana was such 
a large city or that it was so totally differ- 
ent from nearby San Diego. 

As we bounced along the rough, unpaved 
streets, Juan Carlos Miranda steered our 
borrowed van unerringly among careening 
taxis, noisy, smoking buses, and a vast 
array of run-down private cars driven pell 
mell by their impatient Mexican owners. 
The streets of Tijuana resembled a demoli- 
tion derby being run along a track lined 
with hundreds of small shops whose signs 
clamored for the passers' attention. 

As our van, heavily loaded with people, 
equipment, baggage, food, and water, lum- 
bered out of the business district, we could 
see private homes lining the valleys and 
covering the steep, barren hills of Northern 
Baja California. If you have never visited 
that area, you will find it hard to visualize 
the situation . . . thousands of families liv- 
ing in shacks, along dirty streets, under 

Dr. Fred Burkey, Director of Religious Affairs 
at Ashland College, is also acting Director of 
Christian Education for the national Board of 
Christian Education. In this capacity he went to 
Mexico in June to oversee the work of the BYC 
Missionary Interns. 

unsanitary conditions, and in poverty . . . 
people without apparent economic or spirit- 
ual hope. No wonder many of them can be 
seen sitting each day along the border 
gazing wistfully toward the U.S.A., awaiting 
the opportunity to dash across in search 
of a better life. 

Into this setting the nine of us came 
(five Missionary Interns, Michael and Juan 
Carlos Miranda, my wife, and I), to join 
four workers already conducting Bible 
studies in several neighborhoods around 
greater Tijuana. 

Having glimpsed the housing, we were 
deeply thankful for the advance arrange- 
ments Juan Carlos (a master organizer) 
had made. The two girls (Judy Gifford and 
Barbara French) and Juan Carlos and 
Michael moved into quarters usually rented 
by families of persons receiving laetrile 
treatments at a clinic owned and operated 
by Christian doctors. The men (Scot 
Millhouse, John Black, and David Kerner) 
occupied a small apartment nearby. Marilyn 
and I had a clean motel room. 

Once settled, we jumped into our 
'Tijuana taxi" again and roared off across 
the city to Colonia Rubio. There we were 
to meet the Christian workers recruited 
and trained by Juan Carlos — Zacarias and 
Nazareth Hernandez, Nathan Silvestri, and 
Gallo Hernandez (Zacarias's younger broth- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

er). We met in the tidy upstairs 
apartment of Zacarias and Nazareth 
Hernandez for a planning session, 
singing, and testimonies. 

What a helpless feeling — to meet 
new friends and hear them laying 
plans for the week and hardly under- 
stand a word! Once again I had the 
experience of being the ''foreigner." 
Fortunately, the Interns knew enough 
Spanish to communicate fairly well 
with the workers, who cpoke only a 
few phrases of English. 

One thing we did have in common 
was a love of music. Within a few 
minutes we found some songs among 
those Juan Carlos had provided that 
everyone knew (or could read) and 
we all joined in. How those fine Mex- 
ican workers can sing! I will never 
forget the next evening as we headed 

"*. (* 




Singing along with new friends — (left to right) Nazareth 
and Zacarias Hernandez (and baby Nazareth), Nathan 
Silvestri, and Gallo Hernandez — the Christian workers serving 
in the Brethren mission to Mexico. 

Puppets are popular anywhere. The children who jammed 
this courtyard loved the Chicano puppet show presented 
by the Missionary Interns. 

"The Tijuana Taxi" loaded and ready to roll. Standing 
by it are (left to right) Michael, Maria, Yvonne, and Juan 
Carlos Miranda, and the Missionary Interns — Scot Millhouse, 
Barb French, Judy Gifford, John Black, and (kneeling) Dave 

: ^ 5' across town for a special service. 
« With the local workers, our crew, 

« « and a couple of extras (fifteen in all) 
in the van, the three Mexicans started 
playing guitars, and everyone sang 
as we worked our way through the 
rush-hour traffic. 

Since Marilyn and I had only two 
days to observe the work, we had 
looked forward to the first of the 
special services scheduled during the 
time the Interns were to be in 
Tijuana. The setting for this service 
was a courtyard in Colonia Twenty 
de Noviembre. When we arrived an 
hour late, I expected the place to be 
deserted. Instead it was jammed with 
at least 40 children and 35 or 40 
adults who were already singing! 

We scurried around and set things 
up. Then came the puppet show, and 
we were thrilled to see that they loved 
our Chicano puppets. This was fol- 
lowed by more singing, testimonies, 
some eloquent preaching (I guess!), 
then thirty adults jammed into a 
small bedroom to hear Zacarias's 
Bible study. Finally, after the old 
projector was partially rebuilt, a Luis 
Palau film dealing with practical fam- 
ily problems was screened, followed 
by a sermonette and a call to commit- 
ment. At least six adults responded 
to the call. 

What potential our new Mexican 
mission field holds! I saw a people 
who have deep spiritual needs . . . 
who are open to receiving the Good 
News of God. Also, I realized that 
this mission field is near enough so 
that we can get personally involved. 
I would like nothing better than to 

August 1979 

Kids by the score came to get acquainted with 
the Missionary Interns while the adults were in a 
Bible study led by Zacarias Hernandez. 

return as part of a work team (after I learn 
a few more Spanish phrases). 

I was deeply impressed with the friendli- 
ness and hospitality of the people (one lady 
baked us a cake), the dedication and energy 
of the workers, and the evidence of Juan 
Carlos' administrative and organizational 
ability. God is definitely at work in Mexico. 

There is much more I'd like to say, based 
on just a couple of days of exposure to this 
new mission, but space precludes it. Instead, 
I simply invite you to speak to Juan Carlos 
and Maria at General Conference. If you 
wish, the Missionary Interns will be avail- 
able to bring a special program on the 
Mexican work to your church this fall. If 
interested, contact the Board of Christian 

Whatever you do, I challenge you to risk 
having your mission vision expanded as 
mine has been. In the months to come, I will 
be looking for ways to again be personally 
involved in this important new work. □ 

Additiand informafion about 
the Missionary Interns 

The five BYC Missionary Interns spent two 
weeks working in Tijuana, Mexico, under the super- 
vision of Juan Carlos and Maria Miranda. During 
this time they taught English classes, had ''Happy 
Hour" times with the children, and participated in 
four days of special services. 

Following this they were at Fuller Theological 
Seminary in Pasadena, Calif., for two weeks. They 
took classes at the seminary in the mornings and 
worked with children and youth in the afternoons 
and evenings. They also took time off to visit the 
three Brethren churches in Northern California 
to share with them about the mission work in 

From Pasadena the Interns traveled to Mexico 
City, where they served for another two weeks. 
Their activities in this city included special ser- 
vices, work with children, and seeing some of the 
sights of the area. 



T HAVE READ and re-read the "Perspec- 
tives for the Eighties" that have been 
published in the Brethren Evangelist. I 
find it of great significance that, if properly 
understood, they are revealing to us that 
there are many perspectives to our future. 
It's like a precious gem which has many 
facets, each related to the others, and to- 
gether making up the whole. The facets a 
person sees as he views the gem are deter- 
mined by the position from which he views 
it. I think this is true in our efforts to look 
into the eighties — a number of different 
perspectives will be seen because each 
writer is writing from a different view- 

It was also of interest to me that, to date 
(the May issue), all of the writers have 
been from Ashland, the ''home base" or 
''headquarters" for our church.* Rev. Smith 
Rose is Executive Secretary of the Brethren 
Church; Rev. Arden Gilmer is Director of 
Home Missions for the Missionary Board 
of the Brethren Church; Dr. Fred Burkey 
is Director of Religious Affairs at Ashland 
College; Dr. Charles Munson is Professor 
of Practical Theology at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary; and even the lone female 
writer, Mrs. Dorman Ronk, is a long-time 
resident of Ashland and an employee of 
Ashland College. 

These people wrote from their position 
in Ashland, and their perspectives are 
necessarily determined in a measure by that 
position or that relationship to the Brethren 
Church. They see different facets of the 
church and its future from those seen by 
people who are out on "the front lines" 
looking at the church. 

I also believe that pastors and people of 
older churches in communities where the 

* Both the June and July "Perspectives for the 
Eighties" were written by persons who do not live 
in Ashland. Ed. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

by ReVo George W. Solomon 

Brethren Church is well-estabhshed and 
well-known see different facets or perspec- 
tives from those seen by pastors and people 
of new Brethren churches in communities 
where the Brethren Church is a * 'new- 

Having served for the past six years on 
the ''cutting edge" in a home mission 
church, I think I have been privileged to 
see facets of our future that were not 
visible to me from my position of 22 years 
as a pastor of older, well-established 
churches., So I want to try to articulate my 

The Brethren Church has stated as a part 
of its doctrinal beliefs that the Bible is the 
infallible Word of God. As such, it is ac- 
cepted by the church as the final rule and 
authority in all matters of faith and life. 

The Brethren Pastors* Handbook lists 
four questions to which a new believer 
should give affirmative answers. The third 
is: "Do you believe the Bible to be the Word 
of God and do you accept its teaching as 

Dr. Charles Munson, in his article for 
"Perspectives for the Eighties," began by 
quoting Dr. Peter Wagner's statement that 

Rev. George 
Solomon has been 
pastor of the 
Derby, Kans., 
Brethren Church 
for the past six 
years. He will 
become pastor 
of the First 
Brethren Church 
of Milledgeville, 
III., following 

the Brethren Church "will grow because 
it has the gospel." Knowing Dr. Wagner 
in a limited way, I believe that this is true 
in the sense in which he would have meant 
it. But if the Brethren Church is to grow, 
it must not only possess the gospel, it must 
proclaim and practice the gospel. 

Dr. Francis Schaeffer in his book "How 
Should We Then Live?" traces the rise and 
decline of Western thought and culture. In 
this book he points his finger at one crucial 
factor in the Christian church that has led 
to our cultural decline — that is the 
watering-down of the authority of Scripture 
and the elevating of humanistic philosophies 
and human experience to equality with 
Scripture as recognized authorities for hu- 
man life and behavior. When the church 
gives equal place to human experience and 
reason, it destroys the only absolute to 
which people can appeal in all matters of 
faith and life. 

Chief Justice of the United States Su- 
preme Court Frederick Vinson defined 
clearly what has happened when he said, 
"Nothing is more certain in modern society 
than the principle that there are no ab- 
solutes." You see, today everything is rela- 
tive. Everything is judged by human ex- 
perience rather than by divine decrees. As 
a result people often find that the church 
doesn't have the answers for many of their 
questions, even though these answers are 
in the Bible. This is because the church no 
longer accepts the Bible as final authority 
in all matters of faith and life. 

I would say that we Brethren do have 
the basis for meaningful ministry and 
church growth in the eighties in our doc- 
trine. We have said that the Bible, as God's 
Word, is our final authority. This truth, 
which we affirm in our doctrinal state- 
ments, must be proclaimed from our pulpits 
and practiced in our lives. 

(continued on next page) 

August 1979 

Weimve said that the Bible, as God's Word, is our final 
authority. This truth, which we affirm in our doctrinal 
statements, must be proclaimed from our pulpits and 
practiced in our lives/' 

BretHren preachers need to proclaim 
unashamedly and unapologetically the 
"Thus saith the Lord!" If they have been 
called of God to stand in the pulpit before 
God's people, let them read again Jeremiah 
1:4-10: 'The Lord said to me, 'I knew you 
before you were formed in your mother's 
womb; before you were born I sanctified 
you and appointed you as my spokesman to 
the world.' 'O Lord God,' I said, 1 can't do 
that ! I'm far too young ! I'm only a youth ! ' 
'Don't say that', he replied, 'for you will go 
wherever I send you and speak whatever 
I tell you to. And don't be afraid of the 
people, for I, the Lord, will be with you and 
see you through.' Then he touched my 
mouth and said, 'See I have put my words 
in your mouth! Today your work 
begins. . ." (TLB). 

Dr. William Self, senior minister of 
Wieuca Road Baptist Church, Atlanta, Ga., 
and author of several books, speaking at 
the Billy Graham School of Evangelism in 
Kansas City last year, said, "If a church is 
dead, it's because the pulpit is dead; if the 
church is alive, it's because the pulpit is 
alive." I have come to believe this with all 
my heart and soul! Our work in Derby 
bears witness to this fact. Newcomers who 
move into our community from all kinds 
of religious backgrounds repeatedly tell 
me that they are looking for a church 
where the Word of God is believed, honored, 
lived, and preached without compromise. 

Preach and teach the Bible 

Along with biblical preaching from the 
pulpit, there must be biblical teaching 
throughout the church. Sunday school ma- 
terials, youth materials 5 everything that is 
used in the Christian education of the peo- 
ple must be carefully selected so that those 
who teach and those who preach will be in 
basic harmony — so that all will affirm our 
acceptance of the Word of God as our 
authority. Even the music of the church 
should be carefully chosen to support this 
doctrinal stand. 

The membership of the Brethren Church 
— both lay and clergy — must affirm its 

faith in the absoluteness of God's Word in 
daily life and practice. History tells us that 
when the early Brethren had a question 
brought to them or when a difference of 
opinion arose among them, they would ask, 
"What does the Bible say?" Then, having 
searched the Scriptures with prayer, they 
accepted its directives as the final authority 
and lived by that holy Word. 

Don't look to hunnan authority 

Today far too many professing Chris- 
tians look to human pronouncements and 
human laws to determine their course of 
behavior. If the U.S. Supreme Court says 
it's legal to have an abortion, it must be 
all right to do so. If society says it's accept- 
able for a man and woman to live together 
without the benefit of marriage, what's the 
matter with it? If consenting adults choose 
to enter into a homosexual relationship, 
why should it upset anyone else? 

Since much of the church has not been 
speaking with a single authority — the 
authority of God's Word — many of its 
members have allowed the world to squeeze 
them into its mold, into believing that in 
the final analysis there are no absolutes. 

For years experts in child-raising have 
told us that children need and want author- 
ity. They say it is comforting and reassur- 
ing for children to know that there are 
absolutes and that when we say, "No, that's 
wrong," we really mean it. In the same 
way, I believe that in our confusing, "no 
absolutes" world, adults need and want the 
church to reaffirm the absolutes of God's 
Word — its authority in all matters of faith 
and life. I have found people hungry for the 
Word of God; and it's a hunger that no 
humanistic philosophizing can satisfy! 

The measure to which Brethren preachers 
and people take the Word of God and make 
it a part of their lives — walking in it, living 
in it, preaching it from the pulpit, and 
proclaiming it as the final rule for faith 
and life — will be one of the most important 
factors for Brethren success in the 
eighties ! D 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''Ringers of Joy" of the Tucson First Brethren Church are (left to right) Nancy 
Tolbert, Barbara Phillips, Tammy Stamper, Kim Cook, Carmen Swingle — director, 
Loretta Fanning, Laura Lane, Nancy Dreyer, and not pictured — Karen Gayman and 
Leslie Mullikin. Photo by George Petrovic, Sr. 

TN 1972 Carmen Swingle and her family 
^ returned to Tucson, Arizona, from Wash- 
ington State. Because of this God has 
blessed First Brethren Church of Tucson, 
Northwest Brethren Chapel of Tucson, and 
many other organizations in the Tucson 
area. This blessing has come because 
Carmen introduced Enghsh hand bells into 
the Tucson First Brethren Church. 

Carmen's interest in hand bells began 
while she was in Washington, when the 
church she was attending there asked her 
to direct a bell choir. Even though she 
knew nothing about hand bells, she agreed 
to take on this new challenge. She has been 
blessed abundantly because of her decision. 

When Carmen returned to Tucson, her 
parents, Gordon and Mary Roberts, know- 
ing of Carmen's great interest in this type 
of music, presented First Brethren with its 
first set of hand bells. Two choirs were 
formed in 1974 — a senior group directed 
by Carmen, which has taken the name 
"Ringers of Joy," and a junior group direct- 
ed by Mrs. Roberts. (Pastor Stogsdill often 
lovingly refers to the younger group as his 

The original set of hand bells presented 
by the Roberts consisted of two octaves 
plus four bells. Since then, through gifts 

Patricia Lane is corresponding secretary for the 
First Brethren Church of Tucson, Arizona. 


by Patricia Lane 

and fund-raising projects, the choir has 
almost completed the third octave — 37 
bells of varying sizes. Up to five octaves 
are available. 

The "Ringers of Joy" try to ring one Sun- 
day a month at First Brethren and have 
played for numerous special church func- 
tions, including Easter sunrise service. They 
have rung at Northwest Brethren Chapel, 
at shopping centers during the Christmas 
season, and for other organizations in 
Tucson. The junior choir has also performed 
outside the church. 

In the summer of 1979 the ''Ringers of 
Joy" attended a bell festival in Albuquer- 
que, New Mexico, along with 500 other 
ringers from five western states. And this 
spring they were one of twelve choirs par- 
ticipating in a local festival. 

Carmen relates that the two most im- 
portant assets of a bell ringer are an ability 
to count music and faithfulness in attend- 
ing rehearsals. Each ringer is usually 
assigned two notes and the accompanying 
sharps and flats. It is possible to ring hold- 
ing two small bells in each hand. 

Perfecting a number to perform takes 
hours of practice. The junior group re- 
hearses for an hour each Tuesday, and the 
senior group for one and one-half hours. 

Both choirs have given many blessings 
through their music. But all the girls agree 
that they have received many, many 
more. D 

August 1979 

HLLAniiUuri IVIHuiVi rllu 

a Model for the Brethren Church 

by Dale R. Stoffer and Jerry Flora 

BORN three centuries ago this summer, 
Alexander Mack (1679-1735) is gen- 
erally regarded as the founder of the 
Brethren Church. The imprint of his life 
and thought still marks Brethren at their 

Alexander Mack was no religious inno- 
vator. He employed simply and uncritically 
the sources available to him — Scripture, his- 
tories of the early Christians, and discus- 
sions with his contemporaries. 

Nor was he a skilled academic scholar. 
Rather, as a "task theologian," he focused 
attention on the concrete problems his small 
flock faced, first in Germany, later in the 
Netherlands, and finally in America. 

What we can say about Mack is that he 
was a devoted disciple of Jesus Christ who 
sought only to obey Him, following His 
teaching in every area of life. By that 
plumbline he judged the Christian move- 
ments around him and determined to build 
a better one. In carrying out this resolve 
Mack published two small books, Basic 
Questions (1713) and Rights and Ordin- 
ances (1715). We want to describe here 
some general contours that emerge from 
study of these documents. 

Basic Principles 

Mack did not write explicitly about every 
Christian doctrine. But the points he made 
on various topics show that the following 
ideas were basic to his thinking: (1) the 
sovereignty of God in forming the church, 

This is the second of two articles on Alexander 
Mack. The first appeared in last month's Evan- 
gelist. Both articles are an abridgment of a paper 
on Mack written by Dale R. Stoffer, a doctoral 
student at Fuller Theological Seminary. Dr. Jerry 
Flora, Professor of Christian Theology at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, prepared the abridgment. 

(2) Jesus Christ as the church's Lord, (3) 
Scripture as our objective authority, (4) 
the Holy Spirit as the church's director, 
and (5) the early church as the binding 
pattern for the continuing church. 

In other words, God is the Sovereign 
Lawgiver and Householder who has fully 
revealed His will through Jesus Christ, His 
Son. Jesus has left to us in His teaching 
those "rights and ordinances" which the 
Father desires us to obey. We can see the 
living record of these teachings in the ex- 
amples of Jesus, the apostles, and the early 
church described in the New Testament. 

Responding to Christ in heartfelt faith 
and obedience, we are led by His ever- 
present Spirit (the inner Word). Yet the 
Spirit will never direct us in ways contrary 
to Scripture, for the Spirit himself inspired 
it (the outer Word). 

The theological structure Mack was 
building can be termed eclectic. That is, it 
combined several approaches to Christian 
faith and life used in his day. The visible 
exterior was Anabaptist because the early 
Brethren, outwardly speaking, acted much 
like Mennonites. But the interior of the 
house called Brethren was Pietistic. That 
is, a personal experience with Jesus Christ 
and a fervent devotional spirit were indis- 
pensable. In terms of today's church, the 
Radical Pietists from whom Mack emerged 
might have been near-charismatics. 

The contribution of a third building ma- 
terial. Reformed doctrine, lies embedded in 
Mack's foundation where is it harder to 
detect. That gives Brethren thought its 
ties to general Protestant faith, especially 
of a somewhat Presbyterian variety. 

The actual expression of Brethren belief 
and practice, however, is not along Re- 
formed lines. Although scholars of all 
Brethren groups agree on this point, there 
has been much discussion on how the early 
Brethren used the remaining materials. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Mack's writings suggest that Brethrenism 
is a balance between inward piety and out- 
ward obedience, between subjectivity and 
objectivity. He believed that a vital faith 
involves both private illumination and cor- 
porate responsibility, and that Scripture 
provides for both. 

Inner and Outer 

In thinking this way. Mack was suggest- 
ing that a fully biblical doctrine of salva- 
tion and the church will combine elements 
upheld externally in the Anabaptist- 
Mennonite movement and internally among 
the Radical Pietists. Mack himself put it 
like this: "That which the Holy Spirit 
ordained for the faithful was written out- 
wardly. All believers are united in it, for 
the Holy Spirit teaches them inwardly just 
as the Scriptures teach them outwardly. . . . 

"Therefore, when a believing person 
whose inner ears are opened reads the Holy 
Scriptures outwardly, he will hear as the 
Lord Jesus intends his teaching to be under- 
stood. He hears that which the apostles 
want to express in their writings. He will 
also be impelled, through his inner hearing, 
to true obedience which makes him obey 
even in outward matters. Outwardly, he 
reads the Scriptures in faith and hears the 
inner word of life which gives him strength 
and power to follow Jesus." 

To follow Jesus — that is what Mack de- 
sired above all else. In attempting this, he 
strove for a balance between inward faith 
and outward expression. Where his con- 
temporaries divided into either-or parties, 
Mack called for both — and on the basis of 

For example, we need both the Holy 
Spirit and the Holy Scriptures (the inner 
Word and the outer Word), both inward 
faith and outward obedience (fruitbearing). 
We need both the Christ of faith in the 
heart and the Jesus of history in Palestine. 

Alexander Mack's Seal 
''In the center is the cross, which 
Tneans sacrifice; the heart means devo- 
tion, and placed on the cross, further 
means sacrificed in devotion; the 
branches of the vine, mean fruit- 
hearing. Thus the seal reads: a devoted, 
fruit-bearing, sacrificed life. How 
significantly true this is of the life 
of Alexander Mack!" 

George N. Falkenstein in his History of 
the German Baptist Brethren Church (The 
New Era Printing Company, 1901), p. 71. 

We need both personal piety and corporate 
responsibility, both subjective testing and 
objective discipline. 

Dr. Vernard Eller, Church of the Breth- 
ren writer, has observed, 'The two em- 
phases check and balance each other. When 
the Radical Pietist tendency would slide off 
into subjectivism, private inspiration, mysti- 
cism, enthusiasm, or vaporous spiritualism, 
it is pulled up short by the demand for con- 
crete, outward obedience to an objective 
Scriptural norm. 

''Conversely, when the Anabaptist tend- 
ency would slide off into formalism, legal- 
ism, biblical literalism, or works-righteous- 
ness, it is checked by the reminder that 
faith is essentially a work of God within 
the heart of the individual believer, an 
intensely personal relationship rather than 
a legal one. Thus, within Brethrenism, 
Anabaptist influences discipline Pietism at 
the same time that Pietist influences inspire 

Alexander Mack could not always main- 
tain this balance between inspiration and 
discipline, for he tended at times towards 
literalism and legalism. But he bequeathed 
to his spiritual descendants a conception 
of Christian life that tries to be faithful 
to Scripture in stressing both inward 
attitudes and outward actions at the same 


Mack's understanding of personal Chris- 
tian experience differed in emphasis from 
the usual Protestant view of his day. 

First, he saw salvation as a process in 
which works play a role. Salvation rests 
solely upon God's gracious justification of 
the believer by faith. But the faith which 
justifies is a faith which produces works 
of obedience. This obedience is a joyous, 
willing search for the expressed wishes of 
the Lord in order to show one's devotion 

August 1979 


Alexander Mack wrote two small books which 
give us the general contours of his thought — 
Basic {or Ground Searching) Questions and 
Rights {or Rites) and Ordinances. 

and love for Him. All professions of faith 
to the contrary, where there is no obedience 
there is no salvation. 

Second, Mack stressed the subjective as- 
pect of salvation — what should take place 
in the believer's inner life during the con- 
version process. Although he came from 
a background that we might call Calvinistic, 
he never stressed predestination or uncon- 
ditional security. Instead, he emphasized 
repentance, faith-obedience, baptism, and 
sanctification or discipleship (what he 
called regeneration). 

Thus, Mack's understanding of salvation 
had clear Pletistic elements, especially with 
regard to repentance and faith. Anabaptist 
themes also were present — salvation as a 
process and regeneration as requiring evi- 
dence in works. 

The Church 

But when it came to the doctrine of the 
church, Mack's interpretation was thor- 
oughly Anabaptist-Mennonite. As one writ- 
er has noted, 'The Anabaptist pattern of 
the 'New Testament' Church was taken 
over by the Brethren almost in toto." This 
meant, first of all, seeing the church as the 
gathered, visible community of believers 
committed to Jesus Christ and to one 
another. It also involved such ideas as 
obedience to outward ordinances and the 
maintaining of corporate discipline. 

Baptism is a rite to be administered only 
to those who have responded in repentance 
and faith to Jesus Christ. He ordained water 
baptism (to quote Mack) as "an efficacious 
seal and outv/ard symbol of all those who 
would believe in Him." Although Mack 
denied that baptism has any power to save, 
he viewed it as more than a mere symbol. 
Trine immersion signals the believer's 
incorporation into the church by means of 

an act which represents our participation 
in the saving death, burial, and resurrection 
of Christ. 

Similarly, the Lord's Supper is an evening 
meal intended only for the regenerate. A 
full meal, it should be preceded by the 
washing of the saints' feet and concluded 
with the sharing of the bread and cup. All 
are to examine themselves prior to the 
Supper, and the congregation is responsible 
for discipline and the ban if necessary for 
stubborn, unrepentant members. 

Learning from Scripture 

Two other theological principles in Mack's 
thought deserve continuing attention. 

He believed that contemporary expres- 
sions of Christianity need continual assess- 
ment of their faithfulness to God's Word. 
No theological tradition is above scrutiny 
by Scripture. Mack therefore rejected the 
formal legalism of the Anabaptists, the pri- 
vate inspiration of the Radical Pietists, and 
the intellectual orthodoxy of the Reformed. 

But he firmly upheld such Anabaptist 
distinctives as obedience, discipleship, be- 
lievers' baptism, and discipline; the Radical 
Pietist stress on a regenerate, devout. 
Spirit-directed life; and the Reformed 
penchant for sound doctrine. Why did he 
insist on these? Because he found them 
taught in Scripture. 

Mack and the early Brethren not only 
re-evaluated traditional expressions of 
Christianity. They also tried to remain open 
to new insights that the Holy Spirit might 
show them from the Word. They lived in 
expectancy that God would lead them 
through the study of Scripture into ever 
clearer understandings of the faith. 

This is why they organized themselves 
into a new fraternity by trine immersion, 
even though such an act exposed them to 
persecution. This is why they rejected the 
Radical Pietist excesses of enthusiasm and 
asceticism. That is why they composed no 
binding creeds, although they did use cer- 
tain credal statements. 

Such a process for discerning truth places 
weighty responsibility upon the entire body 
of believers — a responsibility to know the 
content of Christian faith, to critique cur- 
rent forms of belief, to remain open to the 
Spirit's direction both as individuals and 
as a church. At the same time it can develop 
Christians who possess a strong mature 

The dissensions which have divided our 
later history would probably rend Mack's 
heart. But three hundred years after his 
birth the thinking of Alexander Mack re- 
mains a model for the Brethren Church. □ 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

*: vP ; For the Christian, the "end" is really the beginning. 

Prophets of Doom 

MODERN DAY doomsayers are men in 
research laboratories, not men behind 

In a book entitled The Jupiter Effect, 
two astronomers have predicted amazing 
things for 1982. The phenomenon they call 
the Jupiter Effect is a rare planetary lineup 
which occurs every 179 years. It's scheduled 
to occur again in 1982. All the planets in 
our solar system become lined up in a 
straight line with the sun. This unusual 
lineup will cause a lopsided gravitational 
pull on the sun, producing tremendous sun 
storms. These, in turn, will affect the planet 
earth, as well as the other planets. 

The Jupiter Effect will severely influence 
the upper parts of earth's atmosphere, dis- 
turb radio communications, disrupt weather 
patterns, and slow the earth's rotation. 
The last effect is most important, for it 
will trigger more earthquakes of major 

I recently read a newspaper account 
which indicated that the earth experienced 
thirty-six major quakes during the past 
year. This was nearly double the average. 
There seemed to be no logical explanation 
for the great increase other than the fact 
that Mother Earth is growing old. 

Now will you allow me to repeat my 
opening statement? Modern day doomsay- 
ers are men in research laboratories, not 
men behind pulpits. 

Scientists, psychologists, sociologists, 
and educators (who probably don't believe 
the Bible) are making most of these pre- 
dictions. It is precisely because of who is 
making the predictions that people are read- 
ing them and sitting up to take notice. 

A few years ago there was a cry about 
California dropping off into the ocean. The 
joke was, ''Buy land in Nevada; someday 
it'll be oceanfront property!" Some people 

actually moved from California believing 
that the whole state would soon drop off. 

Anyone acquainted with the Book of 
Revelation can see that the doomsayers are 
not far wrong. Prophets (foretellers) and 
preachers (forthtellers) have been predic- 
ting the end since the time of Noah. But no 
one listened. They said Noah was all wet! 

The doomsayers remind me of the ques- 
tion asked the Lord as He left the Temple 
one day. ''What events will signal your re- 
turn, and the end of the world?" (Matt. 
24:3b— TLB). 

Jesus replied that there would be wars 
and rumors of wars, famines, unusual signs 
in the heavens (UFO's?), false prophets, 
persecution, immorality, and a general anti- 
Christian spirit. He also said that neither 
He nor the angels knew when the end would 
actually come. This is up to God. It appears 
that God has His own doomsday clock. 

"Prophets (foretellers) and preach- 
ers (for+h+ellers) have been pre- 
dicting the end since the time of 
Noah " 

But there is a difference between God's 
clock and the one belonging to our scientific 
friends. They refer to the end as a "Samson 
Complex." Samson, as you recall, took all 
his enemies with him when he died. Most 
scientists agree that WW III would be the 
end of earth. Pow! The End! Samson 

But God doesn't say, "Pow; the end." To 
Him — and all Christitans — it's the begin- 
ning. The difference is in hope. And that's 
what Christianity is all about! □ 

August 1979 



by Charles G. Beekley 

THE CHURCH of Jesus Christ can only 
be as mature in its faith as it is united 
in its love. Each believer is obligated to 
strive for this unity in love as his church 
grows toward spiritual maturity. 

The Apostle Paul had a lot to say about 
the unity of believers through a mature 
faith. In his letter to the church at Ephesus 
he outlined an interdependency of personal 
growth, love, and unity. The successful 
realization of these concepts can only lead 
to corporate growth as well. 

First, let us look at the indicators of 
spiritual maturity: 

, . . / urge you to live a life worthy of the 
calling you have received. Be completely 
humble and gentle; he patient, bearing 
with one another in love. Make every 
effort to keep the unity of the Spirit 
through the bond of peace (Eph. 4:1-3.) 

Here Paul is begging us — entreating, urg- 
ing, insisting — that we make every effort 
to develop a spiritually mature attitude 
toward our brethren. The believer has been 
called into a special relationship with the 
Creator, and we must live a life that dem- 
onstrates this unique relationship. Perhaps 
this way of life could be expressed in an 
algebraic-like formula : 



(P ^ L) 


Consider the elements of this formula. 
The '*H" stands for humility. Be on guard 
against giving yourself too much credit 
and of always assuming that what you 
think is the only answer to a situation. 
When progress or achievement comes your 
way, realize where the credit belongs. The 
humble person is free from pride in himself 
or his accomplishments. He is sure to as- 
cribe the credit to God and to His Spirit 
acting in and through him. 

Looking again at the formula we see that 
added to "H" (humility) must be *'G" 
(gentleness). Humility should be seasoned 
with gentleness. Gentleness can best be 

characterized as the absence of rudeness 
or harshness. One can be firm in beliefs, yet 
gentle in attitude and manner. Paul is sug- 
gesting a gentle mental attitude toward our 
brothers and sisters in Christ. 

Now the second part of our formula: 
''(P X D" — patience multiplied by love. 
Patience is the quality of mind that allows 
us to bear without complaint or malice 
those of our number who speak against us 
or our ideas. By coupling patience with the 
instruction to ''bear one another in love," 
Paul is suggesting that patience is to be an 
active force. We are directed to develop an 
uncomplaining steadiness in our patience. 
We — as Christians seeking to develop a 
spiritual maturity — should not waiver in the 
patience we exhibit toward our fellow 

Now — as good mathematicians — let us 
consider the other side of the equation 
(which equals the first side). The result of 
adding humility plus gentleness to patience 
multiplied by love is a blessed peace between 
believers. Peace is an attitude between per- 
sons that demonstrates to the world that 
we have a unique relationship to each other 
because of our unique relationship to God. 
We say to each other, in effect, *1 submit 
myself to you in the name of the Lord who 
will lead our thinking and determine the 

Charles Beekley 

is a student at 

Ashland Theological 

Seminary and 

moderator of the 

Park Street 

Brethren Church. 

This article is 

a condensation of 

a sermon he 

preached at Park 

Street Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

direction we will take as we serve Him." We 
will seek the will of God in spiritual unity, 
at peace with one another. 

None of these virtues is easily and auto- 
matically attained. To attain them requires 
a conscious effort and a reliance upon the 
Holy Spirit as we struggle in God's work. 

It should be noted that unity does not 
equal uniformity. No matter how much we 
strive and study, we will still have differ- 
ences. There will be different ideas and 
opinions about every issue that arises. But 
how we approach those differences will in- 
dicate whether or not we have developed 
the correct mental attitude. If we insist that 
what we say is correct and that it can be 
no other way, we are failing. We are failing 
Paul, we are failing our brethren, and cer- 
tainly, we are failing our God. Our goal 
must be to develop the correct mental 
attitude toward our differences. 

This is where the ''unity of spirit" comes 
in. Our churches and the individuals who 
make up our churches demonstrate their 
spiritual maturity to the world by the de- 
gree of unity of spirit they exhibit. 

Dr. James C. Fernald, a leading author 
of language books and dictionaries in the 
early part of this century, offers a defini- 
tion of unity that can serve us well as we 
seek unity within our churches: 

Unity is oneness . . . especially of that 
which . . , cannot be conceived of as 
resolved into parts . . . (unity is) when 
a single purpose or ideal is so subserved 
by all that their possible separateness is 
lost sight of. . . .^ 

While we will have our differences, we must 
develop a state of being one as we serve 
our God. 

In Ephesians 4:14-16 Paul develops the 
result of living in unity. In the preceding 
verses he talked about the various aspects 
of the body — its divergence of abilities but 
its unity of purpose. He concludes this dis- 
cussion in verses 14 to 16. 

As our lives develop in Christian unity, 
we will grow just as children grow. We will 
develop an ability to deal with interpersonal 
challenges in a way that does not tear down 
other persons. We will develop a maturity 
of faith that allows us to contribute to the 
unity of spirit. We will develop a maturity 
of faith that will demonstrate to the world 
that we are a loving, caring community in 
a world that really doesn't care much about 
individuals. We may even contribute to sav- 
ing the lives — physical and spiritual — of 

* James C. Fernald, Funk & Wagnalls Standard 
Handbook of Synonyms, Antonyms, and Prep- 
ositions (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1947), 
p. 428. 

persons seeking something that leads them 
to cults like the one at Jonestown. 

This point is made by Mel White in his 
book Deceived, in which he reviews and 
analyzes the tragedy of Jonestown. Near 
the end of this book. White lists several 
resolutions that may enable Christians to 
help the world avoid a repeat of what hap- 
pened at Jonestown. Consider the first two : 
/ will do my best to help make my 
church a more loving community . . . . 

I will do my best to help make my 
church a more caring community to the 
real human needs. . . .t 

You and I have an obligation to follow 
Paul's formula for peace, speaking to one 
another in love, ''growing up into Him who 
is the Head . . . Christ." Perhaps as we 
strive to develop this environment of love, 
we will help avert another Jonestown. And 
we will demonstrate our love — and our 
spiritual unity — to the world as we struggle 
toward maturity in our relationships with 
other believers. 

The result of growth in love within the 
body will be growth of the corporate body 
as well. As we demonstrate to the outside 
world that we love one another, that we are 
united in God, we are saying to the world 
that we have something special. As a result 

'The believer has been called into 
a special relationship with the 
Creator, and we musf' live a life 
that demonstrates this unique 

people who might flock to someone like 
Jim Jones will come to us. They will not be 
turned off by our infighting or turned away 
by our false smiles. They will come to enjoy 
our genuine love for one another, which 
grows from our unity and peace because of 
our unique relationship to God. They will 
come to our churches and will grow — even 
as our church is growing. 

We must strive — Paul points out the ur- 
gency — to develop a unity with our fellow 
believers. Through this unity, based on our 
special relationship with God, we will reach 
spiritual maturity. We will grow together — 
individually and corporately — unto Him, 
Jesus Christ. 

The church of Jesus Christ can only be 
as mature in its faith as it is united in its 
love. □ 

t Mel White, Deceived (New Jersey: Spire Books, 
1979), pp. 184-185. 

August 1979 


John Guli: 

A Nigerian 

Christian Brothe 

i?ev. /o/i« Guli, his wife Elizabeth, and their youngest son 

AFTER a year of study in the United 
States, Rev. John Guh, a Nigerian 
churchman, returned to Nigeria on July 
12, 1979. He had been studying at the 
School of World Mission at Fuller Theo- 
logical Seminary under the sponsorship of 
the Missionary Board of the Brethren 

John is a member of the Ekklesiyar 
Yan'uwa a Nigeria (Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria), the church which 
Brethren missionaries have served and 
Brethren people have supported since 1948. 
He is from the Higi tribe, in which much 
of the Brethren work was concentrated. 
Because the mission established a church 
in his area, John became a Christian, went 
to mission schools, and became a strong 
Christian. He has now risen to a place of 
leadership in that church. He came to the 
U.S. to receive training in missiology and 
church growth which would enable him to 
better serve the church. 

While in the U.S. John completed his 
work at Fuller for a master of arts degree 
in missiology. He had begun work toward 
this degree four years ago when he spent 
16 months studying at Fuller (Sept. '75 to 
Dec. '76), also under the Brethren Mission- 
ary Board's sponsorship. 

In addition to his work at Fuller during 
the past year, John also took courses at 
Azusa Pacific (College. By transferring some 
of his courses from Fuller and some of the 
work he had done at the Theological Col- 
lege of Northern Nigeria, John was able to 
meet the requirements for a bachelor of 
arts degree at Azusa, which he received 
May 5, 1979. 

After completing his work at Fuller in 
June, John spent several weeks visiting 

former missionaries, mission executives, 
and other friends before returning to 
Nigeria. He spent three days in Ashland, 
and during this time he agreed to share 
some of his thoughts about his time in the 
U.S. and his plans as he returns to Nigeria. 
The following is a summary of what he 

When asked for his impressions of the 
United States, John commented on our 
hurried way of life. ''It seems to me here 
that everything has to go in a kind of a 
haste." He added, ''You don't have really 
enough time to just spend time talking. 
You go to Nigeria, you find people just 
sitting talking." 

On the other hand, John did find people 
in the U.S. very friendly. And he said, "I 
didn't have any problem adjusting to the 
way people lived here or even the food or 
anything, except that sometimes I didn't 
like the food in the school cafeteria." 

When asked if there were aspects of 
American life he didn't like, John directed 
his comments specifically to the church. 
Before coming to America, he was under 
the impression that everybody in the United 
States was a Christian. He was disappointed 
to find that only about half of the church 
members in the U.S. attend services. 

He was particularly surprised to find 
that "you can't teach Christianity in 
schools." He said, "We thought that 
America is a Christian country, but yet 
nobody can give any instruction concerning 
Christianity in a public school." He con- 
trasted this with Nigeria, where people 
are hired to teach Christianity in the public 
schools and the government subsidizes their 
salaries. In general, John expected America 
to be more Christian than it is. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

During the last two months of his stay 
in the U.S., John was joined by his wife, 
Ehzabeth, and his youngest child, Njameba 
(age 5) . (John and Elizabeth have six other 
children, all of whom are in school.) Their 
visit to the U.S. was made possible by two 
former missionaries to Nigeria, Mr. and 
Mrs. Gerald Neher. 

John was happy to have his wife with 
him in America so that she could experi- 
ence something of American life. Because 
of this visit she would now understand 
many of the things that he had tried, with 
little success, to tell her about after his 
earlier time in the U.S. He wanted her in 
particular to understand the struggles he 
went through in his studies at Fuller. He 
noted that she got a good taste of this, 
since when she first arrived, he was finish- 
ing the term at Fuller. Because of his 
workload, he didn't have much time to 
spend with her! 

John believes that his time studying at 
the School of World Mission at Fuller 
Theological Seminary was time well spent. 
'1 think I really gained a lot from Fuller," 
he said. ''I see that my training at Fuller 
is going to help me to help other people." 

John hopes to apply what he learned to 
the church situation in northeastern 
Nigeria. The goal of his training has been 
to discover *'how best can we help the 
church to grow." He must now determine 
the specific needs in his own church and 
apply what he has learned to those needs. 




: i 



Njameba, age 5, enjoyed his visit to 
the United States and made friends 
wherever he went. 

He also feels a responsibility to pass on 
what he has learned to others. '1 would 
like to communicate what I have received 
from Fuller to some of the church leaders 
in Nigeria." He realizes that in order to do 
this, ''I have to come to their own frame 
of reference. ... I have to identify myself 
with them. ..." 

As to the specific work he will be doing, 
John has been asked by the executive 
committee of the Nigerian church to teach 
and be the principal at Kulp Bible School 
(which trains Nigerian pastors and church 
workers). At the time of the interview, he 
had not replied to this request. The other 
possibility he was considering was to return 
to his own area of the church (the Eastern 
Gunduma) to resume his former position 
as Gunduma (area) secretary. Before a 
final decision is made about his work, he 
wants the executive committee to evaluate 
the needs of the whole church and to set 

John's ideas of evaluating needs and 
setting goals and priorities also apply to 
mission involvement in Nigeria. He would 
like to see mission representatives and 
Nigerian church leaders meet together to 
evaluate what has been accomplished and 
what remains to be done in evangelism and 
church planting in Nigeria. Then, from this, 
a plan could be made to reach the people of 
Nigeria who have not yet been evangelized. 

In this connection, he believes there is 
still a place for missionaries in Nigeria. 
He agrees that nationals can do much of 
the work, but feels that there may be cer- 
tain tasks missionaries are in a position to 
do because of their skill or experience. 

John indicated that he and other Nigerian 
church leaders have appreciated the coop- 
eration that has existed between the 
Nigerian church and the mission groups 
that have worked with the church. It is 
their hope that this cooperation can con- 
tinue as church and missions work together 
to strengthen the church and to reach those 
people who have not yet been evangelized. 

REV. JOHN GULI has made many 
friends in the United States. Many 
Brethren people have learned to know and 
love him. He has been an ambassador par 
excellence for his country and for the 
EYN church. 

As he returns to Nigeria to continue his 
work for the Lord, our prayers go with 
him. We pray not only for him, but for 
other Nigerian church leaders and the 
church which they serve, that the church 
may grow stronger and evangelize the 
thousands in that area of Nigeria who do 
not know Christ. R.C.W. 

August 1979 



news from the Brethren Church 

Moderator's Report 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

Another Conference year has passed, and 
only time will determine whether we have 
progressed, remained static, or regressed as a 
church. It is my prayer that this year was not 
wasted in nonprofitable busywork. God's time 
is too precious to waste! 

I have had the privilege of visiting all the 
district conferences, and I have received a very 
warm welcome. The Brethren certainly have 
the gift of hospitality! 

I have also been greatly encouraged by the 
general change of direction of the church. 
Brethren are showing an ever -increasing desire 
to reach out into the various communities to 
win people to Jesus Christ. This is in reality the 
primary objective of the church. Anything less 
than a total commitment to reach the lost of 
the community is hindering the mission of the 
church. We have started — now we need to build 
on the foundation. The church must grow. 

I want to take this opportunity to say "Thank 
You." It has been necessary for many people 
to take time out of their busy days to meet me 
at the airport. Many families have opened their 
homes to me, providing a comfortable place 
to sleep and excellent meals. I have had the 
privilege of visiting with many people across 
the nation and of sharing mutual concerns 
about the work of Christ through the Brethren 
Church. I feel that I have profited more than 

I would also like to thank the Walcrest 
Church for the consideration it has shown me 
this past year. In spite of my many days away, 
the church is continuing to grow because its 
members have accepted the challenge to evan- 
gelize. And even greater, they have accepted 
the biblical command to love. I also appreciate 
very much the men on the Executive Com- 
mittee. This has been a very demanding year 
with many extra meetings and new respon- 
sibilities. You have been excellent co-workers! 

Let's remind ourselves constantly of the 
challenge of Jesus to go into the harvest fields. 
We have the power of God in our lives, the 
saving grace of Jesus Christ, the direction of 
the Holy Spirit, and the instruction of God 
through the Scriptures. Let's get out into the 
world and catch men alive! 


David L Powell 


Fort Scott, Kans. — David L. Powell was ordained 
into the gospel ministry of the Brethren Church 
on July 6, 1979. The service was held at the Fort 
Scott Brethren Church, where Powell serves as 

Brethren elders participating in the service were 
Rev. George Solomon, pastor of the Derby, Kans., 
Brethren Church, and Rev. Jim Cole, a member of 
the Derby congregation. Rev. Solomon presented 
the sermon for the service, and both men con- 
ducted the ordination of Rev. Powell. 

Also participating in the service was Clifford 
Lyman, moderator of the Fort Scott Church. 
Special music was presented by Amy Earnest, and 
the prelude and postlude were played by Marilyn 

David Powell was born on November 10, 1938, 
at Decatur, 111., the son of William and Mary 
Porter Powell. He was graduated from Mt. Zion 
High School in Mt. Zion, 111. He spent 42 months 
in the army, 28 of these in the European Com- 
mand, Seventh U.S. Army Artillery. 

David has completed the Schofield Bible Course 
at the Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, 111. Present- 
ly he is enrolled in the Pastoral Training Course 
from the American Bible College, Pineland, Fla. 

On June 18, 1960, David married Shirley Ryder 
in Cerro Gordo, 111. They now have three children, 
Mary 13, Jeffrey 12, and Gerald 6. 

The Powells were members of the Cerro Gordo 
Brethren Church before they moved to Fort Scott 
in July of 1977. David pastored the Paint Creek 
Church of the Brethren for five months and has 
pastored the Brethren Church at Fort Scott for 
two years. 

Rev. and 

Mrs. David 

L. Powell 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Winding Waters takes fresh look at missions; 
gives $1,234 for mission to Mexico 

Elkhart, Ind. — The Winding Waters Brethren 
Church is taking a fresh look at world, home, and 
community missions. Helping it to do so is the 
recently formed Ministry of Missions of the 

Under the inspiring leadership of Mrs. Catherine 
White, director of the Ministry of Missions, sev- 
eral task forces were formed to tackle the prob- 
lems of developing a mission consciousness within 
the church. Task forces were set up for world, 
home, and community needs, and these task forces 
began to develop strategies to present these needs 
to the church. They are also seeking to find ways 
the church can help meet these needs. 

The Task Force on World Missions (Catherine 
White — director, Gladys Hossler, Blanche Frink, 
and Donna Jepson) met and decided to present 
as a missions project the new ministry in Mexico, 
which is being developed under the leadership of 
Juan Carlos Miranda. They also chose April as 
missions month. 

This decision was unanimously approved by the 
Board of Directors of the church, and the task 
force went to work. Classroom bulletin boards 
were decorated with maps and pictures of people 
of Mexico. A giant fish net decorated the narthex, 
with blow-ups of the workers and facilities of the 
new work in Mexico. Different missions repre- 
sentatives went from class to class giving a per- 
sonal appeal. Coins from Mexico were passed out 
to all in attendance on Easter morning to help 
people identify with the citizens of Mexico. And 
a goal of $1,000 was set for the last Sunday in 

Members of the task force which promoted the 
mission emphasis on Mexico were (left to right) 
Catherine White — director, Gladys Hossler, Blanche 
Frink, and (not pictured) Donna Jepson. 

April to give the project one last thrust. 

It worked! When the offering was counted, it 
totaled $1,234.41. A check in that amount was sent 
to the Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 

The church's mission task forces are now look- 
ing into other forms of mission outreach. For 
example, a Food Pantry has been set up at the 
church for needy families or for crisis situations. 
The members of the Winding Waters Church have 
found that their outreach to the people of Mexico 
has awakened a desire in their hearts to touch 
others with their lives. 

Park Street women sponsor billboard 

Ashland, Ohio — As an outreach to the community, 
the Thursday women's Bible study group of the 
Park Street Brethren Church recently initiated 
a billboard ministry. The 12 women had been 
collecting a faith offering and were seeking an 
effective way to confront fellow Ashlanders with 
the gospel. 

t ff«re 

PARK SI iRrrHftfrcllcH' 

The interest in a billboard ministry was sparked 
by the group's disapproval of a continuing full- 
page advertisement in the local newspaper. The 
advertisement was the introduction of a new 
cigarette. Realizing that commercial enterprises 
effectively use mass communication techniques 
and that the church generally doesn't, the group 
decided to use a commercial means — a billboard — 
to announce the Christian message. 

With the advice of Rev. Harold Walton, whose 
church, the Johnstown Second Brethren Church, 
is sponsoring a billboard ministry (featured in 
the July 1978 Evangelist), a poster was ordered 
from Billboards for Jesus. A contract was made 
with a local advertising company to display it. The 
billboard used was on Claremont Avenue, an 
Ashland thoroughfare and the location of several 
shopping centers. 

The impact of a billboard ministry is difficult 
to evaluate. It is known, however, that the mes- 
sage, "Jesus is a life savior," has confronted hun- 
dreds of Ashland motorists. 

—Kitty Winfield 

August 1979 


The new church building of Northwest Brethren Chapel in Tucson is located at the 
base of the Catalina mountains. The building will seat 160 persons. Rev. William Curtis 
is pastor of the Northwest Brethren congregation. photos by Arden Gilmer 

Northwest Chapel dedicates new building 

Northwest Brethren Chapel, the new 
Brethren Church in Tucson, Arizona, dedi- 
cated its new church building on Sunday, 
June 24, 1979, just three years and five 
months after beginning services in January 
1976. One hundred and forty-nine people, 
representing all three Arizona churches, 
attended the dedication, and about 120 
people enjoyed a sumptuous fellowship 
dinner held afterwards. 

Arden Gilmer, Director of Home Missions 
for the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church, read the Scripture selection, lead 
in the dedicatory prayer, and brought words 
of greetings and encouragement from all 
Brethren churches. Rev. Clayton Berkshire, 
pastor of the Papago Park Brethren Church 
in Tempe, Ariz., gave the invocation. Mr. 
Francis Ellis represented the Northwest 
Brethren congregation in bringing the 
words of welcome. And Rev. Vernon Grisso, 
the founding pastor of Tucson First 
Brethren Church, gave the closing prayer. 

The dedicatory message was delivered by 
Rev. Clarence Stogsdill, pastor of the First 
Brethren Church in Tucson. His message 
was entitled ''Showing Your A.G.E." He 
stated that three vital ingredients for the 
new church to come of age were attitude, 
goals, and energy. 

The architect, Jeff Chow, the engineer, 
Jim Burke, and the contractor, John Kline, 
were honored for their work on the build- 

by Rev. Arden E. Gilmer 

ing. Mr. Kline, a tremendous Christian, 
served the church admirably as contractor 
and used his expertise to save the church 
at least $10,000 off the original bid. 

The key to the new building was present- 
ed by Mr. Kline to the church moderator. 
Jack Edgerton. Upon receiving the key, Mr. 
Edgerton expressed the appreciation of the 
people of Northwest Brethren Chapel for 
the support and encouragement they have 
received from the sponsoring church and 
from the Brethren across the country. He 
especially expressed thanks to members of 

(continued on next page) 

The contractor, John Kline (center), presents the 
keys to the new building to Northwest Brethren 
Chapel moderator. Jack Edgerton, while Wes 
George watches on. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


A Brethren success story at Derby, Kansas 

While many Brethren churches find their mem- 
bership growing smaller, staying the same, or, at 
best, creeping slowly forward, the Brethren 
Church of Derby, Kansas, presents a picture of 

Over the past six years, under the ministry of 
Rev. George Solomon, the membership of the 
Derby church has grown from 29 (as of July 1, 
1973) to 130 (on June 30, 1979). During this period 
average Sunday school attendance went from 28 
in 1973 to 85 in the first six months of 1979, and 
average Sunday morning worship attendance in- 
creased from 28 to 122. 

Local giving has also shown tremendous growth. 
In 1973 total local giving was $8,230. The budget 
for 1979 is $37,000, and at the halfway mark (June 
30), the congregation was $336.59 ahead in its 
giving. This has enabled the congregation to move 
from annual mission support of about $8,000 in 
1973 to a position of total self-support in 1979. 

While going from mission support to self sup- 
port, the congregation has also carried out other 
projects. The Derby Brethren built a new par- 
sonage in 1976, then renovated the old parsonage 
and made it into a Sunday school annex. They are 
currently in the process of purchasing new pews 
and carpet for the sanctuary and of enlarging the 
sanctuary seating capacity to about 200 persons. 

Certainly God has blessed this congregation 
and its hard work, and the church is a success. 

In a sense, the success of the Derby Brethren 
Church is a success we Brethren can all share, for 
we have had a part in it. 

Until this year, the Derby Brethren Church was 
a Home Mission Church, receiving part of its 
finances from the national Missionary Board. 
Therefore any individual or church that gave to 
the work of Brethren Heme Missions was helping 
in the work of the Derby church. Members of 

Northwest Brethren Chapel 

the Growth Partners Club whose response 
assisted in securing the land and meeting 
some of the building costs. 

A dedication offering was received dur- 
ing the service and amounted to $676.20. 
The offertory and special music were pro- 
vided by the "Ringers of Joy," the excellent 
bell choir from Tucson First Brethren. 

Following the service Rev. Stogsdill, pas- 
tor of the mother congregation, commented, 
''The people of First Brethren Church praise 
God as we see our daughter church finally 
settled into its new building, and we pray 
His constant care upon the new congrega- 
tion, and that God will bless them and mul- 
tiply them in the work of our most excellent 
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ." 

the Growth Partners Club (formerly the Ten 
Dollar Club) had a special opportunity to share 
in this work by contributing to the club calls for 
Derby in 1963 ($9,070.26) and 1971 ($10,090.00). 

Brethren people working together through the 
Missionary Board provided the funds to begin this 
work and to support it during its years of growth 
to self support. The church couldn't have done it 
without our help. 

This is, in fact, what Home Missions is all about. 
Pooling our resources as Brethren to start new 
churches and to help them along the way so that 
they can grow and become self-supporting con- 
gregations. At Derby, this goal has been achieved. 
Therefore we rejoice together in the success story 
of the Derby, Kansas, Brethren Church. 

— R. C. W^infield 

Flora yout-h visit Opryland, U.S.A. 

Flora, Ind. — ^Ten members of the Senior BYC of 
the Flora First Brethren Church made a weekend 
trip to Nashville, Tenn., June 1-3. The big event 
of the trip was an all-day visit to Opryland, 
U.S.A., on Saturday, June 2. On Sunday the youth 
attended the Twin River Baptist Church. 

The group traveled to Nashville on Friday and 
returned to Flora on Sunday. The two nights at 
Nashville were spent in a campground about 15 
minutes outside the city. Two campers and tents 
provided sleeping quarters. Each night at the 
campground the group held a campfire service. 

To raise money for the expenses of this trip, the 
youth had a car wash (from which they made 
$135) and a chili supper (which brought in $214 
by free-will offering). 

Accompanying the youth on their trip to Nash- 
ville were Rev. Alvin Grumbling, pastor of the 
Flora First Brethren Church, and youth sponsors 
Mr. and Mrs. Donald Clingenpeel. 

Flora senior BYC nienihers and their advisors. 

August 1979 




by Norma Waters 

What do you think of when you hear the 
word "Sisterhood"? Do names hke Amigas 
and Lumieres mean anything to you? Well, 
they mean a lot to the girls of the Loree, 
Indiana, Brethren Church. 

Thanks to dedicated women who have 
given extra time and effort, Loree has four 
very active Sisterhood groups. They have 
been using the new SMM materials that 
were adopted by our churches last summer, 
and it's been an exciting year for them. The 
materials are a balanced mixture of Bible 
learning, crafts and skills, personal im- 
provement goals, and missionary emphasis. 

Coleen Zerbe, patroness of the Little 
Sisters group, says, ''Boy! Are they excited 
about Sisterhood! They're learning about 
the Bible in a new and exciting way." Since 
these first through third graders had been 
studying about the creation of the world, 
they did a short play for their church about 
creation as part of the Sisterhood public 
service in April. 

Amigas patroness Darlene Porter says 
that her fourth through sixth graders really 
enjoy the missionary skits and lessons at 
their monthly meetings. (Amigas is the 
Spanish word for friends.) Each meeting 
also includes business, Bible lessons, mem- 
ory verses, crafts, and games. Darlene says, 
"It is fascinating to observe the enthusiasm 
and eagerness of this (age) level. It is my 
desire for the Amigas to gain understanding 
and applicable knowledge of serving Jesus 
through missionary projects and fellowship 
with one another." 

Lumiere is the French word for light, 
and is the name of the junior high group of 
Sisterhood. Loree's Lumiere patroness, 

Mrs. Norma Waters is Office Manager for the 
national Board of Christian Education. 

Sharon Zerbe, reports that her girls are 
working hard on their goals. They already 
have "learned how to make perfect pie 
crust," and had guest speakers on the topics 
of marriage and first aid. They were work- 
ing on their memorization of the book of 
Colossians and were planning a cook-out, 
a bike hike, and a camp-out for the summer. 
(Sharon thinks they're just trying to wear 
her out!) 

The senior high girls are led by Shirley 
Childers. Their name is Charis, which is 
Greek for grace. Shirley admits that the 
Bible lessons take some "study, thought, 
and prayer on the part of the patroness." 
But they also involve the girls' thoughts and 
discussion, and "the more we each share, 
the more of His Spirit we each take home." 
Shirley states that "God has never failed 
to provide time, material needs, interested 
girls, and the richest of blessings." 

As we look at the influences that our girls 
receive in school, sports, and other com- 
munity activities, it is clear that we need 
to influence them also for the things of 
the Lord. Sisterhood is a program of learn- 
ing, growth, and self-enrichment. It's also 
enough fun that girls (and patronesses!) 
love it. 

The Loree church thinks that Sisterhood 
is great. Sisterhood is important for your 
church, too. Your girls are worth the effort. 

Many of our other churches besides Loree have 
strong Sisterhood groups. Does your church? If 
not, be sure to look over the display of Sisterhood 
materials at National Conference — the materials 
can be ordered there. Or write to the Board of 
Christian Education, 524 College Ave., Ashland, 
Ohio 448O5 and ask for more information. You 
can start a Sisterhood this fall! 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Mission Center seeks ways to reach 
2 billion "hidden people" 

If every Christian in the world were to win 
his neighbors to Christ, there would still be over 
two billion non-Christians left. Why? Because two 
billion of the world's people have no Christian 

Yes, over two billion people — Hindus, Muslims, 
Chinese, and tribal members — ^still have no Chris- 
tian church in their local culture. Furthermore, 
these people are separated by language, culture, 
and often by animosity from those communities 
where there is a church. They are locked behind 
invisible cultural barriers, still beyond the reach 
of present mission and national church strategies. 
They are "the hidden people." 

If we are to fulfill the Great Commission, ways 
must be found to reach these "hidden people" 
With the gospel. Finding these ways is the goal 
of the U.S. Center for World Mission of Pasadena, 

The Center, which was founded by former 
missionaries and mission leaders under the direc- 
torship of Dr. Ralph D. Winter, has three major 
focuses : 

(1) Major strategy institutes at the Center 
study the unreached segments of the world's 
population to determine the most advantageous 
ways to approach these people with the gospel. 

(2) Mobilization offices seek to arouse the in- 
terest of churches, students, and mission agencies 
to the task of reaching "the hidden people." 

(3) The Institute of International Studies of 
the Center seeks to share the mission vision with 
evangelical students from secular colleges and 
universities throughout the United States. This 
is done by offering fully-accredited, one-quarter 
and one-semester undergraduate and graduate 
programs to these students in order to give them 
a Christian perspective on the world. 

The center is not trying to compete with exist- 
ing mission agencies and boards, but to serve 
them. All its efforts at research, mobilization, and 
training are meant to funnel new facts, money, 
and missionary candidates into these agencies. 

To carry out its program, the Center purchased 
in September of 1978 an entire college campus in 
Pasadena, Calif. The story of how the Center 
edged out a religious cult in order to purchase 
the 17-acre campus and how it was able to raise 
the $1.5 million to make the downpayment is a 
story of miracles. Now the Center is making a 
massive push to raise $13.5 million more to pay 
off the debt on the campus and to establish the 
Center as a self-supporting agency. 

A unique approach is being used to raise this 
money. Center leaders feel God would have a 
million people give $15.95 each. This amount will 
not be a great burden on any one person, and 
furthermore, in this way a million people will gain 
an insight into the task that remains if we are 
to reach "the hidden people." The $15.95 is a one- 
time gift, with Center leaders promising that 

those who give this amount will not be asked for 
more money. 

At the moment, the Center faces a major hurdle. 
On September 15 the last really large quarterly 
payment on the college campus is due — $660,000. 
There will be other quarterly payments after this 
one, but they will be considerably smaller. So far 
over 11,000 people have made $15.95 donations, 
but 44,000 more must do so if the Center is to 
make the quarterly payment. If the payment is 
not made, the Center will not only lose the prop- 
erty, but its entire downpayment of 1.5 million 

It will take a miracle to raise this money in 
the time that remains, but God has worked 
miracles for the Center before. 

For more information about the Center for World 
Mission, contact Dick W infield, do The Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Brethren Church Bulletin Service 
now used In 40 churches 

A^hlatnd, Ohio — ^The Brethren Church Bulletin Ser- 
vice is now used in 40 churches and is seen by 
4,775 Brethren weekly, according to Ron Waters. 

The bulletin service was started in 1976 by the 
Brethren Publishing Company. Such a service, 
with regular messages about the Brethren Church 
and its ministries, had been requested by a num- 
ber of Brethren. A cooperative agreement was 
arranged with Cathedral Art Folders of Long 
Prairie, Minnesota, to include one Brethren mes- 
sage each month. 

"We should top the 5,000 mark during General 
Conference week. A number of churches each 
year switch to the service at that time," Waters 

"Frequently we find churches have been using 
Cathedral bulletins for years but have not been 
receiving them through us. So they haven't been 
receiving the specific Brethren Church messages. 

"But it is an easy matter to tranfer these 
churches to our account," Waters added. "It simply 
requires a letter to me, saying the church would 
like to receive its Cathedral bulletins through 
us to take advantage of the specific Brethren 

Brochures depicting the 1980 series of bulletins 
will be available at General Conference from the 
Brethren Publishing Company. 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 3 by baptism 

Sarasota: 5 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

South Bend: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

North Manchester: 1 by baptism 

August 1979 



Bates retires from Brethren Quarterly; 

new writers named 

Ashland, Ohio — After 20 years writing for The 
Brethren Bible Class Quarterly, Rev. Henry Bates 
has retired as contributor of the "Lesson Back- 
grounds." The backgrounds in the current (sum- 
mer) quarterly are the last written by Rev. Bates. 

Bates, a former professor at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary (1S50-55), drew upon his deep 
knowledge of the Bible in preparing these "Lesson 

During his years of writing for the quarterly, 
Rev. Bates served as pastor of the Vinco, Pa., 
Brethren Church and then the Wayne Heights 
Brethren Church in Waynesboro, Pa. He continues 
to pastor the Wayne Heights church and also 
teaches part time at the Broadfording Christian 
College near Hagerstown, Md. 

The Brethren Publishing Company, which pub- 
lishes The Brethren Quai^terly, has greatly appre- 
ciated Rev. Bates' faithful service as a writer. 
And Brethren people have been richly blessed by 
the insights he has provided on the Word of God. 

Rev. Bates continues to serve the Brethren 
Publishing Company as a member of the Board 
01 Trustees and as vice president of that board. 

Taking Rev. Bates' place as background writer 
for the quarterly will be Rev. Rodney Thoirias, 
pastor of the Huntington, Ind., Brethren Church. 

Rev. Thomas, who has pastored the Huntington 
church since 1974, is also assistant secretary of 
the General Conference of the Brethren Church. 
He is the son of Rev. Carl Thomas, who is also 
a Brethren pastor. 

Rev. Thomas' contributions to the quarterly will 
first appear in the fall quarter. 

A second change in the fall quarterly will be 
the introduction of Rev. William Anderson as 
writer of the "Lesson Exposition" section. Rev. 
Anderson is pastor of the Manteca, Calif., Breth- 
ren Church, which he has served since 1970. He 

Rev. Henry Bates 

has also served Brethren churches in Sergeants- 
ville and Calvary, N.J., Pleasant Hill, Ohio, Johns- 
town, Pa. (Third Church), and Nappanee, Ind. 

This is not Rev, Anderson's first experience 
writing for the quarterly. After 15 years he is 
returning as writer of the "Lesson Exposition," 
a position he filled from 1962 to 1964. 

Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff, who has been writing 
the exposition section of the quarterly, will be 
contributing the "Lesson Applications" beginning 
with the fall quarter. He will be replacing Rev. 
Charles Lowmaster, who has written this section 
since 1976. Rev. Lowmaster will no longer be 
writing for the quarterly because of the press of 
other work. 

Rev. Benshoff is pastor of the College Corner 
Brethren Church, Route 3, Wabash, Ind. He has 
been contributing the "Lesson Expositions" since 
December of 1973, but his involvement with the 
quarterly dates back much further than that. 
From 1953 to 1963 he was editor of publications 
for the Brethren Publishing Company and, as 
such, editor of The Brethren Quarterly. 

Rev. Benshoff is also president of the Board of 
Trustees of the Brethren Publishing Company. 

Rev. Rodney Thomas 

Rev. William Anderson 


Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Grefna Bible school sets record 

Bellefontaine, Ohio — The news at Gretna Brethren 
Church in June was kids, kids, and more KIDS! 

The church had its most successful vacation Bible 
school program ever this year. 

Average attendance for the Vi^eek (June 11-15) 
was 97, with a high of 100 on the last day. To put 
this into perspective, two things need to be noted 
about this church. One, it is located in the open 
country, not in a town or city. Second, average 
Sunday morning worship attendance runs less 
than 100. 

Not only did attendance at the VBS set a new 
record, but so did the offering. A total of $150 
was received during the week, almost double the 
offering of last year. The money will be used to 
help support the weekday religious education pro- 
gram in the public schools in the county. 

VBS director for the week was Pauline West- 
lake. She was assisted by Jane Solomon. They 
were expecting about 80 children on the first day, 
so you can imagine their surprise when 96 chil- 
dren appeared. 

According to Rev. Leroy Solomon, pastor of the 
Gretna congregation, "The beautiful part of the 
whole week was that the gospel of Jesus Christ 
was taken into several homes it hadn't been into 
before. From this week of Bible school we have 
made contacts with about 15 unchurched families. 
About half of them have expressed a real interest 
in our church. Praise the Lord!" 

Rev. Solomon adds, "Anyone who questions the 
value of VBS, send them to us — we would love 
to share with them. We can't wait till next year!" 

A few of the 100 children who attended Bible 
school at the Gretna Brethren Church. 

Dennis Grumbling called 
to the ministry 

Flora, Ind. — Dennis Grumbling has been called 
to the Christian ministry by the congregation of 
the First Brethren Church of Flora, Ind. The call 
was extended on Sunday, June 10. 

Dennis is the son of Rev. and Mrs. Alvin 
Grumbling. He will be a senior at Ashland College 
this fall, and plans to enter Ashland Theological 
Seminary after completing college. 

This summer Dennis has been preaching on 
Sunday mornings at the Flora Church of the 

Film of Joni Eareckson to be 
released in September 

Burbank, Calif. — Joni is the title of a film to be 
released in September by World Wide Pictures. 
The movie will present the story of Joni 
Eareckson, a quadriplegic who broke her neck in 
a diving accident 12 years ago. 

Many Christians know of Joni from her two 
books, Jom and A Step Further, and from her art- 
work, which appears on Christian stationery. Her 
book, A Step Further, written with Steve Estes, 
was chosen by Religion In Media to receive the 
1978 Angel Award. 

The film, in which Joni plays herself, follows 
her progress from the moment she broke her 
neck. It traces the steps along her road to recov- 
ery as, drawing on her faith in God, she overcame 
the emotional and psychological trauma of the 
accident and became an accomplished artist ( hold- 
ing a pen in her mouth), a dynamic speaker, and 
the author of two best-selling books. 

Joni will be premiered in September in many 
parts of the country. The film will be shown in 
theaters, civic auditoriums, and churches. 

Congratulating Joni Eareckson on her receipt of 

the Angel Award for the best religious book of 

1978-79 is TV star Ted Knight. Joni plays herself 
in a new movie entitled Joni. 

August 1979 




Beth Ann Gross to Brian Kent Bargerhuff, July 
7, at the Loree Brethren Church, Bunker Hill, Ind. ; 
Stephen Cole, pastor, officiating. Members of the 
Loree Brethren Church. 

Donna Klutz to Steve Beaver, June 30, at the First 
Brethren Church, North Manchester, Ind.; Wood- 
row A. Immel, pastor, and Rev. Robert Bischoff 
officiating. Members of the North Manchester 
First Brethren Church. 

Roberta Penrod to Ted Nichols, June 24, at the 
First Brethren Church, North Manchester, Ind.; 
Woodrow A. Immel, pastor, officiating. Members 
of the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Melanie Stanze to Brian Pierce, June 24, at the 
First Brethren Church, Gratis, Ohio; Gene 
Hollinger, pastor, officiating. Bride member of 
Gratis First Brethren Church. 

Debbie Britt to Wayne Robison, June 16, at the 
First Brethren Church, North Manchester, Ind.; 
Woodrow A. Immel, pastor, officiating. Groom 
member of North Manchester First Brethren 

Wanda Underwood to Dale C. Hagerich, June 2, at 
Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, Pa.; Carl 
H. Phillips, pastor, officiating. Groom member 
of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Debra Kay Gable to Robert Kent Swihart, May 
26, at the Loree Brethren Church, Bunker Hill, 
Ind.; Rev. Austin Gable officiating. Bride member 
of the Loree Brethren Church. 


... please let us know. 

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3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 


William and Ruth Meinke, 65th, June 24. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind. 
Mr. & Mrs. Don Leckey, 52nd, June 21. Members 
of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, Pa. 

Mr. & Mrs. George A. Leidy, 56th, June 12. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, 

Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. Ford, 55th, June 6. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, 

In Memory 

Kenneth J. Benshoff, 31, July 10. Member of the 
Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Chaplain Navy Capt. Lacy Harwell and Dr. 
J. D. Hamel, pastor. 

Leslie "Ted" Stutzman, 75, June 28. Member of 
the Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Clarence R. Kindley, pastor. 

Bay iSmith, 92, June 20. Member of the South 
Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services at the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. 

Mrs. J. Raymond (Salena) Sohutz, 85, June 15. 
Member for 59 years of the North Manchester, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by Woodrow 
Immel, pastor, and Dr. A. Blair Helman. (Mrs. 
Schutz was the widow of Dr. J. Raymond 
Schutz, pastor for 22 years at North Manchester.) 
Alice Zimmerman, 72, June 10. Member of the 
Gratis, Ohio, First Brethren Church. Services by 
Gene Hollinger, pastor. 

Liked July "Perspectives" 

I wanted to take this opportunity to thank you 
for printing Clarence StogdiU's excellent article 
"Building on Bedrock" in the July issue of the 

The thoughts and ideas are clearly stated and 
come out of his experience, I'm sure. The subject 
is timely, pertinent and "right on" for us Brethren. 

I greatly appreciate such articles of truth, 
thought and biblical backgrouaid. 

This was a real perspective for the eighties! 

— ^Bev Summy 
Ashland, Ohio 


The Brethren Evangelist 


The U.S. Senator from Ida Grove 

Harold E. Hug^hes, The Man from Ida <jlTOve by 

Harold E. Hughes with Dick Schneider (Chosen 
Books. 1979, 346 pp., $10.95 hardback). 

This book tells the life story of Harold E. 
Hughes, former governor of Iowa and former 
United States Senator. 

Hughes w£is a poor farm boy who won the 
struggle against poverty. As a teenager he began 
to drink. He continued drinking while serving in 
World War II, and his desire for alcohol became 
worse after he was discharged. He reached the 
point where he felt the world would be better off 
without him, but as he prepared to commit sui- 
dde, God spoke to him. This call changed his life. 

At that time Hughes was employed by a truck- 
ing firm. His job involved him in working out 
problems with the Iowa Commerce Commission. 
This led to his being employed by that commis- 
sion, which in turn led to the governorship of 
Iowa and eventually to the U.S. Senate. Many 
seemingly impossible situations were completely 
turned around for Hughes because he allowed 
God to take control. 

During his years in politics, Hughes was always 
concerned with the underprivileged and alcoholics 
and did much to benefit them. He is presently 
involved in a ministry to alcoholics. 

In reading this book, I was impressed by the 
way Hughes allowed God to work in his life and 
by the fact that he is not ashamed to testify of 
his faith in Jesus Christ not only to national lead- 
ers but also to leaders of the entire world. 

I would recommend this book to anyone who 

would like the assurance that we do have some 
Christian leaders in our country. 

— Pat Dovey 

Pat Dovey is an employee of the Brethren Publish- 
ing Company and a member of the Ashland Garber 
Brethren Church. 

Love and Perseverance 

My Son Johnny by John Edmund Haggai (Tyn- 
dale House, 1979, 240 pp., $4.95 paperback). 

This is the story of John Haggai, Jr., a brain- 
damaged dhild who until his death at age 24 was 
unable to feed himself and could utter only two 
syllables. It tells of a boy with a beautiful spirit 
in an inadequate body. 

It is also the story of Christine, Johnny's 
mother, whose love for her son made the crushing 
task of caring for him a channel of God's grace. 
Through her unshakeable faith she was able to 
draw from Johnny responses others thought 
impossible. Her patience was remarkaiWe, 

For those who suffer or must watch others 
suffer, this book speaks of God's sovereignty and 
of the power of persevering prayer. Its aiuthor, 
John Haggai, is also author of the best-seller. 
How to Win Over Worry. 

— JuHe Flora 

Julie Flora is a member of the Park Street 
Brethren Church and a part-time employee of The 
Carpenter's Shop, 



I would like to receive free Bible-in-Life lesson materials 

for the following age groups: 

D Nursery D Primary- Junior 3,4 D Senior High 10-12 

D Kindergarten D Junior 5,6 ° Adult 

D Primary 1,2 □ Junior High 

Yes, I would like to receive the free brochures 
checked below: 

D Bible Alive Series #96891 

D Bible-in-Life Curriculum #14340 

D Children's Choir Curriculum #23846 

D Children's Church #84038 

D Christian Growth Electives #25379 

D Lifestyle Curriculum #23796 

David C. Cook 









City State/Prov 

Church or School Name 

Zip/Postal Code 


*"5>-,, Mall to: The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue I 
"%U^ J Ashland. Ohio 44805 / 

August 1979 


God^s Means of (jrace 

by C. F. Yoder 

k ■ ■ 

|» Pictured is an original copy of 

f Voder's book handed down from Rev. 

Ml ' 

'n James R. Black to his son James F. 



This treasured volume is available 
at The Carpenter's Shop. 

We're happy fo mail books 

(see information below). 

When you're in Ashland, 
be sure to stop in. 

2: S CD 

c^ O cr 

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to O c^ 


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We're happy to mail books. 

Please add $1.00 for postage. 
Ohio residents, add 57^ tax. 

"r^The Brethren ^ • 


Sepfember 19 

1979 Conference Report 
beginning on page 11 



Rev. Prasanth Kumar distributes buckets to cyclone victims. 

Here are samples of compassion and aid we Brethren have been a part of in recent 
months through the World Relief Corporation of the National Association of Evan- 
gelicals. Our concern and dollars do count to help extend the hand of Christ in these 

Brethren giving in the first 6 months of 1979 was about $800 short of the pace for 
the $31,650 in our record-breaking year of 1978. I hope we'll respond well this fall to 
rise even higher . . . and help even more in 1979. 

Phil Lersch, Chairman, Brethren World Relief Board 


On May 12th a devastating cyclone hit the 
coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh (where our 
Brethren missionaries, the Kumars, live) destroy- 
ing nearly half a million homes. Although there 
was some damage to the Brethren Mission prop- 
erties, it was light in comparison with other areas. 
Furthermore, the total loss of life was only about 
300, which is also low by comparison to previous 
cyclones and tidal waves. But many people were 
suffering for want of food, drinking water, and 
medical supplies. 

The World Relief Corporation responded with 
$3,000 (sent through our Brethren Mission Board) 
for relief work directed by Prasanth and Vijay 
Kumar. These brothers surveyed the cyclone- 
affected areas and selected those most in need 
of medical assistance, food supplies, and clothing 
— which they distributed in the name of Christ. 


On the heels of an 8-year blood bath by Idi 
Amin, Jerry Ballard flew to Africa on April 20th. 
His mission was to evaluate the needs of suffer- 
ing thousands whose lives were ravaged by terror- 
ism and war. Ballard met with government and 
church leaders to arrange the most effective and 
expeditious means of channeling aid to the people. 

WRC shipped 1,250 pounds of medical supplies 
into the area, including medicines and much need- 
ed surgical instruments. They also pledged an 
initial $100,000 to relief effort in Uganda. 

A religious leader recently stated: "It is essen- 
tial that a Christian ministry of reconciliation 
accompany the relief effort. There is a great need 
in Uganda for spiritual healing as well as meeting 
physical needs of our people." To accomplish this 
goal, World Relief is channeling its aid primarily 
through the churches of Uganda. 


Floods swept across Bolivia in February, dis- 
placing hundreds of families and causing exten- 
sive damage to buildings and crops. WRC respond- 
ed with $10,000 for food, clothing, and medical 
supplies — as well as needs relating to immediate 
reconstruction and rehabilitation. The grant was 
channeled through the association of evangelicals 
in Bolivia. 

Jerry Ballard, executive director of World Relief, 
stated, ""Heartwarming stories have already come 
out of this situation which tell of poor but gen- 
erous Christicms of Bolivia taking flood victims 
into their homes, sharing what little they have 
in this time of crisis." 

Jackson, Mississippi 

In April disastrous flooding in Jackson prompt- 
ed a swift response from World Relief. Even be- 
fore flood waters crested above 18 feet, WRC ad- 
vanced $;35,OO0 to aid in the relief of flood victims 
forced from their homes. 

The First Presbyterian Church, cooperating with 
the Salvation Army, provided hundreds of meals 
served daily at the church. Seventy-five volunteers 
worked in shifts to prepare food for distribution. 
Additional hundreds of meals were taken to other 
locations by means of Salvation Army mobile 

An estimated 17 to 20 thousand persons were 
evacuated from affected areas, in what was the 
worst flood in the history of Jackson in terms of 
water depth, damage to property, and dislocation 
of people. Jerry Ballard stated: "The world served 
by World Relief begins at home. Christian com- 
passion recognizes no nationality. In the spirit 
of Jesus Christ we want to share with as many 
as we can in relieving suffering in times of 


I V ^ The Brethren ^ • j 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three w^eeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


During the 1979 General 
Conference the conditional 
theme, "If My People Will," 
became the assertion, "My 
People Will!" See the special 
Conference report beginning on 
page 11. 
Cover design by Howard Mack 

Vol. 101, No. 9 

September 1979 

4 Pro-Life vs. Abortion: 

Putting God's Law Above Man's 

by Harold Walton 

6 I Am the Church 

by Susan E. White 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 
8 Being What God Intends 

A portion of Moderator Duane Dickson's address to the 91st 
General Conference of the Brethren Church. 


11 Introduction and Monday 

Opening service; Children's conference. 

1 2 Tuesday 

BYC Moderator's address; Ashland Theological Seminary 
inspirational service; 1979 Crusader review. 

1 4 Business 

Introduction; Publishing Company endowment fund plan; 
Moderator's recommendations; Proposed denominational organ- 
ization; Expression of support for Ashland College. 

1 6 Wednesday 

Messages by Rev. Sanford C. Mitchell; Ashland College 
inspirational service. 

1 8 Auxiliaries 

Woman's Missionary Society; National Laymen's Organization; 
National Ministerial Association; Sisterhood of Mary and 

20 Thursday 

Laymen's inspirational service; Board of Christian Education 
inspirational service; ABCT luncheon. 

22 BYC Convention 

Overview; Project report; Officers; Anything Goes competition. 

24 Friday 

W.M.S. inspirational service; Children's musical; All-Conference 
banquet; Fasting banquet. 

26 Conference Miscellaneous 

"My People Will!"; 1980 Conference theme; Board of Church 
Properties' report; New Conference officers. 

September 1979 


Putting God's Law Above Man's 

by Rev. Harold W. Walton 

ABORTION is one of the great moral 
issues of our time. Currently, over 
1,000,000 babies are being aborted each 
year — approximately one out of every four 
that are conceived. 

As Bible-believing Christians, we stand 
against this moral outrage, just as the 
church has consistently done down through 
the centuries. God's law stands above man's 
law. When His law is flagrantly and re- 
peatedly violated, we warn men of the 
divine judgment that will inevitably fall 
upon them unless they repent. 

The Bible teaches that the life in the 
womb is indeed a human person. (See Gen- 
esis 25:23; Jeremiah 1:4-5; Psalm 51:5; 
139:13-16; Matthew 1:20; and Luke 1:15, 
31, 41, 44.) Without question, human life 
begins at conception — at the union of the 
sperm and egg. A new person is formed at 
that moment, programmed for and moving 
toward maturity as an adult human being. 
The child is dependent on his mother for 
food and a protected environment, but he is 
a distinct person from his mother. At 18- 
25 days the child's little heart begins to 
beat, using his own blood supply and cir- 
culatory system. Brain waves can be de- 
tected before the end of the second month 
of pregnancy. 

Abortion kills this innocent human life 
and is therefore a violation of the sixth 
commandment, ''You shall not murder" 
(Exodus 20:13). God says that we do not 
have the prerogative of deliberately taking 
innocent human life. The Supreme Court 
now says abortion is permissible, but God's 
law is above man's laws. 

What are some of the reasons given for 
a woman's right to an abortion? We are 
told that a woman has the right to the 
privacy and control of her body. According 
to this argument, the fetus is part of the 
woman's body. Therefore she can do with 
it as she pleases. But the developing child 
is not strictly part of a woman's body. It 
is a separate human being whose rights 

Rev. Harold W. Walton is pastor of the Second 
Brethren Church, Johnstown, Pa. 

must also be considered. A woman's right 
to control her body does not give her the 
right to kill her developing child. Once a 
child is conceived, abortion is not a private 
matter between a womain and her doctor 
but a public moral matter, since another 
human life is involved. 

The vast majority of abortions are per- 
formed today for no other real reason than 
that the woman so chooses. This is abortion 
on demand. Those who support these abor- 
tions say, ''If the child isn't wanted, isn't 
it better for it to be killed?" Since when is 
"convenience" or "wantedness" a higher 
value than the sanctity of innocent human 
life ? If the baby is unwanted, it can be given 
up for adoption, not killed. Many homes 
would gladly receive an "unwanted" child. 

What about cases where the life of the 
mother is at stake. This is a rare problem 
today. With modern medical techniques, 
almost never is the life of the mother 
threatened by her child. But in the few 
cases when it is, I believe everything pos- 
sible should be done to save both the life 
of the mother and the child. If in seeking 
to save the life of the mother, the conceived 
child dies, then the principle of double effect 
applies (an undesired bad effect comes as 
a result of seeking a good effect). 

We're told that many times for the 
mental well-being of the mother she should 
have an abortion. In other words, avoiding 
psychological pressure is more important 
than the sanctity of an innocent human 
life. One thing that is somehow left out of 
this argument is the tremendous feeling of 
guilt experienced by many who have had 
an abortion. Greater psychological damage 
results from having an abortion than from 
allowing the child to be born and giving it 
up for adoption. 

What if the parents can't afford the 
child? Isn't abortion permissible? In other 
words, is avoiding economic difficulties 
more important than human life? No. Most 
families in America can "get by" with 
another child if they want to. If not, the 
child can be placed up for adoption if 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Five Brethren from the Johnstown, Pa., area participated in a "March for Life" in Washington, D.C., 
on January 22, 1979. The insert shows (left to right) Fern Yarnick and Byron Phillips from the Vinco 
Brethren Church, and Rev. Walton, pastor of Johnstown Second. 

Instances of rape and incest are certainly 
tragic, but pregnancies resulting from these 
are rare. Even then, two wrongs don't make 
a right. 

In regard to retarded or deformed 
babies, I still insist that the abortionist 
does not have the right to destroy their 
lives. Taking innocent human life is a 
prerogative that belongs only to God. 

We're told that if a human life amend- 
ment were passed, women would die at the 
hands of ill-qualified, criminal abortionists. 
Reasoning this way, we would conclude that 
if you can't stop murder, then legalize it. 
If you can't stop illegal abortion, then 
legalize the immorality of abortion. 

The low premium placed upon human 
life by the Supreme Court (Roe versus 
Wade) will very possibly lead in the not 
too distant future to euthanasia. If unborn 
children can be killed because they are un- 
wanted, what of unwanted old folks whose 
lives are no longer "meaningful"? What of 
those whose biological worthiness does not 
meet certain standards? Pretty soon we're 
into a Nazi mentality. 

Dr. Everett Koop, a famous pediatrician, 
in his book The Right to Live; The Right 
to Die recognizes that in ministering to 
patients, errors in judgment are possible. 
Therefore he tries to err only on the side of 
life. Oh, that this had been the spirit of the 
Supreme Court. It has made a tragic de- 
cision from which America will reap a ter- 
rible harvest. God is alive! He sees and will 
judge! As Christians, let us support and 

work for a Human Life Amendment to the 
Constitution protecting the lives of the 
unborn. Elect reputable, pro-life candidates, 
and don't give up until the victory is won! 

In conclusion, let us remember that abor- 
tion on demand, which is so common in 
America today, is just one symptom of a 
deeper ailment that is plaguing our country. 
America is rejecting the God of the Bible, 
the great truths of historic Christianity, 
and the simple gospel message of Christ's 
death for our sins and His offer of forgive- 
ness and eternal life to all who will believe 
in Him. 

A Human Life Amendment is not enough. 
The real problem is deeper than this — in the 
heart of man. He is a sinner and needs to 
be saved. God's offer of mercy extends to 
all who will come to Him. Let us not only 
support the pro-life movement against 
abortion, but also God's pro-life movement 
with regard to salvation. He desires all to 
experience that gift of eternal life through 
faith in Jesus Christ, our Lord. Praise be to 
Him! n 

Recommended reading: 

Brown, Harold O. J. Death Before Birth. 
New York: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1977. 

Koop, C. Everett. The Right to Live; The 
Right to Die. Wheaton, III.: Tyndale, 1976. 

Shoemaker, Donald. Abortion, the Bible, and 
THE Christian. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 
For pro-life material contact: 

Helen Boyer, 4OO Constable Ave. 

Johnstown, PA 15904 Phone: HI 4-266-4819 

September 1979 


by Susan E. White 

Artwork by Susan White 

The Brethren Evangelist 


AM THE CHURCH. Although I am 
usually associated with the period of 
time following the ministry of Christ, my 
beginnings actually stretch far back in the 
corridors of time. All those who in sincerity 
have joined with God in covenant and have 
partaken of His Holy Spirit are a part of 
me. The Book of Hebrews, chapter 11, lists 
some of my great leaders of early days, 
including Abraham, Sarah, Moses, Samuel, 
and David, just to mention a few. 

It is with the time of the New Testament 
that I become most apparent as a struc- 
tured entity. For it is then that the Holy 
Spirit is offered with power to all who 
believe. Up until this time the followers of 
Yahweh were comprised, for the most part, 
of members of the Jewish nation. This was 
the boundary which defined them. Christ 
came to bring salvation and reconciliation 
with God to all mankind. Therefore the old 
Jewish boundary was shattered and new 
boundaries were established encompassing 
those from every nation. I, the church, was 

To describe me adequately is indeed a 
difficult task. I am a creation of the divine 
mind, designed for eternal purposes. There- 
fore, human descriptions are imperfect. 
This should not lead to despair, however, 
for much can be understood about me 
through the various images used to describe 
me in God's Word. 

I am like a royal kingdom, with Christ 
as my King righteously ruling over those 
who would be a part of me. I am like a 
grapevine, with its roots held firmly in this 
earth. Christ is its strong, central Vine from 
which all the branches proceed and receive 
that which is necessary for their susten- 
ance. I am similar to a flock of sheep whose 
wise Shepherd is Christ, guiding and direct- 
ing their lives from day to day. 

I am like a family of children who have 
been adopted by a loving Father, and who 
have received the same inheritance as their 
noble Brother, Jesus. I resemble an army, 
being led out by its strong, courageous 
General — the Lord Jesus — against the evil 
one. I function like a human body made up 
of countless cells which perform their own 
tasks, yet which cannot function without 
the direction of their Head, Jesus Christ. I 
resemble a bride, prepared for and devoted 
only to one Husband, Jesus Christ, to whom 
I give all my love. 

Susan White is an Ashland, Ohio, resident 
and a member of the Park Street Brethren Church. 
She received a master of arts degree in hibUcal 
studies from Ashland Theological Seminary this 
past June. 

All of these images help to describe my 
various aspects. Within them is revealed 
my passivity and my activity, my duty 
and my devotion. Yet there are two things 
which cannot go unnoticed in each — the 
unity of the believers and the Lordship ox 

That which has been called by my namo 
throughout the centuries has often been a 
very distorted image of me. A political 
organization run by corrupt, power-hungry 

"My purpose is first of all to pro- 
claim the spiritual Good News of 
Christ to all people." 

men whose goal is the suppression of others 
is not the church. A building, no matter how 
glorious or "holy," no matter how simple 
and "pious," is not me. Neither a system 
of rituals nor a book of rules expresses my 

I am the ecclesia, the "called out ones," 
called out to actively believe in Christ, mak- 
ing him manifest to the world. My purpose 
is first of all to proclaim the spiritual Good 
News of Christ to all people. This is accom- 
plished by the multitude of mission work 
carried out by my members, and more im- 
portantly by the unity of love which is made 
manifest to the world. Being present in the 
world, I must also instruct society in right- 
eousness, justice, and morality. 

My purpose is also to overcome the evil 
one in whatever way he manifests himself. 
This "holy war" against evil fought within 
the context of the life of love includes feed- 
ing those who are hungry, caring for ones 
who are sick, providing shelter and clothing 
for those in need. Perhaps these things do 
not sound very "spiritual," but I, as Christ's 
body on the earth, must reach out as He did 
and minister to the needs of the whole 

Oh, how important is the unity of love 
within me ! By this the world can see Christ. 
The Spirit who fills each believer binds 
these believers together and causes them to 
be one. My responsibility is to teach them 
to grow and mature in that oneness. This is 
accomplished through the various gifts of 
the Spirit manifested within my members. 
Although my visible structure has become 
split and divided as various denominations 
have been formed, the unity of all true be- 
lievers under the Lordship of Christ cannot 
be destroyed. 

One way which the unity is demonstrated 
is through the symbols which Christ left 

September 1979 

for us. Each believer goes through the 
common experience of baptism as he enters 
into me. Baptism does not ''do" anything 
to the individual, but it does dramatize 
various aspects of his entrance into the 
life in Christ. It is first of all a sign of the 
covenant, just as circumcision was a sign 
of the old Jewish covenant. The believer 
demonstrates his obedience as he goes 
through this ritual, declaring his agreement 
to the covenant. This act symbolizes the 
cleansing of the old sin nature and the 
purity with which he may now begin his 
new life. 

It is unfortunate that down through the 
years my members have distorted the intent 
of baptism, looking at it as if that act itself 
accomplished salvation. They have also 
hindered the unity of the body as the mode 
of baptism became a disputed issue. In 
reality the manner in which it is done is 
not important to me, as long as the meaning 
is not lost in the process. 

The other symbol reveals the unity of 
my members even more vividly, so much so 
that it is even sometimes called the ''Com- 
munion." On the last night before Jesus' 
crucifixion, He explained that He was to 
bring in the new covenant by His blood, 
through His death. He passed the wine, 
representing His blood, for all to drink ; He 
passed the broken bread, representing His 
body, for all to eat. Together, sharing this 
common symbolic meal, they became par- 
takers in this new covenant. "Do this in 
remembrance of Me," Jesus told them. And 
so my members over the years have remem- 
bered and taken part in this common ex- 
perience of the Lord's Supper. 

Although for the disciples it was a time 
of sadness, knowing that their Lord would 
soon be facing a time of suffering, it is now 
a Eucharist — a time of thanksgiving for 
believers. As with the symbol of bap- 
tism, the symbolic act of the Lord's Supper 
has also been distorted. To many it has 
become almost a magical rite, taking on 
more significance in itself than the Lord 
it represents. 

My life in this world has not been an easy 
one. There are those who have persecuted 
me in an effort to destroy me. I have suf- 
fered and been torn by controversies and 
schisms within my members. At times it 
looked as if I would be overwhelmed by the 
political structure which surrounded me. 
But I have always survived and have come 
out stronger because of it all. I will not be 
crushed, for within me flows the life of the 
living Christ, and He who began this good 
work in me will perfect it in the day of 
Christ Jesus. Q 

:4-vft'4vwc). , ^g^ ^ 

photo by Bruce Ronk 
Moderator Duane Dickson 

T WANT you to know that this message 
grows out of a deep love and concern 
for the Brethren Church. Therefore I make 
my own brief statement of faith. I believe 
that the Bible in its entirety is the inspired 
Word of God, and I believe the practices 
of the Brethren Church best fit the man- 
dates of the Scriptures. That's the reason 
I am a Brethren! 

I want to see the Brethren Church become 
a growing church, actively reaching out to 
all who need Christ and leading men and 
women to a closer walk with Him. We can 
be what God intends us to be if we are 
willing to pay the price. The question is, 
Are we going to do it? 


I don't like to talk about problems! 
Nevertheless, it is absolutely necessary to 
inspect ourselves critically if we are to 
properly diagnose ourselves and prescribe 
a proper cure. Therefore I would like to 
discuss several things I have observed 
about our church. 

We are often majoring in the minors. We 
tend to focus our efforts on the things we 
cannot do or are unproductive at doing, and 
neglect the things we can and should be 
doing. How can we win more people to 
Christ and keep them? We had better be 
finding an answer to this question! 

Let's put the incidentals in the proper 
place on our priority list. I'm tired of 
attending conferences and meetings to bs 
entertained by some cute or innovative pro- 
gram when I am surrounded by people who 
need and want the tools to be good disciples. 
We need a revival! Let's get out of our 
spiritual never-never land. 

We seem at times to be afraid to take a 
stand on moral issues. We have to be very 
careful here or we can again become legal- 
istic, but there are certain statements in 
Scripture that dictate how a Christian 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

Being What God Intends 

should conduct his life. If God has spoken 
plainly on an issue, then we had better 
listen and mold our lives around His re- 
quirements. When God speaks plainly, we 
had better act boldly. 

"We can be what God intends us 
to be if we are willing to pay the 

There are churches throughout our de- 
nomination where opportunity to publicly 
accept Christ is not given regularly, if at 
all. We believe that man is lost without 
Christ. This belief should mandate a 
planned program to lead people to Christ 
and give them the opportunity to publicly 
accept Him. Our worship services should be 
planned with this evangelistic thrust clearly 
in mind. 

In some areas of the church there seems 
to be a total lack of commitment to the 
commission of Christ. The need to involve 
more people in the church is recognized, 
but when new people are reached, accept 
Christ, become members of the church, and 
seek to become involved, they are often 
pushed aside. Some of our beloved brethren 
seem to be afraid of losing their positions 
of power in the church. The contrast be- 
tween commission and self-interest is 

We need to learn to love one anoother. 
We need to concentrate on developing and 
enhancing brotherly love at the denomina- 

Rev. Dickson is pastor of the Walcrest Brethren 
Church in Mansfield, Ohio, and for the past year 
served as Moderator of the Brethren Church. This 
article is part of his Moderator's address to the 
91st General Conference of the Brethren Church. 

September 1979 

by Rev. Duane Dickson 

tional, local, and individual levels. It must 
be love without qualification. It must be 
love that brings trust. When we become a 
concerned, caring people expressing Christ's 
love openly to one another, we will then 
be open to be used by Christ. 

In some churches we have had a terrible 
misuse of spiritual gifts. Groups of people 
have taken one spiritual gift and have based 
their whole theology on that gift. Churches 
have been torn apart. Christians have been 
turned against Christians. Christ's work 
has been seriously hindered and even de- 
stroyed. Satan is the great imitator. He can 
take that which is good and use it to his 
advantage. If churches are being torn apart, 
then Satan most certainly has his hand in 
it. God does not want His church torn 
apart ! 

We have stewardship problems. Incomes 
are up, but church giving is down. When 
church giving is down, denominational pro- 
grams suffer first. Most of our national 
boards are using up reserves rapidly. If we 
are going to continue to build churches 
and send missionaries, we had better eval- 
uate our giving to some of the other in- 
terests that constantly bombard us and 
begin supporting the Brethren Church. 
And we had better begin using the tithe as 
a basis for our giving. I know that the 
major denominational boards are presently 
examining their spending patterns to insure 
you the most for your money. 

The positive side 

I don't want to allow our self-examination 
period to become an obsession and to spend 
all our time staring at the freckle on our 
big toe. Self-examination is necessary and 
good if used as a tool to direct us in future 
actions. Let us therefore look at some of 
the positive things that are happening in 
our church. 

Some of our churches are showing 


When we become a concerned, caring* people express- 
ing Christ's love openly to one another, we will then 
be open to be used by Christ/' 

growth, and I want to commend them for 
their faithful service. They are an example 
to the rest of us that church growth is 
possible if proper principles are used. 

We are also beginning to plant new 
churches in areas where there are multi- 
tudes of people who need Christ. This is 
where we should focus our efforts, our 
money, and our best leaders. We have 
learned from experience, and great progress 
is evident. Careful planning and training 
coupled with concentrated outreach will al- 
ways give results. 

Another area with positive outreach po- 
tential is our work in Colombia and Mexico. 
Here the harvest is truly ripe, with multi- 
tudes of people eager to hear and respond 
to the gospel. Our potential in these mission 
fields is limited only by financial resources 
and qualified workers. The men and women 
working in these areas are highly qualified, 
dedicated, and willing, but they are only a 
few in a vast area. We need to continue to 
support them with our prayers and our 
dollars. We also need to train our young 
men and women from childhood to recog- 
nize the call to missions, whether it is next 
door, through financial giving, or by direct 
participation on the mission field. 

A Brethren revolution 

Let's start a revolution in the Brethren 
Church! It must begin in the local church. 
It cannot be brought about by legislation at 
the national level. It requires a revival at 
the local level. This revolution must begin 
with our will or determination. We must 
first will or determine that we can accom- 
plish what Christ has commissioned us to 
do, and we must recognize that our first 
and major responsibility is to build His 
church. We must determine the course of 
action that will guarantee that Christ's 
message is proclaimed in our community 
and then be willing to pay the cost of ac- 
complishing that goal. We must totally 
focus all our available resources to the task 
at hand. 

We have the available resources. We 
have Christ dwelling within us. Our 
strength is the strength He gives. Our 

wisdom is the wisdom He gives. Our power 
is the power He gives. I am thoroughly 
convinced that He is able and willing to 
provide all that we need to make the 
Brethren Church grow. Our capability for 
growth is limited only by how well we 
respond to His command to serve. 

We have the loist multitude around us. 
We face the reality that we are living in a 
pagan world. We are totally outnumbered 
by the non-Christians. This means that the 
field for evangelism is unlimited! It would 
seem from accumulated evidence that we 
do not believe the biblical message, are not 
willing to commit our lives to the gospel 
mandate, are letting the world dominate 
our lives, or do not really know what it 
means to be lost, God has chosen us to 
proclaim to the lost of our communities 
the truth about salvation through Christ. 
The indictment is there: WE HAVE NOT 

We have the instrument to proclaim the 
gospel. This instrument is a church that 
is committed to Jesus Christ, founded on 
the truth of the Scriptures and the Great 
Commission. The direct and primary re- 
sponsibility of the church is to find lost 
people and lead them to the point where 
they can discover Christ and learn to follow 

As I traveled throughout our denomi- 
nation during the past year and visited 
the various district conferences, I sensed a 
genuine concern about the Brethren Church. 
Out of this growing concern is developing 
the concept that THE BRETHREN 
CHURCH CAN GROW. It is my earnest 
prayer that we will fan this spark of desire 
into a flame of evangelism that will per- 
meate the entire church. 

God does have a plan for the Brethren 
Church. That plan is GROWTH. Whether 
or not that plan is fulfilled is going to de- 
pend on our response to God's command to 
evangelize. We have the people; we have 
the church. All we need is the personal 
commitment to accomplish what God has 
demanded of us. O 


The Brethren Evangelist 

•"- ;,J%, m' 





■/ Chromic s 7 h 

XJmf tlltilL.ll 

The Conference banner, painted by Howard Mack, proclaimed the Conference theme. Photo by Bruce Ronk 

7979 Conference Report 

The 1979 General Conference of the Brethren 
Church, held August 13 through 17 on the Ashland 
College campus, is now history. 

What happened during this, the 91st General 
Conference of the Brethren Church? This is the 
question this special report seeks to answer. 

Assisting the Evangelist staff in providing answers 

to this question were a number of helpful reporters. 
Their names appear at the conclusion of their re- 
ports. Reports without names were written by the 

It is our hope that this special report will provide 
you an overview of what happened at the 91st 
General Conference of the Brethren Church. 

Opening service sees Brethren kneeling 

The opening program of the 91st General Con- 
ference of the Brethren Church was a "Service of 
Scripture and Song" centering on the Conference 
theme text, II Chronicles 7 : 14. 

Scripture texts, read by Charles Eeekley, were 
Psalm 100, Habakkuk 3:2-19, I Chronicles 28:1-9, 
IJohn 1:5—2:2, and Isaiah 53:1-5. Rev. Peter 
Roussaki gave a brief commentary on each of 
these texts. 

Songs for the service were sung by the congre- 
gation and by a choral ensemble directed by Brad 
Weidenhamer, which sang the anthem "If My 

People . . ." 

The service also included congregational prayer, 
a brief time of testimonies, and a World Relief 

Of interest about the service was that all present 
kneeled for the congregational prayer. One woman 
commented during the testimonies that this was 
the first time she had ever seen the Brethren at 
Conference kneel to pray. 

The service was sponsored by the Worship 
Committee of General Conference in cooperation 
with the World Relief Board. 

Children's conference 
a success 

Something new was added to General Confer- 
ence this year. It was Conference sessions for 
grade-school age children, sponsored by the Board 
of Christian Education. Two sessions were held 
daily, Tuesday through Friday, at the Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

Heading up the children's conference were Linda 
Beekley and Jeff and Nancy Lentz, assisted by a 
number of Brethren people from Ashland. 

The theme for the week was the fruit of the 
spirit. During the morning sessions the children 
engaged in a variety of activities designed to teach 
them about bearing spiritual fruit. During the 
afternoon sessions they learned the songs to "The 
Music Machine," a musical about the fruit of the 
spirit. They also practiced for a performance of 
the musical, which they presented on Friday 

A total of 39 children from 14 different church- 
es participated in the children's conference, with 
25 attending for the entire week. 

photo by Bruce Ronk 
Jeff Lentz teaches the children a song from "The 
Music Machine" during children's conference. 

Judging from the enthusiastic response of the 
children, the fine musical, and the comments from 
parents, this first children's conference was a 
success — and should become a continuing part of 
General Conference. 

September 1979 



BYC Moderator addresses 
youth and adults 

As a Conference first, this year's BYC Mod- 
erator, Mr. David Kerner of Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
presented his Moderator's address to a combined 
audience of youth and adults. Mr. Kerner, a senior 
at Ashland College majoring in religion, addressed 
the Conference on Tuesday afternoon. 

The Youth Moderator, who is often teased about 
being short, began his message by likening himself 
to the Old Testament governor of the Jews, 
Nehemiah (knee-high miah). 

In a more serious vain, David noted that he had 
grown up with a Christian background. Neverthe- 
less, when he went to college and began rooming 
with a devout Christian, David realized that his 
own Christianity was a veneer and that his cross 
was a balsa wood cross. Since that time, and par- 
ticularly through his experience as a Summer Cru- 
sader and Mission Intern, ministry has become a 
way of life for him. 

The Youth Moderator read several verses from 
Haggai chapter one, in which the prophet chastizes 
the Jews for living in paneled houses while the 
Temple lies in ruins. Mr. Kerner applied this to 
America, where Christians live in comfort while 
the world lies in ruins. The world is the temple, 
and the poor are those whose house is not built. 

Having spent the summer in Mexico where he 
saw poverty first hand, David commented that 
we in America need to appreciate what we have 
in this nation of plenty. He added, "So often we 
don't appreciate anything: we have, let alone all 
that we have." 

He concluded his remarks to the adults in the 
audience with the remark, "My challenge to you 
as adults is to consider what we are doing in our 
denomination with our time, our talents, and our 

Turning to the youth, the BYC Moderator called 
their attention to Isaiah's vision in the Temple 
(Isaiah 6). He drew three points from Isaiah's 

First, Isaiah's vision came in a common experi- 
ence of life, not in the spectacular. Isaiah lived in 
Jerusalem and often went to the Temple. Likewise 
God can meet us in our regular worship services, 
not just in some special convention or evangelistic 

Second, when he saw the Lord, Isaiah saw his 
own sinfulness. God is holy and is calling us to a 
righteous lifestyle. Third, Isaiah's commitment to 
go was a response, not a reaction. We should like- 
wise respond, not just react, to God's call. 


photo by Bruce Ronk 
BYC Moderator David Kerner 

In the final portion of his address, the Youth 
Moderator made several recommendations to the 
BYC Convention. These included the need for 
better communications between national, district, 
and local BYC organizations; the need for better 
communications between the national Moderator 
and the district BYC organizations; the need for 
each district to evaluate its organization and to 
make necessary changes; and finally the need 
to extend the influence of National BYC so that 
it is not limited to one big "poof" at the national 

Mr. Kerner concluded his message with a 
challenge to the youth that they "consider what 
the Lord is doing in your life and what He is 
calling you to do." 

Listen, respond, 

The excitement of good music, the voice of an 
unseen spokesman, and the challenge of three pro- 
fessors set a mood of expectancy during Tuesday's 
Ashland Theological Seminary inspirational 

Music was presented four times throughout the 
service by seminary student Ron Williams and his 
choral ensemble. Selections included original com- 
positions by Williams and fresh arrangements of 
traditional hymns. 

"The Voice" introduced each of the three sec- 
tions of the program — listen, respond, and pro- 
claim — ^with appropriate Scripture texts. 

Dr. Jerry Flora said the Brethren Church and 
Ashland Theological Seminary have been called 
to be the people of God and to accomplish His 
purposes. "The church is not anything or anyone 
that begins with human beings," he said. "The 
church begins with God." 

He noted that love is the central theme in God's 
plan. "But love is not empty-headed. It has sub- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

About half the 134 crusaders from the past 10 years were present for the 10th anniversary celebration. 

1979 Crusader Review 

One of the outstanding programs of Conference 
was the Crusader Review on Tuesday night. This 
imaginative service — organized and emceed by 
Mr. Mark Baker, assistant to the Director of 
Christian Education — impressed, amused, and 
thrilled the full house that witnessed it. 

Crusader Review, as the name suggests, was 
primarily a look back at the 1979 Summer Cru- 
sader and Intern program of the Brethren Church. 
This year's Crusaders and Interns used a variety 
of means to tell about their summer work. 

Both the Ed North Crusaders and the Mission- 
ary Interns used slide presentations to relate their 
experiences. The Ed North group combined some 
zany slides with more serious pictures of their 
summer work, thereby both informing and amus- 
ing the audience. The Missionary Interns took a 
unique approach. Their slide presentation was 
narrated by Satan, who viewed the Interns' work 
in Tijuana, Pasadena, and Mexico City as a threat 
to his hold over people's lives. 

The Crusader team Ed South recounted their 
experiences in rhythm and rhyme. They read a 
poem they had written which gave the highlights 
(and some of the lowlights) of each week of their 

The musical unit Promise used puppets to nar- 
rate their crusading activities. Their summer 

reminiscences, which might have been boring had 
they related them, were a delight when put in 
the mouths of their puppets. 

The two Camp Crusaders livened up their 
account of their six weeks in two different camps 
with bits of humor and some congregational sing- 
ing of camp songs. Then followed the Church 
Staff Interns. After Mary Ellen Bates gave a good 
report of her work at Brethren House, Evan 
Bridenstine nearly brought down the house with 
his musical rendition (he sang and played the 
piano) of his summer as an intern at the Pitts- 
burgh Brethren Church. 

These young people are to be commended, not 
only for their Christian service this past summer, 
but also for the creative way they reviewed their 
service for the 1979 General Conference. 

This was the tenth anniversary of the present 
Crusader program. Therefore following the pres- 
entation by this year's Crusaders, a birthday cake 
was lit and the congregation sang "Happy 
Birthday." At this time Dr. Fred Burkey, retiring 
Director of Christian Education, was honored for 
his leadership of the Crusader program during 
the past ten years. 

Recognition was also given to all the 134 
Crusaders and Interns who have served during 
these ten years. 

proclaim — themes of seminary service 

stance." And quoting Matthew 22:37, he empha- 
sized that loving God includes "with all thy mind." 

"Ashland Theological Seminary, as an arm and 
a creation of the Brethren Church, has the oppor- 
tunity to be a model of the church and a model 
for the church in demonstrating that kind of love," 
he said. 

Dr. Charles Munson spoke on God's specific 
call to men and women to serve Him. He cited 
three examples of churches and individuals. Com- 
mon to each was a deep concern that young people 
be open to a call from God, and an active involve- 
ment in helping them hear and respond. 

"Our homes and churches must be 'hearing- 
aids' for God's call. . . . Our churches, our homes, 
and the seminary help our young people to 
develop, but the call comes from someplace else," 
he said. 

Speaking on proclamation. Dr. Richard Allison 
said, "Preaching is neither the preparation nor 
the opportunity to display that preparation. . . . 

It is not the delivery of sermons." 

Instead, he said, preaching begins with the 
preparation of self. "There must be something of 
substance to share." 

He also noted the importance of the body of 
believers. "Preaching is an act of the community 
of believers. God's Spirit is speaking to all His 
people. It's the function of the speaker to 'strike 
the spark' in each one that sets them aflame." 

Dr. Joseph R. Shultz closed the service with 
remarks about the past year at the seminary. 
Noting the diversity of backgrounds found in the 
student body, he observed, "Somehow God has 
brought to the seminary a spirit of love and 
ecumenicity that all the church organizations have 
been unable to bring about in 30 or 40 years. My 
only regret is that the Brethren Church has not 
grasped this same openness." 

"God cannot bless His people if we're not open, 
loving, and gracious," Shultz concluded. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

September 1979 



Conference conducts business, 
holds elections, hears reports 

A total of 486 delegates registered for the 91st 
General Conference of the Brethren Church. This 
was 31 more than last year, which may reflect 
the change made in the Manual of Procedure 
in 1978 giving each local church an additional 
delegate to Conference. (On the other hand, if 
every church had taken advantage of this change, 
the delegate total would have increased by more 
than 100.) 

Conference business sessions were held each 
morning, Tuesday through Friday, from 10:00 to 

Much of the work of General Conference is done 
by its officers and by its various boards and 
committees. Therefore much of the time during 
business sessions was taken up with elections and 
v/ith reports of the work of these officers, boards, 
and committees. 

The Conference did take significant action in 
several areas. In addition to acting on the recom- 
mendations of Moderator Duane Dickson, the 
Conference also approved implementation of one 
phase of a proposed change in denominational 
organization, passed two motions concerning 
Ashland College, and approved the Brethren 

Publishing Company's plan to establish an en- 
dowment fund. Each of these actions is dealt with 
in greater detail in separate articles on these two 

Pyblishing Company plan 

for endowment fund approved 

General Conference approved the plan of the 
Brethren Publishing Company to set up an en- 
dowment fund to help finance Brethren publica- 

According to this plan, the Publishing Company 
would seek to secure gifts and bequests which 
the company would invest in the Revolving Loan 
Fund of the national Missionary Board to be used 
to help build Brethren churches. The interest from 
this investment would then be applied toward the 
annual deficit of the Brethren Evangelist. 

According to the plan, once the endowment fund 
is large enough (approximately $450,000) so 
that the interest could cover the yearly deficit 
on the Evangelist and the annual Publication Day 
Offering, it would no longer be necessary to 
receive the annual offering. 

Moderator's Recommendations 

The General Conference Moderator presented 
his address to the Conference on Tuesday morn- 
ing. A portion of this address is printed on pages 
8 through 10. 

In his address, the Moderator presented five 
recommendations to the Conference. These 
recommendations, with the action taken upon 
them, were as follows: 

1. I recommend that the National Ministerial 
Association consider the possibility of a min- 
isterial accreditation procedure and guidelines on 
the national level. (There is a provision for 
annual review on the district level of ministerial 
standing in the Manual of Procedure, ch. 2, sec. 
1, art. 8). Perhaps provision could be made to 
channel this information into a national com- 
mittee. I feel that, in the interest of congrega- 
tional government, facility of interview, and 
convenience, the district examining boards should 
remain intact. I feel that a committee should be 
formed out of the National Ministerial Associa- 
tion to review standing, difficult situations, and 
r.ny problems relating to ministerial needs. 

The Conference referred this recommendation 
to the National Ministerial Association. 

2. I recommend that we review and renew 

our commitment to the basic biblical stand of the 
Brethren Church, and that we present the 
Brethren in a positive way to our respective 

The Conference referred this recommendation 
to local Brethren churches that each local church 
might review its commitment in its community . 

3. I recommend that the 1981 Conference focus 
on the positive aspects of the Brethren Church. 

This recommendation was referred to the Confer- 
ence Executive Committee. 

4. I recommend that we establish growth 
priorities for the denomination on a national, 
district, and local level, and that we establish 
means for fulfilling these priorities. This is ab- 
solutely essential. 

This recommendation was also referred to the 
Executive Committee in cooperation with the 
retiring Moderator and in consultation with na- 
tional, district, and local leaders. 

5. I recommend that all organizations request- 
ing special rooms for meetings (at Conference) 
assume the cost of renting the rooms they use, 
beginning with the 1980 Conference. 

This recommendation was accepted and will be 
implemented beginning with next year's Conference. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Conference approves first phase 

of proposed denominafional organization 

A matter of business which generated consid- 
erable interest was a proposed change in denom- 
inational organization. 

According to this proposal, three denominational 
executives would be established by General Con- 
ference through its executive committee, instead 
of the present single executive. The three would 
be a director of pastoral ministries, a director of 
denominational business, and a director of de- 
nominational ministries. 

The director of pastoral ministries would work 
in the area of pastor-church relations, serve as a 
counselor to pastors, and assist churches which 
are seeking new pastors. (He would not, however, 
act as a "bishop" and place pastors in churches.) 
He would also work with a coordinating com- 
mittee made up of the chairmen of the district 
boards of evangelists (or their equivalents). 

The director of denominational business would 
attempt to coordinate the business interests of 
the denomination. He would work in particular 
with the Brethren Publishing Company, the Retire- 
ment Board, and the Stewardship Committee. 

The director of denominational ministries would 
serve as a coordinator of the ministries of the 
denomination, particularly the ministries of the 
Board of Christian Education, the World Relief 
Board, the Benevolent Board, and the Missionary 

This proposal does not do away with anything 
in the present denominational structure. It only 
attempts to provide men who can coordinate the 
present structure so that it will function better. 
Also, only one phase of this proposed organiza- 
tion was presented for enactment this year — the 
establishment of a director of pastoral ministries. 

After considerable discussion, the Conference 
delegates voted to accept the report of the pro- 
posed denominational organization and to imple- 
ment the first phase, the establishing of a direc- 
tor of pastoral ministries. It was reported later 
in the Conference that funds in excess of $20,000 
are available for implementation of this phase. 

(An article giving further information about the 
proposed denominational organization is planned for 
the November Evangelist. Ed.) 

Conference expresses support 
for Ashland College 

During the two weeks preceding Conference, the 
executive committee of the Board of Trustees of 
Ashland College found it necessary to grant AC 
President Arthur L. Schultz a leave of absence 
and to appoint Dr. Joseph R. Shultz as interim 
president. (See the article on Ashland College 
night on page 17 for more information.) 

These distressing times for the college prompted 
Rev. Dale RuLon to make the following motion: 

We, the Brethren, gathered in the 91st Gen- 
eral Conference of the Brethren Church, wholly 
support Dr. Joseph R. Shultz as Interim 
President of Ashland College. We support him 
with our prayers and our finances as he assumes 
the leadership of the college. 

We pledge our support to the purpose of 
Ashland College, that of training young men 
and women in their vocation with a strong 
foundation of biblical principles upon which 
they may mold their lives. 

We, as The Brethren Church assembled in 
Ashland, Ohio, on August 15, pledge our sup- 
port to the administration, faculty, and trustees 
of Ashland College. 

May God richly bless Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 
as he assumes the presidency of Ashland 

During discussion of this imotion, a substitute 

motion, that the Conference stand in prayer and 
pledge its prayerful following of the situation 
as it has confronted Ashland College, was intro- 
duced. After considerable discussion, the substi- 
tute motion was defeated and the original motion 
was passed. 

Later in the week, Mr. Thomas Stoffer, on 
behalf of the AC Board of Trustees, presented 
the following response to the action taken by 
the Conference: "The Board of Trustees of 
Ashland College expresses its deepest apprecia- 
tion for the resolution of concern and support 
of the college at this time in its history." 

Mr. Stoffer also reported that in their meeting 
the trustees unanimously approved a resolution 
that "the Board of Trustees pledges itself to its 
best efforts not only to the continuance but also 
the upbuilding of Ashland College toward the 
traditions upon which it was founded." 

Mr. Stoffer further stated that the board ex- 
pressed its concern at some of the campus 
activities and indicated its willingness to help the 
administration in the review and modification of 
the rules that govern student activity. 

Following this report from the Board of 
Trustees, a motion was made from the Conference 
floor and passed by the delegates that "this 
Conference go on record as supporting the 
trustees and administration of Ashland College 
in any effort to eliminate alcoholic beverages from 
the campus." 

September 1979 



Conference speaker asks. 
"Does God Yell?" 

"Does God yell? . . . Does the Lord of all the 
universe have to rely on raising His voice?" These 
were questions raised by Rev. Sanford C. Mitchell, 
pastor of Trinity Lutheran Church of Ashland, 
Ohio, in the first of his three inspiring and 
challenging messages to the 1979 General 
Conference. * 

Pointing to instances in the lives of such biblical 
personalities as Samuel, Abraham, Elijah, and 
Saul (Paul), Rev. Mitchell asserted that God does 
yell. Loudly and insistently God tries to break 
through our stubbornness, our pride, and our lack 
of attention. 

After presenting the biblical evidence. Rev. 
Mitchell then asked, "Does God yell now days?" 
"I think he does," he answered. God is yelling at 
us through our polluted lakes, the energy crisis, 
the breakdown of families, and the decline in 
church membership. God yells at us individually 
by increasing our opportunities or by putting 
obstacles in our paths. 

"The Lord does try to get through to us," said 
Rev. Mitchell. "He will try again and again. He 
will cry louder and louder until He is yelling in 
our ears." 

According to Rev. Mitchell, God not only yells 
at us, calling us insistently to do His work, but 
He also provides us the power to do that which 
He wishes to have done. In his second message 
Rev. Mitchell set forth three truths about this 

"We have the raw power of the Holy Spirit. . . . 
You have the power of the risen Christ. And there 
is no power in this world it won't conquer," Rev. 
Mitchell declared. This is the power that enabled 
Peter and John to heal the cripple in the Temple 
(Acts 3) and to speak boldly before the Sanhedrin 
(Acts 4). 

The power of the Holy Spirit is at work not only 
in us, but in a host of believers whom God has 
raised up to support and strengthen us. Therefore 
we should never feel alone or that the Lord's work 
is going badly because it is going badly for us. 
The power of the Holy Spirit is at work in the 
saints throughout the world. 

Furthermore, we and the power of the Holy 
Spirit are a combination that cannot be beat. "We 
are going to win," Rev. Mitchell proclaimed. 

Rev. Mitchell concluded this message by asking 
"So what?" We have the power of the Holy Spirit. 
So what? He gave three answers: (1) We should 

* Rev. Mitchell spoke in the place of the scheduled 
Conference inspirational speaker, Rev. Peter Unruh, 
who was unable to attend the Conference. With only 
two week's notice, Rev. Mitchell was able to prepare 
three exceptionally fine messages. 





«1 s 


photo by Bruce Rcnk ,| 
Following one of his three messages, Rev. Mitchell 
(left) visits with one of the Conference delegates. 

hear the Lord and obey, for He will support us 
with His power. (2) We should take our gifts to 
Jesus ; Plis power will multiply them to accomplish 
His will. (3) We should never be discouraged. We 
have the best and highest gift in the world — the 
Holy Spirit — and in that gift we shall prevail. 

In his final message Rev. Mitchell began by 
saying that God not only calls us and gives us 
the power to do His work. He also comes to us 
with the reminder that we are the redeemed of 
the Lord — ^and it should show. 

He told of two men who worked side by side in 
an office. Only after many years, and quite by 
accident, did they discover that they both were 
Christians and members of the same denom- 

According to Rev Mitchell, the fact that these 
men had worked together year after year and 
their Christian faith had never shown through 
was "unmitigated disaster." Then he asked his 
audience, "On your job can you remember the 
last time your faith broke through?" 

"Our personal lives should radiate the joy of 
the Lord," Rev. Mitchell said. This joy should 
be shown by the things we do (not just what we 
say), by the things we don't do, and by our good 

The fact that we are the redeemed of the Lord 
should also show in our congregations. The lives 
of our congregations should radiate the love of 
the Lord, Rev. Mitchell said. This love of the Lord 
should be seen in our worship services, in com- 
munity outreach, and in our loving attitudes 
toward one another. We are the redeemed of the 
Lord, and it should show. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



j?fr.f ' "3 

Joseph Shultz presented 
as AC Jnferim president 

pnoto by Bruce Ronk 
Dr. Joseph Shultz 

The Ashland College presentation on Wednesday 
night opened with enthusiastic singing followed 
by comments by Dr. Frederick Burkey, AG's 
Director of Religious Affairs and Campus Min- 
istry. Dr. Burkey reported on the progress and 
activities of the ministry on campus during the 
past year, and looked to the opportunities ahead. 

"I believe that the time is right for us to have 
a good ministry on our campus," he stated. He 
reported that his work, along with that of his 
associates Jim Miller and Judy Gifford, had fol- 
lowed a low-key course stressing friendship 
evangelism. Progress was definitely made, for 
throughout the year individuals came to Christ 
through small group activities, Bible studies held 
in the dorms, and personal interaction. 

In looking over some statistics. Dr. Burkey 
found that those individuals most involved in the 
church had come through Ashland College. "I'm 
convinced that the Brethren Church will benefit, 
as it has already benefited in the past, by con- 
tinuing to work with Ashland College to make 
and keep it the kind of school for our young 
people," he stated. He went on to encourage the 
Brethren by presenting ways they could help bring 
more Brethren students to AC. One of these ways 
is to face the college as it is — a place to minister 
and to be ministered to, as well as a place to 
receive a valuable education. The second way is 
by helping to support the Brethren students more 
with their ever-rising college expenses. 

Next, Elton Whitted, Chairman of the Ashland 
College Board of Trustees, shared about the time 
of crisis which the college had just gone through. 
He said that even though Dr. Arthur Schultz had 
met a need when he became president of Ashland 
College by helping to restore unity between the 
college and the church, nevertheless he was unable 
to develop the community spirit and trust needed 
to lead the campus. This resulted in a loss of 
confidence in his leadership on the part of the 
college faculty and staff. When this loss of con- 
fidence was brought to the attention of the 
executive committee of the board, this committee, 
after much prayer and consideration, made the 
decision to release Dr. Schultz from his position. 

The next formidable question was, who could 
fill the void and serve as interim president? After 
considering many factors, the executive committee 
selected Dr. Joseph Shultz as the right man for 

the job. The factors considered were: 1) The 
position needed to be filled as quickly as possible. 
2) Dr. Joseph Shultz was the senior vice-president, 
had a long association with the college, and knew 
the problems as well as anyone. 3) He had 
proven administrative and fund-raising abilities. 
4) He could maintain improved relations with the 
Brethren Church. Dr. Whitted stated that the 
board had pledged renewed and continued support 
to the college and to Dr. Shultz with a commit- 
ment to be more aware of the problems being 
faced. He expressed his hope that the Brethren 
Church would do the same. 

Dr. Joseph Shultz's opening comment was re- 
ceived with a burst of applause, as he said con- 
fidently, "My first job is to make a success of it. 
God doesn't begin things to have them aborted." 
He encouraged the Brethren not to get overly 
concerned that things at the college will fall apart, 
but to look at the cycles of up's and down's that 
institutions go through. 

Dr. Shultz went on to say that it is time to 
think realistically about how to represent Jesus 
Christ in the liberal arts college of today. The 
college is not a church whose job is to teach the 
specifics of the faith and to baptize individuals. 
Rather, it is a place to live out the Christian life 
in ethics, science, philosophy, music, and every 
other area — for they are all created by God. All 
the facts of the world are of God, and as they are 
taught, they should be taught from a Christian 
perspective. This means that when faculty and 
staff are hired, their personal religious back- 
ground needs to be considered to see if they can 
fit into a Christia,ii liberal arts college. 

Dr. Shultz confidently affirmed that it is God 
who moves us forward according to his eternal 
plan, and this point of history has also been 
brought together by God. "We live in a day of 
unparalleled opportunity," he said. "Truth is so 
needed in the world in every segment. This is our 
challenge." He closed by having the Conference 
join him in a prayer of thanksgiving and commit- 
ment to the work God has entrusted to them. 

The final part of the program was a resolution 
of appreciation by the Board of Trustees in honor 
of Clarence King of the Smithville Brethren 
Church for his 20 years of service as a loyal 
member of that board. 

— Susan White 

September 1979 



We are Goof's People! 
is W,M.S, fheme 

I I 

"We are God's people!" This declaration was 
the theme for the 233 delegates, officers, and 
guests of the Woman's Missionary Society during 
the 1979 General Conference of the Brethren 

When the women gathered each afternoon, they 
entered into a time of devotion guided by women 
from the Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Florida 
districts respectively. Each devotion featured a 
different aspect of the text from II Chronicles 7:14. 

W.M.S. president, Mrs. St. Clair Benshoff, pre- 
sided over the daily business meetings. On Tues- 
day she also presented her presidential challenge 
to the women. She asked if we have a "bug's-eye 
view" or a "God's-eye view" of our mission on 
earth. She stated that we need to get up from our 
comfortable, safe surroundings and see the needs 
of the world! We can do this by getting involved, 
by sharing our faith, and by giving, praying, and 
reading God's Word. These things will help us to 
know just what our mission is. Mrs. Benshoff 
said, "We can't see the greatest work God has for 
us unless we get the God's-eye view!" 

Four special features of the women's conference 

(1) A daily morning prayer time in which we 
were to "ask, seek, and knock" as we entered into 
His presence. 

(2) The W.M.S. luncheon held in the college 
library. Here we "wove" many friendships and 
selected prayer partners for the year. 

(3) An "Involvement" workshop, led by Mrs. 
Donald Rowser, who challenged us to reach those 
young mothers in our churches by involving them 
in the W.M.S. work in a variety of ways. 

(4) A public service, featuring Rev. Kenneth 
Solomon, Missionary to Colombia. 

The week brought cause for much praise and 
thanksgiving! Here are a few of the reasons: 
— The women chose to support a new evangelistic 

outreach in Argentina in the coming year. 
— Over 500 blankets were gathered to be sent to 

the World Relief Corporation. 
— Over $10,000 was collected for Operation Impact 

in Florida. 
— A "Praise the Lord" offering for missions 

totaled over $3,000. 
—The regular Thank Offering, also designated for 

mission work, brought in nearly $10,000. 

Yes, there were many reasons to be thankful 
as the women fellowshipped with one another 
during Conference week. As their theme suggests, 
"We are God's people, born of His spirit." There- 
fore, as we enter into a new year of Woman's 
Missionary Society work, may we give our gifts 
to God (whether they be serving, teaching, caring. 


As the W.M.S. societies brought their project 
offerings for Operation Impact, oranges were picked 
to symbolize this "harvest of ingathering" for home 
mission work in Florida. Approximately $10,000 
was received. photo by Dick Winfield 

giving, working, or praying) so that His work on 
earth will be done! 

— Karen Weidenhamer 

Laymen continue support 
for Campus MJnisfry 

The National Laymen's Organization (N.L.O.) 
met daily, with President George Schuster and 
Vice President Richard Morris presiding. Follow- 
ing is a run down of their sessions. 

Dr. Fred Burkey, Ashland College's Director of 
Religious Affairs and Campus Ministry, reviewed 
the Campus Ministry activities for the past year 
and set forth the plans for this year. He thanked 
the laymen for their support and asked for their 
continued backing. He also explained plans for an 
Ashland College Christian Center, to be located in 
the AC chapel. 

Jim Miller, Dr. Burkey's assistant, spoke of 
the joy he has experienced working with students. 

Rodger Geaslen conducted a memorial service 
for 12 laymen who died during the past year. 

Virgil Barnhart reported that the Task Force 
on Boys' Brotherhood is recommending use of 
Christian Youth Crusader materials in Boys' 
Brotherhood meetings. Mr. Barnhart also empha- 
sized the need for strong leadership for boys in 
the local church. 

During the Ingathering for the 1979 laymen's 

(continued on page 20) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren mJnisfers hear speakers; 
conduct business 

Brethren ministers met each afternoon, with 
Ministerial Association President Gene Hollinger 
presiding over business and offering challenging 
thoughts to open each session. 

During the first meeting some precious moments 
were spent remembering the influence of ministers 
who passed away during the past year. 

A discussion of "Forum" revealed that while 
most pastors wish to read articles by other 
Brethren pastors, few feel they have the time for 
research and writing. It was suggested that a 
topic be chosen for each issue and deadlines set 
to stimulate a more effective sharing. 

The change in the retirement plan drew much 
discussion. There was much praise for the 
efficiency of the present hospitalization plan. 

With evangelism to be the heart of the 1S80 
General Conference, a presentation by John Dillon 

of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Assn. on evan- 
gelistic campaigns was well received. 

Of the many reports, perhaps the most stimu- 
lating was the presentation by Juan Carlos 
Miranda and the Mission Interns on the work in 
Mexico. The work is young, but the response is 
great. It challenges us to step out in faith believ- 
ing that Christ will bless our efforts. 

Kenneth Solomon spoke of the need of the 
"Hidden Ones" in Colombia — people of the middle 
and upper classes who appear self-assured yet 
lack God's presence in their lives. These, too, are 
responding after careful nurture. Rev. Solomon 
invited Brethren to come and not only see the 
work in Colombia but to share in it. 

Officers elected for the coming year were Kent 
Bennett — pres., Gerald Barr — sec.-treas., and 
John Shultz — asst. sec.-treas. 

— Larry Bolinger 

Girl of the Year presentafion 
Kighlighl- of Sisterhood meetings 

National Sisterhood meetings were held each 
afternoon at General Conference this year. Al- 
though the attendance was not large, those girls 
and patronesses who came had an enjoyable time. 
The theme for the week was that each of us is 
a unique creation of God and we should get to 
know ourselves better. The program leader was 
Elma Delagrange, national SMM patroness. 

At the first meeting we talked about our local 
and district SMM groups. Churches from several 
districts were represented, and we had a helpful 
time of sharing problems and progress. Many 
good comments were made about the materials 
that our Sisterhoods are using. 

On the second and third days, we worked in 
eight-member groups, answering short discussion 
questions, filling out questionnaires, and studying 
the Bible. In this way we got to know and appre- 
ciate each other better. 

The last day was given over to evaluation and 
awards. Past SMM president Linda Zerbe present- 
ed an excellent devotional, and we discussed sug- 
gestions for next year's Conference program. The 
highlight of the day was the presentation of the 
Girl of the Year award to the young lady who 
accomplished the most in SMM in the past year. 
Kathleen Wilson, president of the Pennsylvania 
district SMM, received the award, and Clista 
Azbell, an officer in the Indiana district SMM, 
was honored as runner-up. Both girls deserved 


photo by Dick Wmfield 
Kathleen Wilson {left) of the Masontown, Pa., 
Brethren Church was chosen Sisterhood Girl of the 
Year, and Clista Azbell of the College Corner 
Brethren Church {near W abash. Ind.) was Jionored 
as runner-up. 

these honors for their work and commitment to 

We closed our last meeting with a circle of 
prayer, thankful for Sisterhood and committed 
to service through SMM in the future. 

— Norma Waters 

September 1979 


Laymen's sessions 

(continued from page 18) 
project $1,716 was received for the Ashland 
College Campus Ministry. This was only a part 
of the total amount received, since laymen's organ- 
izations have been sending in their money through- 
out the year. 

Mr. Archie Nevins, recipient of the 1979 laymen's 
scholarship for a seminary student, sang and 
brought a message, as he expressed his thanks 
to the laymen for their help. 

The laymen adopted as their 1980 project $6500 
for the Ashland College Campus Ministry and 
$500 for a scholarship for a seminary student. 

Officers were elected as follows: President — 
Richard Morris; Vice President — James Payne; 
Secretary — ^Rodger Geaslen; Assistant — Sam An- 
derson; Treasurer — ^Jack Stombaugh; Assistant — 
Owen Nye. 

Dr. Jerry Flora presented a message on the 
great truths in the hymn "Amazing Grace." He 
also related the story of John Newton, who wrote 
the words to this hymn. 

Following his message, Dr. Flora installed the 
1979-80 N.L.O. officers. 

Church Growth Models 

Four growing Brethren churches made presen- 
tations as models of church growth on Wednesday 
afternoon of Conference. 

Two of these growing churches are located in 
Indiana — ^^the First Brethren iChurch of Nappanee 
and the Jeffersoo Brethren Church near Goshen. 
Rev. Alvin Shifflett, pastor at Nappanee, made the 
presentation for that church. The program and 
activities of the Jefferson church were described 
by its pastor. Rev. Jack Oxenrider. 

The other two models of church growth were 
Ohio churches — the Gretna Brethren Church near 
Bellefontaine and the Garber Brethren Church of 
Ashland. Rev. Leroy Solomon made the presenta- 
tion of the work of the Gretna church, assisted by 
Mrs. Phyllis Jerviss. Jack Dovey, vice moderator 
of the Garber church, told of the progress of that 

These four churches will be highlighted in 
coming issues of the Brethren Evangelist. 



Laymen's speaker urges 

"God's people" to 
abstain from the world 

One of the most basic yet inspiring programs 
of Conference was the Laymen's Public Inspira- 
tional Program, held on Thursday afternoon. 

The program began with an invocation by 
Floyd Benshoff, who then led the congregation in 
singing "Rise Up O Men Of God." Dick Morris, 
vice president of the National Laymen's Organ- 
ization, then introduced the "Gospel Sounds," a 
musical group froim the Akron, Ohio, area. These 
musicians treated the audience to a series of con- 
temporary gospel songs, including "God's Wonder- 
ful People," "He Touched Me," and "Through It 

The speaker for the service was Lieutenant 
Glenn Walp from the Greensburg Barracks of the 
Pennsylvania State Police, who is also an 
ordained elder in the Christian Church. In his 
message Lt. Walp pointed out that numerous 
times in the Bible we find the statement, "I will 
be their God, and they will be my people." This 
theme, "My People," permeated his whole 
message, as he cited numerous texts from both 
the Old and New Testaments which proclaim this 

Lt. Walp challenged his listeners to remember 
that they are God's people, and, as such, that they 
should lead lives that would be pleasing to Him. 
He illustrated his message with personal insights 
gained from serving on the State Police force. 
Concerning their life with God, the listeners were 
told, "Don't fool around." Also in reference to the 
opportunities of the Conference sessions, Lt. Walp 
said, "Don't leave Conference empty-handed." In 
general, Lt. Walp urged his hearers to abstain 
from the world because we are God's chosen 

The message of this enthusiastic speaker pro- 
vided everyone present with a challenge to 
examine his own personal lifestyle. 

The program was closed with a benediction by 
Dick Morris. 

— Kenneth Hunn 

Seven workshops were held during Conference. 
These included workshops on "Boys' Brotherhood 
Ministry," "Developing a Disciplined Life," "WM.S. 
Involvement," two on "Sunday School in the 80's," 
and two on "Music with Children and Youth." Three 
workshops on "Leadership in the Growing Church" 
were canceled because the leader. Rev. Peter Unruh, 
was unable to attend Conference. 

Pictured is Mr. Virgil Barnhart (right) as he leads 
the workshop on "Boys' Brotherhood Ministry." 
photo by Bruce Ronk 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Rodney Toews speaks af BCE service; 
Beverly Baer is Educator of the Year 

The Goshen, Indiana, church walked away with 
outstanding honors at the service sponsored by 
the Board of Christian Education. 

Miss Beverly Baer was honored as the 1979 
Christian Educator of the Year. Beverly has been 
active in the W.M.S., a SMM patroness, church 
school teacher of several different ages, and a 
Christian participant in the community. She is a 
school teacher during the winter, but has used 
her summer vacations as a volunteer at Krypton, 
Ky., and Herndon, Va. Recently she organized a 
children's summer program in her home town. 

Runners-up for the award were Patricia Andress 
of the Garber congregation in Ashland, Helen 
Gillis of County Line, Jack Tobias of Nappanee, 
and Bonnie Roberts of Roanoke. 

In addition to Miss Baer, the staff of the Goshen 
church school was lauded for its outstanding and 
successful program. The Reverend Brian Moore 
presented the Sunday School of the Year Award 
to the team: Pastor Spencer Gentle, Assistant 
Pastor Dan Gray, and Superintendent Mrs. Rosalie 
Miller, who shared the recognition, just as they 
have shared plans, implementation, and achieve- 
ments. Congratulations were given to the Lanark 
church school as the runner-up. 

Special recognition was given to Linda Beekley, 
and Jeff and Nancy Lentz for their children's 
ministry during Conference week, and to Dr. 
Frederick Burkey, the outgoing Director of the 
Board. Dr. Burkey, in turn, recognized those with 
whom he worked: Brian Moore, the outgoing 
president of the board, and the office staff: Norma 
Waters and Mark Baker. Norma will become a 
domestic engineer, and Mark will conclude his 
education at the Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Included in this fall's term for Mark are eight 
weeks in Medellin, Colombia. 

Charles Beekley was introduced as the new 
Director of Christian Education. Charlie pledged 
his efforts in cooperation with God, the Board, 
and us — ^the Brethren Church — for a successful 
ministry together. At the present time, Charlie 
does not plan to add new programs, but will build 
upon those already established. He looks upon his 
work as an exciting challenge, and an awesome 

The address for the program was preseinted by 
the Reverend Rodney Toews, vice president of 
ministries at Gospel Light Publications in Glen- 
dale, Calif. Mr. Toews used the verses preceding 
the Conference text (IlChron. 7:14), particularly 
II Chronicles 7:3: ". . . all . . . worshiped and gave 
thanks to the Lord, saying, 'For he is good, for 
his steadfast love endures for ever.' " He then 
presented three principles from the Conference 
text: You are commissioned to present the Word 

^ ^*l%'*£ 


At the hcjnmn^ of his achhcss^ Rev. Rodney 
Toews acknowledged his striking resemblance to the 
TV personality "Kojak" by putting a sucker in his 
mouth. photo by Bruce Ronk 

of God in its fullness; let nothing move you; and 
give yourself fully to the work of the Lord. 

Mr. Toews believes and practices that the areas 
which affect a man's life should be in the proper 
perspective: God, wife, children, and church. 
When these priorities are in order, time will be 
adequate for other opportunities for service. 

Mr. Toews concluded by reading the Conference 
text: "If my people . . . will humble . . . pray . . . 
seek . . . turn . . . then will I heal. . . ." through 
the ministry of Jesus Christ through your life. 

Special music for the program was presented 
by Promise, the Summer Crusader music unit. 
Brian Moore presided over the service, and Richard 
Allison, the new C.E. Board president, prayed the 

— Joan Ronk 

Third annual ABCT Luncheon 

The third annual ABCT Luncheon was held 
August 16th at General Conference. About 150 
people attended, and all enjoyed the buffet lunch 
served by Fern Smith. 

Following the meal, Charlie Beekley, the new 
Director of Christian Education, asked each person 
present to fill out a form evaluating and making 
suggestions for the work of the Association of 
Brethren Church Teachers. Then the group was 
led in devotions and singing by Rev. Rod Toews 
of Gospel Light Publications. All present were 
well fed, both physically and spiritually. 

— Norma Waters 

September 1979 


BYC Convention 

Youth Convention includes Bible study 
business, fellowship, and fun 

The 1979 National Brethren Youth Convention 
was held in Ashland, Ohio, August 13 through 17. 
Nearly two hundred youth attended and explored 
the theme "Seeking and Serving . . . Where God 
Calls." The Convention offered many opportun- 
ities for fellowship, fun, and serious Bible study, 
in addition to the business sessions. 

The week began with a time for getting ac- 
quainted and fellowship on Monday evening, 
following the General Conference opening service. 
Small group Bible studies held each evening on 
every dorm floor provided the youth an oppor- 
tunity to study God's word in a personal way each 

Tuesday evening saw the presentation of the 
1979 Summer Crusader teams in "Crusader Re- 
view," which topped off a day which included 
the opening business session, the youth march, 
and Moderator Dave Kerner's address to the 
General Conference. * 

Wednesday, Dr. Jerry Flora, professor of Chris- 
tian theology at Ashland Theological Seminary, 
presented an inspirational message to the Con- 
vention on "Seeking." "Harmony," a eontemporary 
Christian musical group, presented a concert in 
the evening. 

The youth were up bright and early on Thurs- 
day for the kick-off of the 1979 "Anything Goes" 
competition. That afternoon Mr. Archie Nevins, 
pastor of the Columbus, Ohio, Brethren Church, 
spoke to the youth concerning "Serving." Conclud- 
ing the day was the observance of Communion at 

* For a report of BYC Moderator Kerner's address, 
see page 12. 

, % 

photo by Bruce Ronk 

Dr. Jerry Flora presented a mesage to the youth 
on ''Seeking." 

the Park Street Brethren Church. The 209 youth 
attending this service were challenged to full 
commitment to Christ and His calling. 

Friday was the concluding day of the Conven- 
tion, with the final competition of "Anything 
Goes" in the morning. That afternoon, "Anything 
Went," the closing session of the Convention, saw 
the presentation of the awards for individual youth 
group accomplishments, "Anything Goes" winners, 
and the installation of the 1979-80 BYC officers. 

— ^Mark Baker 

BYC surpasses project goal 

During the 1979 National Brethren Youth Con- 
vention, the national youth organization held its 
Ingathering for the 1979 budget /project. This 
year $13,838.81 was received, surpassing the goal 
of $13,300.00. It is expected that total monies col- 
lected and pledged will reach the $14,000.00 mark 
by the October 31st deadline, making this the 
highest amount reached by the national youth 

The Sarasota BYC received recognition as the 
number-one contributor to the Ingathering, bring- 
ing $1715.16. Park Street BYC gave the second 
highest with a total of $1500.00. St. James was 
third with $1000.00. 

Over the past year these monies were raised 
to support the national youth organization and its 

various areas of ministry. Monies are dispersed 
to cover part of the operational costs of the 
organization, as well as to provide travel aid for 
delegates attending the National BYC Convention. 
However, the major emphasis of the budget is the 
national project, which this past year ^vas the 
new mission work in Mexico. 

BYC organizations have already begun raising 
support for the newly adopted budget of $13,300.00 
for 1980. The National BYC has chosen the en- 
dowment fund of the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany and the Summer Crusader Program as its 
new project. Over $6,000.00 will be designated to 
these projects for the coming year. 

— Mark Baker 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Dave Kerner elected to second term 
as Youth Moderator 

The 1979 National BYC Convention re-elected 
David Kerner, a senior at Ashland College, as its 
Moderator for a second term. The election of 
officers took place on Thursday of the BYC Con- 
vention week. Kerner is from Fort Wayne, Ind., 
where his father is the pastor of the Meadow 
Crest Brethren Church. His father, Rev. William 
Kerner, will serve as the General Conference 
Moderator for 1980. 

Elected to serve as Vice Moderator was Jean 
Troup, also from the Meadow Crest Brethren 
Church. Jean will be a junior at Anderson College, 
where she is majoring in Christian Education. She 
is also currently serving as president for the 
Northern Indiana District BYC. 

Susie Rowsey, who served this past year as 
Assistant Secretary, will serve as Secretary for 
the coming year. Susie is a senior at Williamsport 
High School and a member of the St. James, Md., 
Brethren Church. 

The new Assistant Secretary for National BYC, 
Margaret Ronk, will enter Ashland College this 
fall. Margaret is from Ashland, Ohio, where she 
is a member of the Park Street Brethren Church. 
She will major in music at AC. 





photo by Bruce Ronk 

Russell King, from the County Line Brethren 
Church, will serve as Treasurer. Russ lives in 
Peru, Ind., and will be teaching math this fall at 
Maconaquah Junior High School. 

Serving as Statistician will be John Crowe. John 
is from Bremen, Ind., and a member of the Nap- 
panee, Ind., Brethren Church. He will be a fresh- 
man at Ball State University majoring in business. 

— ^Mark Baker 

Florida wins "Anything Goes" 

Florida was again named the winner of the 
"Anything Goes" competition this year at the 1979 
National BYC Convention, after sweeping most 
of the events with a number-one placing. The team 
from Florida was also the winner of the 1978 

County Line was named first runner-up for the 
event, with Maurertown placing third. 

The "Anything Goes" competition was a part 
of the overall activities of the National Brethren 
Youth Convention. The Ashland College intra- 
mural field served as the playground for the 
games. Youth were involved in such events as 
"The Jello Mold," "Blindman's Basketball," "Great 
Galloping Box Cars," "The Hunt," and an obstacle 
course. These tested both the skills and endurance 
of the participants. 

Those churches with youth participating in the 
1979 "Anything Goes" were Sarasota, Bradenton, 
Town and Country, Burlington, Cerro Gordo, 
North Manchester, Lanark, Winding Waters, St. 
James, Mount Olive, Maurertown, Park Street, 
Bryan, Milford, Garber, County Line, Ardmore, 
Masontown, Roann, Lanark, and Washington, D.C. 

— Mark Baker 

photo by Bruce Ronk 

One of the hif^hlights of the BYC Convention 
each year is the youth Communion service. This 
year the service was held on Thursday nii^ht with 
209 youth attending. During the service approx- 
imately 190 of these young people committed them- 
selves to serve Christ. 

September 1979 



Women the unsung heroes of the 
missionary cause, Ken Solomon claims 

"Where was the Woman's Missionary Society 
in the time of Jesus?" was the leading question 
of Rev. Kenneth Solomon's message at the W.M.S. 
Inspirational Service on Friday afternoon. Re- 
ferring to Luke 8:1-3, Rev. Solomon answered that 
there were women using their resources to help 
Jesus during His earthly ministry. Those women 
then, just as the women of the Woman's Mission- 
ary Society today, were sacrificing to advance 
Jesus' work. 

Rev. Solomon, a Brethren missionary to 
Colombia for the past 5V2 years, thanked the 
Woman's Missionary Society for its active sup- 
port of Brethren missions in Medellin, Colombia. 
He reported that there are 172 baptized members 
of the newly organized Colombian Brethren 
Church and many home Bible studies ministering 
to people's spiritual needs. He cited several 
Colombian "sisters in the faith" who are leading 
others to Christ. He commented that these women, 
like the W.M.S., are the unsung heroes of the 
missionary cause. 

The Inspirational Service was also a time for 
music and prayer. The music included a violin 
solo by Margaret Ronk, a piano prelude, and 
group singing. Mrs. Judi Gentle led the prayer 
time in which the needs of each Brethren mission 
area were specifically remembered. 

—Kitty Winfield 

''•A $, 

photo by Dick Winfield 
Rev. Kenneth Solomon 

m % 

On Friday afternoon children 
who had attended the Conference 
sessions for children presented 
"The Music Machine," a musical 
about the fruit of the spirit. 
Standing by the music machine 
above are (left to right) Jenny 
Baker, Glenn Black, and Jeff 
Lentz, who presented the spoken 
parts. Soloists for the performance 
were Chrissy Sullivan, Andy 
DeVeny, Joe Gilmer, Steve Gentle, 
and Jenny Baker. 

photos by DicK Winfield 


The Brethren Evangelist 

photo by Howard Mack 

"Your body and mine is worth $6.50 in chemicals 
until you add life. . . . The church is just another 
club until you add life— life through Jesus Christ," 
Dr. Paul Hiebert told those attending the mission- 
ary banquet which concluded the 1979 General 

Dr. Hiebert was born of missionary parents in 
India where he also served later as a missionary 
of the Mennonite Brethren Church. He is now a 
professor at Fuller Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Hiebert went on to say that life is not, as 
some think, in the city or in the church, but it 
is in Jesus Christ, and we must get close to Him. 
Our task as Christians is to give life to one 
another, to build up the body. The body, in turn, 
is called to give life to the world. As Christ's body 
we should be reaching out in friendship and 

Earlier in the program Jeff and Nancy Lentz, 
new tentmakers to Brandon, Florida, gave a clear 
ringing testimony through the hymn "My Faith 
Looks up to Thee." Then just before Dr. Hiebert's 
message, Bill Skeldon, pastor of the Oak Hill 
Brethren Church, reminded us of Jesus' command 
to be His followers through a beautiful rendition 
of the song "Follow Me." 

Spencer Gentle, president of the Missionary 
Board, presented the following special guests who 
made brief remarks: Ken Solomon, missionary on 
furlough from Colombia, asked us to think, act, 
and pray for missions. Missionary Juan Carlos 
Miranda told of the openness to Christianity he 
has found in Mexico. Dave Kemer, Mission 
Intern, who worked with the Mirandas this sum- 
mer, thanked the church for this opportunity. 

Rev. Gentle also presented Donald Rowser and 
J. D. Hamel, who had served 18 and 14 years 
respectively on the Missionary Board. Each of 
these men received a plaque for his service to 
the board. 

This year's Conference offering goal was $15,000, 
designated for the work in Mexico. The amount 
received at the banquet was $11,300. (You may 
still give to help reach the goal by sending your 
contribution to the Missionary Board.) 

The church just another club 
until you add life thru Christ, 
mission speaker says 

Virgil Ingraham, General Secretary of the 
Missionary Board, spoke briefly of the partner- 
ship that must exist between the local church and 
the board. Bill Kemer, the new Conference Mod- 
erator and also vice president of the Missionary 
Board, presented the Conference theme for the 
coming year, John 14:1. The huge banner at the 
front of the banquet room which depicted this 
theme was designed by Ann DeVeny. It showed 
the continents of the world over which were 
written the words of Jesus, "I am the way, the 
truth, and the life." This same design was on the 
buttons which functioned as banquet "tickets." 

As we left the banquet hall our buttons flashed 
with greater meaning than before. We know Jesus 
is the way, the truth, and the life. We have that 
life. He is expecting us, as part of His body, to 
give life to others. 

As Dr. Hiebert said, "In addition to winning 
our children and our neighbors, we must win 
those of different cultures, different languages. 
We must send out missionaries. God give us that 
vision for another year." 

— Alberta Holsinger 

World Relief Board announces 
new emphases at fasHng banquet 

The World Relief Fasting Banquet was held at 
noon on Conference Friday. The informal pro- 
gram, which followed a meal of rice and water, 
included singing, a song by Shipshewana 1978 
senior campers, a sharing of ideas from the book 
Hunger Awareness Dinners written by Aileen Van 
Beilen, and a litany emphasizing our need to 
respond to the world's suffering and need. 

During the banquet World Relief Board Presi- 
dent Phil Lersch announced that the board is 
adding two new emphases to its efforts at world 

The first of these is an emphasis on refugee 
resettlement. Brethren churches will be receiving 
information on how they can aid in resettling dis- 
placed families, working through the refugee ser- 
vice of the World Relief Corporation. 

The second emphasis is a program of domestic 
disaster relief, in which Brethren men and women 
could travel to the scene of a domestic disaster 
(flood, hurricane, tornado, etc.) to participate in 
the relief operation. The board is exploring the 
possibility of working with the Church of the 
Brethren, which already has this kind of program 
in operation. 

September 1979 


Conference Miscellaneous 



// Chronkies 7/4 

On the concluding day of Conference, the newly installed Moderator, Rev. William Kerner, chal- 
lenged the Brethren Church to translate this year's conditional theme, "If My People Will . . . ," into 
the reality — "My People Will/" Delegates from every local church were given signs to take home and 
hang on their pulpits the following Sunday stating "My People Will/" photo oy Bruce Ronk 

%■ fe' "■. 


Brethren Church Properties, Inc. 
announces sole of properties 

Upon the advice of numerous Brethren 
officials at the national level, the Board of 
Trustees of Brethren Church Properties, Inc., 
has concluded that the time is not "ripe" for 
proceeding with a national church offices 
building. Hence the properities have been sold 
with option to repurchase. 

Individual letters to recent contributors will 
be forthcoming. But the board is taking this 
opportunity to announce that until further 
notice, no additional monies for this project 
should be sent to the board. 

Our thanks go to those who have already 

Dorothy I. Carpenter, Secretary 

The theme 
for the 1980 
will be "/ am 
the Way" 
from John 
14:6. The 
is scheduled 
for August 11 
through 15, 
1980, at 
College. The 
new theme 
was introduced 
at the all-conference banquet, which concluded 
the 1979 Conference. Pictured is the theme banner 
used at that banquet, which was made by Ann 
DeVeny of Ashland, Ohio. photo by Howard Mack 


At the conclusion of the final 
business session, retiring Moderator 
Duane Dickson (left) installed the 
new Conference officers. 

Moderator for the coming year 
is Rev. William Kerner (at right 
of picture), pastor of the Meadow 
Crest Brethren Church in Fort 
Wayne, Ind. 

Other Conference officers are 
(right to left) statistician — Rev. 
Larry Baker, pastor of the South 
Bend Brethren Church; secretary — 
Mrs. Jeanie Shultz, of the Tiosa 
Brethren Church; moderator-elect — Rev. Brian Moore, pastor of the Ardmore Brethren Church; 
— Mr. George Snyder, of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church; secretary — Mr. Fred Horn 
the Ardmore Brethren Church; and assistant treasurer — Mr. Charles Beekley (not shown), of the 
Park Street Brethren Church. photo by 


, Sr., of 


Bruce Ronk 


The Brethren Evangelist 

photo by Bruce Ronk 


I can't imagine a Brethren without it." 

One Brethren Evangelist reader wrote a 
letter to the editor in which she said, **I 
have been a subscriber of the Evangelist 
for many, many years. Can't imagine a 
Brethren being without it." 

Many excellent Christian magazines are 
available today. But only the Brethren 
Evangelist gives you 

— articles on Brethren history and 
doctrine ; 

— news about Brethren churches and 
people ; 

— a forum for sharing Brethren 
concerns ; 

— ^information about Brethren ministries. 

The Brethren Evangelist is a ministry 
of information — informing Brethren people 
about the Brethren Church. The responsi- 
bility for carrying out this ministry has 
been assigned to the Brethren Publishing 

Support for this ministry comes in part 
from subscription fees. A small amount 
comes from advertising and from con- 

'Y'^The Brefhren -f ® j 


tributions by the other denominational 
boards. The remainder must come from the 
Publication Offering — through gifts from 
Brethren churches and individuals. - 

The woman who wrote the letter said 
that she couldn't imagine a Brethren with- 
out the Evangelist. Frankly, we can't either. 
At least not a Brethren who is really in- 
terested in the church. 

But in order to continue this ministry 
of information, we need your help. You can 
help keep the Brethren Evangelist coming 
to Brethren homes 

— by persuading other Brethren people 

to subscribe; 
— by encouraging your church to include 
the Publication Offering in its budget 
and/or by recommending that a 
special offering be taken for the 
Evangelist ; 
— by sending a personal gift for this 

Thank you for your support. 

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This new 2-color, tri-fold brochure 
focuses on: 

— Our History 

— Our Lifestyle 

— Our Ministry 

—Our Faith 

with an open panel on back for 
imprinting* information on your local 

Excellent for use in: 
— Visitation 

— ^Introducing prospects to the 
Brethren Church 

— Helping members of your church 
gain a new outlook on our life 
and thought as a church 

100 each or $7.00 per 100 

Order from: 

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524 College Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

"Contact Ron Waters for details on imprinting. 






Help Wanted 

Married couple (those with children accepted) 
to accept a full-time relief houseparent position 
available at a home for troubled boys located 
70 miles southecist of Chicago on a rural 105 
acre Indiana setting. 

Responsibilities are child care related only 
and include a full package of fringe benefits. 

For more information, please call 219-956-3125. 
Christian Haven Homes, Rt. 1, Box 17, Wheat- 
field, IN 46392. 






































1— ' 


























•un^ierbi'r:? Library 

^f 5' 


r ^ 

r (\\ ' rpi 





Ex. Com. announces plan for implementing 
phase 1 of denominational reorganization 

! ! 

The General Conference Executive Committee, 
moving toward implementation of Phase I of the 
denominational reorganization plan — the establish- 
ment of a Director of Pastoral Ministries — 
developed a course of action at its meeting, held 
September 28-29 at Fort Wayne, Ind. The essence 
of the plan involves a gradual changeover during 
the calendar year 1980, as illustrated by the chart. 

day-to-day affairs of the General Conference 
office while coordinating the search for and transi- 
tion to a Director of Pastoral Ministries. That task , 
should be accomplished in time for the new direc- 
tor to be introduced to the 1980 General Confer- 'i 
ence. The director would then begin his work 
September 1, 1980. ! 

The General Conference Executive Committee 

Mr. John Rowsey will co- 
ordinate the transition to a 
Director of Pastoral Min- 
istries. He will work with 
Rev. Smith Rose until Rev. 
Rose's termination on March 
31st and will assist the new 
Director of Pastoral Minis- 
tries as he phases into his 
responsibilities beginning Sep- 
tember 1st. 

Interim General 

Conference Coordinator 

Mr. John Rowsey 



Rev. Smith 



Elfetoral Ministries 


Jan. 1 

March 31 

Sept. 1 

Dec. 31 

The Reverend Smith Rose has indicated his 
desire to conclude his role as Executive Secretary 
of the Brethren Church at the end of March 1980. 
Until that time he will be assisting in the initial 
reorganization. Rev. Rose will be joined in his 
office January 1, 1980, by Mr. John Rowsey, who 
will work on a part-time basis as Interim General 
Conference Coordinator. Rowsey recently an- 
nounced the impending conclusion of his affilia- 
tion with the Brethren Publishing Company. 

As Interim Coordinator John will handle the 

Help Wanted 

Married couple (those with children accepted) 
to accept a full-time relief houseparent position 
available at a home for troubled boys located 
70 miles southeast of Chicago on a rural 105 
acre Indiana setting. 

Responsibilities are child care related only 
and include a full package of fringe benefits. 

For more information, please call 219-956-3125. 
Christian Haven Homes, Rt. 1, Box 17, W^heat- 
field, IN 46392. 

selected John Rowsey as coordinator of the 
transition effort because of his in-depth knowl- 
edge of Brethren polity and organization. An 
additional consideration was the fact that John 
is available on a part-time basis throughout 1980 
and has a high degree of flexibility in his personal 

Upon acceptance of the role of Interim General 
Conference Coordinator John said: "This first 
phase of our reorganization affords us an oppor- 
tunity to minister to the pastors and congregations 
of our denomination in new ways . . . ways that i 
we believe will help us build a stronger church, 
serving our God. I'm fortunate to be able to play 
a small part in helping bring it about." 

The Executive Committee is also indebted to 
Rev. Smith Rose, who volunteered to step aside 
nine months prior to the expiration of his contract. 
Rev. Rose said his only goal is to cooperate with 
the Brethren "in any way that I can to help in 
the reorganization." 

At the next meeting of the Executive Committee, 
scheduled for November 23-24, 1979, in Ashland, 
the job description of the Director of Pastoral 
Ministries will be finalized, and a timetable for 
seeking applications and interviews will toe 

— Rev. W^illiam Kerner, Gen. Conf. Moderator 
and Mr. Charles Beekley, Asst. Treas. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


T^^^ The Brethren 

m ^ ihe Brethren ■ I 


Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
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Authors' views are not necessarily those 
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Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
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Member, Evangelical Press Association 


3579 to 


For the Beauty of the Earth. 

Every season of the year has 
its beauty and declares the glory 
of God, who created it all. 

Vol. 101, No. 10 

October 1979 

4 Wednesday After-School Special 

Kay Winfield walks you through this unusual weekday ministry 
of the Park Street Brethren Church. 

Some Myths About 

"Finding God's Will for Your Life 

James R. Coggins analyzes some myths and presents some prac 
tical guidelines for determining God's will for our lives. 


Special Feoture: Perspectives for the Eighties 
9 Catching a Vision of What We Can Do 

Larry R. Baker looks at what we are doing and what we could 
do as a Brethren denomination. 

Ashland College 

12 Crisis, Challenge, Christ 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

13 Crisis: Brethren Student Aid 

by Dr. Frederick T. Burkey 

14 Challenge: Effective Campus Ministry 

by Dr. Frederick T. Burkey 

15 Crisis, Challenge, Opportunity 


16 The Salt Shaker 

17 Update 


Because of the special Conference report in last month's Brethren 
Evangelist, that issue contained no "Update" section, llierc/orc this 
month's issue includes an extended section of news from Brethren 
churches. We hope you will enjoy reading; these extra pai^'es of "news 
of the Brethren." 

October 1979 

by Kay Winfield 

WALK into the Park Street Brethren 
Church fellowship hall on a Wednes- 
day afternoon with me. Before we open 
the door, we hear children's voices and a 
general commotion. 

Opening the door we see the source of 
the noise — fifty children busily involved in 
a variety of activities. Out attention is 
immediately drawn to a somewhat tooth- 
less grinning youngster sitting on top of 
a six-foot stepladder. He's sitting directly 
below a sign taped to the ceiling labeled 

You can't help but hear the next group — 
a table full of shouting children furiously 
exchanging cards. As you watch you realize 
that the game they're playing is like 'Tit"; 
however, the cards aren't oats and hay, 
but contain God's promises. It's a wild 
game, but according to the players, defin- 
itely fun! 

The table in the far corner is a welcome 
contrast to the game table. It's quiet. Here 
eight children are wired for sound (wear- 
ing earphones) and sixteen eyes are focused 

Mrs. Winfield is an instructor in the Ashland 
College Center for Eni^dish Studies. She also assists 
in the Wednesday After-School Special. 

on a filmstrip of a Bible story. A fifth- 
grader has pulled rank on the others and is 
operating the small filmstrip projector. 

Writing on the graffiti board against the 
wall seems to be a community project. 
See those older girls helping Angi, a 
first-grader, spell her dog's name — 
SHIVERS. That's what she's thankful 
for today. If we come back later, we'll 
probably see a picture of Shivers there 

Over there are Pastor Beekley and 
Robbie, a fifth-grader, still working on a 
Bible puzzle. That's been a five-week 
project for them. Robbie probably won't 
remember Rev. Beekley's sermons, but he 
will recall the hours they spent working 
together on that puzzle. 

"Baaa . . . Baaa. . . " Careful, we almost 
became part of a flock of sheep! Those 
sheep look deceptively like children in 
sheep's clothing, and the shepherd (the one 
with the towel slipping over her eyes) like 
my daughter. 

Let's not get too close to the craft table. 
I'm not very talented at putting glitter on 
walnuts, are you? Instead, let's get away 
from all this activity and join the little 
girl looking at books on the furry rug in 
the corner. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

From this quiet oasis you might ask, "Is 
there a purpose and plan to all this noisy 
activity?" Yes, there is. The purpose of this 
program, called the Wednesday After-School 
Special, is to present Jesus Christ to these 
children. The children are not just from the 
Park Street congregation, but come from 
many denominational backgrounds. Some 
have not received any religious training. All 
the children were invited through the use 
of a flyer* sent to the neighborhood elemen- 
tary school. 

Mrs. Alberta Holsinger, who conceived and 
directs the Wednesday After-School Special, 
sees this weekday children's ministry as 
having two functions. The first is to give 
additional Bible teaching to the children of 
the Park Street congregation. The second 
is to provide Christian training for neigh- 
borhood children and to draw the unchurched 
into our fellowship. These are the purposes 
of this program. 

There is also a plan. Each week's activities 
are centered on a truth from a Bible story 
or passage. The truth is taught through 
many mediums: games, filmstrips, crafts, 
worksheets, music, puzzles, graffiti boards, 
drama, and memorization. 

After sitting in a highly structured class- 
room all day, the children enjoy the freedom 
to choose the activities they want to take 
part in. Some move quickly from one to 
another; others enjoy lingering over only 
a few. The children know that they do not 
need to stay for the entire two hours. 

The role of the adult staff, stationed near 
the activities, is not so much to lead as to 
assist. Sometimes the adults participate in 
the activities, especially in the games and 
drama. The children seem to especially 
appreciate the presence of men. Since this 
is a late afternoon program, some men on 
shift work are available to help. Retired 
men with patience and stamina are also 
tapped for this special ministry. 

It's true that some noise and commotion, 
and sometimes some dirt, go with the 
Wednesday After-School Special. Neverthe- 
less, the purpose and plan of this unusual 
weekday ministry make it very worthwhile. 
The Wednesday After-School Special is an 
invitation from the Park Street Brethren 
Church to 

''Come, my young friends, and 
listen to me, 
and I will teach you to have 
reverence for the Lord." 
Psalm 34:11 (Good News Bible) 

* The drawing by Howard Mack on the opposite 
page was the flyer used to invite children to the 
Wednesday After-School Special. 

October 1979 c 

• 1 • 

Some Myths 


"Finding God's 


tor Your 

^ Lite" 

drawing by Floward Mack 

WITH so many opportunities and 
choices facing them in the modern 
world, the young people of our present 
generation have a desperate need for guid- 
ance. One of the tenets of popular modern 
theology developed to satisfy this need is 
an overemphasis on "the will of God." 
According to this theology, God has a plan 
for every Christian's life, occupation, place 
of residence, life's partner, and even what 
to do this weekend. We are told that it is 
up to the Christian to find that plan and 
fulfill it. 

This popular theology has laid an oppres- 
sive burden upon many young Christians. 
They have engaged themselves in a fruitless 
and agonizing search for "the plan." They 
avoid responsibility by expecting God to 
tell them secrets that He has not chosen 
to reveal. They are unhappy and uncertain, 
fearful that, even if they have made a good 
decision or performed a good deed, it may 

Mr. Coggins is a free-lance writer from Langley, 
British Columbia. 

This is an Evangelical Press Association syndi- 
cated article. It is presented to stimulate your think- 
ing. If you have comments on this article or views 
on this subject you would like to share, please send 
them to the editor. The author's views are not 
necessarily those of the Brethren Church or the 
Brethren Publishing Company. 

by James R. Coggins 

not have been "the right decision" or "the 
right deed." They are always looking over 
their shoulders to see if God is going to 
punish them for not following an unknown 
plan, an undisclosed will. 

Does God really want us to ask for 
specific directions in every little thing? 
And will He tell us? 

We are not robots. God has given us 
minds and wills. We are a living creation. 
Jesus said, "I came that they might have 
life, and might have it abundantly" (John 
10:10 NASV). Young Christians today have 
been taught to expect concrete divine direc- 
tion for every decision they make. As a 
result, they are not free. They do not know 
how to live. Unless there is a direct une- 
quivocal revelation, commandment, or direc- 
tion from heaven, in short, a miracle, they 
have no idea of how to make a decision. 

The popular theology which overempha- 
sizes "the will of God" is not all bad. It 
was developed to counter some dangerous 
tendencies. There was a trend among many 
people to consider their jobs, their mar- 
riages, and what they did between Sunday 
services to be of no interest to God. They 
were free to make money dishonestly as 
long as they tithed on Sunday. But God is 
vitally interested in such things. He de- 
mands that our secular lives and choices be 
holy, moral, honest, and loving. He has 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''Just because God's omniscience is greater than your 
knowledge will ever be, don't rely on Him to hand you 
all the answers without effort/' 

given His guidelines for such living in His 
revealed will, the Bible. 

The fact remains, however, that the pop- 
ular theology is based on a misinterpreta- 
tion of Scripture. It results from a mis- 
guided effort to reconcile the sovereignty 
of God with the free will of man. 

The sovereignty of Sod 

The doctrine of the sovereignty of God 
says not just that God is able to do any- 
thing but that in fact He does plan and do 
everything that happens. It is widely based 
in Scripture. We find one of its broadest 
expressions in Ephesians 1:11: ''Also we 
have obtained an inheritance, having been 
predestined according to His purpose who 
works all things after the counsel of His 
will." It is equally evident from Scripture 
that man has been given a will and the 
responsibility to make decisions (Deuteron- 
omy 30:19; Revelation 22:17). 

These two biblical doctrines constitute a 
glorious paradox, a truth that lies beyond 
our comprehension. "How unsearchable are 
His judgments and unfathomable His 
ways!" (Romans 11:33). Too often we fail 
to marvel at the mysteries of God but seek 
to reduce them to the understanding of 
man. In a vain attempt to reconcile and 
understand this particular paradox, some 
have altered the doctrines. "God indeed 
does have a plan and purpose for every- 
thing," they say, "but the sinfulness of 
man can thwart that purpose. God has a 
plan for your life. It is up to you to find it 
and accept it." 

Inherent in the biblical view is the con- 
cept of the duality of God's will. God's 
hidden will is that by which He plans and 
carries out everything that occurs in crea- 
tion. Secondly, there is His revealed will. 
His commands for holy living. We cannot do 
otherwise than obey the hidden will. We 
choose whether to obey His revealed will. 

The popular tendency is to combine these 
two wills, to lower the hidden will from its 
absolute nature and elevate the revealed 
will to universality — and say that they 
are identical. The popular theology says 
that God has a plan for every part of one's 
life, a plan that He will reveal. I can find 

no scriptural support for this belief. 

The result of the popular theology is 
confusion and anguish as young Christians 
seek pat answers instead of wisdom and 
demand a direction that will not be given. 
They have never learned to make moral, 
just, holy, or rational decisions. 

For young Christians a particularly 
thorny application of these popular mis- 
conceptions is in the area of "finding God's 
will for your life." They are told, "You 
should expect God's calling as much if you 
are to be a banker or teacher or garbage 
collector as you should if you are to be a 
missionary." This may sound pious, it may 
increase the number of missionaries, but 
it is not scriptural. 

The term "vocation" comes from the 
Latin Voce, "I call." Since the Reformation, 
the "calling" has been taken as referring to 
one's job or worldly position. This is not the 
biblical sense. In I Corinthians 1:26 Paul 
talks about the calling: "For consider your 
call, brethren, that there were not many 
wise according to the flesh, not many 
mighty, not many noble". The calling here 
is not one's occupation. We are not called 
to be wise or foolish, noble or common, 
politicians, doctors, or lawyers. As I Corin- 
thians 1:2 makes clear, we all, doctors, 
lawyers, and garbage collectors, are called 
to be "saints" (Christians). The only place 
in the New Testament where the calling 
refers to an occupation is Acts 13:2, where 
Paul and Barnabas are "called" to be mis- 
sionaries. But even on his missionary 
journeys Paul worked as a tentmaker 
(Acts 18:30). 

Ask for wisdom 

James 1:5 says, "But if any of you lack 
wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to 
all men generously and without reproach, 
and it will be given to him." This suggests 
that we should ask for wisdom rather than 
pat answers. The way some Christians make 
decisions is not wise. In fact, it is totally 
irrational. They do not seek the wisest 
course. Instead, they seek signs and fleeces. 

We should have the courage to face up 
to our responsibilities, to make decisions, to 
live. "For God has not given us the spirit 

October 1979 


Unless you are specifically called by God, don't choose 
a job that will not pay you enough to live on and depend 
on God to make up the difference/' 

of timidity, but of power and love and 
discipline" (II Timothy 1:7). But, no matter 
how trivial the problem, we frequently pass 
off the responsibility to God. This often 
leaves us groping in the dark, clutching at 
straws and hints instead of analyzing facts. 
Too many Christians, if offered a job in 
Timbuktu, would not consider whether the 
job would satisfy their needs, develop their 
abilities, be useful to people, or glorify 
God. Their decision would be determined by 
the color of the envelope the offer came 
in, whether it came on a Thursday, and 
whether anyone has told them lately, ''You 
know, you really should move to Timbuktu." 
This is superstition, not Christianity. 


eeces a 



Fleeces and signs have a place in the 
Christian's life, but that place is not the 
making of every decision he faces. Gideon 
laid a fleece to seek direction for his life. It 
was not, however, to choose a vocation. (He 
was a farmer before and after his battle 
against the Midianites.) He laid the fleece 
to decide on a specific campaign, but he laid 
the fleece only after God had told him to 
undertake that campaign. (Perhaps this 
was a testing of the spirits similar to that 
advocated in IJohn 4:1.) Any campaign 
undertaken at God's direction on behalf of 
God's chosen people was of necessity a 
spiritual undertaking. Moreover, when 
Gideon laid the fleece, he prayed that God 
would use it to give him a sign. Too many 
modern practitioners not only lay a fleece 
for too many things, but they do not pray. 
They say, ''If God wants me to do this, such 
and such will happen." And they never 
ask God! The prayer of faith will be an- 
swered (James 5:15), but God has not 
promised to honor our assumptions. (Inci- 
dentally, we should never doubt the power 
of a loving God to circumvent our carefully 
considered machinations and give an inclu- 
sive answer to an inappropriate or uncalled- 
for fleece.) 

This search for signs and a will that has 
not been revealed can also transform Chris- 
tians into a race of quitters, a people who 
lack determination and discipline. When the 
going gets tough, the tough get going. We 

give up in the face of adversity. It is almost 
a doctrine among some Christians that, if 
circumstances hinder them, if things do not 
run smoothly from the first, "it must not be 
God's will" — and they quit. Perhaps we 
could call this doctrine the perversity of 
the saints. It is not a biblical concept: 
Paul and Barnabas told new Christians, 
"Through many tribulations we must enter 
the kingdom of God" (Acts 14:22). 

The quitting attitude is well illustrated 
in a story told by a friend of mine. A group 
of young people were debating whether to 
start out on a trip in the middle of a mild 
snowstorm. "Well," said one girl, "let's go 
down to the car. If it doesn't start, it must 
mean that we're not supposed to go." Any 
normal person, remarked my friend, would 
have had it repaired and gone anyway. 

One of the purposes of man is to glorify 
God. There is nothing so glorious in creation 
as the mature, rational, courageous, com- 
mitted man accomplishing terrestrial won- 
ders. How do we glorify God by denying 
our God-given reason, our powers, and our 
maturity and by whining for direction on 
how to cook our beans? 

How should we make decisions? 

It would be dangerous and misleading to 
leave the impression that God never, or 
even rarely, gives specific guidance. But it 
is equally misleading to demand that He 
always give it. How then should Christians 
make their decisions? Here are some 
suggestions : 

1. Seek relevant infoFmation — and seek 
diligently. Use your energies to seek infor- 
mation instead of signs. Just because God's 
omniscience is greater than your knowledge 
will ever be, don't rely on Him to hand you 
all the answers without effort. Ignorance 
is not a virtue. 

2. Obey God's revealed will in the Bible. 
Don't pray for guidance on whether to take 
an immoral, dishonest, or illegal job. You 
have already got it. Study the Bible and 
make sure you know what it says. Study it 
prayerfully, rationally, thoroughly, and 
consecutively. Don't seek a verse out of 
context to solve your immediate dilemma. 

3. Make rational decisions based on the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

evidence and on the absolute moral law of 
God. If you have talents and they do not 
conflict with your responsibihties, develop 
them. If you love her (or him) and are 
compatible, if your motives are good, marry 
her. (The Bible tells us a lot about how to 
love a wife but practically nothing on how 
to choose one. Maybe the latter is not im- 
portant.) If you don't know if you love her, 
don't expect someone else to tell you. 

4. Don*t make stupid decisions or avoid 
making decisions by "waiting" until it is 
too late on the assumption that God will 
fix up everything if you are wrong. It is 
true that ''God causes all things to work 
together for good to those who love God, 
to those who are called according to his 
purpose" (Romans 8:28). But one of those 
things that is supposed to be working is 
you! (Cf. Proverbs 6:6-11.) You have a 
responsibility to earn a living in this world. 

Unless you are specifically called by God, 
don't choose a job that will not pay you 
enough to live on and depend on God to 
make up the difference. 

5. Emulate Balaam's ass. Keep an eye 
out for angels. But remember, it is angels 
you are looking for, not rocks or mountains. 
Prophets should be able to recognize angels. 
Balaam could not see the angel because 
he was deliberately disobeying a command 
of God. 

6. Don't omit to pray for guidance, direc- 
tion, and blessing. "Every good thing 
bestowed and every perfect gift is from 
above, coming down from the Father of 
lights" (James 1:17). Acknowledge it. "The 
steps of a good man are established by 
the Lord." After you have prayed and made 
a decision, believe it. But don't depend on 
bricks from heaven. Too many bricks can 
incapacitate the brain. □ 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 

Catching a Vision 
of What We Can Do 


ANY Brethren look at our denomina- 
tion's decreases in membership and 
attendance and are worried. We should be! 
But Brethren need to look beyond that to 
what we are doing in the United States 
and around the world. And we need to 
catch a vision of what we can be doing 
tomorrow with God's help if we will humble 
ourselves and pray and seek God's face and 
turn from our wicked or unrighteous ways. 
Some people emphasize that the Brethren 
Church only has 15,082 members and that 
some individual congregations of other 

Rev. Baker is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of South Bend, Ind. He is also the national 
statistician for the Brethren Church. Much of 
the information in the first part of this article 
("What we are doing") was presented in his statis- 
tician's report at General Conference. 

by Larry R. Baker 

denominations have a membership of that 
many people. That statement may be true 
of a handful of super churches, but these 
congregations cannot do what the Brethren 
Church is doing today! Let me tell you a 
few of these things! 

What we are doing 

1) The Brethren have 123 congregations 
across the United States in 9 districts and 
in 18 States and the District of Columbia. 

2) The Brethren presently support eight 
missionary famiUes and mission work in 
six countries. 

3) The Brethren are soundly biblical and 
evangelical. We accept the Bible as God's 
Word and Jesus Christ as God's Son and 
the Lord of our lives. 

4) The Brethren are members of the 
National Association of Evangelicals, an 

October 1979 

I i 

''We need to thank God for what He has done in and 
through us, and we need to continue to move out in 
faith for our Lord Jesus Christ!'' 

organization that does much to present a 
strong evangelical voice in Washington, 
D.C., and throughout our country. 

5) The Brethren contribute over $30,000 
annually to the World Relief Corporation 
of N.A.E., besides donations to individuals, 
community agencies, and other relief agen- 
cies such as World Vision. 

6) The Brethren operate a Summer Cru- 
sader program with over 30 high school 
and college students involved annually. This 
program provides both services to the local 
churches and opportunities for ministry 
and spiritual growth for these students. 

7) The Brethren are involved in some 
manner in the operation of two retirement 
facilities and nursing homes and in the 
planning and construction of two more. 

8) The Brethren have begun six new 
churches in the past three to four years. 

9) The Brethren operate and support a 
church-related seminary, Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary, that not only trains our 
own Brethren pastors and leaders but pro- 
vides training for many other evangelical 
pastors as well. 

10) The Brethren operate and support 
a church-related college, Ashland College, 
that is providing quality education for 
many Brethren and non-Brethren adults. 

11) The Brethren contribute $3,500,000 
per year to the ministry of the Brethren 
churches, and we have property holdings 
in excess of $20,000,000. 

12) The Brethren publish a denomina- 
tional magazine. The Brethren Evangelist, 
that contains both spiritual and intellectual 
substance that faces today's life situations 
from a Christian perspective. 

13) The Brethren operate a Christian 
bookstore, the Carpenter's Shop. 

14) The Brethren operate a publishing 
company to meet our printing needs and the 
needs of others in the Ashland area. 

15) The Brethren are involved in two 
mission-related educational ministries. Riv- 
erside Christian Training School in the 
mountains of Kentucky and a Christian 
education laboratory and outreach in St. 
Petersburg, Florida, called Brethren House. 

16) The Brethren have an organization 
for the training, maturation, and encour- 


agement of our Sunday school teachers I 
called the Association of Brethren Church 
Teachers. This association provides news- 
letters, materials, and workshops across 
the denomination. 

17) The Brethren have national, district, 
and local organizations for their youth, 
men, and women. 

18) The Brethren have at least 20 stu- 
dents training for ministry at this moment 
in colleges and seminaries. 

19) The Brethren have people willing to 
relocate and become ''tentmakers" to help 
begin new Brethren churches in the U.S.A. 

20) The Brethren own five camps in 
various parts of the U.S.A. and operate | 
camps in all districts, thus providing a - 
summer camping experience for our chil- 
dren and youth. 

21) The Brethren have various radio 
ministries across the U.S. The most widely 
circulated of these is 'The Brethren Hour," 
with Dr. J. D. Hamel, produced by the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota, Florida. 

22) The Brethren have national church- 
es in Nigeria, India, Malaysia, Argentina, 
Colombia, and Mexico that could add many, 
many more ministries to this list. 

For a denomination of 15,082 we do i 
extremely well humanly speaking. Men 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'The Brethren could be one of God's instruments to 
help turn our country and the world upside down with 
the gospel of Jesus Christ/' 

have had more and done a lot less with it. 
We need to thank God for what He has 
done in and through us, and we need to 
continue to move out iii faith for our Lord 
Jesus Christ! 

We have done well, but the task of reach- 
ing the lost world is still unfinished. It will 
require all of our resources, time, and 
people. We must invest all that we have as 
local churches and as a denomination into 
following Jesus' command to make disciples 
of all people. We must not be content with 
''just holding the fort," because Jesus said: 

// any one wishes to come after Me, let 
him deny himself, and take up his cross, and 
follow Me. For whoever wishes to save his 
life shall lose it; but whoever loses his life 
for My sake shall find it. . . . For the Son 
of Man is going to come in the glory of His 
Father with His angels; and will then recom- 
pense every man according to his deeds. 
(Matthew 16:24-27 NASB.) 

As we look ahead with faith at what God 
wants the Brethren Church to accomplish 
in the next few years, let's consider some 

What we can do 

1) The Brethren could continue to plant 
churches in the ''sunbelt" of the U.S., as 
well as in other rapidly growing areas such 
as the Rocky Mountain region. We could 
catch a burden and vision for church 
planting. (We must do this in order to do 
the following.) 

2) The Brethren could continue to ex- 
pand their mission outreach, especially in 
the Americas from Mexico to the tip of 
South America. 

3) The Brethren work with the Chinese 
in Malaysia could eventually lead us to the 
mainland of China with the gospel. 

4) The Brethren could produce television 
spots and programs from the studios of 
Ashland College. Some of these could be 
used as public service announcements 
calling attention to the social problems of 
our day. Others could be used as advertis- 

ing for local congregations. One program 
could be a children's program using 

5) The Brethren through local churches 
could establish counseling centers to aid the 
many troubled people in our country who 
need a caring person to listen to them. 

6) The Brethren could put together a 
national advertising campaign to make 
people more aware of our Lord Jesus Christ 
and the Brethren Church. 

7) The Brethren could operate radio 
stations or produce radio programs that 
offer a Christian alternative to the depress- 
ing music and the traditional organ-type 
hymns presented by many Christian sta- 
tions today. 

8) The Brethren could develop and im- 
prove their local Christian education pro- 
grams to meet the needs of many more 

9) The Brethren could establish a pro- 
gram for retired Christians who want to 
serve their Lord in home and foreign 
missions and in other programs of the 
church. These people are a tremendous 
untapped resource. 

10) The Brethren could continue to 
develop tangible ways for children, youth, 
and adults to express their faith in Jesus 
Christ and to serve Him in meaningful 

11) The Brethren could be one of God's 
instruments to help turn our country and 
the world upside down with the gospel of 
Jesus Christ! 

The list is endless! These need not be 
idle dreams. They can be faith projections 
for the Brethren. Many ministries in which 
we are involved today did not seem possible 
ten years ago. We know that all things are 
possible through Jesus! We are limited 
only by our lack of faith. 

Brethren, let us be willing to grasp the 
vision of God for the Brethren Church! 
Let us commit ourselves to God, take stock 
of our resources, organize in unity and love, 
set faith goals, make plans to reach those 
goals, and deploy every available material 
and spiritual resource to accomplish God's 
work until Jesus comes! D 

October 1979 


ashland college 






Dr. Joseph R. Shiiltz 

/CHRISTIANITY is an "incarnation" 
V-^ religion. Christ the Messiah came from 
h3aven and was incarnated in human flesh 
in the world. All other religions try to 
remove their gods from the world to keep 
them clean. Christ came to take upon 
himself the *'sins of the world." 

Therefore, the Christian movement, 
through the example of Christ, is in the 
world experiencing the crises of society. 
The social crises of the world are of ephic 
proportions. As a result, the college and 
the church are both affected in one way 
or another. 

Two chief factors contribute to the crises 
of our age. One of these is the vast con- 
centration of power — which is either under 
capitalism or communism. Because of this 
concentration of power, social evil is man- 
ifested on a larger scale. Human pride, 
greed, and cruelty to persons continually 
emerge. An aspect of this crisis is the 
momentum or inertia of huge organizations, 
which diminishes their ability to act morally 
and accountably. 

The second factor is that society, as a 
whole dominated by technology, is likewise 
more controlled by a momentum of its own 
than in previous years. While technology 
enables men to use nature to greater 
human benefit, it, at the same time, in- 
creases the possibilities for destruction. 

Ashland College — a liberal arts college 
related to the Brethren Church — lives in 
this world. The yearning for the ideal 
situation and the "good old days" is unreal. 
The ideal situation does not exist. God has 
called us to this day — knowing full well 
what this day in history was like 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shul+z 

Ashland College Interim President 

even before the foundation of the world. 
The crises of society, in part, have become 
the crises of the college and the church. 

What is our response to these crises? 
While visiting one of the trustees I noticed 
a sign on the wall next door. It said, 
"Problems are but challenges in work 
clothes." Paul admonishes us, ". . . in due 
season we shall reap, if we faint not." 
Winston Churchill gave this message to 
his boyhood prep school: "Never give up 
. . . never, never, never!" 

How does the Brethren Church minister 
through its liberal arts college? (1) Spirit- 
ually. By prayer and encouragement; by 
sustaining the spirit ; by upholding the good 
and employing the gospel with the bad; by 
faith, hope, and love — the greatest gifts of 
the Spirit. (2) Financially. God's love was 
proven in the gift of his Son; God's spirit 
was shown in creation. Prayer and spiritual 
"best wishes" without gifts must be 
brought into question. 

The Ashland College Offering is the 
church's means to give to the operation 
of the college. This is a long-standing tra- 
dition of the Brethren Church and Ashland 
College. Please consider doubling your 

The Christian Campus Ministry plus 
student scholarships are a direct way for 
the Brethren Church to contribute to the 
life and heart of Ashland College. 

God has never called us to a work for 
which he hasn't also provided the resources. 
The resources are in your hands. May your 
gifts be used for the "incarnate" work of 
the church on the college campus. 

Thank you for your support. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Crisis: Brethren Student Aid 

FOR more than a decade, the youth of 
the Brethren Church have occupied a 
significant place in my Hfe and work. I have 
received great satisfaction from seeing 
dozens of our finest Brethren youth mature 
into responsible church men and women. 

Since 1970, more than 130 of the 
churches' promising young people have 
invested at least one summer in the 
Crusader/Internship program. Many of 
them devoted two or more summers to 
various Christian ministries. A high per- 
centage of those who served committed 
their lives to some form of Christian ser- 
vice. For many, the fulfillment of this 
commitment required college training. 

Fortunately, the Brethren Church has 
maintained a relationship with Ashland 
College since the school was founded in 
1878. In recent years, an increasing num- 
ber of Brethren families have, at consid- 
erable cost, sent their children to Ashland 
College. Since the academic year 1976-77, 
the number of Brethren students has grown 
from 27 to more than 50 in the current 
year. Many have come as a direct result 
of the Crusader/Internship program and 
the commitments they made while in 
Christian service. Others have come be- 
cause their friends had enrolled. Still others 
have come because they compared and 
found that Ashland offers superior aca- 
demic programs. 

Whatever their reasons for coming, this 
growing core of students is important both 
to the church and to the college. For the 
church, they represent potential leaders 
who are frequently exposed to the challenge 
of Christian ministry. Today, we have more 
prospective Brethren missionaries on 
campus than the church has produced in 
many years. The same can also be said of 

Dr. Burkey is Director of Religious Affairs and 
Campus Ministry for Ashland College. 

by Dr. Frederick T. Burkey 

prospects for pastoral and Christian educa- 
tion ministries. For the college, they repre- 
sent a desirable influence amid a highly 
diverse student body. 

Because both the church and the college 
benefit from the enrollment at Ashland 
of as many Brethren students as possible, 
I feel we must issue an S.O.S.! In this case 
the S.O.S. stands for SUPPORT OUR 
STUDENTS. This year you can designate 
any part of your Ashland College Offering 
for Brethren Student Scholarships. Funds 
so designated will be deposited in a special 
college account. Half will be invested; half 
will be available for immediate award to 
deserving undergraduate students. Awards 
will be decided by the Campus Ministry 
Advisory Council, appointed by General 

Church support is badly needed now! A 
full-time resident student faces annual fees 
totaling $5,495.00. Naturally, we are doing 
everything we can to help our students 
secure financial aid in the form of grants 
and scholarships, college work-study, loans, 
and part-time employment. Even so, the 
costs are burdensome for most. 

At the present time, the total of church- 
endowed awards for Brethren students 
yields only $2,690.00 per year, or about 
nine-tenths of one percent of the total need 
of our students. So I think the S.O.S. is in 

It is our hope that, over the next few 
years, a sizable fund can be accumulated 
to help our young people cross the first 
great hurdle in fulfilling their Christian 
commitment — completion of a college de- 
gree. You can help by designating any part 
of your Ashland College Offering for 
''Brethren Student Financial Assistance." 
Such contributions should be directed to: 
Office of Religious Affairs, Ashland Col- 
lege, Ashland, Ohio 44805, to insure proper 

We hope you will respond to our S.O.S. D 

October 1979 


ashland college 


Effective Campus Ministry 

AMERICAN YOUTH are heading into a 
moral and ethical morass when they 
enter most colleges and universities. So the 
prestigious Carnegie Council on Policy 
Studies in Higher Education asserts in a 
blistering report of its findings in a nation- 
wide survey of public and private colleges 
and universities. 

In sum, the Carnegie report says that 
cheating, stealing, misuse of financial aid, 
grade inflation, and misleading advertising 
constitute an ethical crisis that is under- 
mining academic life. To various degrees, 
"most institutions of higher education" 
were included in the charge. 

Much of this growing problem can be 
traced to declining enrollments. Because 
higher education has become a big business 
dependent on both increasing enrollments 
and government money, compromises in 
quality apparently seem justifiable to most 
institutions. The result, for many colleges, 
has been a lowering of academic and be- 
havioral standards to ''keep the bodies in 
school" so the business can go on. This is 
a nation-wide phenomenon. 

by Dr. Frederick T. Burkey 

The struggle to achieve balance among 
moral, ethical, academic, spiritual, and 
financial considerations is an enormous, 
ongoing battle. Ashland College is not 
exempted from this struggle . . . we have 
our share of battles to fight. 

One of the most difficult aspects of 
developing an effective campus ministry is 
the appalling religious ignorance among 
today's students. 'Weird" is the best word 
to describe many students' perceptions of 
the Christian faith. Many come from homes 
with no religious influence at all. Others' 
views are warped by the religious "odd- 
balls" they have seen on television or met 
on the street. It is apparent that they have 
encountered little "normal Christianity" as 
expressed by people living out their faith. 
In that sense, our campus is probably a 
representative cross-section of American 
life. It is a mission field, an opportunity for 
the church and college to cooperate in the 
education of the whole person in body, mind, 
and spirit. 

The Brethren-sponsored Campus Minis- 
try is making headway in meeting the spir- 

al C student Jim Amstutz (center) 

makes a point during a discussion 

led by Jim Miller (right), while 

Kelly St ran ford looks on. Jim 

Miller, a student at Ashland 

Theological Seminary, is also 

Assistant to the Director cf 

Religious Affairs at AC and 

Coordinator of Men's Ministries. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


TW-iliBfr- -A-^, 




,♦ (f^* 


. , X ^4" 

^- ^r 

Judy Gifford, Assistant to the Director of 
Religious Affairs and Coordinator of Women's 
Ministries, talks with Emery Herd, last year's AC 
valedictorian who is now a student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

itual needs at Ashland College. We are 
reaching out in a variety of ways : through 
recreation, education, worship, counseling, 
writing, and just plain caring. 

To enhance our effectiveness, we are 
trying to raise funds to remodel the base- 
ment of Memorial Chapel into a "campus 
Christian center." We are also arranging 
a counseling program for troubled students 
and exploring new ways of opening com- 

munication with students. 

We are fortunate to have the Brethren 
Church's support for this ministry. It fills 
a vital need. We have outstanding people 
in Judy Gifford and Jim Miller, who are 
both capable teachers and counselors. Also, 
the Dean of Students Office has employed 
four persons from the Coalition for Chris- 
tian Outreach, who assist our regular staff 
in campus ministry. 

So, while there are problems, the Campus 
Ministry team is responding to the chal- 
lenge. There is good reason for optimism, 
for we see progress in many areas of our 
work. We thank the church for supporting 
this important student service. D 

AC Enrollmenf Up 

The total fall enrollment for Ashland College 
and Ashland Theological Seminary is 2,510 
students. This is an increase of 221 over the fall 
of 1978. 

Programs contributing significantly to this 
increase are the Master s in Business Adminis- 
tration, Master s in Education, and combined 
seminary programs. On-campus enrollment is 

The increased enrollment is on-target for the 
1979-80 college budget. This factor and positive 
working relationships between faculty, students, 
staff, and administration promises a successful 
and significant academic year. 

Crisis, Challenge, Opportunity 

Today Ashland College faces both 
"crisis" and "challenge." But we are 
confident that God is fully in control 
and that He still has an educational 
mission for us. 

Young people need to be infornned 
about the faith and given opportunities 
to practice it. This is acconnplished 
through the Campus Ministry progrann. 

Workers are needed for God's har- 
vest . . . the fields are white. Scholar- 
ship funds will help equip the workers. 

A training center is essential to a 

growing church. Since 1878, Ashland 
College has been our school, educating 
pastors, nnissionaries, teachers, busi- 
nessmen and women, artists, and 
scientists. For more than a century, 
Ashland College has been a far- 
reaching ministry of the Brethren 
Church. Contributions for current op- 
erations will help secure its future. 

General Conference has established 
a goal of $5.00 per member in support 
of our educational ministry. Your par- 
ticipation is needed! 

October 1979 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


,■» « 

> • • . 

: > A nuts and bolts approach to the subject of free will. 

Skeptics, Robots, and Free Will 

THE SKEPTIC yells, "Why did God give 
us free will?" Even the skeptic has 
learned that free will is a blessing and a 

But if God hadn't created us with free 
will, where would we be? We'd all be 
marionettes, like Pinocchio, or puppets on 
a string. No one would be out of step, but 
we'd be like dummies, saying only what the 
ventriloquist makes us say. Is that what 
the skeptic wants? I think not. Neither 
does God. I think the skeptic enjoys his 
free will just as much as the Christian. 

Here is how I see it. Suppose a brilliant 
scientist builds two fantastic robots. He 
names them Adam and Eve. These robots 
are built to serve the scientist, but being a 
benevolent person he has programmed with- 
in them the ability to choose. Most unusual. 
He has also programmed within them many 
of his own characteristics — goodness, intel- 
ligence, love, etc. — although they possess 
these traits to a far less degree than he. 
These traits are merely the scientist's 
fingerprints upon the robots' parts. By far 
the most important trait is free will — the 
ability to move in any direction, to make 

The inevitable happens. The robots rebel 
and move away from the master-scientist. 
Now they're on their own. But these robots 
are smart. They soon build other robots. 
And it is quite evident, as time wears on, 
that some robots are good and others are 
bad. But always a minority give allegiance 
to the master-scientist. 

The good ones plead with the others to 
choose the right way, mostly to no avail. 
The robots love their freedom more than 
their master-scientist. Some say, '*A robot 
should enjoy life to the fullest while his 
computer lasts." 

On occasion one robot rises up and 
smashes the nuts and bolts of another one. 
Finally, laws have to be made, as things 
get out of hand. ''Whosoever shall drain 
the oil of a robot, of him shall his oil be 
drained," is established. Later on it is 
taught, under the Robotic Code, ''Nut for 
nut and bolt for bolt." 

Some of the more intelligent robots de- 
velop their own theories and teach them 
to others: "We have evolved from nuts and 
bolts. It all began in a pool of oil, and over 
the course of time there came together a 
primitive robot, who could do none of the 
things we do today." Others become doctor 
robots and give oil transfusions, even 
reaching the point where they transplant 
parts from defunct robots. But eventually 
every robot wears out and goes to the place 
where all robots go — the junkyard. 

Finally, the master-scientist does the 
ultimate. It's unbelievable! He makes him- 
self into a robot to save robot-kind from 
sure annihilation. He teaches them, "You 
have heard it said, nut for nut and bolt 
for bolt. But I say unto you, resist not evil. 
Whosoever shall smite you on your right 
bolt turn to him your left as well." He even 
suggests that all violence begins in one's 
own computer. Finally, they can take it no 
longer. They kill him. That ends it. 

But no, it doesn't! The master-scientist 
had programmed himself to come back to 
life. He rises from the junkyard and re- 
turns to his office. His followers carry on, 
awaiting his promised return. In fact, they 
pray for his return, for that will mean an 
end to all rebellion. And when the master- 
scientist returns, that'll be it. The conclu- 
sion of the story. The moment he walks out 
of his office and into the workshop, the 
world will end. The nuts and bolts will 
fly. D 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Dutchtown breaks ground for new sanctuary 

Warsaw, Ind. — The Dutchtown 
Brethren Church, situated seven 
miles northeast of Warsaw, 
Ind., broke ground on July 29, 
1979, for the construction of a 
new sanctuary. The new build- 
ing will be an extension of the 
present church facilities. 

The new structure will be 
6780 square feet in size. It will 
contain a sanctuary capable of 
seating 312 persons, pre-school 
classrooms, and offices. 

Rev. Jim Sluss, pastor of the 
Dutchtown Church, officiated at 
the groundbreaking service. He 
was assisted in the groundbreak- 
ing by Al Engelberth — chairman 
of the building committee, 
Arden Rhoades — church mod- 
erator, Norm Hagg — chairman 
of the building finance com- 
mittee, Willis Kreider — chair- 
man of the trustees, and Roger 
Stump^ — chairman of the board 
of deacons. 

The original building of the 
Dutchtown Church was built 
and dedicated in 1898. Rev. B. H. 
Flora was the first minister to 
serve the congregation. During 
Rev. Flora's revival services in 

Breaking ground for a new sanctuary for the Dutchtown Brethren 
church are (left to right) Arden Rhoades, Willis Kreider, Pastor James 
Sluss, Al Engelberth, and Roger Stump. 

late 1898 and early 1899, 65 
persons were converted. One of 
these was Thomas Plew, who 
was later ordained to the min- 
istry and served as pastor of the 
church for 15 years. 

In 1958, during the ministry 
of George Pontius, an annex 
was added to the building, in- 
creasing the seating capacity of 
the sanctuary to 150 persons. 
— Jan Lucas, Church Sec'y. 

MilJedgeville welcomes new pastor 

Milledgeville, 111.— The Milledge- 
ville Brethren Church held a 
reception for its new pastor. 
Rev. George W. Solomon, on 
Sunday, September 2. The event 
took place at noon, following 
the morning worship service, 
which was Rev. Solomon's first 
as pastor of the Milledgeville 

A fine program was presented 
by the Deacon Board, which 
featured the singing of the Stan 
Dennis family. During the pro- 
gram, the interim pastor, Rev. 
T. S. Cleworth, was presented 
with a gift — a copy of the New 
International Version of the 
Bible — in recognition of his fine 
service to the church. 

Mr. Sheldon 


(left), the 




Rev. and 

Mrs. George 

Solomon to 

the pastoral 

ministry of 

the First 


Church of 




October 1979 



Jefferson Church burns mortgage 

Goshen, Ind. — The Jefferson 
Brethren Church concluded its 
10th anniversary year celehra- 
tion with a mortgage-burning 
service on Sunday morning, 
September 9th. 

The church has celebrated 
throughout the year using the 
theme "Celebrating 10 Years of 
Ministry." In January the con- 
gregation had a birthday cele- 
bration, followed by an anniver- 
sary banquet and worship ser- 
vice in March. 

The $100,000 mortgage on the 
Jefferson Brethren Church was 
paid off in only seven and a 
half years. This was made pos- 
sible by an increase in member- 
ship from 71 charter members 
to 375 members in ten years. 

Rev. Jack Oxenrider, pastor 
of the Jefferson Church, pre- 
sented the message for the 
mortgage-burning service. A 
multi-media slide presentation 
was also given, which reviewed 
the history and growth of the 
church. A new 10th anniversary 
church directory was also dis- 
tributed during the service. 

Following the worship ser- 
vice, a fellowship dinner was 
held at the "Blessin' House," 
sponsored by the Ministry of 
Fellowship of the church. 

Eight baptized 
at Tlosa 

Rochester, Ind. — On Sunday 
July 29 the congregation of the 
Tiosa Brethren Church held a 
worship service and baptism fol- 
lowed by a picnic at the Tippe- 
canoe River. 

Those baptised by Rev. John 
Shultz, pastor at Tiosa, were 
Jeff Lewis, Jennifer Lew^is, 
Missy White, Pam Flowers, 
Kathy Rhoades, John Dudgeon, 
Bill Bradley, and Cathy Snipes. 

On Sunday morning, August 
5, these eight people and also 
Gary Snipes were taken into 
membership at Tiosa. 

— ^Catherine Lewis, 

Robert Kropf (left) and Pastor Jack Oxenrider watch as Vice Mod- 
erator R. J. Smith burns the Jefferson mortgage. 

National BCE plans fall nneeting 

The national Board of Chris- 
tian Education will hold its fall 
meeting November 1-3 at the 
Park Street Brethren Church in 
Ashland, Ohio. 

The meeting will be conducted 
in three phases. On Thursday, 
November 1, the chairmen of the 
district boards of Christian edu- 
cation will meet to continue to 
explore and develop the cooper- 
ation needed in the various 

levels of administration in Chris- 
tian education and youth work. 

On Friday, November 2, the 
task forces of the BCE will meet 
to discuss their plans and pro- 
grams. The four task forces of 
the board are Family 'Life, 
Discipleship, Sunday School 
Growth, and ABCT. 

Finally, on Saturday, Novem- 
ber 3, the entire board will con- 
vene, beginning at 9:00 a.m. 

Lawrence Canterbury recognized 
for 23 years of perfect aftendance 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — Lawrence 
Canterbury of the Oak Hill 
Brethren Church has not missed 
Sunday school for twenty-three 
years. This is an outstanding 

In recognition of this accom- 
plishment, Mr. Canterbury was 
presented a Sunday school 
attendance bar from the Oak 
Hill church on Sunday, Septem- 
ber 9. 

In addition to attending his 
class, Lawrence always comes 
early to church to greet people 
and hand out bulletins. Accord- 
ing to Mrs. Ollie Foy, "We all 
look forward to Sunday morn- 
ing when we can go in church 
and have Lawrence greet us. 
We just praise the Lord for 
this fine young man who is serv- 
ing the Lord in our church and 
is a member of our church." 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Norma Waters and Mark Baker complete 
service with Bd. of Ch. Ed. 


Two valuable Board of Chris- 
tian Education workers are mov- 
ing on to other areas of work 
and ministry. Norma Waters 
and Mark Baker have com- 
pleted their terms of service as 
staff in the BCE office. The 
pair were honored recently at 
a dinner in the national offices 
of the Brethren Church. 

Both Mark and Norma have 
a long history of association 
with the BCE and BYC pro- 
grams. Each served the church 
through the Crusader/Intern- 
ship program, including a sum- 
mer in Medellin, Colombia, for 
Mark in 1977. Mark worked for 
the pa^t three years as Assistant 
to the Director, responsible 
primarily for the BYC program 
and youth publications, Morning: 
Star and More Mail. 

Norma has been secretary and 
Office Manager for the BCE, 
coordinating the various ave- 
nues of service to the denom- 
ination, including the ABCT 
Seminars and the Crusader/ 
Internship program. 

During the year between the 
resignation of Dr. Fred Burkey 
and appointment of Charles 
Beekley as the new director, 
Mark and Norma managed the 
work of the Board as part-time 
employees. Both the outgoing 
director and the newly appoint- 
ed director praised the work 
done by the two departing 

Mark will continue his studies 
at Ashland Theological Semin- 
ary this fall. This will include a 
tour to Colombia as part of an 
independent study in foreign 
missions. Norma will pursue an 
active role as homemaker until 
some other leading is discerned. 
She will, however, continue 
supervision and coordination of 
the Sisterhood program, a min- 
istry of the W.M.S. administered 
by the BCE. 

Nearly half of all children 
born today will spend part of 
their lives before age 18 with 
only one parent, according to 
the U.S. Bureau of Census. 

Mark Baker and Norma Waters hold a farewell cake as they con- 
clude their service with the Board of Christian Education. The cake 
was baked and decorated by Mark. 

David Stone named editor 
of Morning Star 

Ashland College freshman 
David Stone is the new editor 
of Morning iStar magazine, ac- 
cording to an announcement by 
the office of the Board of 
Christian Education. David, a 
member of the Sarasota First 
Brethren Church, will be respon- 
sible for the overall production 
of the Brethren youth magazine 
beginning with the October 
issue. Included in his task is 
recruiting writers from within 
the ranks of the national BYC 
organization, editing their work, 
and designing the layout of the 

Dave plans to major in so- 
ciology while at Ashland Col- 
lege, with the intention of en- 
tering the Brethren ministry. 
His Christian commitment be- 
came more real to him this past 
summer when he served as a 
Crusader, performing with the 
musical team "Promise." 

Director of Christian Educa- 
tion Charles Beekley said, upon 
the naming of Dave Stone as 

David Stone 

editor, "We needed someone de- 
pendable and creative, with an 
ability to draw the best out of 
other people. We're sure Dave 
can do it." 

October 1979 



Maurertown celebrates 1st year in new unit; 
dedicates new piano and organ 

Maurertown, Va. — ^On July 2, 
1978, the Maurertown Brethren 
Church dedicated the John 
Locke Memorial Unit, an edu- 
cational, multi-purpose addition 
to the church building. One year 
later, in July 1979, the Maurer- 
town congregation celebrated its 
first year in this new facility. 

Over 200 people participated 
in the day's activities, which in- 
cluded Sunday school, worship, 
an appreciation dinner, and an 
afternoon service. 

A special activity of the after- 
noon service was the dedication 
of a new grand piano and a new 
Baldwin organ. Both instru- 
ments were memorial gifts to 
the church. 

The beautiful Kawai piano 
was presented in memory of 
Dr. and Mrs. D. L. Shaver by 
their son Duke and his wife 

The organ was given by the 
descendants of E. B. Shaver, 
founding father of the Maurer- 
town church and of several 
other churches in the South- 
east District. 

Former Maurertown pastor 
Doc Shank brought the after- 
noon message. Mike and Barba- 
ra Woods and Dean Minnick, 
talented new members of the 
congregation presented special 
music, as did Holly Finks and 
Donna Bennett, who both pre- 
sented vocal solos. Mr. Lee 
Finks served as worship leader. 

An offering was taken during 
the afternoon service to reduce 
the indebtedness on the new 
unit. The leaders of the congre- 
gation had set an offering goal 
of $10,000 for the day. To every- 
one's amazement and delight, 
the 160 people present gave 
$9,656. Gifts received shortly 
thereafter brought the total to 
over $10,000. 

On dedication Sunday one 
year before, the 360 members 
and friends who attended the 
dedication service contributed 
$12,000 toward the indebtedness. 
Many other gifts were received 
during the year between July 1, 
1978, and July 1, 1979. As a re- 
sult the congregation now owes 
less than $10,000 on the new 

unit, furniture, and land- 

This exceptional congregation 
has thus given over $150,000 to 
the work of Jesus Christ in 
just one and one-h£df years. 
Approximately $115,000 of this 
was for the new building and 
improvements, and over $40,0C0 
went to the regular church 
budget. This excellent giving is 
more remarkable in light of the 
low pay scale and the higher 
than average cost of living in 
the area. According to a church 
spokesperson, the people of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church 
"are thrilled at what the Lord 
can do through faithful people 
who love Him and reach out to 
others in His name." 

If churches desire to fulfill 
the Great Commission, they 
must provide adequate room for 
new people. This includes ade- 
quate sanctuary seating, class- 

room area, and parking space. 
The Maurertown Brethren 
Church is seeking to be faithful 
to the orders of Jesus Christ 
the Lord and so has expanded 
in all three of these areas. As 
a result, the Lord is blessing. 

Before building its addition, 
the Maurertown Sunday school 
was averaging 142. Since build- 
ing it is averaging 157. Like- 
wise worship service average 
attendance has gone from 158 
to 164. In the last six years the 
Lord has added 110 new people 
to this vital, ministering body 
of caring Christians. 

The church is already looking 
ahead and seeking to discern 
God's will for its eontinued 
growth. Knowing that doing His 
will requires room to grow, the 
church purchased another one 
and one-half acres of land right 
after the first anniversary 
service! . 






?*= !>^i *>-', 

:,,^./: '/ ^'.'* ,u -' ^. 

^ ,-, •'- 

The Vinco Brethren Church is praising the Lord for having an 
opportunity to share in world relief. The congregation contributed 
over $750 to the relief of the poor of the world through its Love Loaf 
program. The children were encouraged to bring their Love Loaves 
to the altar during the dedication service. The church feels that family 
cooperation in the programs of the church helps make the love of 
Christ more real to the children. 

In the picture are representatives of the congregation — {from left) 
George Straub, church treasurer; Rev. Carl H. Phillips, pastor; Mrs. 
George Cooper and her son Bradley. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Ohio Brethren churches display fruits of God's 
blessing at district "Harvest Festival" 

On Saturday September 15 the 
Ohio Conference of the Breth- 
ren Church held its district 
meeting at the Asbury United 
Methodist Church in Delaware, 

The conference began at 9:30 
a.m. with a short business meet- 
ing, presided over by the district 
moderator. Rev. Donald Rine- 
hart. During the business ses- 
sion, the Ohio District Board of 
Christian Education led the 
conference in honoring Mrs. 
Fern Smith. Mrs. Smith was 
given recognition for her many 
years of service to the young 
people of the Ohio District as a 
kitchen staff worker at Camp 
Bethany. (See the separate news 
story about Fern Smith on 
this page.) 

Another important Item of 
business was the acceptance of 
the new Brethren Bible Church 
of Louisville as a member 
church in the Ohio District. 

Following the business ses- 
sion, the day's program began, 
with the theme, "Who Cares? 
Brethren Do!" This program, 
conducted by Dr. Charles Mun- 
son and Rev. Leroy Solomon, 
was a "Harvest Festival" of the 
fruit of God's blessings. The 
Ohio churches demonstrated 
that Brethren do care and that 
God is working in their midst 
by presenting their "harvest" 
of testimony and song before 
God and their fellow Christians. 

During this harvest, one 
woman told how God had res- 
cued her from drinking and 
drugs and brought her into the 
fellowship of the church. A pas- 
tor related how, during two 
months of a recent illness, he 
had the new experience of being 
ministered to by others rather 
than of ministering to them. 

One church reported that the 
men of that church are reaching 
out by knocking on doors and 
witnessing to others. As a result 
that church is 25% larger this 
year than last year. Another 
church told how God, in His 
wisdom, took care of the con- 
gregation during a recent time 

of division in the church. 

During the course of the pro- 
gram, three new pastors were 
presented to the conference. 
Rev. Arden Gilmer was intro- 
duced as the new pastor of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, Rev. John Brownsberg- 
er as the new pastor oi 
the Louisville First Brethren 
Church, and Rev. James Black 
as the new pastor of the Dayton 
Hillcrest Brethren Church. 

During the morning and after- 
noon sessions, other churches 
told of special ministries they 
are conducting and of ways God 
is blessing their congregations. 
Various individuals told how 
God is working in their lives, 
bringing victory over sin or 

physical heahng. And inter- 
spersed among these testimonies 
were musical numbers presented 
by people from the various 

Due to lack of time some 
churches were unable to share 
all the wonderful things God is 
doing in their midst and to 
present the special music they 
brought to the meeting. 

By the end of the conference, 
the Brethren knew that God is 
at work changing lives and 
bringing blessings in the church- 
es of the Ohio District. 

The conference program con- 
cluded with several musical 
numbers by Harmony, a Chris- 
tian singing group from 

Fern Smifh honored 
by Ohio District 

On September 2, the Ohio 
District, through its Board of 
Christian Education, paid special 
honor to Fern Smith. Mrs. 
Smith was honored for her 
many years of dedicated service 
to the youth of the district 
through her work in the kitchen 
at Camp Bethany. Mrs. Smith 
set up the kitchen facilities 
when the camp was begun, and 
she has served in the kitchen 
each summer since that time. 

In recognition of Fern's faith- 
ful service, the Camp Bethany 
kitchen and dining hall were 
named in her honor. Also, a 
plaque is being placed in th2 
dining hall as a lasting reminder 
of her work. 

Leading the recognition cere- 
mony, which took place during 
family camp held on Labor Day 
weekend, were Charles Beekley, 
denominational Director of 
Christian Education, and Lynn 
Shellenberger, Program Direc- 
tor for Camp Bethany. Their 
remarks centered on Fern's con- 
tinued service not only to Camp 
Bethany, but to her home church 
(the Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland) and to the 
entire denomination. 


Fern Smith 

During her response, Fern re- 
called the beginning of the camp 
and her struggles to get the 
food service facilities into opera- 
tion. She also expressed her 
gratitude to God for allowing 
her opportunities to serve. 

The recognition ceremony was 
re-enacted at the meeting of the 
Ohio Conference on September 

October 1979 





.-^ **-„ 

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• -•' rr 


photo by 



Participating in the Sarasota mortgage-burning service were (left to right) Raymond Maxson, Wayne 
Funkhouser, George Giltner, Roy Black, Moderator Leo Elliott, Harley Rathburn, Eugene Robbins, 
Senior Pastor Dr. J. D. Hamel, Claude Gardner, and Associate Pastor Robert Dillard, Jr. 

Mortgage burned af Sarasota Church 

Sarasota, Fla. — The First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota burned 
the mortgage on its present 
sanctuary during the imorning 
worship service on July 15. The 
mortgage-burning ceremonies 
included a farewell message 
from the mortgage, delivered 
by Senior Pastor Dr. J. D. 
Hamel, and a responsive service 
by Pastor Hamel and Rev. 
Robert Dillard, Jr., Associate 

The burning of this mortgage 
was the conclusion of a chapter 
in the Sarasota Church's history 
which began in 1970. In that 
year a building program was 
started with a special fund drive 
which brought in over $35,000. 
An additional loan of $115,000 
was secured to pay for the new 
building. This was a 15 year 
loan, but it was fully paid in 
nine years. According to Pastor 
Hamel, "We praise God for the 
good news that the mortgage 
payments have been fully met 
in just nine years on a 15 year 
loan from the bank." 

During the nine years when 
this mortgage was being paid. 

the Sarasota church also began 
a daughter congregation in 
Bradenton, Fla. This church 
held its first services on May 
27, 1973, and is now self- 

The Sarasota First Brethren 
Church was begun on November 
7, 1954, in the home of Rev. 
and Mrs. Fred Vanator and Mr. 
and Mrs. Carl (Esther) Mohler 

with ten Brethren people. It now 
has a membership of approx- 
imately 700 and a debt free 
property valued at over $500,000. 
Dr. J. D. Hamel has served 
the congregation for 19 1^ years. 
During this time he has bap- 
tized 808 members and has re- 
ceived over 200 into the church 
by letter from other Brethren 

Oak Hill Church hosts 
Southeast District Conference 

Oak Hill, W. Va.— The First 
Brethren Church of Oak Hill 
was host to the Southeast Dis- 
trict Conference, which met 
July 26-28. This was a great 
conference and those who 
attended received many spiritual 

Rev. Kenneth Solomon and 
Rev. Richard Allison were the 
main speakers, and Mrs. Solo- 
mon spoke to the W.M.S. The 
Solomons also showed slides of 
the work they are doing in 
South America. 

The conference was also priv- 
ileged to have Rev. Virgil Ingra- 
ham and his wife Alice, and 
Rev. Smith Rose and his wife 
Florence present for the meet- 

This conference was well 
attended by all the churches in 
the district. There were approx- 
imately 70 delegates. 

Rev. William Skeldon, pastor 
of the Oak Hill Brethren 
Church, was moderator of the 

— Mrs. Ollie Foy 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Theron Smith joins seminary staff 

Ashland, Ohio — A new member 
has been added to the Ashland 
Theological Seminary faculty 
and staff. He is Theron H. 
Smith, former pastor in the 
United Methodist Church. Rev. 
Smith, as director of academic 
services, will administer and 
coordinate the seminary's exten- 
sion programs. These branch 
campuses include the well- 
established programs in Cleve- 
land, the year-old program in 
Toledo, and the brand new pro- 
grams in Akron and Wooster. 

Along with his administrative 
functions. Smith will also be 
teaching courses on United 
Methodist history and polity re- 
quired of the Methodist students 
for their ordination. He will 
occasionally teach pastoral min- 
istry courses as well. 

Although only on the job for 
a short time, Smith is able to 
make some observations about 
the seminary and his work 
there. "Above all else," he 
stated, *T am greatly impressed 
with the quality of the faculty 
and staff at Ashland, without 
exception. Often at schools you 
will find a couple of 'weaklings,' 
but here they are all excep- 

Secondly, he likes the flexi- 
bility and openness which he 
sees in the seminary's approach 
to theolog^ical training. After 
looking at the programs offered 
by other seminaries, he feels 
that Ashland may very well be 
a "leader in the development of 
theological education for our 
day among seminaries." 

Finally, he is excited about 
the opportunity to be a part of 
a place where the intensity of 
graduate study is coupled with 
the desire to serve people 
through Christian ministry. 

Smith admits that he does 
have one real misgiving as he 
takes on this new job. "I've 
pastored now for over 25 years. 
Being constantly involved with 
a congregation that loved me 
and was connected to me in a 
special way has been great. 
There is such a joy in being a 
pastor and sharing in their lives 

Theron H. Smith 

at birth, during youth, through 
marriage and maturing, and 
even through suffering and 
death. So, right now I can't 
imagine anything being as ful- 
filling as the pastoral ministry." 
The opportunity to share his 
love for the ministry with stu- 
dents promises to be equally 
rewarding, especially since he 
feels certain that Ashland is 
the place to which God has 
called him now. 

Rev. Smith was ordained by 
the Methodist Church in June 
of 1952, and has pastored in the 
West Ohio Conference of the 
church ever since. In addition 
to ministering in the United 
States, he served two years on 
a special mission assignment in 
the Orient. 

He was graduated from As- 
bury College in Kentucky with 
a bachelor of arts degree, from 
Oberlin Graduate School of 
Theology with a bachelor of 
divinity degree, and from Van- 
derbilt University in Tennessee 
with a master of divinity de- 
gree. His home is Gowanda, 
New York. 

Rev. Smith and his family 
have now settled into the Ash- 
land community, living at 531 
Center Street. His wife Betty, a 
specialist in instructing children 
With learning disabilities, is 
tutoring in the Ashland city 
schools. Their three children 
are: Jocelyn, a graduate student 
in psychology and counseling at 
the University of Akron; Kevin, 
a senior at Ashland College ma- 
joring in business; and Todd, a 
freshman at Asbury College. 

— Susan White 

Newark church shows growth; 
puts emphasis on children 

Newark, Ohio — The Newark 
Brethren Church has shown a 
30 percent increase in morning 
worship attendance in recent 
months. Average prayer meet- 
ing attendance is also showing 
an increase. 

A particular emphasis of the 
church at the present is reach- 
ing children for Jesus Christ. A 
part of this effort is the recent 
organization of a "Mini Church" 
for children. Mrs. Erma Bennett, 
the wife of the pastor, is leading 
this "Mini Church." The chil- 
dren have adopted the new 
work in Mexico as their mission- 
ary thrust and are giving money 
for this work. Mrs. Bennett 

brought $25 to Ashland at Con- 
ference time as their first 

In its work with children, the 
Newark Church also had a very 
successful vacation Bible school 
during the summer. Seven pre- 
teens and teenagers were won 
to Christ through the Bible 
school. These were baptized and 
received into membership, mak- 
ing a total of 11 children and 
teenagers won in the past year. 

An evangelistic campaign is 
scheduled for the Newark 
Church in October. Rev. James 
Clinton of Clearfield, Pa., is to 
be the evangelist. 

October 1979 



Gretna Church dedicates 
new addition 

Bellefontaine, Ohio — The mem- 
bers of the Gretna Brethren 
Church dedicated a new addition 
to their sanctuary and an exten- 
sion to their church parking lot 
on August 26. 

The new addition to the sanc- 
tuary increases the seating 
capacity by 50. In the remodel- 
ing that went along with the 
addition, the sanctuary was re- 
versed. The new construction 
was added at what was the back 
of the church, and this has now 
become the pulpit area. 

The extension of the parking 
lot almost doubles the parking 

The theme for the dedication 
service was "Anyone Could, 
But. , . ." The primary Sunday 
school class presented a play 
centered on this theme, and 
Rev. Leroy Solomon, pastor of 
the church, used this theme as 
the basis of his sermon. In his 
message. Rev. Solomon said 
that anyone can build a build- 

Rev. Leroy Solomon 

stands in the new 

pulpit area, part of 

the addition to the 

Gretna church 


ing, but who is going to fill it 
with God's people? He explained 
that the true church of Jesus 
Christ is the people, and that 
these people are the "building" 
that God is really interested in. 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Steve McPher- 
son and by Mr. and Mrs. Paul 
Deardurff. Attendance for the 
service was 126. 

According to Pastor Solomon, 
the Gretna people are praising 
the Lord for the growth the 
church is experiencing. As ex- 
amples of this growth, he re- 
ports that Sunday school attend- 
ance in August of this year 
averaged 83 compared with 55 

in August of 1978. Worship 
attendance averaged 100 in Aug- 
ust, compared with 76 the year 
before. For the first three Sun- 
days of September, the Sunday 
school average attendance was 
97 and the worship service 
average was 115. 

Rev. Solomon also notes, "The 
spirit is warm and friendly, the 
people are growing in grace and 
knowledge, and they are begin- 
ning to see what happens when 
they trust the Lord to witness 
in the community. We know 
that next year is even going to 
be a better year!" And he adds, 
"We are dreaming and planning 
our next addition already." 

Four Brethren students in cast of AC musical 

Ashland, Ohio — Four Brethren 
Ashland College students Will 
perform in the hit musical 
"Carousel," Ashland College 
theatre's first production of the 
1979-80 season. They are Evan 
Bridenstine, Debbie Munson, 
Chuck Bowers, and Tim Rowsey. 

Evan Bridenstine, who will 
play the part of Enoch Snow, 
one of the lead characters in 
the musical, is a sophomore at 
Ashland College from Smith- 
ville, Ohio. Evan was a Brethren 
Youth Summer Crusader in 
1978, and this past summer was 
a BYC Summer Intern, serving 
in the Pittsburgh, Pa., Brethren 

Debbie Munson, a senior at 
AC, is from Ashland and a 
member of the Park Street 
Brethren Church. She served as 
a BYC Summer Crusader in 
1975, '76, and '77, and is a mem- 


ber of "Harmony," a Christian 
vocal group from Ashland 
which has sung in many Breth- 
ren churches. 

Chuck Bowers, from St. 
James, Maryland, is a sopho- 
more at Ashland College. Chuck 
spent his 1977 and 1978 sum- 
mers as a Crusader for Breth- 
ren Youth and last school year 
was the art editor for "Morning 

Star," the official magazine 
of National Brethren Youth. 
Chuck's artwork has also 
appeared in the Brethren 

Tim Rowsey, also from St. 
James, Maryland, is a junior at 
AC. Tim served as a BYC Sum- 
mer Crusader in 1976 and '78. 

Performances will be given 
October 19, 20, 26, and 27. 

ShipsheWana campers spend week in canoe 

Flora, Ind. — Shipshewana sum- 
mer camp included something 
different this year. Twelve teen- 
agers (seven boys and five 
girls), along with camp dean 
Rev. Alvin Grumbling and coun- 
selors Dennis Grumbling and 
Jim Miller, traveled to Michigan, 
where they canoed down the 

Ausable River. 

The campers spent the week 
on the river, stopping at night 
to sleep in campsites along the 

Evening activities included 
gathering firewood, fetching j 
drinking water, vesper services, 
and singing. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Pleasant View BYC receives plaque for 
contributing to children's hospital 

Vandergrrift, Pa.— The Brethren 
Youth Crusaders (BYC) of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church 
were awarded a plaque by the 
Vandergrift Ministerial Associa- 
tion recently. They received the 
plaque for their contribution of 
$1575 to Pittsburgh's Children's 

This was the fourth year the 
Pleasant View BYC has partici- 
pated in the drive to raise funds 
for the hospital. During these 
four years the youth have col- 
lected a total of $6490. 

The youth started their par- 
ticipation in memory of two 
young people from the church, 

1^ f^ 

The Brethren Youth Crusaders of the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church with the plaque they received from the Vandergrift Ministerial 

Wendy Crytzer and Jimmy 
Swenk. For the first three years 
they took the money to Pitts- 

During the 1978 drive, the 
youth participated with the 
Kiski Area High School and the 
Unity Day sponsored by the 
Vandergrift Ministerial Associa- 
tion. The Ministerial Association 
presented the plaque to the 
church giving the largest dona- 
tion. This plaque is in memory 
of Father Gervase Chutis, late 
pastor of St. Casmir's Church 
of Vandergrift. 

The Pleasant View youth 
raised their offering by collect- 
ing donations door to door and 
by receiving an offering at a 
Wendy Crytzer-Jimmy Swenk 
Memorial Benefit. 

Rev. William Walk, pastor of 
the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church, stated, "We at Pleasant 
View are proud of our youth 
and their efforts on behalf of 

Mr. & Mrs. Louis Snyder 
renew vows after 50 years 

Louisville, Ohio — Louis and 
Ruth Snyder celebrated their 
50th wedding anniversary in 
the Louisville First Brethren 
Church on August 19, 1979. 

The celebration began with 
the couple renewing their vows 
before the congregation with 
Rev. John Brownsberger offici- 
ating. A shiny 1938 Buick Road- 
master picked them up at their 
home and took them to the 
church, where they were greeted 
by 200 of their many friends. 

The occasion was planned by 
their two daughters and the 
daughters' husbands — Mr. and 
Mrs. Douglas (Carol) MacLean 
and Mr. and Mrs. Jack (Avonne) 
Eusa — and by their five grand- 

Ruth and Louis were married 
by the late Rev. A. E. Whitted 
on August 17, 1929, in their 
home while the Louisville First 

Brethren Church building was 
being renovated. They have been 
very active at the First Brethren 
Church during their 50 years of 

— ^Mrs. Wade Johnson 

Hillcrest church 
holds farewell 
for Brownsbergers 

Dayton, Ohio— On June 16, 1979, 
the congregation of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church had a 
farewell party honoring John, 
Joyce, Beth, Steve, and Jeff 
Brownsberger. This was in prep- 
aration for the Brownsberger's 
move to Louisville, Ohio, where 
Rev. Brownsberger has since 
become pastor of the Louisville 
First Brethren Church. 

A cookout was held, with lots 
of good food. A program fol- 
lowed, with different members 
of the congregation paying their 
farewells to each member of 
the Brownsberger family. The 

"Prof" Herschel Winfield bids 
the Brownsbergers farewell. 

church also presented the 
Brownsbergers with a farewell 


—Candy Aldstadt 

October 1979 





In Memory 

Sandra Dils to Russell Harringrton, October 7, at 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 

Brenda Dinger to David Rusk, October 6, at the 
Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin L. 
McCann, pastor, and Rev. Russell Dinger officia- 
ting. Groom a member of the Bryan First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Marilyn Chrisman to Virgil Fry, September 12, at 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Sue Tharp to Robert Earl Rogers, August 25, at 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor, officiating. Groom a member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Terry Lynn Shoff to Christopher Albert Plant, 
August 25, at the home of the bride's parents; 
Alvin Grumbling, pastor of the Flora, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Flora First Brethren Church. 

Debra Zachrich to Dan Nofziger, August 11, at 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 

Vicky Ridenour to Charles Moerhiman, August 10, 
at Napoleon, Ohio. Bride a member of the Bryan, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church. 

Kathy Rhoades to Mike Pritchett, August 5, at 
the Tiosa Brethren Church, Route 5, Rochester, 
Indiana; John Shultz, pastor, officiating. Mem- 
bers of the Tiosa Brethren Church. 

Mary Kay Benson to Paul Chester Cornett, July 
27, at the College Corner Brethren Church, Route 
3, Wabash, Indiana; Rev. St. Clair Benshoff, pas- 
tor, officiating. Bride a member of the College 
Corner Brethren Church. 

Cheryl Yvonne Buffington to Ronald Brian 
Maring, June 23, at the Pipe Creek Church; Rev. 
J. August Borlies officiating. Groom a member 
of the Linwood, Maryland, Brethren Church. 

Mary Jane Quinn to John Wayne Kelle>, June 3, 
at the Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church; 
Clarence R. Kindley, pastor, officiating. Members 
of the Johnstown Third Brethren Church. 

Kristine Kerr to James Lowe, Jr., May 19, at the 

home of the groom; Marlin L. McCann, pastor of 
the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church, offici- 
ating. Bride a member of the Bryan First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Janet Sue Lainib to Richard Douglas Boyer, April 
21, at the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church; 
Ronald Waters, pastor, and Rev. Donald Snell 
officiating. Bride a member of the Waterloo First 
Brethren Church. ,; 

Eloise Maxine Blaoksten to Raymond Joseph 
Sheedy, III, February 2, at the Linwood, Md., 
Brethren Church; Robert Young, pastor, offici- 
ating. Bride a member of the Linwood Brethren 

Arvilla Morton, 72, September 6. Member since 
1931 of the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church. 
Services by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 

Mrs. Lucille Milbum, 74, August 26. Member of 
the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 
Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Clarence Howard, 74, August 18. Long time mem- 
ber and trustee of the Johnstown, Pa., Third 
Brethren Church. Services by Clarence R. Kindley, 

Clara A. Yarian, 76, August 14. Member of the 
Roann, Indiana, First Brethren Church. Services 
by Donald Wagstaff, pastor. 

Bessie M. Zellers, 84, August 11. Member of the 
North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Services by Woodrow Immel, pastor. 
Walter Verdenburgh, 43, August 11. Member of 
the Johnstown, Pa., Third Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Clarence R. Kindley, pastor. 
Guy R. Brown, 93, August 8. Member since 1912 
of the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 

Duane Hill, 59, August 7. Member of the Highland 
Brethren Church, Route 1, Marianna, Pa. Services 
by Richard Craver, pastor, and Rev. Carl Phillips. 
Oris Williaims, 79, July 28. Member for 29 years 
of the Gretna Brethren Church near Bellefontaine, 
Ohio. Services by Leroy Solomon, pastor. 
Walter P. Wantz, 70, July 28. Member of the Lin- 
wood, Md., Brethren Church. Services by Robert 
Young, pastor, and Rev. Hays K. Logan. 
Willard Little, 81, July 27. Member of the North 
Manchester, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Bertha Mackall, 78, July 12. Member of the Vinco, 
Pa., Brethren Church. Services by Carl H. Phillips, 

Mrs. Clara Bradfield, 87, July 8. Member of the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. Services 
by Ronald Waters, pastor. 

Mrs. Fannie C. Pottenger, 94, June 29. Member 
of the North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren 
Church. Services by Woodrow Immel, pastor, and 
Rev. Richard Craig. 

Emery Hudson, 84, June 26. Life long member and 
deacon of the Gretna Brethren Church near Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio. Services by Rev. Clarence 

Mrs. F:rnfia Lubbs, 85, June 23. Member of the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. Services 
by Ronald Waters, pastor. , ., .- - 

Donovan W. Dietz, 72, June 5. Member of the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. Services 
by Ronald Waters, pastor. 

Membership Growth 

Corinth: 3 by baptism 
Tiosa: 8 by baptism, 1 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Ashland, Ohio — Park Street 
Brethren Church installed Arden 
E. Gilmer as pastor on Sunday, 
August 26, during the morning 
worship service. Dr. Jerry Flora, 
professor at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary, presented the 
message, using Matthew 16:13- 
20 as his text. 

Commenting on the church 
Christ builds, Dr. Flora noted 
that some pastors are known for 
building buildings. "I don't know 
if our new pastor will build in 
steel and stone, but I do know 
he will build in people." 

In challenging the congrega- 
tion, Dr. Flora said, "God never 
asked His people to be success- 
ful. He only called them to be 
faithful. And He promised that 
the gates of hell would not pre- 
vail against them. Are you ready 
to be faithful in ways that you 
have never been faithful 

Following the message. Mod- 
erator Charles Beekley posed a 
series of questions to Pastor 
Gilmer and to the congregation. 
He then led the congregation 
in a litany of dedication especi- 
ally prepared for this service. 

Rev. Gilmer responded by 
sharing his thoughts on the 
relationship of the pastor and 
the church, using I Peter 5:1-4 
as the basis of his remarks. He 
said, "I go on record that I 


Arden GUmer insfalled 
as Park Street pastor 

Before leading the closing prayer, Rev. Gilmer (middle) asked the 
people of the congregation to join hands to show their unity in the 
Lord and their desire to work together. 

desire to be a good and faithful 
shepherd of the sheep." He 
noted that the shepherd's role is 
one of providing protection, 
care, leadership, tenderness, 
warmth, and love. 

He said, "The only compulsion 
that constrains me is the love 

of Christ. I am eager and zeal- 
ous that we might serve to- 

Richard DeVeny, chairman of 
the deacon board, led in the 
morning prayer. A ladies' en- 
semble provided special music. 
— Ronald W. Waters 

World Relief sends aid 
to areas ravaged by 
Hurricane David 

Wheaton, III. — In response to 
Hurricane David's ravagement 
of the Caribbean islands of 
Dominica and the Dominican 
Republic, World Relief imme- 
diately committed over $20,000 
for relief efforts. , The funds 
were allocated for the purchase 
of food and transportation. 
It is estimated that 90 percent 

of the crops on these two islands 
were destroyed, with over two 
billion dollars worth of dam- 
ages. "Thousands of people 
have been left homeless and 
without food," stated Jerry Bal- 
lard, executive director of World 
Relief. "The people of Dominica 
and the Dominican Republic 
have desperate immediate 

World Relief's Hurricane 
David relief efforts in the Carri- 
bean are being carried out in 
cooperation with JAARS, the 

aviation arm of Wycliffe Bible 
Translators. The grant was 
channeled through evangelical 
churches in the ravaged areas. 
(Brethren churches or individ- 
uals wishing to assist with these 
relief efforts should send their 
gifts, over and above regular 
giving, to: 

Brethren World Relief 
George Kerlin, Treas. 

1318 E. Douglas 

Goshen, IN 46526 

Mark checks "Hurricane David.") 


Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Tracy, 50th, October 2. Mem- 
bers of the Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, 

Eric and Esther iColditz, 60th, September 20. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of Ardmore, 
South Bend, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl Dillman, 52nd, September 14. 
Mrs. Dillman a member of the Corinth Brethren 
Church, Twelve Mile, Ind. 

Rev. and Mrs. Delbert Flora, 50th, September 2. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Rev. and Mrs. Elmer Keck, 50th, August 29. Mem- 
bers of the Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, 

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew York, 66th, September 1. 
Members of the Loree Brethren Church, Bunker 
Hill, Ind. 

George and Wilma Bunn, 50th, July 9. Members 
of the First Brethren Church of Waterloo, Iowa. 

October 1979 


^^^I^^^^I ^^^^^^^^^^I^^I^^^^I^^^'!^•I^^^^I^•r^^^^I^^^^I^^I^^I^^I^^^^^^^^I^^^^^^I^^^^I^^^^^^^^I^^^^^^^^^^I^ 


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" This new 2-color, tri-fold brochure 

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focuses on: 

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',', — Our History 

• • — Our Lifestyle 

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•^ — Our Ministry 

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11 —Our Faith 


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!I with an open panel on back for 
imprinting* information on your local 

! ! church. 

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II Excellent for use in: 


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• ; — Visitation 


II — ^Introducing prospects to the 
Brethren Church 


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II — Helping members of your church 
I! gain a new outlook on our life 
II and thought as a church 


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I ! 100 each or $7.00 per 100 


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1! Order from: 


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II The Brethren Publishing: Company 
524 College Ave. 

i; Ashland, Ohio 44805 

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• • *Contact Ron Waters for details on imprinting. 

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Than\ Tou 


the People of 

The College Corner Brethren Church 

for their special gift of $1,500.00 

toward the cost of 

repairing our folder. 


































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The Brethren Publishing Company 

The Brethren 

November 1979 

Brethren Building for tlie Lord 

Following ... THE WAY in the summer of '80 

Tentative plan for the . . . 

1980 Cmsader/Internsliip Program 


November 30, 1979 — applications available. 

January 31, 1980 — closing date for receipt of applications. 

March 1, 1980 — notification to applicants. 

June 19, 1980 — beginning of term of service. 

August 15, 1980 — conclusion of term of service. 

^2 Educational — Teach in VBS, camp, church school; lead/participate in 

Jj worship services; survey work. 

f. J Camp — Counsel and teach in summer camp, family camp, retreats ; 

"' lead/participate in worship services. 

kl Musical — Presentation of worship services, including music, devotional 

i' messages, puppetry in a variety of situations. 

» i< ■.•■,.■. 


* - Church Staff Internship — Each assignment designed to provide maximum 

benefit to the individual and the church. 

j; Missionary Internship — Opportunity for short-term mission service. 

/' Location of service to be announced. 

* f 


General — ^^Teaching skills and experiences ; willingness to meet strangers ; 
informal speaking skills; ability to work under pressure. 

Specific — able and willing to share Christian experience. 
— completed at least junior year of high school. 
— Interns must be at least 20 years old. 
— Mission Interns must have a reading knowledge of Spanish. 


The Crusader/Intern program is sponsored by the Board of Christian 
Education of the Brethren Church. Communication regarding the program, 
including requests for applications, should be sent to the Board at 524 
College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

PLEASE NOTE: Successful implementation of this plan is dependent 
upon levels of participation by both personnel for service and the denom- 
ination in prayer and financial support. 

EThe Brethren 

Beginning its second century of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 

Editor : 

Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.00 for 
100% church lists; $6.50 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.00 for individual 

Single-copy price: 70 cents 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Building new Brethren church- 
es adds new life to the Brethren 
Church. Read the special report 
on Brethren Home Missions be- 
ginning on page 12. 

Vol. 101. No. 11 

November 1979 

4 Keeping in Sfep with the Holy Spirit 

An exposition of Galatians 5:13-26 by Rev. Brian H. Moore. 


"What's It AH About. Aiphie?" 

Dr. Charles Munson presents the background to the proposed 
plan for denominational organization that was brought before 
the 1979 General Conference. 

8 ItTaplementing Phase One 

John Rowsey brings us up to date on the implementation of 
phase one of the plan for denominational organization. 

Special Feature: Perspectives for the Eighties 
10 Putting Our House in Order 

John Rowsey believes that keeping sound financial records will 
be a necessity for the Brethren in the eighties. 

Brethren Home Missions — ^Building for the Lord 

12 The Opportunities Continue! 

by Rev. Arden E. Gilmer 

13 Ups and Downs at Town and Country 

by Rev. Dale P. RuLon 

14 Medina Bible Fellowship: Practicing 

Healthy Evangelism for Church Growth 

by Rev. Terry Lodico 

16 Progress at Brandon 

by Rev. P. Keith Bennett 

17 Special Ministries 

Reports on the ministries at Krypton, Brethren House, Pasadena, 
and Riverside Christian Training School 

18 The Hunger Issue in Twelve Points 

A report of hunger facts taken from the book Have You Ever 
Been Hungry? 


9 The Salt Shaker 
20 Update 

November 1979 



Step . 

photo courtesy of Ashland College 





An exposition of Gala+ians 
5:13-26 by Rev. Brian H. 


WHEN I was a teenager, I had the good 
experience of playing in the Marianna, 
Pennsylvania, Community Band. Our per- 
formances were almost entirely for outdoor 
parades, which meant, of course, marching. 
Furthermore, our performances were usual- 
ly evaluated by a group of judges. 

At a certain point on the parade route 
there would be an officials' stand upon 
which the judges were positioned, carefully 
scrutinizing the band. They listened to the 
quality of the music, observed whether or 
not the lines were straight, and checked 
to see if the marchers were all in step. For 
we band members it was a real challenge 
to keep our eyes on the music, watch our 
own lines with peripheral vision, maintain 
the proper distance from the line ahead of 
us, and stay in step with everyone else! 

Keeping in step — that was important! 
But who determined which foot should be 
coming forward when? That was the re- 
sponsibility of the head majorette! She 
marched out in front of everyone else, and 
her steps determined everyone else's steps. 

There may not seem to be much similar- 
ity between a head majorette and the Holy 
Spirit. But when Paul writes, '*. . . let us 
keep in step with the Spirit" (Gal. 5:25 
N.I. V. ) , we begin to get the point. The Holy 
Spirit, alive and active as He is, is out in 
front of God's people, setting the pace, 
leading the way, giving the cues, marching 
on before. Our responsibility, as the people 
of God, is to follow His directions, letting 
His movements determine our actions. As 
the pillar of cloud and fire led Israel in the 
wilderness, calling them to move or to stay, 
so the Holy Spirit leads the church. 

The passage under consideration specifies 
what this means in practical terms. But 
before we examine this further, we must 
consider the situation which prompted this 
letter to the Galatians. 

The Galatian problem could be sum- 
marized in two words: religious ext«r- 
nalism. The church was being tempted to 
regress to the Law of Moses, a regression 
that involved relying on the law to com- 
plete the achievement of a right relation- 
ship with God. The Galatian Christians 
were beginning to regard the law as im- 
portant as, if not more important than, 
the sacrificial work of Jesus Christ on the 
cross. Paul was trying to show these people 
that Christ was all and enough. He was 
striving to convince them that Christian 
living is not a matter of outward conform- 
ity to certain rules and regulations, but a 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the Ardmore First 
Brethren Church of South Bend, Ind., and 
Moderator-Elect of General Conference. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

matter of the inner life — life springing out 
of the heart of a man who is under the con- 
trol of the Holy Spirit. 

Believers today frequently need to be 
reminded of this basic message. Our Chris- 
tianity can all too easily become an external 
matter, based on outwardness rather than 
inwardness. We, too, can be guilty of plac- 
ing trust in ourselves and our actions 
rather than letting the life of God flow from 
within. We can let baptism, attendance, 
giving, serving, teaching become new ex- 
pressions of the law by which we seek to 
save ourselves. Paul's message is contem- 
porary! We, too, need to keep in step with 
the Spirit. This will mean: 

I. Responsible use of freedom 

In verses 13-15 Paul points to the respon- 
sible use of freedom as one derivative of 
keeping in step with the Spirit. For those 
of us who have ever been subject to it, we 
know that religious externalism gets 
''heavy"! Trying to keep up that outward 
conformity produces a lot of pressure. Paul 
calls that "bondage to the law." Freedom 
from this bondage would be a great relief! 

But the pendulum can swing so easily to 
the other extreme. If I am free from rules 
and regulations, I can easily drift to the 
opposite pole, where I am apt to lose my 
sense of morality, decency, and spiritual 
obligation. But if I keep in step with the 
Spirit, this will not happen. 

The Christian does not break the moral 
law of God! He keeps it just as faithfully 
as the legalist, but for a very different 
reason. He keeps it because the Spirit pro- 
duces in him self-control (''do not use your 
freedom to indulge your sinful nature"), 
loving service ("serve one another"), and 
obedience ("the entire law is summed up in 
a single command: 'Love your neighbor as 
yourself.' ") Following love will mean that I 
will obey the law because the law delineates 
what it means to love God and neighbor. 

The church that preaches and teaches 
freedom from the law is teaching the truth. 
But freedom from the law without the re- 
sponsible use of that freedom will lead to 
mortal error, which will be more disastrous 
than the legalistic approach to morals. 
Keeping in step with the Spirit will mean 
a responsible use of freedom. 

II. Resistance to the flesh 

In verses 16 through 21 Paul expands on 
what he had just said. The person in step 
with the Spirit will not only use his free- 

dom responsibly, but in doing so he will 
resist the pull of his lower nature. 

Have you ever had the urge to do some- 
thing nasty, unkind, perhaps even violent 
or immoral? (If you say, "Never," you must 
be lying. See IJohn 1:8!) Why didn't you 
do it? (I am assuming that you didn't, of 
course!) Perhaps it was the civil law that 
restrained you. (You might get arrested 
and fined or jailed!) Perhaps it was social 
pressure that constrained you. (You need 
to keep your reputation intact.) Or, per- 
haps your own sense of self-respect would 
not allow you to follow that lower impulse. 

But the deepest and strongest restraining 
force in the Christian is the presence and 
power of the Holy Spirit. His presence 
within us enables us to directly confront 
the sinful tendencies of the flesh. In fact, 
it is because of His presence that there is 
a genuine confrontation at all! The flesh 
and the Spirit are irreconcilably antagon- 
istic ! They pull in opposite directions. There 
is a continual tug-of-war in our inner 
beings. What we are by our old nature is 
in constant tension with what we are be- 
coming by the new nature in Christ. But 
as we keep in step with the Spirit, we find 
that we can effectively resist the urges of 
the flesh. 

111. Reaiizafion of the fruit 

Perhaps what I have said thus far 
appears rather negative. I have spoken in 
terms of the Holy Spirit as a restraint for 
our protection. But in verses 22-26 Paul 
presents the positive aspects of the presence 
of the Holy Spirit. As we keep in step with 
the Spirit, the products of His life begin 
to appear in us without our necessarily 
noticing them. The qualities and virtues 
which characterize Jesus Christ begin to 
emerge within us and to bloom forth from 
our lives. These qualities are listed for us 
in verses 22 and 23. 

In these days, characterized by a great 
deal of confusion and conflict over the 
ministry of the Holy Spirit, it is refreshing 
and informative to experience once again 
the true qualities of the Holy Spirit's 
presence, which are meant for all believers. 
If we have "crucified the sinful nature" 
(v. 24), and "live by the Spirit" (v. 25), 
then we have every right to expect a har- 
vest of fruit. 

Keeping in step with the Holy Spirit is 
the key to living a happy, healthy, balanced 
Christian life. It is the answer to legalism 
on the one hand, and to the light dismissal 
of all morality on the other. Keeping your 
eye on Him, let His fruit grow. □ 

November 1979 





W.M.S. & 






I -v.- - 







BD. of 

CH. ED. 









EVAN. (9) 

"'^\\ai'i \i All Khowi, Alphfe?" 

THIS TITLE to a popular song of a few 
years ago describes the attitude of 
many people toward a group of people 
known as Committee 13 and toward a pro- 
posal this committee brought before the 
1979 General Conference. In this article 
I will attempt to explain the origin of this 
committee and of its proposal. 

In my position as a professor at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, I have been granted 
time by the seminary administration to 
make a study of the Brethren Church. In 
making this study, I felt it would be helpful 
to work with a number of people with a 
variety of lifestyles and experiences. In this 
way we could get at some of the needs in 
the Brethren Church and find some possible 

So twelve people were chosen whom it 
was felt were capable of taking a good, 
hard look at the denomination. The names 

Dr. Munson is Professor of Practical Theology 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

by Dr. Charles Munson 

of the members of Committee 13 (a 
designation with no significance necessari- 
ly) are printed in the Conference minutes.* 
The committee was not appointed by Gen- 
eral Conference and has no official status, 
but it is a legitimate entity since any 
members of the denomination can meet 
together for purposes of study if they so 

The committee met rather regularly and 
began discussing and investigating certain 
problem areas in the denomination. Work- 
ing as a committee and in teams, we studied, 
identified needs, and proposed solutions. 
Every person on the committee was con- 
vinced of the viability of the Brethren 
denomination for our times and of its 
responsibility to meet the demands of the 
times. So we met and studied. 

'^The members of Committee 13 are Charles 
Munson, Richard Allison, Kent Bennett, John 
Brownsberger, Fred Burkey, Fred Finks, Arden 
Gilmer, Jack Oxenrider, Smith Rose, Donald 
Rowser, John Rowsey, Alvin Shifflett, and George 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In an early spring meeting, the com- 
mittee developed an organizational plan 
which it felt could meet some of the basic 
needs of the denomination. Since plans of 
organization had been proposed before, our 
work was made somewhat easier by the 
groundwork which had been lai